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Energy and Environment Directorate

Jason Zhang

Jason Zhang

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 372-6515


Dr. Zhang is a Laboratory Fellow in the Energy Processes & Materials Division at PNNL. He is the PI on PNNL's efforts on Energy Storage for Transportation supported by the DOE/EERE/OVT office and PNNL's Transformation Materials Science Initiative. He has 24 years of experience in the development of energy storage devices, including lithium-ion batteries; thin-film, solid-state batteries; Li-S batteries; lithium-air batteries, and electrochromic devices.

Prior to joining PNNL in June 2007, he served for seven years as Chief Technology Officer of Excellatron Solid State LLC in Atlanta, Georgia. His responsibilities at Excellatron included strategic planning, identification of R&D direction, review of all internal programs, funding allocation for internal programs, and oversight of all subcontractor programs. He was also responsible for day-to-day performance of the technical team for development of thin-film lithium batteries and other energy related products. From 1998 to 2000, he served as the Director of Product Development at Macro Energy-Tech, Inc. in Redondo Beach, California, where he was responsible for setting up a pilot line for production of polymer lithium-ion batteries. Prior to that, from 1990 to 1998, he was a Postdoctoral Fellow/Staff Scientist/Senior Scientist at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory where he managed several lithium-ion-battery related projects.

Dr. Zhang holds 17 patents (with another 19 patents pending) and has more than 200 papers published in professional journals.

Research Interests

  • Dr. Zhang's research interests are energy storage materials and devices to include lithium batteries, lithium ion batteries and Li-S batteries; energy saving materials and devices to include electrochromics materials and devices and thermochromic materials and devices; solid state electrolyte and solid state batteries to include thin film batteries and solid state Li-S batteries.

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D., in Experimental Condensed Matter Physics, University of Kentucky, 1990.
  • M.S. in Theoretical Physics, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China, 1984.
  • B.S. in Applied Physics, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China, 1982.

PNNL Publications


  • Wang Y, SS Cartmell, Q Li, J Xiao, H Li, Z Deng, and J Zhang. 2017. "A reliable sealing method for microbatteries." Journal of Power Sources 341:443-447.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.12.024
  • Yan P, J Zheng, M Gu, J Xiao, J Zhang, and C Wang. 2017. "Intragranular Cracking as a Critical Barrier For High-voltage Usage of Layer-structured Cathode for Lithium-ion Batteries." Nature Communications 8:Article No. 14101.  doi:10.1038/ncomms14101
  • Zhang J, W Xu, and WA Henderson. 2017. Li Metal Anodes and Rechargeable Lithium Metal Batteries. Springer Series in Materials Science, vol. 249, Springer International Publishing, Cham, Switzerland.  doi:10.1007/978-3-319-44054-5


  • Bhattacharya P, MI Nandasiri, D Lv, AM Schwarz, JT Darsell, WA Henderson, DA Tomalia, J Liu, J Zhang, and J Xiao. 2016. "Polyamidoamine Dendrimer-Based Binders for High-Loading Lithium-Sulfur Battery Cathodes." Nano Energy 19:176-186.  doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2015.11.012
  • Cao R, J Chen, KS Han, W Xu, D Mei, P Bhattacharya, MH Engelhard, KT Mueller, J Liu, and J Zhang. 2016. "Effect of the Anion Activity on the Stability of Li Metal Anodes in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries." Advanced Functional Materials 26(18):3059-3066.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201505074
  • Liu B, J Zhang, and G Shen. 2016. "Pursuing two-dimensional nanomaterials for flexible lithium-ion batteries." Nano Today 11(1):82-97.  doi:10.1016/j.nantod.2016.02.003
  • Cheng Y, D Choi, KS Han, KT Mueller, J Zhang, VL Sprenkle, J Liu, and G Li. 2016. "Toward the Design of High Voltage Magnesium-Lithium Hybrid Batteries Using Dual-Salt Electrolytes." Chemical Communications 52(31):5379-5382.  doi:10.1039/C6CC00986G
  • Estevez L, DM Reed, Z Nie, AM Schwarz, MI Nandasiri, JP Kizewski, W Wang, EC Thomsen, J Liu, J Zhang, VL Sprenkle, and B Li. 2016. " Tunable oxygen functional groups as electro-catalysts on graphite felt surfaces for all vanadium flow batteries." ChemSusChem 9(12):1455-1461.  doi:10.1002/cssc.201600198
  • Feng X, H Zou, H Xiang, X Guo, T Zhou, Y Wu, W Xu, P Yan, CM Wang, J Zhang, and Y Yu. 2016. "Ultrathin Li4Ti5O12 nanosheets as anode materials for lithium and sodium storage." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 8(26):16718-16726.  doi:10.1021/acsami.6b04752
  • Hu JZ, Z Zhao, MY Hu, J Feng, X Deng, X Chen, W Xu, J Liu, and J Zhang. 2016. "In situ 7Li and 133Cs Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Investigations on the Role of Cs+ Additive in Lithium-Metal Deposition Process." Journal of Power Sources 304:51-59.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.10.067
  • Jeong S, X Li, J Zheng, P Yan, R Cao, HJ Jung, CM Wang, J Liu, and J Zhang. 2016. "Hard carbon coated nano-Si/graphite composite as a high performance anode for Li-ion batteries." Journal of Power Sources 329:323-329.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.08.089
  • Liu B, W Xu, P Yan, X Sun, ME Bowden, J Read, J Qian, D Mei, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2016. "Enhanced Cycling Stability of Rechargeable Li-O2 Batteries Using High Concentration Electrolytes." Advanced Functional Materials 26(4):605-613.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201503697
  • Liu B, P Yan, W Xu, J Zheng, Y He, L Luo, ME Bowden, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2016. "Electrochemically formed ultrafine metal oxide nanocatalysts for high performance lithium-oxygen batteries ." Nano Letters 16(8):4932-4939.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b01556
  • Mehdi BL, AJ Stevens, J Qian, C Park, W Xu, WA Henderson, J Zhang, KT Mueller, and ND Browning. 2016. "The Impact of Li Grain Size on Coulombic Efficiency in Li Batteries." Scientific Reports 6:34267.  doi:10.1038/srep34267
  • Wan C, MY Hu, O Borodin, J Qian, Z Qin, J Zhang, and JZ Hu. 2016. "Natural Abundance 17O, 6Li NMR and Molecular Modeling Studies of the Solvation Structures of Lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide/1,2-dimethoxyethane Liquid Electrolytes." Journal of Power Sources 307:231-243.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.12.120
  • Wang Y, P Yan, J Xiao, X Lu, J Zhang, and VL Sprenkle. 2016. "Effect of Al2O3 on the Sintering of Garnet-Type Li6.5La3Zr1.5Ta0.5O12." Solid State Ionics 294:108-115.  doi:10.1016/j.ssi.2016.06.013
  • Xiang H, P Shi, P Bhattacharya, X Chen, D Mei, ME Bowden, J Zheng, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2016. "Enhanced charging capability of lithium metal batteries based on lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide-lithium bis(oxalato)borate dual-salt electrolytes ." Journal of Power Sources 318:170-177.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.04.017
  • Yan P, J Zheng, X Zhang, R Xu, K Amine, J Xiao, J Zhang, and CM Wang. 2016. "Atomic to Nanoscale Investigation of Functionalities of Al2O3 Coating Layer on Cathode for Enhanced Battery Performance." Chemistry of Materials 28(3):857-863.  doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b04301
  • Yan P, J Zheng, J Zheng, Z Wang, G Teng, S Kuppan, J Xiao, G Chen, F Pan, J Zhang, and CM Wang. 2016. "Ni And Co Segregations On Selective Surface Facets And Rational Design Of Layered Lithium Transition-metal Oxide Cathodes." Advanced Energy Materials 6(9):Article No. 1502455.  doi:10.1002/aenm.201502455
  • Zheng J, P Yan, R Cao, H Xiang, MH Engelhard, B Polzin, CM Wang, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2016. "Effects of Propylene Carbonate Content in CsPF6-Containing Electrolytes on the Enhanced Performances of Graphite Electrode for Lithium-Ion Batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 8(8):5715-5722.  doi:10.1021/acsami.5b12517
  • Zheng J, P Yan, D Mei, MH Engelhard, SS Cartmell, B Polzin, CM Wang, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2016. "Highly Stable Operation of Lithium Metal Batteries Enabled by the Formation of a Transient High Concentration Electrolyte Layer." Advanced Energy Materials 6(8):Article No. 1502151.  doi:10.1002/aenm.201502151


  • Cao R, J Qian, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2015. "Organic Cathode Materials for Rechargeable Batteries." Chapter 23 in Rechargeable Batteries: Green Energy and Technology, ed. ZC Xhang and SS Zhang, pp. 637-671.  Springer-Verlag, New York, NY. 
  • Cao R, W Xu, D Lu, J Xiao, and J Zhang. 2015. "Anodes for Rechargeable Lithium-Sulfur Batteries." Advanced Energy Materials 5(16):Article No. 1402273.  doi:10.1002/aenm.201402273
  • Lu D, P Yan, Y Shao, Q Li, SA Ferrara, H Pan, GL Graff, B Polzin, CM Wang, J Zhang, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2015. "High Performance Li-ion Sulfur Batteries Enabled by Intercalation Chemistry." Chemical Communications 51(70):13454-13457.  doi:10.1039/C5CC05171A
  • Lu D, Y Shao, TJ Lozano, WD Bennett, GL Graff, B Polzin, J Zhang, MH Engelhard, NT Saenz, WA Henderson, P Bhattacharya, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2015. "Failure Mechanism of Fast-Charged Lithium Metal Batteries in Liquid Electrolyte." Advanced Energy Materials 5(3):Article No. 1400993.  doi:10.1002/AENM.201400993
  • Zheng J, P Xu, M Gu, J Xiao, ND Browning, P Yan, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2015. "Structural and Chemical Evolution of Li- and Mn-rich Layered Cathode Material." Chemistry of Materials 27(4):1381-1390.  doi:10.1021/cm5045978
  • Zheng J, P Yan, M Gu, MJ Wagner, K Hays, J Chen, XS Li, CM Wang, J Zhang, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2015. "Interfacial Reaction Dependent Performance of Hollow Carbon NanoSphere - Sulfur composite as a cathode for Li-S battery." Frontiers in Energy Research 3:Article No. 25.  doi:10.3389/fenrg.2015.00025
  • Bao J, W Xu, P Bhattacharya, ML Stewart, J Zhang, and W Pan. 2015. "Discharge Performance of Li-O2 Batteries Using a Multiscale Modeling Approach ." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 119(27):14851-14860.  doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b01441
  • Devaraj A, M Gu, RJ Colby, P Yan, CM Wang, J Zheng, J Xiao, A Genc, J Zhang, I Belharouak, D Wang, K Amine, and S Thevuthasan. 2015. "Visualizing Nanoscale 3D Compositional Fluctuation of Lithium in Advanced Lithium-Ion Battery Cathodes." Nature Communications 6:Article No. 8014.  doi:10.1038/ncomms9014
  • Gu M, W Shi, J Zheng, P Yan, J Zhang, and CM Wang. 2015. "Probing The Failure Mechanism Of Nanoscale LiFePO4 For Li-ion Batteries." Applied Physics Letters 106(20):Article No. 203902.  doi:10.1063/1.4921628
  • Liu B, W Xu, P Yan, P Bhattacharya, R Cao, ME Bowden, MH Engelhard, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2015. "In Situ-Grown ZnCo2O4 on Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes as Air Electrode Materials for Rechargeable Lithium-Oxygen Batteries." ChemSusChem 8(21):3697-3703.  doi:10.1002/cssc.201500636
  • Lu D, J Zheng, Q Li, X Xie, SA Ferrara, Z Nie, BL Mehdi, ND Browning, J Zhang, GL Graff, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2015. "High Energy Density Lithium-Sulfur Batteries: Challenges of Thick Sulfur Cathodes." Advanced Energy Materials 5(16):Article No. 1402290.  doi:10.1002/aenm.201402290
  • Lu P, P Yan, E Romero, ED Spoerke, J Zhang, and CM Wang. 2015. "Observation Of Electron-beam-induced Phase Evolution Mimicking The Effect Of Charge-discharge Cycle In Li-rich Layered Cathode Materials Used For Li-ion Batteries." Chemistry of Materials 27(4):1375-1380.  doi:10.1021/cm5045573
  • Luo L, H Yang, P Yan, JJ Travis, Y Lee, N Liu, DM Piper, SH Lee, P Zhao, SM George, J Zhang, Y Cui, S Zhang, C Ban, and CM Wang. 2015. "Surface-Coating Regulated Lithiation Kinetics and Degradation in Silicon Nanowires for Lithium Ion Battery." ACS Nano 9(5):5559-5566.  doi:10.1021/acsnano.5b01681
  • Luo L, P Zhao, H Yang, B Liu, J Zhang, Y Cui, G Yu, S Zhang, and CM Wang. 2015. "Surface Coating Constraint Induced Self-Discharging of Silicon Nanoparticles as Anodes for Lithium Ion Batteries ." Nano Letters 15(10):7016-7022.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03047
  • Mehdi BL, J Qian, E Nasybulin, C Park, DA Welch, R Faller, HS Mehta, WA Henderson, W Xu, CM Wang, JE Evans, J Liu, J Zhang, KT Mueller, and ND Browning. 2015. "Observation and Quantification of Nanoscale Processes in Lithium Batteries by Operando Electrochemical (S)TEM." Nano Letters 15(3):2168-2176.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b00175
  • Mehdi BL, J Qian, E Nasybulin, DA Welch, C Park, R Faller, HS Mehta, WA Henderson, W Xu, JE Evans, J Liu, J Zhang, KT Mueller, and ND Browning. 2015. "Quantification of Electrochemical Nanoscale Processes in Lithium Batteries By OperandoEC-(S)TEM." In ECS Conference on Electrochemical Energy Conversion & Storage with SOFC-XIV, July 26-31, 2015, Glasgow, Scotland, vol. MA2015-03, p. Abstract No. 432.  The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ. 
  • Qian J, W Xu, P Bhattacharya, MH Engelhard, WA Henderson, Y Zhang, and J Zhang. 2015. "Dendrite-Free Li Deposition Using Trace-Amounts of Water as an Electrolyte Additive." Nano Energy 15:135-144.  doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2015.04.009
  • Qian J, WA Henderson, W Xu, P Bhattacharya, MH Engelhard, O Borodin, and J Zhang. 2015. "High Rate and Stable Cycling of Lithium Metal Anode." Nature Communications 6:Article No. 6362.  doi:10.1038/ncomms7362
  • Wang Q, J Zheng, ED Walter, H Pan, D Lu, P Zuo, H Chen, Z Deng, BY Liaw, X Yu, X Yang, J Zhang, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2015. "Direct Observation of Sulfur Radicals as Reaction Media in lithium Sulfur Batteries." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 162(3):A474-A478.  doi:10.1149/2.0851503jes
  • Xiang H, D Mei, P Yan, P Bhattacharya, SD Burton, AV Cresce, R Cao, MH Engelhard, ME Bowden, Z Zhu, B Polzin, CM Wang, K Xu, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2015. "The Role of Cesium Cation in Controlling Interphasial Chemistry on Graphite Anode in Propylene Carbonate-Rich Electrolytes." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 7(37):20687-20695.  doi:10.1021/acsami.5b05552
  • Xiao L, J Xiao, X Yu, P Yan, J Zheng, MH Engelhard, P Bhattacharya, CM Wang, XQ Yang, and J Zhang. 2015. "Effects of structural defects on the electrochemical activation of Li2MnO3." Nano Energy 16:143-151.  doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2015.06.011
  • Xiao L, X Chen, R Cao, J Qian, H Xiang, J Zheng, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2015. "Enhanced Performance of Li|LiFePO4 Cells Using CsPF6 as an Electrolyte Additive." Journal of Power Sources 293:1062-1067.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.06.044
  • Yan P, J Zheng, J Xiao, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2015. "Recent Advances on the Understanding of Structural and Composition Evolution of LMR Cathode for Li ion Batteries." Frontiers in Energy Research 3:Article No. 26.  doi:10.3389/fenrg.2015.00026
  • Yan P, J Zheng, S Kuppan, Q Li, D Lv, J Xiao, G Chen, J Zhang, and CM Wang. 2015. "Phosphorus Enrichment as a New Composition in the Solid Electrolyte Interphase of High-Voltage Cathodes and Its Effects on Battery Cycling." Chemistry of Materials 27(21):7447-7451.  doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b03510
  • Yan P, A Nie, J Zheng, Y Zhou, D Lu, X Zhang, R Xu, I Belharouak, X Zu, J Xiao, K Amine, J Liu, F Gao, R Shahbazian-Yassar, J Zhang, and CM Wang. 2015. "Evolution Of Lattice Structure And Chemical Composition Of The Surface Reconstruction Layer In Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 Cathode Material For Lithium Ion Batteries." Nano Letters 15(1):514-522.  doi:10.1021/nl5038598
  • Yan P, J Zheng, D Lv, Y Wei, J Zheng, Z Wang, S Kuppan, J Yu, L Luo, DJ Edwards, MJ Olszta, K Amine, J Liu, J Xiao, F Pan, G Chen, J Zhang, and CM Wang. 2015. "Atomic-Resolution Visualization of Distinctive Chemical Mixing Behavior of Ni, Co and Mn with Li in Layered Lithium Transition-Metal Oxide Cathode Materials." Chemistry of Materials 27(15):5393-5401.  doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b02016
  • Yan P, L Xiao, J Zheng, Y Zhou, Y He, X Zu, SX Mao, J Xiao, F Gao, J Zhang, and CM Wang. 2015. "Probing the Degradation Mechanism of Li2MnO3 Cathode for Li-Ion Batteries." Chemistry of Materials 27(3):975-982.  doi:10.1021/cm504257m


  • Bhattacharya P, EN Nasybulin, MH Engelhard, L Kovarik, ME Bowden, S Li, DJ Gaspar, W Xu, and J Zhang. 2014. "Dendrimer-Encapsulated Ruthenium Nanoparticles as Catalysts for Lithium-O2 Batteries." Advanced Functional Materials 24(47):7510-7519.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201402701
  • Cao R, ED Walter, W Xu, EN Nasybulin, P Bhattacharya, ME Bowden, MH Engelhard, and J Zhang. 2014. "The Mechanisms of Oxygen Reduction and Evolution Reactions in Nonaqueous Lithium-Oxygen Batteries." ChemSusChem 7(9):2436-2440.  doi:10.1002/cssc.201402315
  • Xu W, J Wang, F Ding, X Chen, EN Nasybulin, Y Zhang, and J Zhang. 2014. "Lithium Metal Anodes for Rechargeable Batteries." Energy & Environmental Science 7(2):513-537.  doi:10.1039/c3ee40795k
  • Zheng J, J Tian, D Wu, M Gu, W Xu, CM Wang, F Gao, MH Engelhard, J Zhang, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2014. "Lewis Acid-Base Interactions between Polysulfides and Metal Organic Framework in Lithium Sulfur Batteries." Nano Letters 14(5):2345-2352.  doi:10.1021/nl404721h
  • Zheng J, J Xiao, M Gu, P Zuo, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2014. "Interface Modifications by Anion Acceptors for High Energy Lithium Ion Batteries." Journal of Power Sources 250:313-318.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.10.071
  • Zheng J, M Gu, A Genc, J Xiao, P Xu, X Chen, Z Zhu, W Zhao, L Pullan, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2014. "Mitigating Voltage Fade in Cathode Materials by Improving the Atomic Level Uniformity of Elemental Distribution." Nano Letters 14(5):2628-2635.  doi:10.1021/nl500486y
  • Zheng J, M Gu, J Xiao, B Polzin, P Yan, X Chen, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2014. "Functioning mechanism of AlF3 coating on the Li- and Mn-rich cathode materials." Chemistry of Materials 26(22):6320-6327.  doi:10.1021/cm502071h
  • Abellan Baeza P, BL Mehdi, LR Parent, M Gu, C Park, W Xu, Y Zhang, I Arslan, J Zhang, CM Wang, JE Evans, and ND Browning. 2014. "Probing the Degradation Mechanisms in Electrolyte Solutions for Li-ion Batteries by In-Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy." Nano Letters 14(3):1293-1299.  doi:10.1021/nl404271k
  • Chen X, W Xu, MH Engelhard, J Zheng, Y Zhang, F Ding, J Qian, and J Zhang. 2014. "Mixed Salts of LiTFSI and LiBOB for Stable LiFePO4-Based Batteries at Elevated Temperatures." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2(7):2346-2352.  doi:10.1039/C3TA13043F
  • Chen X, X Li, D Mei, J Feng, MY Hu, JZ Hu, MH Engelhard, J Zheng, W Xu, J Xiao, J Liu, and J Zhang. 2014. "Reduction Mechanism of Fluoroethylene Carbonate for Stable Solid-Electrolyte Interphase Film on Silicon Anode." ChemSusChem 7(2):549-554.  doi:10.1002/cssc.201300770
  • Cheng Y, Y Shao, J Zhang, VL Sprenkle, J Liu, and G Li. 2014. "High Performance Batteries Based on Hybrid Magnesium and Lithium Chemistry." Chemical Communications 50(68):9644-9646.  doi:10.1039/C4CC03620D
  • Ding F, W Xu, X Chen, J Zhang, Y Shao, MH Engelhard, Y Zhang, TA Blake, GL Graff, X Liu, and J Zhang. 2014. "Effects of Cesium Cations in Lithium Deposition via Self-Healing Electrostatic Shield Mechanism." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 118(8):4043-4049.  doi:10.1021/jp4127754
  • Gu M, H Yang, DE Perea, J Zhang, S Zhang, and CM Wang. 2014. "Bending-induced Symmetry Breaking of Lithiation in Germanium Nanowires ." Nano Letters 14(8):4622-4627.  doi:10.1021/nl501680w
  • Gu M, X Xiao, G Liu, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, J Zhang, J Liu, ND Browning, and CM Wang. 2014. "Mesoscale Origin of the Enhanced Cycling-Stability of the Si-Conductive Polymer Anode for Li-ion Batteries." Scientific Reports 4:Article No. 3684.  doi:10.1038/srep03684
  • He Y, DM Piper, M Gu, JJ Travis, SM George, SH Lee, A Genc, L Pullan, J Liu, SX Mao, J Zhang, C Ban, and CM Wang. 2014. "In-Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Probing of Native Oxide and Artificial Layers on Silicon Nanoparticles for Lithium Ion Batteries." ACS Nano 8(11):11816-11823.  doi:10.1021/nn505523c
  • Huang C, J Xiao, Y Shao, J Zheng, WD Bennett, D Lu, LV Saraf, MH Engelhard, L Ji, J Zhang, X Li, GL Graff, and J Liu. 2014. "Manipulating the Surface Reactions in Lithium Sulfur Batteries Using Hybrid Anode Structures." Nature Communications 5:Article No. 3015.  doi:10.1038/ncomms4015
  • Ji L, M Gu, Y Shao, X Li, MH Engelhard, BW Arey, W Wang, Z Nie, J Xiao, CM Wang, J Zhang, and J Liu. 2014. "Controlling SEI Formation on SnSb-Porous Carbon Nanofibers for Improved Na Ion Storage." Advanced Materials 26(18):2901-2908.  doi:10.1002/adma.201304962
  • Jiang J, W Shi, J Zheng, P Zuo, J Xiao, X Chen, W Xu, and J Zhang. 2014. "Optimized Operating Range for Large-Format LiFePO4/Graphite Batteries." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 161(3):A336-A341.  doi:10.1149/2.052403jes
  • Li X, M Gu, SY Hu, R Kennard, P Yan, X Chen, CM Wang, MJ Sailor, J Zhang, and J Liu. 2014. "Mesoporous Silicon Sponge as an Anti-Pulverization Structure for High-Performance Lithium-ion Battery Anodes." Nature Communications 5:Article No. 4105.  doi:10.1038/ncomms5105
  • Mehdi BL, M Gu, LR Parent, W Xu, EN Nasybulin, X Chen, RR Unocic, P Xu, DA Welch, P Abellan, J Zhang, J Liu, CM Wang, I Arslan, JE Evans, and ND Browning. 2014. "In Situ Electrochemical Transmission Electron Microscopy for Battery Research." Microscopy and Microanalysis 20(2):484-492.  doi:10.1017/S1431927614000488
  • Nasybulin EN, W Xu, BL Mehdi, EC Thomsen, MH Engelhard, RC Masse, P Bhattacharya, M Gu, WD Bennett, Z Nie, CM Wang, ND Browning, and J Zhang. 2014. "Formation of Interfacial Layer and Long-Term Cylability of Li-O-2 Batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 6(16):14141-14151.  doi:10.1021/am503390q
  • Pan A, Y Wang, W Xu, Z Nie, S Liang, Z Nie, CM Wang, G Cao, and J Zhang. 2014. "High-performance anode based on porous Co3O4 nanodiscs." Journal of Power Sources 225:125-129. 
  • Shao Y, M Gu, X Li, Z Nie, P Zuo, G Li, TL Liu, J Xiao, Y Cheng, CM Wang, J Zhang, and J Liu. 2014. "Highly Reversible Mg Insertion in Nanostructured Bi for Mg Ion Batteries." Nano Letters 14(1):255-260.  doi:10.1021/nl403874y
  • Shao Y, NN Rajput, JZ Hu, MY Hu, TL Liu, Z Wei, M Gu, X Deng, S Xu, KS Han, J Wang, Z Nie, G Li, K Zavadil, J Xiao, CM Wang, WA Henderson, J Zhang, Y Wang, KT Mueller, KA Persson, and J Liu. 2014. "Nanocomposite polymer electrolyte for rechargeable magnesium batteries." Nano Energy 2015(12):750-759.  doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2014.12.028
  • Vaughey JT, G Liu, and J Zhang. 2014. "Stabilizing the Surface of Lithium Metal." MRS Bulletin 39(5):429-435.  doi:10.1557/mrs.2014.88
  • Xiao J, P Meduri, H Chen, Z Wang, F Gao, JZ Hu, J Feng, MY Hu, S Dai, S Brown, JL Adcock, Z Deng, J Liu, GL Graff, IA Aksay, and J Zhang. 2014. "Energetics of Defects on Graphene through Fluorination." ChemSusChem 7(5):1295-1300.  doi:10.1002/cssc.201301066
  • Zhang J, J Xiao, and W Xu. 2014. "Primary Lithium-Air Batteries." Chapter 10 in The Lithium Air Battery: Fundamentals, ed. N Imanishi, AC Luntz and P Bruce, pp. 255-289.  Springer, New York, NY. 
  • Zhang Y, J Qian, W Xu, SM Russell, X Chen, E Nasybulin, P Bhattacharya, MH Engelhard, D Mei, R Cao, F Ding, AV Cresce, K Xu, and J Zhang. 2014. "Dendrite-Free Lithium Deposition with Self-Aligned Nanorod Structure." Nano Letters 14(12):6889-6896.  doi:10.1021/nl5039117


  • Wang W, D Choi, and Z Yang. 2013. "Li-Ion Battery with LiFePO4 Cathode and Li4Ti5O12 Anode for Stationary Energy Storage." Metallurgical and Materials Transactions. A, Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science 44A(1 Supplement):21-25.  doi:10.1007/s11661-012-1284-4
  • Zheng J, D Lu, M Gu, CM Wang, J Zhang, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2013. "How to Obtain Reproducible Results for Lithium Sulfur Batteries." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 160(11):A2288-A2292.  doi:10.1149/2.106311jes
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Energy and Environment

Core Research Areas