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Energy and Environment Directorate

Bing Liu

Bing Liu

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Portland Office
Portland, OR 97204
(509) 375-3710


Ms. Liu is a group manager responsible for PNNL's Building Energy Regulatory Analysis Group consisting of over 30 researchers and scientists. She is also a program manager overseeing the Building Energy Codes Program in support of U.S. Department of Energy. Bing leads a PNNL team of over 20 staff across business units to support the development and implementation of building energy efficiency. Bing is an internationally recognized technical expert in the building energy efficiency area. She has over 20 years of experience in building codes and standards development, building energy efficiency analysis, and high-performance building metering and measurement. She routinely interfaces with technical professionals both nationally and internationally, builds a multidisciplinary research team, provides technical leadership, and supervises project progress.

Research Interests

  • Building Energy Consumption and Efficiency Simulation
  • Building Energy Metering and Data Acquisition
  • Energy Efficiency Technology Analysis and Economics
  • Building HVAC System Design and Review

Education and Credentials

  • M.S. Thermal Energy, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China, 1995
  • B.S. Civil Engineering major in HVAC, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China, 1992
  • Registered professional mechanical engineer (PE), certified energy manger (CEM), and LEED accredited professional

PNNL Publications


  • Athalye RA, D Sivaraman, DB Elliott, B Liu, and R Bartlett. 2016. Impacts of Model Building Energy CodesPNNL-25611 Rev. 1, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Erbe D, R Lord, LL Sciarra, EE Richman, MI Rosenberg, RA Athalye, B Liu, and J Glazer. 2016. "A Conversation on Standard 90.1-2016." ASHRAE Journal 58(12):34-38. 




  • Xie YL, B Liu, RA Athalye, MC Baechler, and G Sullivan. 2012. "Measuring and Understanding the Energy Use Signatures of a Bank Building." In ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, August 12-17, 2012, Pacific Grove, California, pp. 9-317 - 9-328.  American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Washington DC. 
  • Athalye RA, YL Xie, B Liu, and MC Baechler. 2012. "A Case Study: Using Integrated Approach to Design a Net-Zero Bank Branch." ASHRAE Transactions 118(1):183-190. 
  • Wang W, J Zhang, D Moser, G Liu, RA Athalye, and B Liu. 2012. "Energy and Cost Savings of Retro-Commissioning and Retrofit Measures for Large Office Buildings." In Fifth National Conference of IBPSA-USA (SimBuild 2012), August 1-3, 2012, Madison, Wisconsin.  International Building Performance Simulation Association, New York, NY. 





  • Jiang W, B Liu, J Snell, and D Helmes. 2008. "Calibration and Collaboration: Important Tools to Design high-Performance Affordable Buildings." In Scaling Up: Building Tomorrow's Solutions: Proceedings from the 2008 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, pp. 3-169 - 3-180.  American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Washington, DC. 
  • Jiang W, RE Jarnagin, K Gowri, M McBride, and B Liu. 2008. Technical Support Document: The Development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Highway Lodging BuildingsPNNL-17875, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 





Energy and Environment

Core Research Areas