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Energy and Environment Directorate

John Lemmon

John Lemmon

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 375-6967


Dr. John P. Lemmon is a Chief Scientist at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. He is a leader in developing materials for energy storage and conversion for both transportation and grid-scale applications. Dr. Lemmon recently joined PNNL after 13 years at General Electric Global Research as a Senior Staff Scientist where he has over 40 literature articles and greater than 30 US granted patents with 20 pending, several which are in the energy storage area. Dr. Lemmon is a member of the ACS, MRS, ASM and Electrochemical Society.

Research Interests

  • Energy storage materials and devices
  • Thin film PV absorbers and devices
  • Chemical and electrochemical reaction mechanisms
  • Systems integration and performance evaluation

Education and Credentials

  • PhD Inorganic Chemistry/ Electrochemistry, Oregon State University
  • BS Chemistry, University of Northern Colorado.

PNNL Publications


  • Jeon JW, L Zhang, J Lutkenhaus, DD Laskar, JP Lemmon, D Choi, MI Nandasiri, A Hashmi, J Xu, RK Motkuri, CA Fernandez, J Liu, MP Tucker, BP McGrail, B Yang, and SK Nune. 2015. "Controlling Porosity in Lignin-Derived Nanoporous Carbon for Supercapacitor Applications." ChemSusChem 8(3):428-432.  doi:10.1002/cssc.201402621


  • Jeon JW, R Sharma, P Meduri, BW Arey, HT Schaef, J Lutkenhaus, JP Lemmon, PK Thallapally, MI Nandasiri, BP McGrail, and SK Nune. 2014. "In Situ One-Step Synthesis of Hierarchical Nitrogen-Doped Porous Carbon for High Performance Supercapacitors." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 6(10):7214-7222.  doi:10.1021/am500339x
  • Li G, X Lu, JY Kim, JP Lemmon, and VL Sprenkle. 2014. "Improved cycling behavior of ZEBRA battery operated at intermediate temperature of 175°C ." Journal of Power Sources 249:414-417.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.10.110
  • Li G, X Lu, JY Kim, JP Lemmon, and VL Sprenkle. 2014. "Improved cycling behavior of ZEBRA battery operated at intermediate temperature of 175°C." Journal of Power Sources 249:414-417.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.10.110
  • Li G, X Lu, JY Kim, MH Engelhard, JP Lemmon, and VL Sprenkle. 2014. "The Role of FeS in Initial Activation and Performance Degradation of Na-NiCl2 Batteries." Journal of Power Sources 272:398-403.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.08.106
  • Bowden ME, KJ Alvine, JL Fulton, JP Lemmon, X Lu, BJM Webb-Robertson, SM Heald, M Balasubramanian, DR Mortensen, GT Seidler, and NJ Hess. 2014. "X-ray Absorption Measurements on Nickel Cathode of Sodium-beta Alumina batteries: Fe-Ni-CI Chemical Associations." Journal of Power Sources 247:517-526.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.08.046
  • Lu X, G Li, JY Kim, D Mei, JP Lemmon, VL Sprenkle, and J Liu. 2014. "Liquid-Metal Electrode to Enable Ultra-Low Temperature Sodium-Beta Alumina Batteries for Renewable Energy Storage." Nature Communications 5:Article No. 4578.  doi:10.1038/ncomms5578


  • Li G, X Lu, JY Kim, JP Lemmon, and VL Sprenkle. 2013. "Cell Degradation of a Na-NiCl2 (ZEBRA) Battery." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 1(47):14935 - 14942.  doi:10.1039/C3TA13644B
  • Huang Q, D Choi, L Cosimbescu, and JP Lemmon. 2013. "Multi-electron redox reaction of an organic radical cathode induced by a mesopore carbon network with nitroxide polymers." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 15(48):20921-20928.  doi:10.1039/c3cp54358g
  • Huang Q, L Cosimbescu, PK Koech, D Choi, and JP Lemmon. 2013. "Composite Organic Radical - Inorganic Hybrid Cathode for Lithium-ion Batteries." Journal of Power Sources 233(1):69-73.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.01.076
  • Liu J, J Zhang, Z Yang, JP Lemmon, CH Imhoff, GL Graff, L Li, JZ Hu, CM Wang, J Xiao, G Xia, VV Viswanathan, S Baskaran, VL Sprenkle, X Li, Y Shao, and B Schwenzer. 2013. "Materials Science and Materials Chemistry for Large Scale Electrochemical Energy Storage: From Transportation to Electrical Grid." Advanced Functional Materials 23(8):929-946.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201200690
  • Lu X, G Li, JY Kim, JP Lemmon, VL Sprenkle, and Z Yang. 2013. "A Novel Low-Cost Sodium-Zinc Chloride Battery." Energy & Environmental Science 6(6):1837-1843.  doi:10.1039/C3EE24244G
  • Lu X, BW Kirby, W Xu, G Li, JY Kim, JP Lemmon, VL Sprenkle, and ZG Yang. 2013. "Advanced Intermediate-Temperature Na-S Battery." Energy & Environmental Science 6(1):299 - 306.  doi:10.1039/C2EE23606K
  • Lu X, JP Lemmon, JY Kim, VL Sprenkle, and ZG Yang. 2013. "High Energy Density Na-S/NiCl2 Hybrid Battery." Journal of Power Sources 224:312-316.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.09.108


  • Li G, X Lu, CA Coyle, JY Kim, JP Lemmon, VL Sprenkle, and Z Yang. 2012. "Novel Ternary Molten Salt Electrolytes for intermediate-temperature sodium/nickel chloride batteries." Journal of Power Sources 220:193-198.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.07.089
  • Lemmon JP, E Polikarpov, WD Bennett, and L Kovarik. 2012. "Thin Metal Oxide Films to Modify a Window Layer in CdTe-Based Solar Cells for Improved Performance." Applied Physics Letters 100(21):Article No, 213908.  doi:10.1063/1.4722921
  • Lu X, G Li, JY Kim, JP Lemmon, VL Sprenkle, and Z Yang. 2012. "The Effects of Temperature on the Electrochemical Performance of Sodium-Nickel Chloride Batteries." Journal of Power Sources 215:288-295.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.05.020


  • Cao Y, X Li, IA Aksay, JP Lemmon, Z Nie, Z Yang, and J Liu. 2011. "Sandwich-Type Functionalized Graphene Sheet-Sulfur Nanocomposite for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries ." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 13(17):7660-7665.  doi:10.1039/C0CP02477E
  • Xiao J, X Wang, XQ Yang, S Xun, G Liu, PK Koech, J Liu, and JP Lemmon. 2011. "Electrochemically Induced High Capacity Displacement Reaction of PEO/MoS2/Graphene Nanocomposites with Lithium." Advanced Functional Materials 21(15):2840-2846.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201002752
  • Yang Z, J Zhang, MCW Kintner-Meyer, X Lu, D Choi, JP Lemmon, and J Liu. 2011. "Electrochemical Energy Storage for Green Grid." Chemical Reviews 111(5):3577-3613.  doi:10.1021/cr100290v


  • Lu X, JP Lemmon, VL Sprenkle, and Z Yang. 2010. "Sodium-Beta Alumina Batteries: Status and Challenges." JOM. The Journal of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society 62(9):31-36. 
  • Lu X, G Xia, JP Lemmon, and Z Yang. 2010. "Advanced Materials for Sodium-Beta Alumina Batteries: Status, Challenges and Perspectives." Journal of Power Sources 195(9):2431 - 2442.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.11.120
  • Lu X, GW Coffey, KD Meinhardt, VL Sprenkle, Z Yang, and JP Lemmon. 2010. "High Power Planar Sodium-Nickel Chloride Battery." ECS Transactions 28(22):7-13.  doi:10.1149/1.3492326
  • Xiao J, D Choi, L Cosimbescu, PK Koech, J Liu, and JP Lemmon. 2010. "Exfoliated MoS2 Nanocomposite as an Anode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries." Chemistry of Materials 22(16):4522-4524. 

Energy and Environment

Core Research Areas