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Energy and Environment Directorate

Dan Schreiber

Dan Schreiber

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 372-6920


Dr. Schreiber's research is focused on nanoscale microstructural characterization of materials using a combination of electron microscopy and atom probe tomography. Since joining PNNL in 2011, he has developed correlated high resolution analytical techniques to study corrosion and stress corrosion cracking processes in nuclear materials and environments and also performed fundamental experiments on selective oxidation processes in model alloy systems in high-temperature water environments. This work aims to leverage atomic-level experimental observations to generate novel insights into the roles of grain boundaries and other interfaces, diffusion, selective oxidation, vacancy formation and corrosion on more traditional microscopic to macroscopic observations of oxidation, corrosion and cracking. These unique observations are made possible through the on-going development of site-specific specimen preparation methods to target crack tips, corrosion fronts and other buried interfaces.

PNNL Publications


  • Medasani BK, ML Sushko, KM Rosso, DK Schreiber, and SM Bruemmer. 2017. "Vacancies and vacancy-mediated self diffusion in Cr2O3: A first principles study." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 121(3):1817-1831.  doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b00071
  • Riley BJ, JD Vienna, SM Frank, JO Kroll, JA Peterson, NL Canfield, Z Zhu, J Zhang, K Kruska, DK Schreiber, and JV Crum. 2017. "Glass Binder Development for a Glass-Bonded Sodalite Ceramic Waste Form." Journal of Nuclear Materials 489:42-63.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.03.041
  • Xu K, DK Schreiber, Y Li, BR Johnson, and JS McCloy. 2017. "Effect of defects, magnetocrystalline anisotropy, and shape anisotropy on magnetic structure of iron thin films by magnetic force microscopy." AIP Advances 7(5):056806.  doi:10.1063/1.4976580


  • Alexandrov VY, ML Sushko, DK Schreiber, SM Bruemmer, and KM Rosso. 2016. "Adsorption and diffusion of atomic oxygen and sulfur at pristine and doped Ni surfaces with implications for stress corrosion cracking." Corrosion Science 113:26-30.  doi:10.1016/j.corsci.2016.10.001
  • Gigax J, T Chen, H Kim, J Wang, L Price, E Aydogan, SA Maloy, DK Schreiber, MB Toloczko, F Garner, and L Shao. 2016. "Radiation Response of Alloy T91 at Damage Levels up to 1000 Peak DPA." Journal of Nuclear Materials 482:257-265.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.10.003
  • Jiang W, J Liu, DK Schreiber, DJ Edwards, CH Henager, Jr, RJ Kurtz, and Y Wang. 2016. "APT AND TEM CHARACTERIZATIONS OF PRECIPITATES IN Mg+ ION IMPLANTED CUBIC SILICON CARBIDE." Chapter 3.2 in Fusion Materials Semiannual Progress Report for the Period Ending December 31, 2015, vol. 59, ed. Clark, D, pp. 79-84. DOE-ER-0313/59.  OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY, OAK RIDGE, TN. 
  • Jiang W, SR Spurgeon, J Liu, DJ Edwards, DK Schreiber, CH Henager, Jr, RJ Kurtz, and Y Wang. 2016. "CHARACTERIZATION OF PRECIPITATES IN CUBIC SILICON CARBIDE IMPLANTED WITH 25Mg+ IONS ." Chapter 3.2 in In Fusion Materials Semianual Report for the Period Ending 06/30/2016, vol. 60, ed. Daniel Clark, pp. 72-77. DOE/ER-0313/60.  Oak Ridge National Laboratory, OAK RIDGE, TN. 
  • Kaspar TC, DK Schreiber, SR Spurgeon, ME McBriarty, GM Carroll, DR Gamelin, and SA Chambers. 2016. "Built-in Potential in Fe2O3-Cr2O3 Superlattices for Improved Photoexcited Carrier Separation." Advanced Materials 28(8):1616-1622.  doi:10.1002/adma.201504545
  • Luo L, L Zou, DK Schreiber, DR Baer, SM Bruemmer, G Zhou, and CM Wang. 2016. "In-Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Study of Surface Oxidation for Ni-10Cr and Ni-20Cr Alloys." Scripta Materialia 114:129-132.  doi:10.1016/j.scriptamat.2015.11.031
  • Luo L, L Zou, DK Schreiber, MJ Olszta, DR Baer, SM Bruemmer, G Zhou, and CM Wang. 2016. "In Situ Atomic Scale Visualization Of Surface Kinetics Driven Dynamics Of Oxide Growth On A Ni-Cr Surface." Chemical Communications 52(16):3300-3303.  doi:10.1039/c5cc09165a
  • Wang Z, J Liu, Y Zhou, JJ Neeway, DK Schreiber, JV Crum, JV Ryan, X Wang, F Wang, and Z Zhu. 2016. "Nanoscale Imaging of Li and B in Nuclear Waste Glass, a Comparison of ToF-SIMS, NanoSIMS and APT." Surface and Interface Analysis 48(13):1392-1401.  doi:10.1002/sia.6049


  • Alexandrov VY, ML Sushko, DK Schreiber, SM Bruemmer, and KM Rosso. 2015. "Ab Initio Modeling of Bulk and Intragranular Diffusion in Ni Alloys." Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 6(9):1618-1623.  doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.5b00177
  • Li Y, K Xu, SY Hu, JD Suter, DK Schreiber, P Ramuhalli, BR Johnson , and JS McCloy. 2015. "Computational and Experimental Investigations of Magnetic Domain Structures in Patterned Magnetic Thin Films ." Journal of Physics D. Applied Physics 48(30):Article No. 305001.  doi:10.1088/0022-3727/48/30/305001
  • Santhanagopalan D, DK Schreiber, DE Perea, R Martens, Y Janssen, P Kalifah, and YS Meng. 2015. "Effects of Laser Energy and Wavelength on the Analysis of LiFePO4 Using Laser Assisted Atom Probe Tomography." Ultramicroscopy 148:57-66.  doi:10.1016/j.ultramic.2014.09.004
  • Sushko ML, VY Alexandrov, DK Schreiber, KM Rosso, and SM Bruemmer. 2015. "Multiscale model of metal alloy oxidation at grain boundaries." Journal of Chemical Physics 142(21):Article No. 214114.  doi:10.1063/1.4921940
  • Wang CM, DK Schreiber, MJ Olszta, DR Baer, and SM Bruemmer. 2015. "Direct In-situ TEM Observation Of Modification Of Oxidation By The Injected Vacancies For Ni-4Al Alloy Using A Microfabricated Nanopost ." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 7(31):17272-17277.  doi:10.1021/acsami.5b04341
  • Xu Z, D Li, DK Schreiber, KM Rosso, and SM Bruemmer. 2015. "Modeling Selective Intergranular Oxidation of Binary Alloys." Journal of Chemical Physics 142(1):Article No. 014704.  doi:10.1063/1.4905226


  • Matyas J, JE Amonette, RK Kukkadapu, DK Schreiber, and AA Kruger. 2014. "THE EFFECTS OF GLASS DOPING, TEMPERATURE AND TIME ON THE MORPHOLOGY, COMPOSITION, AND IRON REDOX OF SPINEL CRYSTALS." Chapter 14 in Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Energy Technologies III, October 27-31, 2013, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Ceramic Transactions, vol. 250, ed. T Ohji, et al, pp. 147-156.  John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.  doi:10.1002/9781118996652.ch14
  • Schreiber DK, MJ Olszta, and SM Bruemmer. 2014. "Grain boundary depletion and migration during selective oxidation of Cr in a Ni-5Cr binary alloy exposed to high-temperature hydrogenated water." Scripta Materialia 89:41-44.  doi:10.1016/j.scriptamat.2014.06.022
  • Cui J, JP Choi, G Li, E Polikarpov, JT Darsell, NR Overman, MJ Olszta, DK Schreiber, ME Bowden, TC Droubay, MJ Kramer, N Zarkevich, LL Wang, DD Johnson, M Marinescu, I Takeuchi, Q Huang, H Wu, H Reeve, NV Vuong, and JP Liu. 2014. "Thermal Stability of MnBi Magnetic Materials." Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter 26(6):Article No. 064212.  doi:10.1088/0953-8984/26/6/064212
  • Liu F, L Huang, RF Davis, LM Porter, DK Schreiber, SVNT Kuchibhatla, V Shutthanandan, S Thevuthasan, E Preble, T Paskova, and KR Evans. 2014. "Composition and Interface Analysis of InGaN/GaN Multiquantum-Wells on GaN Substrates Using Atom Probe Tomography." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B--Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures 32(5):Article No. 051209.  doi:10.1116/1.4893976
  • Schreiber DK, AN Chiaramonti, LM Gordon, and K Kruska. 2014. "Applicability of post-ionization theory to laser-assisted field evaporation of magnetite." Applied Physics Letters 105(24):Article No. 244106.  doi:10.1063/1.4904802
  • Wang YC, DK Schreiber, JJ Neeway, S Thevuthasan, JE Evans, JV Ryan, Z Zhu, and W Wei. 2014. "NanoSIMS Imaging Alternation Layers of a Leached SON68 Glass Via A FIB-made Wedged Crater." Surface and Interface Analysis 46(S1):233-237.  doi:10.1002/sia.5585


  • Schreiber DK, MJ Olszta, and SM Bruemmer. 2013. "Directly correlated transmission electron microscopy and atom probe tomography of grain boundary oxidation in a Ni-Al binary alloy exposed to high-temperature water." Scripta Materialia 69(7):509-512.  doi:10.1016/j.scriptamat.2013.06.008
  • Schreiber DK, MJ Olszta, DW Saxey, K Kruska, KL Moore, S Lozano-Perez, and SM Bruemmer. 2013. "Examinations of Oxidation and Sulfidation of Grain Boundaries in Alloy 600 Exposed to Simulated Pressurized Water Reactor Primary Water." Microscopy and Microanalysis 19(3):676-687.  doi:10.1017/S1431927613000421
  • Gamalski AD, DE Perea, J Yoo, N Li, MJ Olszta, RJ Colby, DK Schreiber, C Ducati, ST Picraux, and S Hofmann. 2013. "Catalyst Composition and Impurity-dependent Kinetics of Nanowire Heteroepitaxy." ACS Nano 7(9):7689-7697.  doi:10.1021/nn402208p
  • Gin S, JV Ryan, DK Schreiber, JJ Neeway, and M Cabie. 2013. "Contribution of atom-probe tomography to a better understanding of glass alteration mechanisms: application to a nuclear glass specimen altered 25 years in a granitic environment ." Chemical Geology 349-350:99-109. 


  • Ryan JV, WL Ebert, JP Icenhower, DK Schreiber, DM Strachan, and JD Vienna. 2012. "Joint EM-NE-International Study of Glass Behavior over Geologic Time Scales." In Waste Management Symposium (WM 2012): Improving the Future of Waste Management, February 26 - March 1, 2012, Phoenix, Arizona, p. Paper No. 121303.  Waste Management Symposia, Inc., Tucson, AZ. 
  • Olszta MJ, DK Schreiber, LE Thomas, and SM Bruemmer. 2012. "High-Resolution Crack Imaging Reveals Degradation Processes in Nuclear Reactor Structural Materials." Advanced Materials & Processes 170(4):17-21. 
  • Perea DE, DK Schreiber, A Devaraj, S Thevuthasan, J Yoo, SA Dayeh, and ST Picraux. 2012. "Controlling Axial p-n Heterojunction Abruptness Through Catalyst Alloying in Vapor-Liquid-Solid Grown Semiconductor Nanowires." Microscopy and Microanalysis 18(Suppl. 2):1860-1861.  doi:10.1017/S1431927612011154
  • Zhong XY, B Kabius, DK Schreiber, JA Eastman, DD Fong, and AK Petford-Long. 2012. "Three-Dimensional Quantitative Chemical Roughness Of Buried ZrO2/In2O3 Interfaces Via Energy-Filtered Electron Tomography." Applied Physics Letters 100(10):Article No. 101604.  doi:10.1063/1.3690861
  • Zhong XY, BC Kabius, DK Schreiber, JA Eastman, DD Fong, and AK Petford-Long. 2012. "Three-dimensional quantitative chemical roughness of buried ZrO2/In2O3 interfaces via energy-filtered electron tomography ." Applied Physics Letters 100(10):Article No. 101604.  doi:10.1063/1.3690861

Energy and Environment

Core Research Areas