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Energy and Environment Directorate

Jun Liu

Jun Liu

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 375-4443

Biography

Dr. Liu is the Director of the Energy Processes and Materials Division within Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Energy and Environment Directorate, a position he has held since March 2013. Dr. Liu possesses a strong background in materials synthesis, colloidal and surface science, and high-resolution electron microscopy. He joined PNNL in 1992, became a Laboratory Fellow in 2000, and over time initiated and led a broad range of basic and applied research programs in materials science. In 2001, he left PNNL for a position with Lucent Bell Laboratories, and later Sandia National Laboratories, where he served as manager of the Chemical Synthesis and Nanomaterials Department, and as a thrust leader in the Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies. Dr. Liu returned to PNNL in 2005 to head the synthesis task within the catalysis initiative, and also led the Transformational Materials Science Initiative, as well as energy storage research. In addition to his division director role, he currently serves as the Cross-Science Lead on the Joint Center for Energy Storage Research, a DOE Energy Innovation Hub in which PNNL is a partner. Dr. Liu has more than 300 peer reviewed publications, has received more than 40 U.S. patents, was named a Distinguished Inventor of Battelle in 2007, and was selected as PNNL's 2012 Inventor of the Year. He holds a bachelor's degree in Chemical Engineering from Hunan University, a master's degree in Ceramic Engineering from the University of Washington, and a doctorate in Materials Science and Engineering, also from the University of Washington.

PNNL Publications

2014

  • Zheng J, J Tian, D Wu, M Gu, W Xu, CM Wang, F Gao, MH Engelhard, J Zhang, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2014. "Lewis Acid-Base Interactions between Polysulfides and Metal Organic Framework in Lithium Sulfur Batteries." Nano Letters 14(5):2345-2352.  doi:10.1021/nl404721h
  • Cheng Y, TL Liu, Y Shao, MH Engelhard, J Liu, and G Li. 2014. "Electrochemically Stable Cathode Current Collectors for Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries ." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2(8):2473 - 2477.  doi:10.1039/C3TA15113A
  • Darkins R, ML Sushko, J Liu, and DM Duffy. 2014. "Stress in titania nanoparticles: An atomistic study." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 16(20):9441-9447.  doi:10.1039/c3cp54357a
  • Gu M, X Xiao, G Liu, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, J Zhang, J Liu, ND Browning, and CM Wang. 2014. "Mesoscale Origin of the Enhanced Cycling-Stability of the Si-Conductive Polymer Anode for Li-ion Batteries." Scientific Reports 4:Article No. 3684.  doi:10.1038/srep03684
  • Huang C, J Xiao, Y Shao, J Zheng, WD Bennett, D Lu, LV Saraf, MH Engelhard, L Ji, J Zhang, X Li, GL Graff, and J Liu. 2014. "Manipulating the Surface Reactions in Lithium Sulfur Batteries Using Hybrid Anode Structures." Nature Communications 5:Article No. 3015.  doi:10.1038/ncomms4015
  • Liu TL, Y Shao, G Li, M Gu, JZ Hu, S Xu, Z Nie, X Chen, CM Wang, and J Liu. 2014. "A Facile Approach Using MgCl2 to Formulate High Performance Mg2+ Electrolytes for Rechargeable Mg Batteries." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2(10):3430 - 3438.  doi:10.1039/c3ta14825d
  • Shao Y, M Gu, X Li, Z Nie, P Zuo, G Li, TL Liu, J Xiao, Y Cheng, CM Wang, J Zhang, and J Liu. 2014. "Highly Reversible Mg Insertion in Nanostructured Bi for Mg Ion Batteries." Nano Letters 14(1):255-260.  doi:10.1021/nl403874y
  • Vijayakumar M, B Schwenzer, V Shutthanandan, JZ Hu, J Liu, and IA Aksay. 2014. "Elucidating graphene - Ionic Liquid interfacial region: a combined experimental and computational study." Nano Energy 3:152-158.  doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2012.09.014
  • Xiao J, P Meduri, H Chen, Z Wang, F Gao, JZ Hu, J Feng, MY Hu, S Dai, S Brown, JL Adcock, Z Deng, J Liu, GL Graff, IA Aksay, and J Zhang. 2014. "Energetics of Defects on Graphene through Fluorination." ChemSusChem 7(5):1295-1300.  doi:10.1002/cssc.201301066

2013

  • Liu J. 2013. "Addressing the Grand Challenges in Energy Storage." Advanced Functional Materials 23(8):924-928.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201203058
  • Nie Z, X Zhou, Q Zhang, G Cao, and J Liu. 2013. "Aggregated TiO2 Based Nanotubes for Dye Sensitized Solar Cells." Science of Advanced Materials 5(11):1750-1755.  doi:10.1166/sam.2013.1622
  • Zheng J, M Gu, CM Wang, P Zuo, PK Koech, J Zhang, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2013. "Controlled Nucleation and Growth Process of Li2S2/Li2S in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 160(11):A1992-A1996.  doi:10.1149/2.032311jes
  • Zheng J, M Gu, H Chen, P Meduri, MH Engelhard, J Zhang, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2013. "Ionic Liquid-Enhanced Solid State Electrolyte Interface (SEI) for Lithium Sulfur Batteries." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 1(29):8464-8470.  doi:10.1039/C3TA11553D
  • Zheng J, M Gu, MJ Wagner, K Hays, XS Li, P Zuo, CM Wang, J Zhang, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2013. "Revisit Carbon/Sulfur Composite for Li-S Batteries." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 160(10):A1624-A1628.  doi:10.1149/2.013310jes
  • Chen B, WN Qi, X Li, C Lei, and J Liu. 2013. "Heated Proteins are Still Active in a Functionalized Nanoporous Support." Small 9(13):2228-2232.  doi:10.1002/smll.201202409
  • Darkins R, ML Sushko, J Liu, and DM Duffy. 2013. "Adhesion of sodium dodecyl sulfate surfactant monolayers with TiO2 (rutile and anatase) surfaces." Langmuir 29(37):11609-11614.  doi:10.1021/la401469f
  • Ding F, W Xu, GL Graff, J Zhang, ML Sushko, X Chen, Y Shao, MH Engelhard, Z Nie, J Xiao, X Liu, PV Sushko, J Liu, and J Zhang. 2013. "Dendrite-Free Lithium Deposition via Self-Healing Electrostatic Shield Mechanism ." Journal of the American Chemical Society 135(11):4450-4456.  doi:10.1021/ja312241y
  • Gu M, A Genc, I Belharouak, D Wang, K Amine, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, J Zhang, ND Browning, J Liu, and CM Wang. 2013. "Nanoscale Phase Separation, Cation Ordering, and Surface Oxygen Chemistry in Pristine Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 for Li-Ion Batteries." Chemistry of Materials 25(11):2319-2236.  doi:10.1021/cm4009392
  • Gu M, A Kushima, Y Shao, J Zhang, J Liu, ND Browning, J Li, and CM Wang. 2013. "Probing the Failure Mechanism of SnO2 Nanowires for Sodium-ion Batteries." Nano Letters 13(11):5203-5211.  doi:10.1021/nl402633n
  • Gu M, I Belharouak, J Zheng, H Wu, J Xiao, A Genc, K Amine, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, J Zhang, ND Browning, J Liu, and CM Wang. 2013. "Formation Of The Spinel Phase In The Layered Composite Cathode Used In Li-Ion Batteries." ACS Nano 7(1):760-767.  doi:10.1021/nn305065u
  • Gu M, LR Parent, BL Mehdi, RR Unocic, MT Mcdowell, RL Sacci, W Xu, JG Connell, P Xu, P Abellan Baeza, X Chen, Y Zhang, DE Perea, JE Evans, L Lauhon, J Zhang, J Liu, ND Browning, Y Cui, I Arslan, and CM Wang. 2013. "Demonstration of an Electrochemical Liquid Cell for Operando Transmission Electron Microscopy Observation of the Lithiation/Delithiation Behavior of Si Nanowire Battery Anodes." Nano Letters 13(12):6106-6112.  doi:10.1021/nl403402q
  • Lei C, B Chen, X Li, WN Qi, and J Liu. 2013. "Non-destructively shattered mesoporous silica for protein drug delivery." Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 175:157-160.  doi:10.1016/j.micromeso.2013.03.022
  • Li WZ, L Kovarik, D Mei, J Liu, Y Wang, and CHF Peden. 2013. "Stable platinum nanoparticles on specific MgAl2O4 spinel facets at high temperatures in oxidizing atmospheres." Nature Communications 4:Article No. 2481.  doi:10.1038/ncomms3481
  • Liu J, J Zhang, Z Yang, JP Lemmon, CH Imhoff, GL Graff, L Li, JZ Hu, CM Wang, J Xiao, G Xia, VV Viswanathan, S Baskaran, VL Sprenkle, X Li, Y Shao, and B Schwenzer. 2013. "Materials Science and Materials Chemistry for Large Scale Electrochemical Energy Storage: From Transportation to Electrical Grid." Advanced Functional Materials 23(8):929-946.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201200690
  • Shao Y, F Ding, J Xiao, J Zhang, W Xu, SK Park, J Zhang, Y Wang, and J Liu. 2013. "Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges." Advanced Functional Materials 23(8):987-1004.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201200688
  • Shao Y, J Xiao, W Wang, MH Engelhard, X Chen, Z Nie, M Gu, LV Saraf, GJ Exarhos, J Zhang, and J Liu. 2013. "Surface-Driven Sodium Ion Energy Storage in Nanocellular Carbon Foams." Nano Letters 13(8):3909-3914.  doi:10.1021/nl401995a
  • Shao Y, TL Liu, G Li, M Gu, Z Nie, MH Engelhard, J Xiao, D Lu, CM Wang, J Zhang, and J Liu. 2013. "Coordination Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how ligands affect their performance." Scientific Reports 3:Article No. 3130.  doi:10.1038/srep03130
  • Sushko PV, KM Rosso, J Zhang, J Liu, and ML Sushko. 2013. "Oxygen vacancies and ordering of d-levels control voltage suppression in oxide cathodes: the case of spinel LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4-d ." Advanced Functional Materials 23(44):5530-5535.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201301205
  • Tian J, J Liu, J Liu, and PK Thallapally. 2013. "Identification of solid-state forms of cucurbit[6]uril for carbon dioxide capture." CrystEngComm 15(8):1528-1531.  doi:10.1039/C3CE27017C
  • Wang Z, X Niu, J Xiao, CM Wang, J Liu, and F Gao. 2013. "First Principles Prediction of Nitrogen-doped Carbon Nanotubes as a High-Performance Cathode for Li-S Batteries." RSC Advances 3(37):16775-16780.  doi:10.1039/C3RA41333K
  • Xiao L, Y Cao, J Xiao, B Schwenzer, MH Engelhard, LV Saraf, Z Nie, GJ Exarhos, and J Liu. 2013. "Molecular Structures of Polymer/Sulfur Composites for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries with Long Cycle Life." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 1(33):9517-9526.  doi:10.1039/C3TA10865A
  • Zhan H, J Xiao, Z Nie, X Li, CM Wang, J Zhang, and J Liu. 2013. "Nanostructured materials for rechargeable batteries: synthesis, fundamental understanding and limitations." Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering 2(2):151-159.  doi:10.1016/j.coche.2013.03.007

2012

  • Li X, WN Qi, D Mei, ML Sushko, IA Aksay, and J Liu. 2012. "Functionalized Graphene Sheets as Molecular Templates for Controlled Nucleation and Self-Assembly of Metal Oxide-Graphene Nanocomposites." Advanced Materials 24(37):5136-5141.  doi:10.1002/adma.201202189
  • Xu W, AL Read, PK Koech, D Hu, CM Wang, J Xiao, AB Padmaperuma, GL Graff, J Liu, and J Zhang. 2012. "Factors Affecting the Battery Performance of Anthraquinone-based Organic Cathode Materials." Journal of Materials Chemistry 22(9):4032-4039.  doi:10.1039/c2jm15764k
  • Zheng J, J Xiao, X Yu, L Kovarik, M Gu, F Omenya, X Chen, XQ Yang, J Liu, GL Graff, MS Whittingham, and J Zhang. 2012. "Enhanced Li+ ion transport in LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 through Control of Site Disorder." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 14(39):13515-13521. 
  • Cao Y, L Xiao, ML Sushko, W Wang, B Schwenzer, J Xiao, Z Nie, LV Saraf, Z Yang, and J Liu. 2012. "Sodium Ion Insertion in Hollow Carbon Nanowires for Battery Applications." Nano Letters 12(7):3783-3787.  doi:10.1021/nl3016957
  • Chen X, X Li, F Ding, W Xu, J Xiao, Y Cao, P Meduri, J Liu, GL Graff, and J Zhang. 2012. "Conductive Rigid Skeleton Supported Silicon as High-Performance Li-Ion Battery Anodes." Nano Letters 12(8):4124-4130.  doi:10.1021/nl301657y
  • Chen Z, M Zhou, Y Cao, X Ai, H Yang, and J Liu. 2012. "In Situ Generation of Few-Layer Graphene Coatings on SnO2-SiC Core-Shell Nanoparticles for High-Performance Lithium-Ion Storage." Advanced Energy Materials 2(1):95-102.  doi:10.1002/aenm.201100464
  • Gu M, I Belharouak, A Genc, Z Wang, D Wang, K Amine, F Gao, G Zhou, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, J Zhang, ND Browning, J Liu, and CM Wang. 2012. "Conflicting Roles Of Nickel In Controlling Cathode Performance In Lithium-ion Batteries." Nano Letters 12(10):5186-5191.  doi:10.1021/nl302249v
  • Guan J, G Yan, W Wang, and J Liu. 2012. "External field-assisted solution synthesis and selectively catalytic properties of amorphous iron nanoplatelets." Journal of Materials Chemistry 22(9): 3909-3915.  doi:10.1039/C2JM15000J
  • Hu JZ, JA Sears, Jr, HS Mehta, JJ Ford, JH Kwak, K Zhu, Y Wang, J Liu, DW Hoyt, and CHF Peden. 2012. "A Large Sample Volume Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Probe for In-Situ Investigations with Constant Flow of Reactants." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 14(7):2137-2143.  doi:10.1039/c1cp22692d
  • Li J, K Zhu, J Shang, D Wang, Z Nie, R Guo, C Liu, Z Wang, X Li, and J Liu. 2012. "Fluorescent Functionalized Mesoporous Silica for Radioactive Material Extraction." Separation Science and Technology 47(10):1507-1513. 
  • Li X, P Meduri, X Chen, WN Qi, MH Engelhard, W Xu, F Ding, J Xiao, W Wang, CM Wang, J Zhang, and J Liu. 2012. "Hollow Core-Shell Structured Porous Si-C Nanocomposites for Li-Ion Battery Anodes." Journal of Materials Chemistry 22(22):11014-11017.  doi:10.1039/C2JM31286G
  • Liu D, Y Liu, SL Candelaria, G Cao, J Liu, and YH Jeong. 2012. "Atomic layer deposition of Al2O3 on V2O5 xerogel film for enhanced lithium-ion intercalation stability." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 30(1):Article No. 01A123.  doi:10.1116/1.3664115
  • Liu J, PK Thallapally, BP McGrail, DR Brown, and J Liu. 2012. "Progress in Adsorption-Based CO2 Capture by Metal-Organic Frameworks." Chemical Society Reviews 41(6):2308 - 2322.  doi:10.1039/C1CS15221A
  • Moon GH, Y Shin, BW Arey, CM Wang, GJ Exarhos, W Choi, and J Liu. 2012. "Carbon dioxide-assisted fabrication of highly uniform submicron-sized colloidal carbon spheres via hydrothermal carbonization using soft drink." Colloid and Polymer Science 290(15):1567-1573.  doi:10.1007/s00396-012-2729-4
  • Park SK, Y Shao, J Liu, and Y Wang. 2012. "Oxygen Electrocatalysts for Water Electrolyzers and Reversible Fuel Cells: Status and Perspective." Energy & Environmental Science 5(11):9331-9344.  doi:10.1039/c2ee22554a
  • Park SK, Y Shao, VV Viswanathan, J Liu, and Y Wang. 2012. "Non-Kinetic Losses Caused by Electrochemical Carbon Corrosion in PEM Fuel Cells." International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 37(10):8451-8458.  doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.02.097
  • Shao Y, SK Park, J Xiao, J Zhang, Y Wang, and J Liu. 2012. "Electrocatalysts for Nonaqueous Lithium-Air Batteries: Status, Challenges, and Perspective." ACS Catalysis 2(5):844-857.  doi:10.1021/cs300036v
  • Song Z, TT Xu, M Gordin, Y Jiang, IT Bae, Q Xiao, H Zhan, J Liu, and D Wang. 2012. "Polymer-Graphene Nanocomposites as Ultrafast-Charge and -Discharge Cathodes for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries." Nano Letters 12(5):2205-2211.  doi:10.1021/nl2039666
  • Tam TK, B Chen, C Lei, and J Liu. 2012. "In situ Regeneration of NADH via Lipoamide Dehydrogenase-catalyzed Electron Transfer Reaction Evidenced by Spectroelectrochemistry." Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics 86:92-96.  doi:10.1016/j.bioelechem.2012.03.002
  • Tian J, LV Saraf, B Schwenzer, SM Taylor, EK Brechin, J Liu, SJ Dalgarno, and PK Thallapally. 2012. "Selective Metal Cation Capture by Soft Anionic Metal-Organic Frameworks via Drastic Single-Crystal-to-Single-Crystal Transformations." Journal of the American Chemical Society 134(23):9581-9584.  doi:10.1021/ja303092m
  • Vijayakumar M, B Schwenzer, S Kim, Z Yang, S Thevuthasan, J Liu, GL Graff, and JZ Hu. 2012. "Investigation of Local Environments in Nafion-SiO2 Composite Membranes used in Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries." Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance 42:71-80.  doi:10.1016/j.ssnmr.2011.11.005
  • Wang CM, X Li, Z Wang, W Xu, J Liu, F Gao, L Kovarik, J Zhang, J Howe, DJ Burton, Z Liu, X Xiao, S Thevuthasan, and DR Baer. 2012. "In Situ TEM Investigation of Congruent Phase Transition and Structural Evolution of Nanostructured Silicon/Carbon Anode for Lithium Ion Batteries." Nano Letters 12(3):1624-1632.  doi:10.1021/nl204559u
  • Wang LQ, D Wang, J Liu, and GJ Exarhos. 2012. "Probing Porosity and Pore Interconnectivity in Self-Assembled TiO2-Graphene Hybrid Nanostructures Using Hyperpolarized 129Xe NMR." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116(1):22-29.  doi:10.1021/jp2047008
  • Wen Q, X Li, B Chen, P Yao, C Lei, and J Liu. 2012. "Intramesoporous Silica Structure Differentiating Protein Loading Density." Materials Letters 75:102-106.  doi:10.1016/j.matlet.2012.01.128
  • Xiao J, X Chen, PV Sushko, ML Sushko, L Kovarik, J Feng, Z Deng, J Zheng, GL Graff, Z Nie, D Choi, J Liu, J Zhang, and MS Whittingham. 2012. "High-Performance LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 Spinel Controlled by Mn3+ Concentration and Site Disorder." Advanced Materials 24(16):2109-2116.  doi:10.1002/adma.201104767
  • Xiao L, Y Cao, J Xiao, B Schwenzer, MH Engelhard, LV Saraf, Z Nie, GJ Exarhos, and J Liu. 2012. "A Soft Approach to Encapsulate Sulfur: Polyaniline Nanotubes for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries with Long Cycle Life." Advanced Materials 24(9):1176-1181.  doi:10.1002/adma.201103392
  • Xiao L, Y Cao, J Xiao, W Wang, L Kovarik, Z Nie, and J Liu. 2012. "High capacity, reversible alloying reactions in SnSb/C nanocomposites for Na-ion battery applications." Chemical Communications 48(27):3321-3323.  doi:10.1039/C2CC17129E
  • Yu J, ML Sushko, SN Kerisit, KM Rosso, and J Liu. 2012. "Kinetic Monte Carlo Study of Ambipolar Lithium Ion and Electron-Polaron Diffusion into Nanostructured TiO2." The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 3(15):2076-2081.  doi:10.1021/jz300562v
  • Yu Y, B Chen, WN Qi, X Li, Y Shin, C Lei, and J Liu. 2012. "Enzymatic Conversion of CO2 to Bicarbonate in Functionalized Mesoporous Silica." Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 153:166-170.  doi:10.1016/j.micromeso.2011.12.005
  • Zhang J, W Wang, J Xiao, W Xu, GL Graff, Z Yang, D Choi, X Li, D Wang, and J Liu. 2012. "Silicon Based Anodes for Li-Ion Batteries." In Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology.  Springer, New York, NY. 

2011

  • Kim S, TB Tighe, B Schwenzer, J Yan, J Zhang, J Liu, Z Yang, and MA Hickner. 2011. "Chemical and Mechanical Degradation of Sulfonated Poly(sulfone) Membranes in Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries." Journal of Applied Electrochemistry 41(10):1201-1213.  doi:10.1007/s10800-011-0313-0
  • Liu W, Y Rao, H Wan, AJ Karkamkar, J Liu, and LQ Wang. 2011. "Bubbling Reactor Technology for Rapid Synthesis of Uniform, Small MFI-Type Zeolite Crystals ." Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 50(12):7241-7250.  doi:10.1021/ie102069z
  • Zhang J, and J Liu. 2011. "Development of High Energy Cathode (PNNL)." In FISCAL YEAR 2010 ANNUAL PROGRESS REPORT FOR ENERGY STORAGE R&D, vol. V.B.10, pp. 366-369.  U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, D.C.. 
  • Cao Y, L Xiao, W Wang, D Choi, Z Nie, J Yu, LV Saraf, Z Yang, and J Liu. 2011. "Reversible Sodium Ion Insertion in Single Crystalline Manganese Oxide Nanowires with Long Cycle Life." Advanced Materials 23(28):3155-3160.  doi:10.1002/adma.201100904
  • Cao Y, X Li, IA Aksay, JP Lemmon, Z Nie, Z Yang, and J Liu. 2011. "Sandwich-Type Functionalized Graphene Sheet-Sulfur Nanocomposite for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries ." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 13(17):7660-7665.  doi:10.1039/C0CP02477E
  • Chen B, SS Shah, Y Shin, C Lei, and J Liu. 2011. "In vitro release of organophosphorus acid anhydrolase from functionalized mesoporous silica against nerve agents." Analytical Biochemistry 421(2):477-81.  doi:10.1016/j.ab.2011.09.024
  • Choi D, J Xiao, YJ Choi, JS Hardy, M Vijayakumar, MS Bhuvaneswari, J Liu, W Xu, W Wang, Z Yang, GL Graff, and J Zhang. 2011. "Thermal Stability and Phase Transformation of Electrochemically Charged/Discharged LiMnPO4 Cathode for Li-Ion Battery." Energy & Environmental Science 4(11):4560-4566.  doi:10.1039/C1EE01501J
  • Kou R, Y Shao, D Mei, Z Nie, D Wang, CM Wang, VV Viswanathan, SK Park, IA Aksay, Y Lin, Y Wang, and J Liu. 2011. "Stabilization of Electrocatalytic Metal Nanoparticles at Metal-Metal Oxide-Graphene Triple Junction Points." Journal of the American Chemical Society 133(8):2541-2547.  doi:10.1021/ja107719u
  • Li L, S Kim, W Wang, M Vijayakumar, Z Nie, B Chen, J Zhang, G Xia, JZ Hu, GL Graff, J Liu, and Z Yang. 2011. "A Stable Vanadium Redox-Flow Battery with High Energy Density for Large-scale Energy Storage." Advanced Energy Materials 1(3):394-400. 
  • Li X, Y Cao, WN Qi, LV Saraf, J Xiao, Z Nie, J Mietek, J Zhang, B Schwenzer, and J Liu. 2011. "Optimization of mesoporous carbon structures for lithium-sulfur battery applications." Journal of Materials Chemistry 21(41):16603-16610.  doi:10.1039/C1JM12979A
  • Liu Y, D Liu, Q Zhang, D Yu, J Liu, and G Cao. 2011. "Lithium iron phosphate/carbon nanocomposite film cathodes for high energy lithium ion batteries ." Electrochimica Acta 56(5):2559-2565 .  doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2010.11.050
  • Pan A, D Choi, J Zhang, S Liang, G Cao, Z Nie, BW Arey, and J Liu. 2011. "High-Rate Cathodes Based on Li3V2(PO4)3 Nanobelts Prepared via Surfactant-Assisted Fabrication." Journal of Power Sources 196(7):3646-3649.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.12.067
  • Pan A, J Zhang, G Cao, S Liang, CM Wang, Z Nie, BW Arey, W Xu, D Liu, J Xiao, G Li, and J Liu. 2011. "Nanosheet-structured LiV3O8 with high capacity and excellent stability for high energy lithium batteries ." Journal of Materials Chemistry 21(27):10077-10084.  doi:10.1039/C1JM10976F
  • Park SK, Y Shao, R Kou, VV Viswanathan, SA Towne, PC Rieke, J Liu, Y Lin, and Y Wang. 2011. "Polarization Losses under Accelerated Stress Test Using Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Supported Pt Catalyst in PEM Fuel Cells." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 158(3):B297-302.  doi:10.1149/1.3530843
  • Park SK, Y Shao, H Wan, PC Rieke, VV Viswanathan, SA Towne, LV Saraf, J Liu, Y Lin, and Y Wang. 2011. "Design of graphene sheets-supported Pt catalyst layer in PEM fuel cells." Electrochemistry Communications 13(3):258-261.  doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2010.12.028
  • Park SK, Y Shao, H Wan, VV Viswanathan, SA Towne, PC Rieke, J Liu, and Y Wang. 2011. "Degradation of Ionic Pathway in PEM Fuel Cell Cathode." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 115(45):22633-22639.  doi:10.1021/jp2068599
  • Schwenzer B, S Kim, M Vijayakumar, Z Yang, and J Liu. 2011. "Correlation of Structural Differences between Nafion/Polyaniline and Nafion/Polypyrrole Composite Membranes and Observed Transport Properties." Journal of Membrane Science 372(1-2):11-19 .  doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2011.01.025
  • Schwenzer B, J Zhang, S Kim, L Li, J Liu, and Z Yang. 2011. "Membrane Development for Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries." ChemSusChem 4(10):1388 - 1406.  doi:10.1002/cssc.201100068
  • Sun J, K Zhu, F Gao, CM Wang, J Liu, CHF Peden, and Y Wang. 2011. "Direct Conversion of Bio-ethanol to Isobutene on Nanosized ZnxZryOz Mixed Oxides with Balanced Acid-Base Sites." Journal of the American Chemical Society 133(29):11096-11099.  doi:10.1021/ja204235v
  • Sushko ML, and J Liu. 2011. "Surfactant Two-Dimensional Self-Assembly under Confinement." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 115(15):4322-4328.  doi:10.1021/jp2003497
  • Sushko ML, KM Rosso, J Zhang, and J Liu. 2011. "Multiscale Simulations of Li Ion Conductivity in Solid Electrolyte." The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2(18):2352-2356.  doi:10.1021/jz201032w
  • Tian J, PK Thallapally, J Liu, GJ Exarhos, and JL Atwood. 2011. "Gas-induced solid state transformation of an organic lattice: from nonporous to nanoporous." Chemical Communications 47(2):701-703.  doi:10.1039/C0CC04260A
  • Vijayakumar M, L Li, GL Graff, J Liu, H Zhang, Z Yang, and JZ Hu. 2011. "Towards Understanding the Poor Thermal Stability of V5+ Electrolyte Solution in Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries." Journal of Power Sources 196(7):3669-3672.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.11.126
  • Vijayakumar M, BM Sivakumar, P Nachimuthu, B Schwenzer, S Kim, Z Yang, J Liu, GL Graff, S Thevuthasan, and JZ Hu. 2011. "Spectroscopic Investigations of the Fouling Process on Nafion Membranes in Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries." Journal of Membrane Science 366(1-2):325-334.  doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2010.10.018
  • Vijayakumar M, SN Kerisit, KM Rosso, SD Burton, JA Sears, Jr, Z Yang, GL Graff, J Liu, and JZ Hu. 2011. "Lithium Diffusion in Li4Ti5O12 at High Temperatures." Journal of Power Sources 196(4):2211-2220. 
  • Wang CM, W Xu, J Liu, J Zhang, LV Saraf, BW Arey, D Choi, Z Yang, J Xiao, S Thevuthasan, and DR Baer. 2011. "In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Observation of Microstructure and Phase Evolution in a SnO2 Nanowire during Lithium Intercalation." Nano Letters 11(5):1874-1880.  doi:10.1021/nl200272n
  • Xiao J, D Mei, X Li, W Xu, D Wang, GL Graff, WD Bennett, Z Nie, LV Saraf, IA Aksay, J Liu, and J Zhang. 2011. "Hierarchically Porous Graphene as a Lithium-Air Battery Electrode." Nano Letters 11(11):5071-5078.  doi:10.1021/nl203332e
  • Xiao J, JZ Hu, D Wang, D Hu, W Xu, GL Graff, Z Nie, J Liu, and J Zhang. 2011. "Investigation of the Rechargeability of Li-O2 Batteries in Non-aqueous Electrolyte." Journal of Power Sources 196(13):5674-5678. 
  • Xiao J, N Chernova, S Upreti, X Chen, Z Li, Z Deng, D Choi, W Xu, Z Nie, GL Graff, J Liu, MS Whittingham, and J Zhang. 2011. "Electrochemical Performances of LiMnPO4 Synthesized from Non-Stoichiometric Li/Mn Ratio." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 13(40):18099-18106.  doi:10.1039/C1CP22658D
  • Xiao J, X Wang, XQ Yang, S Xun, G Liu, PK Koech, J Liu, and JP Lemmon. 2011. "Electrochemically Induced High Capacity Displacement Reaction of PEO/MoS2/Graphene Nanocomposites with Lithium." Advanced Functional Materials 21(15):2840-2846.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201002752
  • Yang Z, J Zhang, MCW Kintner-Meyer, X Lu, D Choi, JP Lemmon, and J Liu. 2011. "Electrochemical Energy Storage for Green Grid." Chemical Reviews 111(5):3577-3613.  doi:10.1021/cr100290v
  • Yu J, KM Rosso, J Zhang, and J Liu. 2011. "Ab initio study of lithium transition metal fluorophosphate cathodes for rechargeable batteries." Journal of Materials Chemistry 21(32):12054-12058.  doi:10.1039/C1JM10900F
  • Yu J, KM Rosso, and J Liu. 2011. "Charge Localization and Transport in Lithiated Olivine Phosphate Materials." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 115(50):25001-25006.  doi:10.1021/jp204188g
  • Zhang J, L Li, Z Nie, B Chen, M Vijayakumar, S Kim, W Wang, B Schwenzer, J Liu, and Z Yang. 2011. "Effects of additives on the stability of electrolytes for all-vanadium redox flow batteries." Journal of Applied Electrochemistry 41(10 - Special Issue S1):1215-1221.  doi:10.1007/s10800-011-0312-1
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, H Liao, J Liu, IA Aksay, G Yin, and Y Lin. 2011. "Graphene decorated with PtAu alloy nanoparticles: facile synthesis and promising application for formic acid oxidation." Chemistry of Materials 23(5):1079-1081. 
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, J Liu, IA Aksay, and Y Lin. 2011. "Graphene-Polypyrrole Nanocomposite as a Highly Efficient and Low Cost Electrically Switched Ion Exchanger for Removing ClO4- from Wastewater." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 3(9):3633-3637.  doi:10.1021/am200839m
  • Zhu K, J Sun, J Liu, LQ Wang, H Wan, JZ Hu, Y Wang, CHF Peden, and Z Nie. 2011. "Solvent Evaporation Assisted Preparation of Oriented Nanocrystalline Mesoporous MFI Zeolites." ACS Catalysis 1(7):682-690.  doi:10.1021/cs200085e

2010

  • Kim S, J Yan, B Schwenzer, J Zhang, L Li, J Liu, Z Yang, and MA Hickner. 2010. "Cycling performance and efficiency of sulfonated poly(sulfone) membranes in vanadium redox flow batteries ." Electrochemistry Communications 12(11):1650-1653.  doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2010.09.018
  • Shao Y, S Zhang, CM Wang, Z Nie, J Liu, Y Wang, and Y Lin. 2010. "Highly durable graphene nanoplatelets supported Pt nanocatalysts for oxygen reduction ." Journal of Power Sources 195(15):4600-4605. 
  • Shao Y, S Zhang, R Kou, X Wang, CM Wang, S Dai, VV Viswanathan, J Liu, Y Wang, and Y Lin. 2010. "Noncovalently functionalized graphitic mesoporous carbon as a stable support of Pt nanoparticles for oxygen reduction." Journal of Power Sources 195(7 SP ISS):1805-1811. 
  • Shao Y, X Wang, MH Engelhard, CM Wang, S Dai, J Liu, Z Yang, and Y Lin. 2010. "Nitrogen-doped mesoporous carbon for energy storage in vanadium redox flow batteries." Journal of Power Sources 195(13):4375-4379. 
  • Thallapally PK, CA Fernandez, RK Motkuri, SK Nune, J Liu, and CHF Peden. 2010. "Micro and Mesoporous Metal Organic Frameworks for Catalysis Applications." Dalton Transactions 39(7):1692 - 1694.  doi:10.1039/b921118g
  • Yang Z, J Liu, S Baskaran, CH Imhoff, and JD Holladay. 2010. "Enabling Renewable Energy and the Future Grid with Advanced Electricity Storage." JOM. The Journal of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society 62(9):14-23. 
  • Chi F, YN Guo, J Liu, Y Liu, and Q Huo. 2010. "Size-Tunable and Functional Core-Shell Structured Silica Nanoparticles for Drug Release." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114(6):2519-2523.  doi:10.1021/jp910460j
  • Choi D, D Wang, IT Bae, J Xiao, Z Nie, W Wang, VV Viswanathan, YJ Lee, J Zhang, GL Graff, Z Yang, and J Liu. 2010. "LiMnPO4 Nanoplate Grown via Solid-State Reaction in Molten Hydrocarbon for Li-ion Battery Cathode." Nano Letters 10(8):2799-2805.  doi:10.1021/nl1007085
  • Du D, Z Zou, Y Shin, J Wang, H Wu, MH Engelhard, J Liu, IA Aksay, and Y Lin. 2010. "Sensitive Immunosensor for Cancer Biomarker Based on Dual Signal Amplification Strategy of Graphene Sheets and Multi-Enzyme Functionalized Carbon Nanospheres ." Analytical Chemistry 82(7):2989-2995.  doi:10.1021/ac100036p
  • Fang HC, JQ Zhu, LJ Zhou, HY Jia, SS Li, X Gong, SB Li, YP Cai, PK Thallapally, J Liu, and GJ Exarhos. 2010. "pH-Dependent Assembly and Conversions of Six Cadmium(II)-Based Coordination Complexes." Crystal Growth & Design 10(7):3277-3284.  doi:10.1021/cg1004598
  • Fernandez CA, PK Thallapally, RK Motkuri, SK Nune, JC Sumrak, J Tian, and J Liu. 2010. "Gas-Induced Expansion and Contraction of a Fluorinated Metal-Organic Framework." Crystal Growth & Design 10(3):1037-1039.  doi:10.1021/cg9014948
  • Fernandez CA, SK Nune, RK Motkuri, PK Thallapally, CM Wang, J Liu, GJ Exarhos, and BP McGrail. 2010. "Synthesis, characterization, and application of metal organic framework nanostructures." Langmuir 26(24):18591-18594.  doi:10.1021/la103590t
  • Gu ZG, YP Cai, HC Fang, ZY Zhou, PK Thallapally, J Tian, J Liu, and GJ Exarhos. 2010. "Conversion of Nonporous Helical Cadmium Organic Famework to a Porous Form." Chemical Communications 46(29):5373-5375. 
  • Kang X, J Wang, H Wu, J Liu, IA Aksay, and Y Lin. 2010. "A graphene-based electrochemical sensor for sensitive detection of paracetamol ." Talanta 81(3):754-759. 
  • Kerisit SN, KM Rosso, Z Yang, and J Liu. 2010. "Computer Simulation of the Phase Stabilities of Lithiated TiO2 Polymorphs." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114(44):19096-19107.  doi:10.1021/jp103809s
  • Lei C, P Liu, B Chen, Y Mao, HE Engelmann, Y Shin, J Jaffar, I Hellstrom, J Liu, and KE Hellstrom. 2010. "Local Release of Highly Loaded Antibodies from Functionalized Nanoporous Support for Cancer Immunotherapy." Journal of the American Chemical Society 132(20):6906-6907. 
  • Li J, J Liu, D Wang, R Guo, X Li, and WN Qi. 2010. "Interfacially Controlled Synthesis of Hollow Mesoporous Silica Spheres with Radially Oriented Pore Structures." Langmuir 26(14):12267-12272.  doi:10.1021/la101225j
  • Liao H, H Wu, J Wang, J Liu, Y Jiang, S Sun, and Y Lin. 2010. "Direct Electrochemistry and Electrocatalysis of Myoglobin Immobilized on Graphene-CTAB-Ionic Liquid Nanocomposite Film." Electroanalysis 22(19):2297-2302.  doi:10.1002/elan.201000044
  • Nune SK, PK Thallapally, A Dohnalkova, CM Wang, J Liu, and GJ Exarhos. 2010. "Synthesis and Properties of Nano Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks." Chemical Communications 46(27):4878-4880. 
  • Pan A, D Liu, X Zhou, BB Garcia, S Liang, J Liu, and G Cao. 2010. "Enhanced Lithium-ion intercalation properties of coherent hydrous vanadium pentoxide-carbon cryogels nanocomposites." Journal of Power Sources 195(12):3893-3899.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.12.120
  • Pan A, J Liu, J Zhang, W Xu, GH Cao, Z Nie, BW Arey, and S Liang. 2010. "Nano-Structured Li3V2(PO4)3 /Carbon Composite for High Rate Lithium Ion Batteries." Electrochemistry Communications 12(12):1674-1677.  doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2010.09.014
  • Pan A, J Liu, J Zhang, GH Cao, W Xu, Z Nie, J Xiao, D Choi, BW Arey, CM Wang, and S Liang. 2010. "Template Free Synthesis of LiV3O8 Nanorods as a Cathode Material for High-Rate Secondary Lithium Batteries ." Journal of Materials Chemistry 21(4):1153-1161.  doi:10.1039/c0jm02810j
  • Pan A, J Zhang, Z Nie, GH Cao, BW Arey, G Li, S Liang, and J Liu. 2010. "Facile synthesized nanorod structured vanadium pentoxide for high-rate lithium batteries." Journal of Materials Chemistry 20(41):9193-9199.  doi:10.1039/C0JM01306D
  • Punckt C, MA Pope, J Liu, Y Lin, and IA Aksay. 2010. "Electrochemical Performance of Graphene as Effected by Electrode Porosity and Graphene Functionalization." Electroanalysis 22(23):2834-2841. 
  • Punckt C, MA Pope, J Liu, Y Lin, and IA Aksay. 2010. "Electrochemical Performance of Graphene as Effected by Electrode Porosity and Graphene Functionalization ." Electroanalysis 22(23):2834-2841.  doi:10.1002/elan.201000367
  • Shang J, C Liu, Z Wang, H Wu, K Zhu, J Li, and J Liu. 2010. "In-Situ Measurements of Engineered Nanoporous Particle Transport in Saturated Porous Media." Environmental Science & Technology 44(21):8190-8195.  doi:10.1021/es1015586
  • Shao Y, J Wang, H Wu, J Liu, IA Aksay, and Y Lin. 2010. "Graphene Based Electrochemical Sensors and Biosensors: A Review." Electroanalysis 22(10):1027-1036.  doi:10.1002/elan.200900571
  • Shao Y, S Zhang, MH Engelhard, G Li, G Shao, Y Wang, J Liu, IA Aksay, and Y Lin. 2010. "Nitrogen-doped Graphene and Its Electrochemical Applications." Journal of Materials Chemistry 20(35):7491-7496.  doi:10.1039/c0jm00782j
  • Sushko ML, and J Liu. 2010. "Structural rearrangements in self-assembled surfactant layers at surfaces." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 114(11):3847-3854.  doi:10.1021/jp910927b
  • Sushko ML, KM Rosso, and J Liu. 2010. "Mechanism of Li+/electron conductivity in rutile and anatase TiO2 nanoparticles." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114(47):20277-20283.  doi:10.1021/jp107982c
  • Sushko ML, KM Rosso, and J Liu. 2010. "Size Effects on Li+/Electron Conductivity in TiO2 Nanoparticles." The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 1(13):1967-1972.  doi:10.1021/jz100520c
  • Tang Z, H Wu, JR Cort, GW Buchko, Y Zhang, Y Shao, IA Aksay, J Liu, and Y Lin. 2010. "Constraint of DNA on Functionalized Graphene Improves Its Biostability and Specificity." Small 6(11):1205-1209.  doi:10.1002/smll.201000024
  • Vijayakumar M, SD Burton, C Huang, L Li, Z Yang, GL Graff, J Liu, JZ Hu, and M Skyllas-Kazacos. 2010. "Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Studies on Vanadium(IV) Electrolyte Solutions for Vanadium Redox Flow Battery ." Journal of Power Sources 195(22 SP ISS):7709-7717. 
  • Viswanathan VV, D Choi, D Wang, W Xu, SA Towne, RE Williford, J Zhang, J Liu, and Z Yang. 2010. "Effect of entropy of lithium intercalation in cathodes and anodes on Li-ion battery thermal management." Journal of Power Sources 195(11):3720-3729.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.11.103
  • Wang CM, W Xu, J Liu, D Choi, BW Arey, LV Saraf, J Zhang, Z Yang, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, and N Salmon. 2010. "In-situ Transmission Electron Microscopy and Spectroscopy Studies of Interfaces in Li-ion Batteries: Challenges and Opportunities." Journal of Materials Research 25(8):1541-1547.  doi:10.1557/JMR.2010.0198
  • Wang D, R Kou, D Choi, Z Yang, Z Nie, J Li, LV Saraf, D Hu, J Zhang, GL Graff, J Liu, MA Pope, and IA Aksay. 2010. "Ternary Self-Assembly of Ordered Metal Oxide-Graphene Nanocomposites for Electrochemical Energy Storage ." ACS Nano 4(3):1587-1595.  doi:10.1021/nn901819n
  • Wang X, JS Lee, Q Zhu, J Liu, Y Wang, and S Dai. 2010. "Ammonia-treated Ordered Mesoporous Carbons as Catalytic Materials for Oxygen Reduction Reaction." Chemistry of Materials 22(7):2178-2180.  doi:10.1021/cm100139d
  • Xiao J, W Xu, D Wang, D Choi, W Wang, X Li, GL Graff, J Liu, and J Zhang. 2010. "Stabilization of Silicon Anode for Li-Ion Batteries ." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 157(10):A1047-A1051.  doi:10.1149/1.3464767
  • Xiao J, D Choi, L Cosimbescu, PK Koech, J Liu, and JP Lemmon. 2010. "Exfoliated MoS2 Nanocomposite as an Anode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries." Chemistry of Materials 22(16):4522-4524. 
  • Xiao J, D Wang, W Xu, D Wang, RE Williford, J Liu, and J Zhang. 2010. "Optimization of Air Electrode for Li/Air Batteries ." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 157(4):A487-A492.  doi:10.1149/1.3314375
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, X Li, Z Nie, Y Wang, J Liu, G Yin, and Y Lin. 2010. "Low-cost and durable catalyst support for fuel cells: graphite submicronparticles." Journal of Power Sources 195(2):457-460.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.08.012

2009

  • Shao Y, J Wang, R Kou, MH Engelhard, J Liu, Y Wang, and Y Lin. 2009. "The Corrosion of PEM Fuel Cell Catalyst Supports and Its Implications for Developing Durable Catalysts." Electrochimica Acta 54:3109-3114. 
  • Shao Y, R Kou, J Wang, CM Wang, VV Vishwanathan, J Liu, Y Wang, and Y Lin. 2009. "The durability dependence of Pt/CNT electrocatalysts on the nanostructures of carbon nanotubes: hollow- and bamboo-CNTs." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 9(10):5811-5815. 
  • Wu H, J Wang, X Kang, CM Wang, D Wang, J Liu, IA Aksay, and Y Lin. 2009. "Glucose Biosensor Based on Immobilization of Glucose Oxidase in Platinum Nanoparticles/Graphene/Chitosan Nanocomposite Film." Talanta 80(1):403-406.  doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2009.06.054
  • Cai YP, XX Zhout, ZY Zhout, SZ Zhu, PK Thallapally, and J Liu. 2009. "Single-Crystal-to-Single-Crystal Transformations in One Dimensional Ag-Eu Helical System." Inorganic Chemistry 48:6341-6343.  doi:10.1021/ic9007125
  • Chen B, C Lei, Y Shin, and J Liu. 2009. "Probing Mechanisms for Enzymatic Activity Enhancement of Organophosphorus Hydrolase in Functionalized Mesoporous Silica." Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 390(4):1177-1181.  doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.10.112
  • Choi D, D Wang, VV Viswanathan, IT Bae, W Wang, Z Nie, J Zhang, GL Graff, J Liu, Z Yang, and TQ Duong. 2009. "Li-Ion Batteries from LiFePO4 Cathode and Anatase/Graphene Composite Anode for Stationary Energy Storage." Electrochemistry Communications 12(3):378-381.  doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2009.12.039
  • Kang X, J Wang, H Wu, IA Aksay, J Liu, and Y Lin. 2009. "Glucose oxidase-graphene-chitosan modified electrode for direct electrochemistry and glucose sensing." Biosensors and Bioelectronics 25(4):901-905.  doi:10.1016/j.bios.2009.09.004
  • Kerisit SN, KM Rosso, Z Yang, and J Liu. 2009. "Dynamics of coupled lithium/electron diffusion in TiO2 polymorphs." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113(49):20998-21007. 
  • Kou R, Y Shao, D Wang, MH Engelhard, JH Kwak, J Wang, VV Viswanathan, CM Wang, Y Lin, Y Wang, IA Aksay, and J Liu. 2009. "Enhanced Activity and Stability of Pt catalysts on Functionalized Graphene Sheets for Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reduction ." Electrochemistry Communications 11(5):954-957. 
  • Li L, DL King, J Liu, Q Huo, K Zhu, CM Wang, MA Gerber, DJ Stevens, and Y Wang. 2009. "Stabilization of Metal Nanoparticles in Cubic Mesostructured Silica and Its Application in Regenerable Deep Desulfurization of Warm Syngas." Chemistry of Materials 21(22):5358-5364. 
  • Liu W, DL King, J Liu, BR Johnson , Y Wang, and Z Yang. 2009. "Critical Material and Process Issues for CO2 Separation from Coal-Powered Plants." JOM. The Journal of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society 61(4):36-44. 
  • Vijayakumar M, SN Kerisit, CM Wang, Z Nie, KM Rosso, Z Yang, GL Graff, J Liu, and JZ Hu. 2009. "Effect of Chemical Lithium Intercalation into Rutile TiO2 Nanorods." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113(32):14567-14574.  doi:10.1021/jp904148z
  • Vijayakumar M, SN Kerisit, Z Yang, GL Graff, J Liu, JA Sears, Jr, SD Burton, KM Rosso, and JZ Hu. 2009. "A Combined 6,7Li NMR and Molecular Dynamics Study of Li Diffusion in Li2TiO3." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113(46):20108-20116.  doi:10.1021/jp9072125
  • Wang CM, Z Yang, S Thevuthasan, J Liu, DR Baer, D Choi, D Wang, J Zhang, LV Saraf, and Z Nie. 2009. "Crystal and Electronic Structure of Lithiated Nanosized RutileTiO2 by Electron Diffraction and Electron Energy-loss Spectroscopy." Applied Physics Letters 94(23):Art. No.: 233116.  doi:10.1063/1.3152783
  • Wang D, D Choi, J Li, Z Yang, Z Nie, R Kou, D Hu, CM Wang, LV Saraf, J Zhang, IA Aksay, and J Liu. 2009. "Self-assembled TiO2-Graphene Hybrid Nanostructures for Enhanced Li-ion Insertion ." ACS Nano 3(4):907-914. 
  • Wang LQ, D Wang, J Liu, GJ Exarhos, S Pawsey, and IL Moudrakovski. 2009. "Probing Porosity and Pore Interconnectivity in Crystalline Mesoporous TiO2 Using Hyperpolarized Xe-129 NMR." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113(16):6577-6583. 
  • Zhu K, D Wang, and J Liu. 2009. "Self-assembled Materials for Catalysis." Nano Research 2(1):1-29. 
  • Zhu K, JZ Hu, X She, J Liu, Z Nie, Y Wang, CHF Peden, and JH Kwak. 2009. "Characterization of Dispersed Heteropoly Acid on Mesoporous Zeolite Using Solid-State P-31 NMR Spin-Lattice Relaxation." Journal of the American Chemical Society 131(28):9715-9721.  doi:10.1021/ja901317r

2008

  • Shao Y, J Liu, Y Wang, and Y Lin. 2008. "Novel Catalyst Support Materials for PEM Fuel Cells: Current Status and Future Prospects." Journal of Materials Chemistry 19(1):46-59.  doi:10.1039/b808370c
  • Shao Y, R Kou, J Wang, JH Kwak, VV Viswanathan, Y Wang, J Liu, and Y Lin. 2008. "Fast test for the durability of PEM fuel cell catalysts." In Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells 8. ECS Transactions, vol. 16, no. 2, ed. T. Fuller, et al, pp. 361-366.  The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ.  doi:10.1149/1.2981870
  • Shao Y, R Kou, J Wang, VV Viswanathan, JH Kwak, J Liu, Y Wang, and Y Lin. 2008. "The influence of the electrochemical stressing (potential step and potential-static holding) on the degradation of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell electrocatalysts." Journal of Power Sources 185(1):280-286.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2008.07.008
  • Wu H, Q Huo, SM Varnum, G Liu, J Wang, Z Nie, J Liu, and Y Lin. 2008. "Dye-Doped Silica Nanoparticle Labels/Protein Microarray for Detection of Protein Biomarkers." The Analyst 133:1550 - 1555.  doi:10.1039/b719810h
  • Lei C, TA Soares, Y Shin, J Liu, and EJ Ackerman. 2008. "Enzyme Specific Activity in Functionalized Nanoporous Supports." Nanotechnology 19(12):Art. No. 125102.  doi:10.1088/0957-4484/19/12/125102
  • Liu J, GH Cao, Z Yang, D Wang, DL DuBois, XD Zhou, GL Graff, LR Pederson, and J Zhang. 2008. "Oriented Nanostructures for Energy Conversion and Storage." ChemSusChem 1(8-9):676-697. 
  • Wang D, D Choi, Z Yang, VV Viswanathan, Z Nie, CM Wang, Y Song, J Zhang, and J Liu. 2008. "Synthesis and Li-ion Insertion Properties of Highly Crystalline Mesoporous Rutile TiO2." Chemistry of Materials 20(10):3435-3442. 
  • Wang D, Z Ma, S Dai, J Liu, Z Nie, MH Engelhard, Q Huo, CM Wang, and R Kou. 2008. "Low-Temperature Synthesis of Tunable Mesoporous Crystalline Transition Metal Oxides and Applications as Au Catalyst Supports." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 112(35):13499-13509.  doi:10.1021/jp804250f

2007

  • Wang Y, KY Lee, S Choi, J Liu, LQ Wang, and CHF Peden. 2007. "Grafting Sulfated Zirconia on Mesoporous Silica." Green Chemistry 9(6):540-544.  doi:10.1039/b614928f
  • Dixon DA, Z Dohnalek, MS Gutowski, JZ Hu, E Iglesia, BD Kay, J Liu, CHF Peden, L Wang, Y Wang, JM White, OA Bondarchuk, JE Herrera, J Kim, JH Kwak, T Stuchinskaya, HJ Zhai, CN Chisolm, and J Macht. 2007. "Early Transition Metal Oxides as Catalysts: Crossing Scales from Clusters to Single Crystals to Functioning Materials." In Frontiers in Catalysis Science. Meeting of the Catalysis and Chemical Transformations Program Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences Division, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, U.S. Department of Energy Rockville, MD May 23-26, 2004, pp. 389-392.  Department of Energy, Washington, DC. 
  • Fryxell GE, SV Mattigod, Y Lin, H Wu, SK Fiskum, KE Parker, F Zheng, W Yantasee, TS Zemanian, RS Addleman, J Liu, J Xu, KM Kemner, S Kelly, and X Feng. 2007. "Design and Synthesis of Self-Assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Supports (SAMMS): The Importance of Ligand Posture in Functional Nanomaterials." Journal of Materials Chemistry 17:2863-2874.  doi:10.1039/b702422c
  • Lei C, Y Shin, J Liu, and EJ Ackerman. 2007. "Synergetic Effects of Nanoporous Support and Urea on Enzyme Activity." Nano Letters 7(4):1050-53.  doi:10.1021/nl070255b
  • Zhang P, F Xu, A Navrotsky, JS Lee, S Kim, and J Liu. 2007. "Surface Enthalpies of Nanophase ZnO with Different Morphologies." Chemistry of Materials 19(23):5687-5693.  doi:10.1021/cm0711919

2006

  • Huo Q, J Liu, LQ Wang, Y Jiang, TN Lambert, and E Fang. 2006. "A New Class of Silica Crosslinked Micellar Core-Shell /nanoparticles." ." Journal of the American Chemical Society 128(19):6447-6453 .  doi:10.1021/ja060367p
  • Lei C, Y Shin, JK Magnuson, GE Fryxell, LL Lasure, DC Elliott, J Liu, and EJ Ackerman. 2006. "Characterization of Functionalized Nanoporous Supports for Protein Confinement ." Nanotechnology 17(22):5531-5538.  doi:10.1088/0957-4484/17/22/001
  • Wang D, J Liu, Q Huo, Z Nie, W Lu, RE Williford, and Y Jiang. 2006. "Surface-Mediated Growth of Transparent, Oriented, and Well-Defined Nanocrystalline Anatase Titania Films ." Journal of the American Chemical Society 128(42):13670-13671.  doi:10.1021/ja0655993

2005

  • Dabbs DM, U Ramachandran, S Lu, J Liu, LQ Wang, and IA Aksay. 2005. "Inhibition of Aluminum Oxyhydroxide Precipitation with Citric Acid." Langmuir 21(25):11690-11695.  doi:10.1021/la050822f
  • Dixon DA, Z Dohnalek, MS Gutowski, JZ Hu, E Iglesia, BD Kay, J Liu, CHF Peden, LS Wang, Y Wang, JM White, OA Bondarchuk, H Fan, JE Herrera Perea, X Huang, J Kim, JH Kwak, T Stuchinskaya, HJ Zhai, CN Chisolm, and J Macht. 2005. "Early Transition Metal Oxides as Catalysts: Crossing Scales from Clusters to Single Crystals to Functioning Materials." In Frontiers in Catalysis Science: Proceedings of the 12th DOE/BES Heterogeneous Catalysis & Surface Science Meeting, pp. 389-392.  Frontiers in Catalysis Science, Upton, NY. 

2002

  • Lei C, Y Shin, J Liu, and EJ Ackerman. 2002. "Entrapping Enzyme in a Functionalized Nanoporous Support." Journal of the American Chemical Society 124(38):11242-3. 

2001

  • Domansky K, J Liu, LQ Wang, MH Engelhard, and S Baskaran. 2001. "Chemical Sensors Based on Dielectric Response of Functionalized Mesoporous Silica Films." Journal of Materials Research 16(10):2810-2816. 
  • Kelly SD, KM Kemner, GE Fryxell, J Liu, and SV Mattigod. 2001. "X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy Determination of the Binding Mechanism of Tetrahedral Anions to Self Assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Support." Journal of Synchrotron Radiation 8(Pt 2):922-924. 
  • Shin Y, II, J Liu, JH Chang, II, Z Nie, and GJ Exarhos. 2001. "Hierarchically Ordered Ceramics through Surfactant-Templated Sol-Gel Mineralization of Biological Cellular Structures." Advanced Materials 13(10):728-732. 
  • Zemanian TS, GE Fryxell, J Liu, SV Mattigod, JA Franz, and Z Nie. 2001. "Deposition of Self-Assembled Monolayers in Mesoporous Silica from Supercritical Fluids." Langmuir 17(26):8172-8177. 
  • Zemanian TS, GE Fryxell, J Liu, SV Mattigod, Y Shin, JA Franz, OA Ustyugov, and Z Nie. 2001. "Chemical Functionalization of Nanostructured Materials Using Supercritical Reaction Media." In IEEE-NANO 2001 : proceedings of the 2001 1st IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology, October, 28-30, 2001, Maui, Hawaii / , pp. 288-292.  IEEE, New York, NY. 

2000

  • Fryxell GE, and J Liu. 2000. "Designing Surface Chemistry in Mesoporous Silica." Chapter 21 in Adsorption on Silica Surfaces, Surfactant Science Series, vol. 90, ed. Eugene Papirer, pp. 665-687.  Marcel Dekker, New York, NY. 
  • Fryxell GE, J Liu, SV Mattigod, LQ Wang, Y Lin, X Feng, TA Hauser, and M Gong. 2000. "Environmental Applications of Interfacially Modified Mesoporous Ceramics." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries V, vol. 107, ed. G. T. Chandler and X. Feng, pp. 29-37.  American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 
  • Baskaran S, J Liu, K Domansky, NJ Kohler, XH Li, CA Coyle, GE Fryxell, S Thevuthasan, and RE Williford. 2000. "Low Dielectric Constant Mesoporous Silica Films Through Molecularly Templated Synthesis ." Advanced Materials 12(4):291-294. 
  • Choi S, Y Wang, Z Nie, D Khmbapati, J Liu, and CHF Peden. 2000. "Mesoporous Silica Supported Solid Acid Catalysts." In 12th International Congress on Catlysis, Studies in Surface Science Catalysis, vol. 130 pt B, ed. A. Corma, F.Melo, S. Mendioroz et al, pp. 965-970.  Elsevier, Amsterdam, , NETHERLANDS. 
  • Choi S, Y Wang, Z Nie, J Liu, and CHF Peden. 2000. "Cs-Substituted Tungstophosphoric Acid Salt Supported on Mesoporous Silica." Catalysis Today 55(1-2):117-124. 
  • Gong X, J Liu, S Baskaran, RD Voise, and JS Young. 2000. "Surfactant-assisted Processing of Carbon Nanotube/Polymer Composites." Chemistry of Materials 12(4):1049-1052. 
  • Liang L, PC Rieke, GE Fryxell, J Liu, MH Engelhard, and KL Alford. 2000. "Temperature-Sensitive Surfaces Prepared by UV Photografting Reaction of Photosensitizer and N-Isopropylacrylamide ." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 104(49):11667-11673. 
  • Liang L, PC Rieke, GE Fryxell, J Liu, MH Engelhard, and KL Alford. 2000. "Temperature-Sensitive Surfaces Prepared by UV Photografting Reaction of Photosensitizer and N-Isopropylacrylamide ." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 104:11667-11673. 
  • Liang L, PC Rieke, J Liu, GE Fryxell, JS Young, MH Engelhard, and KL Alford. 2000. "Surfaces with Reversible Hydrophilic/Hydrophobic Characteristics on Cross-linked Poly(N-Isopropylacrylamide) Hydrogels." Langmuir 16:8016-8023. 
  • Liu J, GE Fryxell, M Qian, LQ Wang, and Y Wang. 2000. "Interfacial Chemistry in Self-Assembled Nanoscale Materials with Structural Ordering." Pure and Applied Chemistry 72(1-2):269-279. 
  • Liu J, GE Fryxell, SV Mattigod, TS Zemanian, Y Shin, and LQ Wang. 2000. "Synthesis and Applications of Functionalized Nanoporous Materials for Specific Adsorption." In Nanoporoous Materials II, Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis, vol. 129, pp. 729-738.  Elsevier, Amsterdam, , NETHERLANDS. 
  • Liu J, Y Shin, Z Nie, JH Chang, LQ Wang, GE Fryxell, WD Samuels, and GJ Exarhos. 2000. "Molecular Assembly in Ordered Mesoporosity: A New Class of Highly Functional Nanoscale Materials." Journal of Physical Chemistry A 104(36):8328-8339. 
  • Shin Y, J Liu, LQ Wang, Z Nie, WD Samuels, GE Fryxell, and GJ Exarhos. 2000. "Ordered Hierarchical Porous Materials: Towards Tunable Size- and Shape-Selective Microcavities in Nanoporous Channels." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 39(15):2702-2707. 
  • Shin Y, TS Zemanian, GE Fryxell, LQ Wang, and J Liu. 2000. "Supercritical Processing of Functionalized Size Selective Microporous Materials." Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 37(1-2):49-56. 
  • Smith BA, JZ Zhang, AG Joly, and J Liu. 2000. "Luminescence Decay Kinetics of Mn2+ Doped ZnS Nanoclusters Grown in Reverse Micelles." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 62(3):2021-2028. 
  • Thevuthasan S, S Baskaran, K Domansky, J Liu, and MH Engelhard. 2000. "Effectiveness of High Energy Ion Beam Techniques for the Characterization of Mesoporous Low Dielectric-Constant Materials." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 161-163:476-481. 
  • Wang LQ, J Liu, GJ Exarhos, K Flanigan, and R Bordia. 2000. "Conformation Heterogeneity and Mobility of Surfactant Molecules in intercalated Clay Minerals Studied by Solid-State NMR." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 104(13)(April 6, 2000):2810-2816. 

1999

  • Fryxell GE, J Liu, and SV Mattigod. 1999. "Self-assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Supports (SAMMS) - An Innovative Environmental Sorbent." Materials Technology 14(4):188-191. 
  • Fryxell GE, J Liu, TA Hauser, Z Nie, KF Ferris, SV Mattigod, M Gong, and RT Hallen. 1999. "Design and Synthesis of Selective Mesoporous Anion Types ." Chemistry of Materials 11(8):2148-2154. 
  • Kemner KM, X Feng, J Liu, GE Fryxell, LQ Wang, AY Kim, M Gong, and SV Mattigod. 1999. "Investigation of the local chemical interactions between Hg and self-assembled monolayers on mesoporous supports." Journal of Synchrotron Radiation 6(3):633-635. 
  • Mattigod SV, X Feng, GE Fryxell, J Liu, and M Gong. 1999. "Separation of Complexed Mercury from Aqueous Wastes Using Self-Assembled Mercaptan on Mesoporous Silica." Separation Science and Technology 34(12):2329-2345. 
  • Palmer BJ, J Liu, and JW Virden. 1999. "Simulations of the Effect of Diblock Surfactant Spacer Molecules on Micelle Structure and Function." Langmuir 15(22):7426-7431. 
  • Wang LQ, GJ Exarhos, and J Liu. 1999. "Nuclear Magnetic Resonance-Characterization of Self-Assembled Nanostructural Materials." Advanced Materials 11(16):1331-1341. 
  • Wang LQ, GJ Exarhos, and J Liu. 1999. "Nuclear Magnetic Resonance-Characterization of Self-Assembled Nanostructured Materials." Advanced Materials 11(16):1331-1340. 

1998

  • Elder SH, Y Gao, XS Li, J Liu, DE McCready, and CF Windisch, Jr. 1998. "Zirconia-Stabilized 25-AngstromTiO2 Anatase Crystallites in a Mesoporous Structure." Chemistry of Materials 10(10):3140-3145. 
  • Windisch CF, Jr, JW Virden, SH Elder, J Liu, and MH Engelhard. 1998. "Electrochemistry of TiN in 6M KOH Solution." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 145(4):1211-1218. 

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