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Energy and Environment Directorate

Yuyan Shao

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 371-6228

Biography

Dr. Yuyan Shao is an electrochemist and materials scientist with a focus on electrochemical energy storage and conversion for both transportation and stationary applications. He is active in fundamental study and high-performance electrode and electrolyte materials for batteries, fuel cells, supercapacitors, etc. His research also includes new electrochemical energy system design and development.

Research Interests

  • Technologies: lithium batteries, magnesium batteries, sodium ion batteries, PEM fuel cells, flow batteries, etc.

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D., Chemical Engineering/Electrochemistry, Harbin Institute of Technology in Harbin, China
  • B.S., Chemical Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology in Harbin, China

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • American Chemical Society
  • The Electrochemical Society
  • Materials Research Society
  • The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS)
  • Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society
  • Proposal reviewer for DOE SBIR-STTR Program, US Army Research Office, ACS Petroleum Research Fund, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), etc.
  • Reviewer for Nature Communications, Journal of the American Chemical Society, ACS Nano, Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Advanced Materials, Advanced Functional Materials, Advanced Energy Materials, Chemical Communications, Energy & Environmental Science, Electrochemistry Communications, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Journal of The Electrochemical Society, etc.
  • Symposium organizer: 2015 ACS Spring Meeting Symposium "Materials and interfaces in lithium battery and beyond".

Awards and Recognitions

  • Thomson Reuters 2014 Highly Cited Researchers List

PNNL Publications

2014

  • Cheng Y, TL Liu, Y Shao, MH Engelhard, J Liu, and G Li. 2014. "Electrochemically Stable Cathode Current Collectors for Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries ." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2(8):2473 - 2477.  doi:10.1039/C3TA15113A
  • Ding F, W Xu, X Chen, J Zhang, Y Shao, MH Engelhard, Y Zhang, TA Blake, GL Graff, X Liu, and J Zhang. 2014. "Effects of Cesium Cations in Lithium Deposition via Self-Healing Electrostatic Shield Mechanism." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 118(8):4043-4049.  doi:10.1021/jp4127754
  • Huang C, J Xiao, Y Shao, J Zheng, WD Bennett, D Lu, LV Saraf, MH Engelhard, L Ji, J Zhang, X Li, GL Graff, and J Liu. 2014. "Manipulating the Surface Reactions in Lithium Sulfur Batteries Using Hybrid Anode Structures." Nature Communications 5:Article No. 3015.  doi:10.1038/ncomms4015
  • Liu TL, Y Shao, G Li, M Gu, JZ Hu, S Xu, Z Nie, X Chen, CM Wang, and J Liu. 2014. "A Facile Approach Using MgCl2 to Formulate High Performance Mg2+ Electrolytes for Rechargeable Mg Batteries." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2(10):3430 - 3438.  doi:10.1039/c3ta14825d
  • Shao Y, M Gu, X Li, Z Nie, P Zuo, G Li, TL Liu, J Xiao, Y Cheng, CM Wang, J Zhang, and J Liu. 2014. "Highly Reversible Mg Insertion in Nanostructured Bi for Mg Ion Batteries." Nano Letters 14(1):255-260.  doi:10.1021/nl403874y

2013

  • Ding F, W Xu, GL Graff, J Zhang, ML Sushko, X Chen, Y Shao, MH Engelhard, Z Nie, J Xiao, X Liu, PV Sushko, J Liu, and J Zhang. 2013. "Dendrite-Free Lithium Deposition via Self-Healing Electrostatic Shield Mechanism ." Journal of the American Chemical Society 135(11):4450-4456.  doi:10.1021/ja312241y
  • Gu M, A Kushima, Y Shao, J Zhang, J Liu, ND Browning, J Li, and CM Wang. 2013. "Probing the Failure Mechanism of SnO2 Nanowires for Sodium-ion Batteries." Nano Letters 13(11):5203-5211.  doi:10.1021/nl402633n
  • Li B, M Gu, Z Nie, Y Shao, Q Luo, X Wei, X Li, J Xiao, CM Wang, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang. 2013. "Bismuth Nanoparticle Decorating Graphite Felt as a High-Performance Electrode for an All-Vanadium Redox Flow Battery." Nano Letters 13(3):1330-1335.  doi:10.1021/nl400223v
  • Liu J, J Zhang, Z Yang, JP Lemmon, CH Imhoff, GL Graff, L Li, JZ Hu, CM Wang, J Xiao, G Xia, VV Viswanathan, S Baskaran, VL Sprenkle, X Li, Y Shao, and B Schwenzer. 2013. "Materials Science and Materials Chemistry for Large Scale Electrochemical Energy Storage: From Transportation to Electrical Grid." Advanced Functional Materials 23(8):929-946.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201200690
  • Shao Y, F Ding, J Xiao, J Zhang, W Xu, SK Park, J Zhang, Y Wang, and J Liu. 2013. "Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges." Advanced Functional Materials 23(8):987-1004.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201200688
  • Shao Y, J Xiao, W Wang, MH Engelhard, X Chen, Z Nie, M Gu, LV Saraf, GJ Exarhos, J Zhang, and J Liu. 2013. "Surface-Driven Sodium Ion Energy Storage in Nanocellular Carbon Foams." Nano Letters 13(8):3909-3914.  doi:10.1021/nl401995a
  • Shao Y, TL Liu, G Li, M Gu, Z Nie, MH Engelhard, J Xiao, D Lu, CM Wang, J Zhang, and J Liu. 2013. "Coordination Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how ligands affect their performance." Scientific Reports 3:Article No. 3130.  doi:10.1038/srep03130
  • Xiao J, J Zheng, X Li, Y Shao, and J Zhang. 2013. "Hierarchically Structured Materials for Lithium Batteries." Nanotechnology 24(42):Article No. 424004.  doi:10.1088/0957-4484/24/42/424004
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, G Yin, and Y Lin. 2013. "Recent Progress in Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for PEM Fuel Cells." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 1(15):4631-4641.  doi:10.1039/C3TA01161E

2012

  • Ding F, W Xu, Y Shao, X Chen, Z Wang, F Gao, X Liu, and J Zhang. 2012. "H+ diffusion and electrochemical stability of Li1+x+yAlxTi2-xSiyP3-yO12 glass in aqueous Li/air battery electrolytes." Journal of Power Sources 214:292-297.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.04.058
  • Park SK, Y Shao, J Liu, and Y Wang. 2012. "Oxygen Electrocatalysts for Water Electrolyzers and Reversible Fuel Cells: Status and Perspective." Energy & Environmental Science 5(11):9331-9344.  doi:10.1039/c2ee22554a
  • Park SK, Y Shao, VV Viswanathan, J Liu, and Y Wang. 2012. "Non-Kinetic Losses Caused by Electrochemical Carbon Corrosion in PEM Fuel Cells." International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 37(10):8451-8458.  doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.02.097
  • Shao Y, SK Park, J Xiao, J Zhang, Y Wang, and J Liu. 2012. "Electrocatalysts for Nonaqueous Lithium-Air Batteries: Status, Challenges, and Perspective." ACS Catalysis 2(5):844-857.  doi:10.1021/cs300036v
  • Wang W, L Li, Z Nie, B Chen, Q Luo, Y Shao, X Wei, F Chen, G Xia, and Z Yang. 2012. "A New Hybrid Redox Flow Battery with Multiple Redox Couples." Journal of Power Sources 216:99-103.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.05.032

2011

  • Du D, L Wang, Y Shao, J Wang, MH Engelhard, and Y Lin. 2011. "Functionalized Graphene Oxide as a Nanocarrier in a Multienzyme Labeling Amplification Strategy for Ultrasensitive Electrochemical Immunoassay of Phosphorylated p53 (S392)." Analytical Chemistry 83(3):746-752.  doi:10.1021/ac101715s
  • Hou J, Y Shao, MA Ellis, R Moore, and B Yi. 2011. "Graphene-based Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage: Fuel cells, Supercapacitors and Lithium Ion Batteries." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 13(34):15384-15402.  doi:10.1039/C1CP21915D
  • Kou R, Y Shao, D Mei, Z Nie, D Wang, CM Wang, VV Viswanathan, SK Park, IA Aksay, Y Lin, Y Wang, and J Liu. 2011. "Stabilization of Electrocatalytic Metal Nanoparticles at Metal-Metal Oxide-Graphene Triple Junction Points." Journal of the American Chemical Society 133(8):2541-2547.  doi:10.1021/ja107719u
  • Park SK, Y Shao, R Kou, VV Viswanathan, SA Towne, PC Rieke, J Liu, Y Lin, and Y Wang. 2011. "Polarization Losses under Accelerated Stress Test Using Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Supported Pt Catalyst in PEM Fuel Cells." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 158(3):B297-302.  doi:10.1149/1.3530843
  • Park SK, Y Shao, H Wan, PC Rieke, VV Viswanathan, SA Towne, LV Saraf, J Liu, Y Lin, and Y Wang. 2011. "Design of graphene sheets-supported Pt catalyst layer in PEM fuel cells." Electrochemistry Communications 13(3):258-261.  doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2010.12.028
  • Park SK, Y Shao, H Wan, VV Viswanathan, SA Towne, PC Rieke, J Liu, and Y Wang. 2011. "Degradation of Ionic Pathway in PEM Fuel Cell Cathode." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 115(45):22633-22639.  doi:10.1021/jp2068599
  • Wang Y, S Zhang, D Du, Y Shao, Z Li, J Wang, MH Engelhard, J Li, and Y Lin. 2011. "Self assembly of acetylcholinesterase on a gold nanoparticles-graphene nanosheet hybrid for organophosphate pesticide detection using polyelectrolyte as a linker ." Journal of Materials Chemistry 21(14):5319-5325.  doi:10.1039/C0JM03441J
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, G Yin, and Y Lin. 2011. "Self-assembly of Pt nanoparticles on highly graphitized carbon nanotubes as an excellent oxygen-reduction catalyst." Applied Catalysis. B, Environmental 102(3-4):372-377.  doi:10.1016/j.apcatb.2010.11.029
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, H Liao, J Liu, IA Aksay, G Yin, and Y Lin. 2011. "Graphene decorated with PtAu alloy nanoparticles: facile synthesis and promising application for formic acid oxidation." Chemistry of Materials 23(5):1079-1081. 
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, H Liao, MH Engelhard, G Yin, and Y Lin. 2011. "Polyelectrolyte-Induced Reduction of Exfoliated Graphite Oxide: A Facile Route to Synthesis of Soluble Graphene Nanosheets." ACS Nano 5(3):1785-1791.  doi:10.1021/nn102467s
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, J Liu, IA Aksay, and Y Lin. 2011. "Graphene-Polypyrrole Nanocomposite as a Highly Efficient and Low Cost Electrically Switched Ion Exchanger for Removing ClO4- from Wastewater." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 3(9):3633-3637.  doi:10.1021/am200839m
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, Y Gao, G Chen, Y Lin, and G Yin. 2011. "In situ ion exchange preparation of Pt/carbon nanotubes electrode: Effect of two-step oxidation of carbon nanotubes." Journal of Power Sources 196(23):9955-9960.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.08.087

2010

  • Shao Y, J Wang, MH Engelhard, CM Wang, and Y Lin. 2010. "Facile and controllable electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide and its applications." Journal of Materials Chemistry 20(4):743-748. 
  • Shao Y, S Zhang, CM Wang, Z Nie, J Liu, Y Wang, and Y Lin. 2010. "Highly durable graphene nanoplatelets supported Pt nanocatalysts for oxygen reduction ." Journal of Power Sources 195(15):4600-4605. 
  • Shao Y, S Zhang, R Kou, X Wang, CM Wang, S Dai, VV Viswanathan, J Liu, Y Wang, and Y Lin. 2010. "Noncovalently functionalized graphitic mesoporous carbon as a stable support of Pt nanoparticles for oxygen reduction." Journal of Power Sources 195(7 SP ISS):1805-1811. 
  • Shao Y, X Wang, MH Engelhard, CM Wang, S Dai, J Liu, Z Yang, and Y Lin. 2010. "Nitrogen-doped mesoporous carbon for energy storage in vanadium redox flow batteries." Journal of Power Sources 195(13):4375-4379. 
  • Shao Y, J Wang, H Wu, J Liu, IA Aksay, and Y Lin. 2010. "Graphene Based Electrochemical Sensors and Biosensors: A Review." Electroanalysis 22(10):1027-1036.  doi:10.1002/elan.200900571
  • Shao Y, S Zhang, MH Engelhard, G Li, G Shao, Y Wang, J Liu, IA Aksay, and Y Lin. 2010. "Nitrogen-doped Graphene and Its Electrochemical Applications." Journal of Materials Chemistry 20(35):7491-7496.  doi:10.1039/c0jm00782j
  • Tang Z, H Wu, JR Cort, GW Buchko, Y Zhang, Y Shao, IA Aksay, J Liu, and Y Lin. 2010. "Constraint of DNA on Functionalized Graphene Improves Its Biostability and Specificity." Small 6(11):1205-1209.  doi:10.1002/smll.201000024
  • Wang Y, Y Shao, DW Matson, J Li, and Y Lin. 2010. "Nitrogen-Doped Graphene and its Application in Electrochemical Biosensing." ACS Nano 4(4):1790-1798. 
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, G Yin, and Y Lin. 2010. "Carbon nanotubes decorated with Pt nanoparticles via electrostatic self-assembly: a highly active oxygen reduction electrocatalyst ." Journal of Materials Chemistry 20(15):2826-2830.  doi:10.1039/b919494k
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, G Yin, and Y Lin. 2010. "Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Pt-around-Au Nanocomposite with High Activity towards Formic Acid Oxidation." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 49(12):2211-2214.  doi:10.1002/anie.200906987
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, G Yin, and Y Lin. 2010. "Facile synthesis of PtAu alloy nanoparticles with high activity for formic acid oxidation." Journal of Power Sources 195(4):1103-1106 .  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.08.054
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, X Li, Z Nie, Y Wang, J Liu, G Yin, and Y Lin. 2010. "Low-cost and durable catalyst support for fuel cells: graphite submicronparticles." Journal of Power Sources 195(2):457-460.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.08.012

2009

  • Shao Y, J Wang, R Kou, MH Engelhard, J Liu, Y Wang, and Y Lin. 2009. "The Corrosion of PEM Fuel Cell Catalyst Supports and Its Implications for Developing Durable Catalysts." Electrochimica Acta 54:3109-3114. 
  • Shao Y, MH Engelhard, and Y Lin. 2009. "Electrochemical investigation of polyhalide ion oxidation-reduction on carbon nanotube electrodes for redox flow batteries." Electrochemistry Communications 11(10):2064-2067.  doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2009.08.053
  • Shao Y, R Kou, J Wang, CM Wang, VV Vishwanathan, J Liu, Y Wang, and Y Lin. 2009. "The durability dependence of Pt/CNT electrocatalysts on the nanostructures of carbon nanotubes: hollow- and bamboo-CNTs." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 9(10):5811-5815. 
  • Kou R, Y Shao, D Wang, MH Engelhard, JH Kwak, J Wang, VV Viswanathan, CM Wang, Y Lin, Y Wang, IA Aksay, and J Liu. 2009. "Enhanced Activity and Stability of Pt catalysts on Functionalized Graphene Sheets for Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reduction ." Electrochemistry Communications 11(5):954-957. 
  • Li Z, X Cui, X Zhang, Q Wang, Y Shao, and Y Lin. 2009. " Pt/Carbon Nanofiber Nanocomposites as Electrocatalysts for Direct Methanol Fuel Cells: Prominent Effects of Carbon Nanofiber Nanostructures ." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 9(4):2316-2323. 
  • Miao Y, H Wang, Y Shao, Z Tang, J Wang, and Y Lin. 2009. "Layer-By-Layer Assembled Hybrid Film of Carbon Nanotubes/Iron Oxide Nanocrystals for Reagentless Electrochemical Detection of H2O2." Sensors and Actuators. B, Chemical 138(1):182-188. 
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, G Yin, and Y Lin. 2009. "Stabilization of Platinum Nanoparticle Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Using Poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride)." Journal of Materials Chemistry 19(42):7995 - 8001.  doi:10.1039/b912104h

2008

  • Shao Y, J Liu, Y Wang, and Y Lin. 2008. "Novel Catalyst Support Materials for PEM Fuel Cells: Current Status and Future Prospects." Journal of Materials Chemistry 19(1):46-59.  doi:10.1039/b808370c
  • Shao Y, R Kou, J Wang, JH Kwak, VV Viswanathan, Y Wang, J Liu, and Y Lin. 2008. "Fast test for the durability of PEM fuel cell catalysts." In Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells 8. ECS Transactions, vol. 16, no. 2, ed. T. Fuller, et al, pp. 361-366.  The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ.  doi:10.1149/1.2981870
  • Shao Y, R Kou, J Wang, VV Viswanathan, JH Kwak, J Liu, Y Wang, and Y Lin. 2008. "The influence of the electrochemical stressing (potential step and potential-static holding) on the degradation of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell electrocatalysts." Journal of Power Sources 185(1):280-286.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2008.07.008

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