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Energy and Environment Directorate

John Vienna

John Vienna

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 372-6201

Biography

Dr. Vienna is a materials scientist with 25 years of experience in nuclear waste form development, processing, and testing. His experience includes serving as the national technical advisor to the Department of Energy's Offices of Environmental Management and Nuclear Energy on waste form and immobilization science. John is a Chief Scientist in the Materials Science Team of PNNL’s Nuclear Sciences Division. His research has led to more than 270 technical publications (including 34 journal articles, 6 books and book chapters, 100 proceedings articles, and 130 technical reports). He is an adjunct faculty member in the Chemistry Department at Washington State University where he teaches graduate courses in nuclear waste glass chemistry from 1999 to present.

Research Interests

  • Experimental and theoretical study of glass melting reactions
  • Development of glass compositions and processes for encapsulation of waste in a sintered glass
  • Mathematical description of crystallization kinetics in complex glasses under isothermal and non-isothermal heat treatments
  • Measurement of glass properties as functions of temperature and glass composition (properties include chemical durability, viscosity, resistivity, transition temperature, liquids temperature, and thermal expansion)
  • Development of mathematical relationships between glass composition and properties using thermodynamic and glass-structure studies
  • Glass composition optimization for maximizing waste loading or waste composition variation glass seal compositions development for a number of extreme applications

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D. in Materials Science, Washington State University, Pullman, WA
  • M.S. in Ceramics Engineering, Alfred University, Alfred, NY
  • B.S. in Ceramics Engineering, Alfred University, Alfred, NY

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • Associate Editor of the International Journal of Applied Glass Science
  • Member of American Ceramic Society (ACerS), ASTM International, Materials Research Society, American Nuclear Society, International Congress on Glass (ICG)
  • Chair (2007), Vice Chair (2006), Secretary (2005), and Program Chair (2004) of the ACerS Nuclear and Environmental Technology Division
  • ASTM International Technical Task Chairman for standards:
    • C1720, Determining Liquidus Temperature of Immobilized Waste Glasses and Simulated Waste Glasses
    • C1663, Measuring Waste Glass or Glass Ceramic Durability by Vapor Hydration Test
  • Founding member of ICG Technical Committee on Nuclear and Hazardous Waste Vitrification
  • Organized over 20 international meetings and symposia
  • Chair of numerous technical sessions at conferences
  • Contributor to four IAEA guides and standards related to nuclear waste management

Awards and Recognitions

  • Fellow of the American Ceramic Society
  • Over 35 outstanding performance or contribution awards from PNNL, DOE, and other organizations
  • 3 U.S. patents including protection in 8 other countries
  • Member of numerous U.S. and international expert panels

PNNL Patents

PNNL Publications

2017

  • Riley BJ, and JD Vienna. 2017. Glass Transition Temperature- and Specific Volume- Composition Models for Tellurite GlassesPNNL-26760, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Rodriguez CP, J Chun, JV Crum, NL Canfield, E Ronnebro, JD Vienna, and AA Kruger. 2017. "Thermal properties of simulated Hanford waste glasses." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 100(6):2533-2542.  doi:10.1111/jace.14786
  • Bingham PA, S Vaishnav, SD Forder, A Scrimshire, B Jaganathan, J Rohini, JC Marra, KM Fox, EM Pierce, PJ Workman, and JD Vienna. 2017. "Modelling the sulfate capacity of simulated radioactive waste borosilicate." Journal of Alloys and Compounds 695:656-667.  doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.11.110
  • Frankel GS, JD Vienna, and J Lian. 2017. "WastePD, An Innovative Center on Materials Degradation." npj Materials Degradation 1:Article No. 5.  doi:10.1038/s41529-017-0002-5
  • Riley BJ, JD Vienna, SM Frank, JO Kroll, JA Peterson, NL Canfield, Z Zhu, J Zhang, K Kruska, DK Schreiber, and JV Crum. 2017. "Glass Binder Development for a Glass-Bonded Sodalite Ceramic Waste Form." Journal of Nuclear Materials 489:42-63.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.03.041
  • Riley BJ, JO Kroll, JA Peterson, J Matyas, MJ Olszta, XS Li, and JD Vienna. 2017. "Silver-loaded aluminosilicate aerogels as iodine sorbents." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9(38):32907-32919.  doi:10.1021/acsami.7b10290
  • Riley BJ, JV Crum, WC Buchmiller, BT Rieck, MJ Schweiger, and JD Vienna. 2017. "Laboratory-scale quartz crucible melter tests for combined fission product waste." PNNL-SA-128158, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.  [Unpublished] 
  • Stanfill BA, GF Piepel, JD Vienna, and SK Cooley. 2017. "Nonlinear Logistic Regression Mixture Experiment Modeling for Binary Data Using Dimensionally-Reduced Pseudocomponents." PNNL-SA-123859, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.  [Unpublished] 
  • Vienna JD, JO Kroll, PR Hrma, JB Lang, and JV Crum. 2017. "Submixture Model to Predict Nepheline Precipitation in Waste Glasses." International Journal of Applied Glass Science 8(2):143-157.  doi:10.1111/ijag.12207

2016

  • Kroll JO, JD Vienna, and MJ Schweiger. 2016. "Effects of Al2O3, B2O3, Li2O, Na2O, and SiO2 on Nepheline Crystallization in Hanford High Level Waste Glasses." In Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Energy Technologies V: Ceramic Transactions, vol. 260, ed. T Ohji, et al, pp. 159-169.  John Wiley & Sons Inc., HOBOKEN, NJ.  doi:10.1002/9781119323624.ch15
  • Riley BJ, JD Vienna, DM Strachan, JS McCloy, and JL Jerden. 2016. "Materials and Processes for the Effective Capture and Immobilization of Radioiodine: A Review." Journal of Nuclear Materials 470:307-326.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.11.038
  • Vienna JD, MJ Schweiger, CC Bonham, JB Lang, BP McCarthy, YS Chou, SK Cooley, JL Mayer, V Gervasio, and AA Kruger. 2016. "Development of High Alumina Glass Property Data for Hanford High-Level Waste Glass Models." In Waste Management 2016PNNL-SA-115610, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.  [Unpublished] 
  • Vienna JD, SK Cooley, JV Crum, T Jin, DS Kim, CE Lonergan, GF Piepel, BJ Riley, and BA Stanfill. 2016. 2016 Update of Hanford Glass Property Models and Constraints: for Use in Estimating the Glass Mass to be Produced at Hanford by Implementing Current Enhanced Glass Formulation EffortsPNNL-25835, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Piepel GF, SK Cooley, JD Vienna, and JV Crum. 2016. Experimental Design for Hanford Low-Activity Waste Glasses with High Waste LoadingPNNL-24391 Rev. 1, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.  [Unpublished] 
  • Piepel GF, SK Cooley, JD Vienna, and JV Crum. 2016. "Designing a Mixture Experiment When the Components are Subject to a Nonlinear Multiple-Component Constraint." Quality Engineering 28(2):220-230.  doi:10.1080/08982112.2015.1086003

2015

  • Kroll JO, MJ Schweiger, and JD Vienna. 2015. "SCOPING MELTING STUDIES OF HIGH ALUMINA WASTE GLASS COMPOSITIONS." In Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Energy Technologies IV: Ceramic Transactions, vol. 253, ed. J Matyas, et al.  John Wiley & Sons, Inc., HOBOKEN, NJ.  doi:10.1002/9781119190042.ch4
  • Peeler DK, JD Vienna, MJ Schweiger, and KM Fox. 2015. Advanced High-Level Waste Glass Research and Development PlanPNNL-24450, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Vienna JD, ED Collins, JV Crum, WL Ebert, SM Frank, T Garn, D Gombert, R Jones, RT Jubin, V Maio, JC Marra, J Matyas, TM Nenoff, GJ Sevigny, NR Soelberg, DM Strachan, PK Thallapally, and JH Westsik, Jr. 2015. Closed Fuel Cycle Waste Treatment StrategyPNNL-24114, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.  [Unpublished] 
  • Vienna JD, TA Todd, and KD Gray. 2015. "Waste Management Approach for a Potential Future U.S. Closed Fuel Cycle - 16233." In Waste Management 2016PNNL-SA-114851, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.  [Unpublished] 
  • Cassingham NJ, CL Corkhill, DJ Backhouse, RJ Hand, JV Ryan, JD Vienna, and N Hyatt. 2015. "The initial dissolution rates of simulated UK Magnox - THORP blend nuclear waste galss as a function of pH, temperature and waste loading." Mineralogical Magazine 79(6):1529-1542.  doi:10.1180/minmag.2015.079.6.28
  • Peeler DK, DS Kim, JD Vienna, MJ Schweiger, and GF Piepel. 2015. Office of River Protection Advanced Low-Activity Waste Glass Research and Development PlanPNNL-24883; EWG-RPT-008, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Piepel GF, SK Cooley, JD Vienna, and JV Crum. 2015. Experimental Design for Hanford Low-Activity Waste Glasses with High Waste LoadingPNNL-24391; EWG-RPT-006, Rev. 0, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 

2014

  • Matyas J, JD Vienna, D Peeler, K Fox, C Herman, and AA Kruger. 2014. Road Map for Development of Crystal-Tolerant High Level Waste Glasses PNNL-23363, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Vienna JD, DS Kim, MJ Schweiger, GF Piepel, JO Kroll, and AA Kruger. 2014. "Glass Formulation and Testing for U.S. High-Level Tank Wastes: Project 17210 Year 1 Status Report ." In 2nd Research Coordination Meeting of IAEA CRP, Processing Technologies for High Level Waste, Formulation of Matrices and Characterization of Waste Forms October 20-23; Avignon, FrancePNNL-SA-105993, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.  [Unpublished] 
  • Crum JV, V Maio, JS McCloy, C Scott, BJ Riley, B Benefiel, JD Vienna, K Archibald, CP Rodriguez, V Rutledge, Z Zhu, JV Ryan, and MJ Olszta. 2014. "Cold Crucible Induction Melter Studies for Making Glass Ceramic Waste Forms: A Feasibility Assessment." Journal of Nuclear Materials 444(1-3):481-492.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.10.029
  • Smith GL, DS Kim, MJ Schweiger, JC Marra, JB Lang, JV Crum, CL Crawford, and JD Vienna. 2014. Silicate Based Glass Formulations for Immobilization of U.S. Defense Wastes Using Cold Crucible Induction MeltersPNNL-23288; EMSP-RPT-021, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Vienna JD, DS Kim, IS Muller, GF Piepel, and AA Kruger. 2014. "Toward Understanding the Effect of Low-Activity Waste Glass Composition on Sulfur Solubility." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 97(10):3135-3142.  doi:10.1111/jace.13125

2013

  • Vienna JD. 2013. "Compositional Models of Glass/Melt Properties and their Use for Glass Formulation." In 2nd International Summer School on Nuclear Glass Wasteform: Structure, Properties and Long-Term Behavior, SumGLASS 2013PNNL-SA-100099, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.  [Unpublished] 
  • Gin S, A Abdelouas, LJ Criscenti, WL Ebert, K Ferrand, T Geisler, MT Harrison, Y Inagaki, S Mitsui, KT Mueller, JC Marra, CG Pantano, EM Pierce, JV Ryan, JM Schofield, CI Steefel, and JD Vienna. 2013. "An international initiative on long-term behavior of high-level nuclear waste glass." Materials Today 16(6):243-248.  doi:10.1016/j.mattod.2013.06.008
  • Herman CC, DJ Adamson, DT Herman, DK Peeler, MR Poirier, SH Reboul, ME Stone, RA Peterson, J Chun, JA Fort, JD Vienna, and BE Wells. 2013. Preliminary Assessment of the Hanford Tank Waste Feed Acceptance and Product Qualification ProgramsPNNL-22116, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Nash KL, GJ Lumetta, and JD Vienna. 2013. "Irradiated Nuclear Fuel Management: Resource Versus Waste." Chapter 5 in Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean-Up: Processes, Technologies and International Experience. Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy, vol. 48, ed. WE Lee, MI Ojovan and CM Jantzen, pp. 145-170.  Woodhead Publishing, Philadelphia, PA. 
  • Vienna JD, JV Ryan, S Gin, and Y Inagaki. 2013. "Current Understanding and Remaining Challenges in Modeling Long-Term Degradation of Borosilicate Nuclear Waste Glasses." International Journal of Applied Glass Science 4(4):283-294.  doi:10.1111/ijag.12050
  • Vienna JD, DS Kim, DC Skorski, and J Matyas. 2013. Glass Property Models and Constraints for Estimating the Glass to be Produced at Hanford by Implementing Current Advanced Glass Formulation EffortsPNNL-22631 Rev.1; ORP-58289, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 

2012

  • Crum JV, TB Edwards, RL Russell, PJ Workman, MJ Schweiger, RF Schumacher, DE Smith, DK Peeler, and JD Vienna. 2012. "DWPF STARTUP FRIT VISCOSITY MEASUREMENT ROUND ROBIN RESULTS." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 95(7):2196-2205. 
  • Ryan JV, WL Ebert, JP Icenhower, DK Schreiber, DM Strachan, and JD Vienna. 2012. "Joint EM-NE-International Study of Glass Behavior over Geologic Time Scales." In Waste Management Symposium (WM 2012): Improving the Future of Waste Management, February 26 - March 1, 2012, Phoenix, Arizona, p. Paper No. 121303.  Waste Management Symposia, Inc., Tucson, AZ. 
  • Crum JV, CP Rodriguez, JS McCloy, JD Vienna, and CW Chung. 2012. Glass Ceramic Formulation Data PackagePNNL-21471, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Day DE, RK Brow, CS Ray, CW Kim, ST Reis, JD Vienna, DK Peeler, F Johnson, EK Hansen, GJ Sevigny, NR Soelberg, IL Pegg, and H Gan. 2012. "Iron Phosphate Glass for Vitrifying Hanford AZ102 LAW in Joule Heated and Cold Crucible Induction Melters." In WM2012: Improving the Future in Waste Management February 25- March 1, 2012, Phoenix, Arizona, p. Paper No. 12240.  WM Symposia, Tempe, AZ. 
  • Han AM, Y Collazo, E Deleon, KD Gerdes, SP Schneider, A Szilagyi, S Chamberlain, R Ramirez, JC Marra, and JD Vienna. 2012. "The US DOE Office of Environmental Management International Program Collaboration - 12541." In Waste Management 2012PNNL-SA-85111, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.  [Unpublished] 
  • Matyas J, AR Huckleberry, CP Rodriguez, JD Vienna, and AA Kruger. 2012. "EMPIRICAL MODEL FOR FORMULATION OF CRYSTAL-TOLERANT HLW GLASSES." Chapter 13 in Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Energy Technologies: Ceramic Transactions, vol. 236, ed. T Ohji, et al.  John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ. 
  • Riley BJ, BT Rieck, JS McCloy, JV Crum, SK Sundaram, and JD Vienna. 2012. "Tellurite glass as a waste form for a simulated mixed chloride waste stream: Candidate materials selection and initial testing." Journal of Nuclear Materials 424(1-3):29-37.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2012.01.024
  • Riley BJ, PR Hrma, JD Vienna, MJ Schweiger, CP Rodriguez, JV Crum, JB Lang, JC Marra, F Johnson, DK Peeler, C Leonelli, AM Ferrari, I Lancellotti, JLA Dussossoy, RJ Hand, JM Schofield, AJ Connelly, R Short, and MT Harrison. 2012. "The liquidus temperature of nuclear waste glasses: an international Round-Robin Study." International Journal of Applied Glass Science 2(4):321-333.  doi:10.1111/j.2041-1294.2011.00063.x
  • Vienna JD, JV Crum, GJ Sevigny, and GL Smith. 2012. Preliminary Technology Maturation Plan for Immobilization of High-Level Waste in Glass Ceramics PNNL-21714, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Vienna JD, TA Todd, and ME Peterson. 2012. SEPARATIONS AND WASTE FORMS CAMPAIGN IMPLEMENTATION PLANPNNL-21453, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 

2011

  • Kim DS, MJ Schweiger, JD Vienna, F Johnson, JC Marra, DK Peeler, and GL Smith. 2011. "Glass Formulation for Next Generation Cold Crucible Induction Melter." In WM2011: Proceedings of the 37th Annual Radioactive Waste Management Symposium: Global Achievements and Challenges in Waste Management, February 27-March 3, 2011, Phoenix, Arizona, p. Paper No. 11561.  Waste Management Symposia Inc., Tucson, AZ. 
  • Vienna JD, TA Todd, JC Bresee, and MT Peters. 2011. "Waste Management Research by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy." In Waste Management Symposium 2011PNNL-SA-77057, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.  [Unpublished] 
  • Han AM, Y Collazo, GS Chamberlain, SP Schneider, KD Gerdes, E Deleon, A Szilagyi, JC Marra, M Regalbuto, and JD Vienna. 2011. "The US DOE Office of Environmental Management International Program Collaboration - 11526." In Waste Management 2011PNNL-SA-77925, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.  [Unpublished] 
  • Kim DS, MJ Schweiger, CP Rodriguez, WC Lepry, JB Lang, JV Crum, JD Vienna, F Johnson, JC Marra, and DK Peeler. 2011. Formulation and Characterization of Waste Glasses with Varying Processing TemperaturePNNL-20774, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Matyas J, MJ Schaible, and JD Vienna. 2011. "DETERMINATION OF STOKES SHAPE FACTOR FOR SINGLE PARTICLES AND AGGLOMERATES." In Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Nuclear Technology II: Papers from Symosia held at the Materials Science & Technology Conference and Exhibition (MS&T 2010), October 17-21, 2010, Houston, Texas. Ceramic Transactions, vol. 227, ed. SK Sundaram, T Ohji, K Fox and E Hoffman, pp. 195-203.  Wiley, Hoboken, NJ. 
  • McCloy JS, MJ Schweiger, CP Rodriguez, and JD Vienna. 2011. "Nepheline Crystallization in Nuclear Waste Glasses: Progress toward acceptance of high-alumina formulations." International Journal of Applied Glass Science 2(3):201-214.  doi:10.1111/j.2041-1294.2011.00055.x
  • Riley BJ, J Chun, JV Ryan, J Matyas, XS Li, DW Matson, SK Sundaram, DM Strachan, and JD Vienna. 2011. "Chalcogen-based aerogels as a multifunctional platform for remediation of radioactive iodine." RSC Advances 1(9):1704-1715.  doi:10.1039/C1RA00351H
  • Ryan JV, WL Ebert, JP Icenhower, DM Strachan, CI Steefel, P Zapol, LJ Criscenti, I Bourg, RE Williford, KA Murphy, EM Pierce, C Jantzen, DK Shuh, G Waychunas, JC Marra, and JD Vienna. 2011. Technical Program Plan for the International Technical Evaluation of Alteration Mechanisms (I-TEAM)PNNL-21031, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Schweiger MJ, BJ Riley, JV Crum, PR Hrma, CP Rodriguez, BM Arrigoni, JB Lang, DS Kim, JD Vienna, FC Raszewski, DK Peeler, TB Edwards, DR Best, IA Reamer, WT Riley, PT Simmons, and RJ Workman. 2011. Expanded High-Level Waste Glass Property Data Development: Phase IPNNL-17950, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 

2010

  • McCloy JS, and JD Vienna. 2010. Glass Composition Constraint Recommendations for Use in Life-Cycle Mission ModelingPNNL-19372, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Vienna JD. 2010. "Nuclear Waste Vitrification in the U.S.: Recent Developments and Future Options." International Journal of Applied Glass Science
  • Marra JC, AY Billings, JV Crum, JV Ryan, and JD Vienna. 2010. "DEVELOPMENT OF GLASS COMPOSITIONS TO IMMOBILIZE ALKALI, ALKALINE EARTH, LANTHANIDE AND TRANSITION METAL FISSION PRODUCTS FROM NUCLEAR FUEL REPROCESSING." In Ceramics for Environmental and Energy Applications: Ceramic Transactions, vol. 217, ed. A. Boccaccini, et al, pp. 3-10.  John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.  doi:10.1002/9780470909874.ch1
  • Marra JC, KM Fox, GT Jannik, EB Farfan, DS Kim, JD Vienna, J Roach, AS Aloy, SV Stefanovsky, DB Lopukh, MD Bondarkov, KD Gerdes, and AM Han. 2010. "The DOE Office of Environmental Management International Collaboration Program Overview: Interactions, Agreements, and Future Direction." In Waste Management 2010 (WM 2010): HLW, TRU, LLW/ILW, Mixed, Hazardous Wastes & Environmental Management, March 7-11, 2010, Phoenix, Arizona.  WM Symposia, Phoenix, AZ. 
  • Marra JC, KM Fox, GT Jannik, EB Farfan, DS Kim, JD Vienna, J Roach, AS Aloy, SV Stefanovsky, DB Lopukh, MD Bondarkov, KD Gerdes, and AM Han. 2010. "The DOE Office of Environmental Management International Cooperative Program: Overview of Technical Tasks and Results." In Waste Management 2010 (WM 2010): HLW, TRU, LLW/ILW, Mixed, Hazardous Wastes & Environmental Management, March 7-11, 2010, Phoenix, Arizona.  WM Symposia, Phoenix, AZ. 
  • Matyas J, JD Vienna, A Kimura, MJ Schaible, and RM Tate. 2010. "DEVELOPMENT OF CRYSTAL-TOLERANT WASTE GLASSES." Chapter 5 in Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Nuclear Technology: Ceramic Transactions, vol. 222, ed. K Fox, E Hoffman, N Manjooran and G Pickrell, pp. 41-51.  John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ. 
  • Matyas J, JD Vienna, MJ Schaible, CP Rodriguez, JV Crum, AL Arrigoni, and RM Tate. 2010. Development of Crystal-Tolerant High-Level Waste GlassesPNNL-20072, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • McCloy JS, CP Rodriguez, CF Windisch, Jr, CJ Leslie, MJ Schweiger, BJ Riley, and JD Vienna. 2010. "ALKALI/ AKALINE-EARTH CONTENT EFFECTS ON PROPERTIES OF HIGH-ALUMINA NUCLEAR WASTE GLASSES." In Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Nuclear Technology: Ceramic Transactions, vol. 222, ed. K Fox, E Hoffman, N Manjooran and G Pickrell, pp. 63-76.  Wiley, Hoboken, NJ. 
  • McCloy JS, DS Kim, and JD Vienna. 2010. Glass Composition Constraint Recommendations for Use in Hanford Tank Waste Optimization SimulatorPNNL-19388, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.  [Unpublished] 
  • Riley BJ, BT Rieck, JV Crum, J Matyas, JS McCloy, SK Sundaram, and JD Vienna. 2010. Alternative Electrochemical Salt Waste Forms, Summary of FY2010 ResultsPNNL-19690, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 

2009

  • Crum JV, and JD Vienna. 2009. "Glasses for Immobilizing Lanthanide, Alkali, and Alkali-earth Fission Products." Chapter 1 in Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Materials and Nuclear Industries XI, October 5-8, 2008, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Ceramic Transactions, vol. 207, ed. A Cozzi and T Ohji, pp. 1-8.  John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ.  doi:10.1002/9780470538371.ch1
  • Riley BJ, JV Crum, WC Buchmiller, BT Rieck, MJ Schweiger, and JD Vienna. 2009. Initial Laboratory-Scale Melter Test Results for Combined Fission Product WastePNNL-18781, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Bredt PR, AR Felmy, PA Gauglitz, AP Poloski, JD Vienna, BA Moyer, D Hobbs, B Wilmarth, M Mcilwain, K Subramanian, S Krahn, and N Machara. 2009. "Scientific Opportunities to Reduce Risk in Nuclear Process Science - 9279." In Waste Management '09: Waste Management for the Nuclear Renaissance, vol. 3, pp. 1482-1495.  WM Symposia, Tucson, AZ. 
  • Bredt PR, AR Felmy, PA Gauglitz, AP Poloski, JD Vienna, BA Moyer, D Hobbs, B Wilmarth, M Mcilwain, K Subramanian, S Krahn, and N Machara. 2009. "Scientific Opportunities to Reduce Risk in Nuclear Process Science." In Waste Management 2009.  Arizona Board of Regents, Tucson, AZ. 
  • Crum JV, BJ Riley, and JD Vienna. 2009. "Binary Phase Diagram of the Manganese Oxide-Iron Oxide System." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 92(10):2378-2384.  doi:10.1111/j.1551-2916.2009.03230.x
  • Crum JV, AY Billings, JB Lang, JC Marra, CP Rodriguez, JV Ryan, and JD Vienna. 2009. Baseline Glass Development for Combined Fission Products Waste StreamsPNNL-18524, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Crum JV, SK Sundaram, BJ Riley, J Matyas, SA Arreguin, and JD Vienna. 2009. Alternative Waste Forms for Electro-Chemical Salt WastePNNL-18930, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Gerdes KD, AM Han, JC Marra, KM Fox, DK Peeler, ME Smith, GT Jannik, EB Farfan, DS Kim, JD Vienna, J Roach, AS Aloy, SV Stefanovsky, MD Bondarkov, DP Lopukh, and C Kim. 2009. "The DOE Office of Environmental Management International Cooperative Program: Current Status and Plans for Expansion." In Waste Management 2009: Waste Management for the Nuclear Renaissance, March 1-5, 2009, Phoenix, Arizona, p. Paper No. 9203.  Arizona Board of Regents, Tucson, AZ. 
  • Ryan JV, EC Buck, J Chun, JV Crum, BJ Riley, DM Strachan, SK Sundaram, LA Turo, and JD Vienna. 2009. Alternate Waste Forms: Aqueous Processing PNNL-18810, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Ryan JV, JC Marra, AY Billings, CP Rodriguez, and JD Vienna. 2009. Towards Improved Models for Waste Glass CorrosionPNNL-18809, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Vienna JD, A Fluegel, DS Kim, and PR Hrma. 2009. Glass Property Data and Models for Estimating High-Level Waste Glass VolumePNNL-18501, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 

2008

  • Kim DS, JD Vienna, DK Peeler, KM Fox, AS Aloy, AV Trofimenko, and KD Gerdes. 2008. "Improved Alumina Loading in High-Level Waste Glasses." In WM2008 Conference: Phoenix Rising: Moving Forward in Waste Management, p. Paper No. 8460.  WM Symposia, Phoenix, AZ. 
  • Bredt PR, AR Felmy, PA Gauglitz, DT Hobbs, S Krahn, N Machara, M Mcilwain, BA Moyer, AP Poloski, K Subramanian, JD Vienna, and B Wilmarth. 2008. Scientific Opportunities to Reduce Risk in Nuclear Process SciencePNNL-17699, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Ryan JV, LA Turo, and JD Vienna. 2008. Wet Ceramic Processes for Cesium/Strontium/Barium/Rubidium Waste Form FabricationPNNL-17994, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 

2007

  • Gerdes KD, JR Harbour, JC Marra, DK Peeler, TB Calloway, J Roach, JD Vienna, AS Aloy, SV Stefanovsky, and MD Bondarkov. 2007. "THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY-OFFICE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT’S INTERNATIONAL PROGRAM." In 2007 Waste Management Symposium Proceedings: Global Accomplishments in Environmental and Radioactive Waste Management: Education and Opportunity for the Next Generation of Waste Management Professionals, February 25 - March 1, 2007, Tucson, Arizona.  WM Symposia, Tucson, AZ. 

2006

  • Hrma PR, JD Vienna, BK Wilson, TJ Plaisted, and SM Heald. 2006. "Chromium Phase Behavior in a Multi-Component Borosilicate Glass Melt." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 352(21-22):2114-2122. 
  • Aloy AS, RA Soshnikov, AV Trofimenko, JD Vienna, ML Elliott, and EW Holtzscheiter. 2006. "Improved Loading of Sulfate-Limited Waste in Glass." In Waste Management 2006: Global Accomplishments in Environmental and Radioactive Waste Management: Education and Opportunity for the Next Generation of Waste Management Professionals.  Arizona Board of Regents, Tucson, AZ. 
  • Ojovan MI, W Lee, A Barinov, IV Startsceva, DH Bacon, BP McGrail, and JD Vienna. 2006. "Corrosion of low level vitrified radioactive waste in a loamy soil." Glass Technology 47(2):48-55. 
  • Rapko BM, JGH Geeting, SI Sinkov, and JD Vienna. 2006. "Oxidative-Alkaline Leaching of Washed 241-SY-102 and 241-SX-101 Tank Sludges and Its Impact on Immobilized High-Level Waste ." Separation Science and Technology 41(10):2245-2265. 
  • Vienna JD, TB Edwards, JV Crum, DS Kim, and DK Peeler. 2006. "Liquidus temperature and one percent Crystal Content Models for Initial Hanford HLW glasses." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries X: Proceedings of the 106th Annual Meeting of the American Ceramic Society. Ceramic Transactions, vol. 168, pp. 133-140.  American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 

2005

  • Hrma PR, JD Vienna, and JS Ricklefs. 2005. "Mechanism of sulfate segregation during glass melting." In Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXVI: 2002 Fall Meeting Proceedings, vol. 757, p. Paper no. II5.5.  Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA. 
  • Mahoney LA, and JD Vienna. 2005. Feed Variability and Bulk Vitrification Glass Performance AssessmentPNNL-14985 Rev.0, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Hanni J, ED Pressly, JV Crum, KB Minister, DN Tran, PR Hrma, and JD Vienna. 2005. "Liquidus Temperature Measurements for Modeling Oxide Glass Systems Relevant to Nuclear Waste Vitrification." Journal of Materials Science 20(12):3346-3357.  doi:10.1557/JMR.2005.0424
  • Hrma PR, DS Kim, JD Vienna, J Matyas, DE Smith, MJ Schweiger, and JD Yeager. 2005. Testing of Large-Scale ICV Glasses with Hanford LAW SimulantPNNL-15107, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Rapko BM, GJ Lumetta, JD Vienna, and SK Fiskum. 2005. Oxidative Alkaline Leaching of SX-101 and SY-102 and Its Impact on Immobilized High-Level WastePNWD-3600, Battelle-Pacific Northwest Division, Richland, WA. 
  • Vienna JD, TB Edwards, JV Crum, DS Kim, and DK Peeler. 2005. "LIQUIDUS TEMPERATURE AND ONE PERCENT CRYSTAL CONTENT MODELS FOR INITIAL HANFORD HLW GLASSES." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries X, (also referenced as Ceramic Transactions Vol. 168), vol. 10, pp. 133-140.  American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 

2004

  • Hrma PR, JD Vienna, WC Buchmiller, and JS Ricklefs. 2004. "SULFATE RETENTION DURING WASTE GLASS MELTING." Ceramic Transactions 155:93-100. 
  • Kim DS, and JD Vienna. 2004. "GLASS COMPOSITION-TCLP RESPONSE MODEL FOR WASTE GLASSES." In Ceramic Transactions, vol. 155, pp. 297-305.  American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 
  • Vienna JD. 2004. "Nuclear Waste Glasses." Chapter 12 in Properties of Glass-Forming Melts, ed. LD Pye, A Montenero, I Joseph, pp. 391-403.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. 
  • Amidan BG, GF Piepel, DS Kim, and JD Vienna. 2004. Statistical Assessment of Bias and Random Uncertainties in WTP HLW CRV Mixing and SamplingPNWD-3441, Battelle-Pacific Northwest Division, Richland, WA. 
  • Rapko BM, JGH Geeting, SI Sinkov, and JD Vienna. 2004. Oxidative-Alkaline Leaching of Washed 241-SY-102 and 241-SX-101 Tank SludgesPNWD-3512, Battelle-Pacific Northwest Division, Richland, WA. 
  • Vienna JD, PR Hrma, WC Buchmiller, and JS Ricklefs. 2004. Preliminary Investigation of Sulfur Loading in Hanford LAW GlassPNNL-14649, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Vienna JD, DS Kim, MJ Schweiger, PR Hrma, J Matyas, JV Crum, and DE Smith. 2004. "Preliminary Glass Development and Testing for In-Container Vitrification of Hanford Low-Activity Waste." In Ceramic Transactions, vol. 155, pp. 261-268.  American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 

2003

  • Hrma PR, JD Vienna, and JD Yeager. 2003. "Waste Glass Corrosion: Some Open Questions." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries VIII; Proceedings. Ceramic Transactions, vol. 143, ed. SK Sundaram, DR Spearing, JD Vienna, pp. 245-252.  American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 
  • Kim DS, and JD Vienna. 2003. Model for TCLP Releases from Waste GlassesPNNL-14061 Rev. 1, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Vienna JD, SK Cooley, JV Crum, TB Edwards, J Matyas, DK Peeler, GF Piepel, and DE Smith. 2003. Liquidus Temperature Testing and Model Evaluation ResultsPNWD-3369, Battelle-Pacific Northwest Division, Richland, WA. 
  • Jiricka M, PR Hrma, and JD Vienna. 2003. "The Effect of Composition on Spinel Crystals Equilibrium in Low-Silica High-Level Waste Glasses ." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 319(3):280-288. 
  • Jiricka M, PR Hrma, and JD Vienna. 2003. "The Effect of Composition on Spinel Crystals Equilibrium in Low-Silica High-Level Waste Glasses." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 319:280-288. 
  • Kim DS, WC Buchmiller, MJ Schweiger, JD Vienna, DE Day, CW Kim, D Zhu, T Day, T Neidt, DK Peeler, TB Edwards, IA Reamer, and RJ Workman. 2003. Iron Phosphate Glass as an Alternative Waste-Form for Hanford LAWPNNL-14251, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Kim DS, JD Vienna, PR Hrma, MJ Schweiger, J Matyas, JV Crum, DE Smith, GJ Sevigny, WC Buchmiller, JS Tixier, Jr, JD Yeager, and KB Belew. 2003. Development and Testing of ICV Glasses for Hanford LAWPNNL-14351, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Li H, PR Hrma, JD Vienna, M Qian, Y Su, and DE Smith. 2003. "Effects of Al2O3, B2O3, Na2O, and SiO2 on nepheline formation in borosilicate glasses: chemical and physical correlations." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 331(1-3):202-216. 
  • Li H, PR Hrma, JD Vienna, M Qian, Y Su, and DE Smith. 2003. "Effects of Al2O3, B2O3, Na2O, andSiO(2) on nepheline formation in borosilicate glasses: chemical and physical correlations ." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 331(1-3):202-216.  doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2003.08.082
  • Rapko BM, and JD Vienna. 2003. "SELECTIVE LEACHING OF CHROMIUM FROM WASHED 241-S-110 HANFORD TANK SLUDGE." Separation Science and Technology 38(12-13):3145-3173. 
  • Vienna JD, DS Kim, and PR Hrma. 2003. "Interim Models Developed to Predict Key Hanford Waste Glass Properties Using Composition." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries VIII: Proceedings of the symposium held at the 104th Annual Meeting of The American Ceramic Society. Ceramic Transactions, vol. 143, ed. SK Sundaram, DR Spearing and JD Vienna, pp. 151-158.  American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 

2002

  • Hrma PR, and JD Vienna. 2002. "Relationship Between Liquidus Temperature and Solubility." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries VIII: Proceedings of the symposium held at the 104th Annual Meeting of The American Ceramic Society, Ceramic Transactions, vol. 143, ed. SK Sundaram, DR Spearing, JD Vienna, pp. 159-168.  American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 
  • Hrma PR, P Izak, JD Vienna, ML Thomas, and GM Irwin. 2002. "Partial Molar Liquidus Temperatures of Multivalent Elements in Multicomponent Borosilicate Glass." Physics and Chemistry of Glasses 43(2):119-127. 
  • Kim DS, and JD Vienna. 2002. Model for TCLP Releases from Waste GlassesPNNL-14061, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Hrma PR, BJ Riley, and JD Vienna. 2002. "Corrosion of Partially Crystallized Glasses." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries VIII: Proceedings of the symposium held at the 104th Annual Meeting of The American Ceramic Society, Ceramic Transactions, vol. 143, ed. SK Sundaram, DR Spearing, JD Vienna, pp. 291-300.  American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 
  • Kim DS, JD Vienna, PR Hrma, and NJ Cassingham. 2002. "Phosphate Glasses for Vitrification of Waste with High Sulfur Content." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries VIII; Proceedings: Ceramic Transactions, vol. 143, ed. SK Sundaram, DR Dpearing, JD Vienna, pp. 337-346.  American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 
  • McGrail BP, JP Icenhower, DH Bacon, JD Vienna, P Saripalli, HT Schaef, PF Martin, RD Orr, EA Cordova, and JL Steele. 2002. Low-Activity Waste Glass Studies: FY2002 Summary ReportPNNL-14145, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Piepel GF, SK Cooley, DK Peeler, JD Vienna, and TB Edwards. 2002. "Augmenting a Waste Glass Mixture Experiment Study with Additional Glass Components and Experimental Runs." Quality Engineering 15(1):91-111. 
  • Rapko BM, and JD Vienna. 2002. Selective Leaching of Chromium from Hanford Tank Sludge 241-U-108PNNL-14019, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Rapko BM, JD Vienna, SI Sinkov, J Kim, and AJ Cisar. 2002. Alkaline Leaching of Key, Non-Radioactive Components from Simulants and Hanford Tank Sludge 241-S-110: Results of FY01 StudiesPNNL-14018, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Schulz RL, TH Lorier, DK Peeler, KG Brown, IA Reamer, JD Vienna, A Jiricka, BM Jorgensen, and DE Smith. 2002. Hanford Immobilized LAW Product Acceptance: Tanks Focus Area Testing Data Package IIPNNL-13344, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Vienna JD, DS Kim, and DK Peeler. 2002. "GLASS FORMULATION FOR INEEL SODIUM BEARING WASTE." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries VIII: Proceedings of the symposium held at the 104th Annual Meeting of The American Ceramic Society. Ceramic Transactions, vol. 143, ed. SK Sundaram, DR Spearing and JD Vienna, pp. 169-176.  American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 
  • Vienna JD, DS Kim, and PR Hrma. 2002. Database and Interim Glass Property Models for Hanford HLW and LAW GlassesPNNL-14060, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Vienna JD, WC Buchmiller, JV Crum, DD Graham, DS Kim, BD Macisaac, MJ Schweiger, DK Peeler, TB Edwards, IA Reamer, and RJ Workman. 2002. Glass Formulation Development for INEEL Sodium-Bearing Waste PNNL-14050, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Wilson BK, PR Hrma, J Alton, TJ Plaisted, and JD Vienna. 2002. "The Effect of Composition on Spinel Equilibrium and Crystal Size in High-Level Waste Glass ." Journal of Materials Science 37(24):5327-5331. 

2001

  • Crum JV, JD Vienna, DK Peeler, and IA Reamer. 2001. Formulation Efforts for Direct Vitrification of INEEL Blend Calcine Waste Simulate: Fiscal Year 2000PNNL-13483, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Hrma PR, GF Piepel, JD Vienna, SK Cooley, DS Kim, and RL Russell. 2001. Database and Interim Glass Property Models for Hanford HLW GlassesPNNL-13573, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Kim DS, and JD Vienna. 2001. "Influence of Glass Property Restrictions on Hanford HLW Glass Volume." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries VII, vol. 132, pp. 105-115.  American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 
  • Darab JG, DD Graham, BD Macisaac, RL Russell, HD Smith, JD Vienna, and DK Peeler. 2001. Sulfur Partitioning During Vitrification of INEEL Sodium Bearing Waste: Status ReportPNNL-13588, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Jiricka A, J Vienna, BR Allen, and BM Jorgensen. 2001. VAPOR HYDRATION TEST- PROCEDURE OPTIMIZATIONPNNL-13480, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Jiricka A, JD Vienna, PR Hrma, and DM Strachan. 2001. "THE EFFECT OF EXPERIMENTAL CONDITIONS AND EVALUATION TECHNIQUES ON THE ALTERATION OF LOW ACTIVITY GLASSES BY VAPOR HYDRATION." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 292(1-3):25-43. 
  • Jiricka M, PR Hrma, and J Vienna. 2001. The Effect of Composition on Spinel Crystals Equilibrium in Low Silica High-Level Waste GlassesPNNL-13620, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Perez JM, JR, DF Bickford, DE Day, DS Kim, SL Lambert, SL Marra, DK Peeler, DM Strachan, MB Triplett, JD Vienna, and RS Wittman. 2001. High-Level Waste Melter Study ReportPNNL-13582, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Sundaram SK, JD Vienna, GF Piepel, RL Plaisted, BM Jorgensen, JV Crum, DK Peeler, IA Reamer, and T James. 2001. INEEL HLW Corrosion and Preliminary Glass Formulation for INEEL Zirconia HAW-Final ReportPNNL-13586, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Vienna JD, PR Hrma, A Jiricka, DE Smith, TH Lorier, IA Reamer, and RL Schulz. 2001. Hanford Immobilized LAW Product Acceptance Testing: Tanks Focus Area Results PNNL-13744, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Vienna JD, PR Hrma, JV Crum, and M Mika. 2001. "LIQUIDUS TEMPERATURE-COMPOSITION MODEL FOR MULTI-COMPONENT GLASSES IN THE Fe, Cr, Ni, AND Mn SPINEL PRIMARY PHASE FIELD." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 292(1-3):1-24. 

2000

  • Hrma PR, and JD Vienna. 2000. "Balancing Cost and Risk by Optimizing the High-Level Waste and Low-Activity Waste Vitrification." In WM 2K proceedings Feb. 27-Mar 2, 2000 Tucson Arizona.  University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ. 
  • Peeler DK, JE Marra, IA Reamer, JD Vienna, and H Li. 2000. "Development of the Am/Cm Batch Vitrification Process." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries V, Ceramic Transactions, vol. 107, pp. 397-406 .  American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 
  • Vienna JD, A Jiricka, BM Jorgensen, DE Smith, RL Schultz, TH Lorier, DK Peeler, KG Brown, and IA Reamer. 2000. Hanford Immobilized LAW Product Acceptance: Tanks Focus Area Testing Data Package IIPNNL-13101-II, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Strachan DM, RD Scheele, WC Buchmiller, JD Vienna, RL Sell, and RJ Elovich. 2000. Preparation and Characterization of 238Pu-Ceramics for Radiation Damage ExperimentsPNNL-13251, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Hrma PR, JD Vienna, JV Crum, GF Piepel, and M Mika. 2000. "Liquidus Temperature of High-Level Waste Borosilicate Glasses with Spinel Primary Phase ." In Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXIII, Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, vol. 608, ed. Robert W. Smith; David W. Shoesmith, pp. 671-676.  Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA. 
  • Izak P, PR Hrma, BK Wilson, and JD Vienna. 2000. "The Effects of Oxygen Partial Pressure on Liquidus Temperature of a High-Level Waste Glass with Spinel as the Primary Phase." In Environmental issues and waste management technologies in the ceramic and nuclear industries VI : proceedings of the Waste Management Science and Technology in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries and Science and Technology in Addressing Environmental Issues in the Ceramic Industry symposia: Ceramic Transactions, vol. 119, ed. DR Spearing, GL Smith and RL Putnam, pp. 309-316.  American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 
  • Izak P, PR Hrma, J Vienna, GM Irwin, and ML Thomas. 2000. Partial Molar Liquidus Temperatures of Multivalent Elements in Multicomponent Borosilicate GlassPNNL-13346, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Jiricka A, JD Vienna, BR Allen, BM Jorgensen, and DE Smith. 2000. "VHT Testing of Hanford LAW Glasses: Preliminary Results." In Waste Management Science and Technology in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries and Science and Technology in Addressing Environmental Issues in the Ceramic Industry; Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries VI. Ceramic Transactions, vol. 119, ed. DR Spearing, GL Smith and RL Putnam, pp. 535-542.  American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 
  • Li H, L Li, JD Vienna, M Qian, Z Wang, JG Darab, and DK Peeler. 2000. "Neodymium (III) in Alumino-Borosilicate Glasses ." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 278(1-3):35-57. 
  • Li H, PR Hrma, and JD Vienna. 2000. "Sulfate Retention and Segregation in Simulated Radioactive Waste Borosilicate Glasses." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries VI: Ceramic Transactions, vol. 119, ed. DR Spearing, pp. 237-246.  American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 
  • Peeler DK, TB Edwards, IA Reamer, JD Vienna, DE Smith, MJ Schweiger, BJ Riley, and JV Crum. 2000. "Composition/Property Relationships for the Phase I Am/Cm Glass Variability Study." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries V, Americam Ceramic Society Conf., Ceramic Transactions, vol. 107, pp. 427-439.  Americam Ceramic Society , Westerville, OH. 
  • Vienna JD, A Jiricka, BP McGrail, BM Jorgensen, DE Smith, BR Allen, JC Marra, DK Peeler, KG Brown, IA Reamer, and WL Ebert. 2000. Hanford Immobilized LAW Product Acceptance: Initial Tanks Focus Area Testing Data Package PNNL-13101, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Vienna JD, TJ Plaisted, RL Plaisted, JV Crum, DK Peeler, and IA Reamer. 2000. "Glass Formulation for Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory Zirconia High-Activity Waste." In Environmental Issues and Waste Mangement Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries V, Ceramic Transactions, vol. 107, pp. 451-459.  American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 

1999

  • Vienna JD, DK Peeler, JG Darab, and H Li. 1999. "Chemistry of Rare Earth Oxalate Vitrification." In Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXII.  Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, PA.  [In Press] 
  • Vienna JD, DK Peeler, RL Plaisted, TJ Plaisted, IA Reamer, RD Tillotson, JV Crum, CA Musick, and TL James. 1999. Glass Formulation for Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory Zirconia Calcine High-Activity WastePNNL-12202, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Vienna JD, MJ Schweiger, BJ Riley, DE Smith, and DK Peeler. 1999. AMERICIUM/CURIUM GLASS PROPERTY DATAPNNL-13009, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Vienna JD, MJ Schweiger, DE Smith, HD Smith, JV Crum, DK Peeler, IA Reamer, CA Musick, and RD Tillotson. 1999. Glass Formulation Development For INEEL Sodium-Bearing Waste PNNL-12234, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Riley BJ, JD Vienna, MJ Schweiger, DK Peeler, and IA Reamer. 1999. "Liquidus Temperature Of Rare Earth-Aluminoborosilicate Glasses For Treatment Of Americium And Curium." In Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXIII. (Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings vol. 608), vol. 23, pp. 677-682.  Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA. 
  • Feng X, H Li, LL Davis, L Li, JG Darab, MJ Schweiger, JD Vienna, BC Bunker, PG Allen, JJ Bucher, IM Craig, NM Edelstein, DK Shuh, RC Ewing, LM Wang, and ER Vance. 1999. "Distribution and Solubility of Radionuclides in Waste Forms for Disposition of Plutonium and Spent Nuclear Fuels: Preliminary Results." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries IV,Ceramic Transactions, vol. 93, ed. James C. Marra, Gregory T. Chandler, pp. 409-419.  American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 
  • Hrma PR, JD Vienna, M Mika, JV Crum, and GF Piepel. 1999. Liquidus Temperature Data for DWPF GlassPNNL-11790, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Li H, JG Darab, MJ Schweiger, JD Vienna, and BC Bunker. 1999. "Distribution and Solubility of Radionuclides in Waste Forms for Disposition of Plutonium and Spent Nuclear Fuels: Preliminary Results." Journal of the American Ceramic Society IV(93):35-42. 
  • Li H, Y Su, JD Vienna, and PR Hrma. 1999. "Raman Spectroscopic Study - Effects of B2O3, Na2O, and SiO2 on Nepheline (NaAlSiO4) Crystallization in Simulated High-Level Waste Glasses." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries V, Ceramic Transactions, vol. 107, ed. GT Chandler and X Feng, pp. 469-478.  American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 
  • Luey JK, JG Darab, T Autrey, JD Vienna, and HL Wigent. 1999. Characterization of Offgas Generated During Calcination of Incinerator Ash SurrogatesPNNL-11982, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Plaisted TJ, PR Hrma, JD Vienna, and A Jiricka. 1999. "Liquidus Temperature and Primary Crystallization Phases in High-Zirconia High-Level Waste Borosilicate Glasses." In Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXIII. (Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings Vol.608), vol. 23, pp. 709-714.  Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA. 

1998

  • Vienna JD, JK Luey, PR Hrma, DE Smith, RD Scheele, HL Wigent, and JV Crum. 1998. "Glass Frit Development for Encapsulation of Rocky Flats Ash." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries IV, vol. 93, ed. James C. Marra, Gregory T. Chandler, p. 399.  The American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 
  • Vienna JD, RP Thimpke, GF Piepel, DE Smith, ML Elliott, RK Nakaoka, and GW Veazey. 1998. Glass Development for Treatment of LANL Evaporator Bottoms WastePNNL-11865, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Darab JG, H Li, and JD Vienna. 1998. "X-ray Absorption Spectroscopic Investigation of the Environment of Cerium in Glasses Based on Complex Cerium Alkali Borosilicate Compositions." PNNL-SA-28676, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.  [Unpublished] 
  • Ebbinghaus B, RA Vankonynenburg, HP Shaw, ER Vance, MR Stewart, J Condgon, T Rankin, J Allender, and JD Vienna. 1998. "Phase Relationships in Pu and U Loaded Ceramic Immobilization Products ." In Proceedings, Third Topical Meeting on DOE Spent Nuclear Fuel and Fissile Materials Management, vol. 2, p. 431.  American Nuclear Society, LaGrange, IL. 
  • Li H, PR Hrma, and JD Vienna. 1998. "Compositional Effects on Liquidus Temperature of Hanford Simulated High-Level Waste Glasses Precipitating Nepheline (NaAlSiO4)." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 87:279-288. 
  • Nicaise E, PR Hrma, EV Morrey, GL Smith, JD Vienna, A Ledoux, JLA Dussossoy, and M Puyou. 1998. "Hanford High Level Waste Processing in a Cold Crucible Melter: Test Results Obtained in the Framework of the TWRS-P Contract." In Waste Management '98.  University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ. 
  • Stein W, T Kan, V Sahei, J Marra, and JD Vienna. 1998. "Simulation and Testing of Pouring High Level Waste Glass into Canisters Containing Immobilized Plutonium Forms." In Proceedings of the Third Topical Meeting on DOE Spent Nuclear Fuel and Fissile Materials Management, September 8-11, Charleston, SC, pp. 385-387.  American Nuclear Society, La Grange Park, IL. 
  • Strachan DM, BP McGrail, JD Vienna, and DK Peeler. 1998. "The Characterization and Testing of Candidate Immobilization Forms for the Disposal of Plutonium." In Waste Management '98No publisher listed

1997

  • Vienna JD, PR Hrma, and DE Smith. 1997. "Isothermal Crystallization Kinetics in Simulated High-Level Nuclear Waste Glass." Materials Research Bulletin 465:17-24. 
  • Crum JV, MJ Schweiger, PR Hrma, JD Vienna, and WJ Gray. 1997. "Liquidus Temperature Model for Hanford High-Level Waste Glasses with High Concentrations of Zirconia." Materials Research Bulletin 465(Material Research Society):79-85. 
  • Li H, JD Vienna, JG Darab, PR Hrma, JK Luey, and ML Elliott. 1997. Frit Screening for Rocky Flats Ash and Sand, Slag, and Crucible VitrificationPNNL-11591, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.  [Unpublished] 
  • Li H, JD Vienna, PR Hrma, DE Smith, and MJ Schweiger. 1997. "Compositional Effect on Precipitation of Nepheline in Glass and its Impact on Resistance of High-Level Waste Glasses Against Corrosion by Water." Materials Research Bulletin 465:261-268. 
  • Li H, JD Vienna, PR Hrma, DE Smith, and MJ Schweiger. 1997. "Nepheline Precipitation in High-Level Waste Glasses - Compositional Effects and Impact on the Waste Form Acceptability." Materials Research Bulletin 465(Scientific Basis for Nucl):261-268. 
  • Weber WJ, NJ Hess, SD Conradson, and JD Vienna. 1997. "Self-Radiation Effects in Glass and Ceramic Waste Forms for the Stabilization and Disposition of Plutonium." In Plutonium Futures - The Science, pp. 25-26.  Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM. 

1996

  • Li H, JD Vienna, PR Hrma, DE Smith, and MJ Schweiger. 1996. Nepheline Precipitation in Simulated Hanford High-Level Waste Glasses - Compositional Effects and Impacts on the Acceptability of the Waste FormNo clearance number available, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.  [Unpublished] 

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