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Leonard Fifield

Leonard Fifield

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 375-6424

Biography

Dr. Fifield is an experienced materials scientist and research leader interested in material synthesis, formulation, processing, characterization, application, simulation, and lifetime prediction. He leads nuclear cable aging research at PNNL for the Light Water Reactor Sustainability program. He has an Adjunct Faculty appointment in the School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering at Washington State University.

Education and Credentials

  • Certified Project Management Professional (PMP)® since 2014
  • Ph.D., Chemistry and Nanotechnology, University of Washington.
  • M.S., Analytical Chemistry, University of Washington.
  • B.S., Chemistry and Physics, Westmont College.

PNNL Patents

PNNL Publications

2017

  • Fifield LS, Y Shin, and KL Simmons. 2017. "Non-Destructive Evaluation of Polyolefin Thermal Aging Using Infrared Spectroscopy." In Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, and Civil Infrastructure 2017. Proceedings of the SPIE, vol. 10169, ed. H. Felix Wu; Andrew L. Gyekenyesi; Peter J. Shull; Tzu-Yang Yu, p. 101690U.  SPIE, BELLINGHAM, WA.  doi:10.1117/12.2261983
  • Fifield LS, and M Correa, Jr. 2017. Analysis of simultaneous thermal/gamma radiation aging of cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE) insulation-interim status reportPNNL-26554, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Fifield LS, M Correa, Jr, and A Zwoster. 2017. Crystal River 3 Cable Materials for Thermal and Gamma Radiation AgingPNNL-26785, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Glass SW, III, AM Jones, LS Fifield, and TS Hartman. 2017. "Frequency Domain Reflectometry NDE for Aging Cables in Nuclear Power Plants." In 43rd Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, July 17-22, 2016, Atlanta,Georgia. AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1806, no. 1, p. Paper No. 080015.  AIP Publishing, MELVILLE, NY.  doi:10.1063/1.4974640
  • Glass SW, III, AM Jones, LS Fifield, TS Hartman, and N Bowler. 2017. Physics-Based Modeling of Cable Insulation Conditions for Frequency Domain Reflectometry (FDR)PNNL-26493, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Larche MR, MS Prowant, PJ Bruillard, TJ Hagge, LS Fifield, MS Hughes, and X Sun. 2017. "A Comparison of Different NDE Signal Processing Techniques Based on Waveform Entropies Applied to Long Fiber Graphite/Epoxy Plates." In Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, and Civil Infrastructure, March 25, 2017, Portland, Oregon, Proceedings of the SPIE, vol. 10169, ed. HF Wu, AL Gyekenyesi, PJ Shull and T-Y Yu, p. Paper No. 101690T.  SPIE, BELLINGHAM, WA.  doi:10.1117/12.2260490

2016

  • Fifield LS, S Liu, and N Bowler. 2016. "Simultaneous Thermal and Gamma Radiation Aging of Cable Polymers." In IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP 2016 ), October 16-19, 2016, Toronto, Canada.  IEEE, PISCATAWAY, NJ. 
  • Fifield LS. 2016. Status Report and Research Plan for Cables Harvested from Crystal River Unit 3 Nuclear Generating PlantPNNL-25833, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Upadhyay P, Y Hovanski, S Jana, and LS Fifield. 2016. "Joining dissimilar materials using Friction Stir scribe technique." Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering 139(3):Article No. 034501.  doi:10.1115/1.4034629
  • Upadhyay P, Y Hovanski, S Jana, and LS Fifield. 2016. "JOINING DISSIMILAR MATERIALS USING FRICTION STIR SCRIBE TECHNIQUE." Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering 139(3):Article No. 034501; Paper No: MANU-16-1436.  doi:10.1115/1.4034629
  • Upadhyay P, Y Hovanski, S Jana, and LS Fifield. 2016. "JOINING DISSIMILAR MATERIALS USING FRICTION STIR SCRIBE TECHNIQUE." In Proceedings of the ASME 11th International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, June 27-July 1, 2016, Blacksburg, Virginia, vol. 1: Processing, pp. Paper No. MSEC2016-8512, pp. V001T02A055.  ASME, NEW YORK, NY.  doi:10.1115/MSEC2016-8512
  • Duckworth RC, E Frame, LS Fifield, and SW Glass, III. 2016. "Benchmark Accelerated Aging of Harvested Hypalon/Epr and Cspe/Xlpe Power and I&C Cable in Nuclear Power Plants." In Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering, June 26-30, 2016, Charlotte, North Carolina, vol. 1, pp. Paper No. ICONE24-60311, pp. V001T01A007.  ASME, NEW YORK, NY.  doi:10.1115/ICONE24-60311
  • Fifield LS, Q Huang, MI Childers, M Correa, Jr, Y Shin, and A Zwoster. 2016. Progress in Characterizing Thermal Degradation of Ethylene-Propylene RubberPNNL-25713; M3LW-16OR0404014, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Fifield LS, Y Shin, W Liu, and DW Gotthold. 2016. "Scalable Production Method for Graphene Oxide Water Vapor Separation Membranes." MRS Advances: Nanotechnology 1(28):2091-2098.  doi:10.1557/adv.2016.485
  • Glass SW, III, LS Fifield, and TS Hartman. 2016. Evaluation of Localized Cable Test Methods for Nuclear Power Plant Cable Aging Management ProgramsPNNL-25432; M3LW-16OR0404022, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Glass SW, III, AM Jones, LS Fifield, and TS Hartman. 2016. Bulk Electrical Cable Non-Destructive Examination Methods for Nuclear Power Plant Cable Aging Management ProgramsPNNL-25634, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Glass SW, III, and LS Fifield. 2016. "Nondestructive Examination for Nuclear Power Plant Cable Aging Management Programs." LWRS Newsletter January 2016(20):18-23. 
  • Liu S, LS Fifield, and N Bowler. 2016. "Towards aging mechanisms of cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE) cable insulation materials in nuclear power plants." In IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP 2016), October 16-19, 2016, Toronto, Canada.  IEEE, PISCATAWAY, NJ.  doi:10.1109/CEIDP.2016.7785636
  • Nguyen BN, LS Fifield, G Lambert, DG Baird, J Wang, F Costa, CL Tucker III, UN Gandhi, S Mori, EJ Wollan, and D Roland. 2016. Predictive Engineering Tools for Injection-Molded Long-Carbon-Fiber Thermoplastic Composites - FY 2016 First Quarterly ReportPNNL-25163, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Nguyen BN, LS Fifield, J Wang, F Costa, G Lambert, DG Baird, B Sharma, SA Kijewski, MD Sangid, UN Gandhi, EJ Wollan, D Roland, S Mori, and CL Tucker III. 2016. Predictive Engineering Tools for Injection-Molded Long-Carbon-Fiber Thermoplastic Composites - Topical ReportPNNL-25440, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Nguyen BN, LS Fifield, UN Gandhi, S Mori, and EJ Wollan. 2016. Predictive Engineering Tools for Injection-Molded Long-Carbon-Thermoplastic Composites: Weight and Cost AnalysesPNNL-25646, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Shin Y, W Liu, B Schwenzer, S Manandhar, DG Chase-Woods, MH Engelhard, R Devanathan, LS Fifield, WD Bennett, B Ginovska-Pangovska, and DW Gotthold. 2016. "Graphene oxide membranes with high permeability and selectivity for dehumidification of air." Carbon 106:164-170.  doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2016.05.023

2015

2014

2013

2012

  • Prisbrey L, D Roundy, K Blank, LS Fifield, and ED Minot. 2012. "Electrical Characteristics of Carbon Nanotube Devices Prepared with Single Oxidative Point Defects." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116(2):1961-1965.  doi:10.1021/jp208870c
  • Ren X, R Qui, LS Fifield, KL Simmons, and K li. 2012. "Effects of Surface Treatments on Mechanical Properties and Water Resistance of Kenaf Fiber-Reinforced Unsaturated Polyester Composites ." Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology 26(18-19):2277-2289.  doi:10.1163/156856111X623087

2011

  • Matyas J, GE Fryxell, BJ Busche, K Wallace, and LS Fifield. 2011. "FUNCTIONALIZED SILICA AEROGELS: ADVANCED MATERIALS TO CAPTURE AND IMMOBILIZE RADIOACTIVE IODINE." Chapter 3 in Ceramic Materials for Energy Applications: Papers from The American Ceramic Society's 35th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, January 23-28, 2011, Daytona Beach, Florida. Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, vol. 32, no. 9, ed. Y Katoh, et al, pp. 23-33.  Wiley, Hoboken, NJ.  doi:10.1002/9781118095386.ch3
  • Qui R, X Ren, LS Fifield, KL Simmons, and K Li. 2011. "Hemp-Fiber-Reinforced Unsaturated Polyester Composites: Optimization of Processing and Improvement of Interfacial Adhesion." Journal of Applied Polymer Science 121(2):862-868.  doi:10.1002/app.33674

2010

  • Fifield LS, and JW Grate. 2010. "Hydrogen-bond acidic functionalized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with covalently-bound hexafluoroisopropanol groups." Carbon 48(7):2085-2088.  doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2010.02.019
  • Fifield LS, and KL Simmons. 2010. "COMPRESSION MOLDED, BIO-FIBER REINFORCED, HIGH PERFORMANCE THERMOSET COMPOSITES FOR STRUCTURAL AND SEMI-STRUCTURAL APPLICATIONS." In COMPOSITES: SHAPING NEW VEHICLES, 10th Annual Society of Plastics Engineers Automotive Composites Conference & Exhibition, September 15-16, 2010, Troy, Michigan.  Society of Plastics Engineers, Newtown, CT. 
  • Fifield LS, C Huang, and KL Simmons. 2010. "Investigation of Polymer Resin/Fiber Compatibility in Natural Fiber Reinforced Composite Automotive Materials." In 10th International Conference on Wood & Biofiber Plastic Composites.  Forest Products Society, Madison, WI. 
  • Fifield LS, KL Simmons, R Battiste, C Schutte, MT Smith, D Houston, and L Berger. 2010. "Evaluation of Composite Natural Fiber-Resin Compatibility." Chapter G in 2009 Annual Progress Report: Lightweighting Materials, vol. 8, pp. 8-77 - 8-85.  US Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, Washington, DC. 
  • Westman MP, LS Fifield, KL Simmons, S Laddha, and TA Kafentzis. 2010. Natural Fiber Composites: A ReviewPNNL-19220, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Fifield LS, KL Simmons, S Laddha, and TA Kafentzis. 2010. "PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT OF COMPRESSION MOLDED KENAF FIBER REINFORCED VINYL ESTER COMPOSITES THROUGH RESIN ADDITIVE." In SAMPE 2010: New Materials and Processes for a New Economy 55th International SAMPE Symposium, May 17-20, 2010, Seattle, Washington, ed. K Nelson, A Yousefpour and SW Beckwith.  Society for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering, Covina, CA. 
  • Simmons KL, LS Fifield, S Laddha, F Chen, and KM Wright. 2010. "EFFECT OF SODIUM HYDROXIDE AND SUPERCRITICAL FLUID TREATMENTS ON UNRETTED KENAF FIBERS." In SAMPE 2010: New Materials and Processes for a New Economy 55th International SAMPE Symposium, May 17-20, 2010, Seattle Washington, ed. K Nelson, A Yousefpour and SC Beckwith, p. Paper No. 66.  Society for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering, Covina, CA. 
  • Zhang J, J Liu, D Wang, D Choi, LS Fifield, CM Wang, G Xia, Z Nie, Z Yang, LR Pederson, and GL Graff. 2010. "Vapor-Induced Solid-Liquid-Solid Process for Silicon-based Nanowire Growth." Journal of Power Sources 195(6 SP ISS):1691-1697. 

2009

  • Simmons KL, DT Howe, S Laddha, and LS Fifield. 2009. "Natural Fiber Composite Retting, Preform Manufacture and Molding (Project 18988/Agreement 16313)." Chapter 8E in 2009 Annual Progress Report: Lightweighting Materials, pp. 8-54 - 8-65.  Department of Energy; Vehicle Technologies Office, Washington DC. 

2008

  • Fifield LS, C Huang, KL Simmons, JA Carpenter, and MT Smith. 2008. "Evaluation of Composite Natural Fiber/Resin Compatibility ." In Annual Progress Report 2008 Vehicle Technologies Program, Lightweigting Materials, pp. 8-75 - 8-81.  US Department of Energy, Vehicle Technologies Program, Washington, DC. 

2007

  • Fifield LS. 2007. "Carbon Nanotubes." In Productive Nanosystems: A Technology Roadmap.  Foresight Institute, Menlo Park, CA. 
  • Fifield LS. 2007. "Piezoelectrics and Piezo Applications." Chapter paper 17 in Productive Nanosystems: A Technology Roadmap: Part 3 Proceedings of the Roadmap Working Group.  Foresight Nanotech Institute, n/a. 
  • Fifield LS. 2007. "Piezoelectrics and Piezo Applications." In Productive Nanosystems: A Technology Roadmap.  Foresight Institute, Menlo Pak, CA. 
  • Dutta D, SK Sundaram, JG Teeguarden, BJ Riley, LS Fifield, JM Jacobs, RS Addleman, GA Kaysen, BM Moudgil, and TJ Weber. 2007. "Adsorbed Proteins Influence the Biological Activity and Molecular Targeting of Nanomaterials." Toxicological Sciences 100(1):303-315.  doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfm217

2006

  • Zheng F, DL Baldwin, LS Fifield, NC Anheier, Jr, CL Aardahl, and JW Grate. 2006. "Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Paper as a Sorbent for Organic Vapor Preconcentration." Analytical Chemistry 78(7):2442-2446. 

2005

  • Fifield LS, KM Denslow, A Gutowska, KL Simmons, and J Holbery. 2005. "ROLE OF FIBER MODIFICATION IN NATURAL FIBER COMPOSITE PROCESSING." In International SAMPE Technical Conference: Materials and Processing Technologies for Revolutionary Applications.  Society for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering, Covina, CA. 

2004

  • Fifield LS, LR Dalton, RS Addleman, RA Galhotra, MH Engelhard, GE Fryxell, and CL Aardahl. 2004. "Noncovalent Functionalization of Carbon Nanotubes with Molecular Anchors using Supercritical Fluids ." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 108(25):8737-8741. 

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