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Energy and Environment,

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

Dennis Stiles


Manager (acting)
(509) 375-6374
Biography

At PNNL, we believe that greater energy efficiency throughout buildings, improved technologies for enabling renewables – such as wind, water, solar, and biomass – and new vehicle technology, including storage systems for electric vehicles, can lead to timely solutions to our nation's energy challenges. We are a team of chemical, environmental, and materials scientists, economists, and engineers who are finding more efficient ways to use energy resources in transportation, buildings, and industry, and advancing clean, renewable energy.

Buildings account for 40 percent of energy consumption in the United States – more than any other sector in our economy. Residential and commercial buildings use energy daily for heating and cooling, lighting and water, and to run appliances and electronics. Much of this energy comes from burning coal or natural gas, which releases carbon dioxide – the most abundant of greenhouse gases – into the atmosphere. Automobiles present similar issues, but with a variety of alternative fuels and advancing vehicle technologies, they are creating less greenhouse gas emissions and reducing our dependence on foreign oils. PNNL's expertise in bioenergy, including catalysis for bio-diesel and jet fuels, has led to cleaner exhaust, petroleum alternatives, and the advancement of the transportation industry.

Our science base is also the foundation of a long history addressing national challenges in renewable energy. For example, PNNL leadership in science and engineering for sustainable hydropower in the Pacific Northwest is leading to increased fish passage safety and optimized hydroelectric power plants that can be applied at the national scale. Efficient and environmentally friendly energy generation is essential for meeting the demands of a growing consumer base.

  • Flexible Lighting Evaluated in Mental Health Facility

    Flexible Lighting Evaluated in Mental Health Facility

    Tunable LED lighting that mimics nature can help hospital patients wake up, but the brighter light may also increase energy use. Nursing staff chose to turn some lights off in the evening, reducing energy use. These findings can help lighting fixture and control manufacturers.

  • In classrooms where LED lights were installed, teachers controlled a range of light settings, achieving more than 58 percent energy savings.

    Lighting Goes to the Head of the Class

    Teachers controlled the LED light settings in three Texas classrooms, achieving more than 58 percent energy savings. And the dimmed, warm setting became a cue for the students to be in their seats and quiet down.

  • PNNL Develops EyeSea, a Machine-Learning Tool to Automate Video Analysis of MHK Sites

    PNNL Develops EyeSea, a Machine-Learning Tool to Automate Video Analysis of MHK Sites

    A new tool, called EyeSea uses machine vision algorithms to "watch" underwater video footage and flag footage where a fish or mammal is near a marine energy turbine. If deployed, EyeSea could improve understanding of wildlife interactions and help safely deploy wave energy technologies.

  • Researcher JJ Jenks operates HARP in the laboratory.

    Music to Power Producers' Ears: HARP Provides a New Spin on Old Technology

    A PNNL-developed technology called HARP can be implemented anywhere there is a low grade heat source, including low-temperature geothermal, solar farms, and at oil and gas sites. This technology makes today's Organic Rankine cycle systems obsolte, being 40 percent more efficient and able to produce power at just $0.05 per kilowatt hour.

  • Radha Motkuri

    Material Chemistry Researcher Joins Editorial Board

    Research scientist Radha Motkuri was invited to serve a three-year appointment on the editorial board of Inorganica Chimica Acta. Motkuri will help oversee manuscripts in four areas of research: metal-organic frameworks, zeolites, sorption and catalysis. He also will help maintain and improve the scientific journal's quality and standards by monitoring the editorial policy and the quality of papers published.

  • Block Island Wind Farm is the U.S.'s first commercial offshore wind farm

    Wind and Wildlife Interactions: A World-Wide Solution Cannot Be "One Size Fits All"

    International group researches adaptive management to reduce wind energy and wildlife interactions. Adaptive management has the potential to reduce scientific uncertainty and improve policies and practices for future wind development. It may also advance the wind energy industry while simultaneously reducing environmental effects.

  • Mold filling predicted for 2D plaque using the Autodesk Moldflow software

    PNNL Leads Team to Accelerate Development of Affordable Carbon Fiber Composites

    In partnership with industry and academia, PNNL researchers developed a suite of engineering tools that successfully predict the fiber orientation and length distribution of complex carbon fiber thermoplastic parts. The tools aim to accelerate R&D of carbon fiber car parts by allowing manufactures to "see" the structural characteristics of proposed carbon fiber composites before they are molded.

Energy and Environment

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