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Energy and Environment Directorate

Curt Lavender

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 372-6770

PNNL Patents

PNNL Publications

2019

  • Frazier W.E., S. Hu, N.R. Overman, R. Prabhakaran, C.A. Lavender, and V.V. Joshi. 2019. "Recrystallization Kinetics of Cold-Rolled U-10 wt% Mo." Journal of Nuclear Materials 513. PNNL-SA-137816. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.10.046
  • Jana S., A.L. Schemer-Kohrn, N.R. Overman, L.E. Sweet, E.J. Kautz, C.A. Lavender, and V.V. Joshi. 2019. Eutectoid Transformation in U10Mo Alloy: Effect of Deformation History and Homogenization Heat Treatment. PNNL-28519. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Eutectoid Transformation in U10Mo Alloy: Effect of Deformation History and Homogenization Heat Treatment
  • Kaspar T.C., C.L. Arendt, D.L. Neal, S.L. Riechers, C.E. Rutherford, A.L. Schemer-Kohrn, and S.R. Spurgeon, et al. 2019. "Characterization of surface layers formed on DU10Mo ingots after processing steps and high humidity exposure." Journal of Nuclear Materials 514. PNNL-SA-136846. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.11.022
  • Wang C., Z. Xu, D.K. Fagan, D.P. Field, C.A. Lavender, and V.V. Joshi. 2019. Quantifying and Qualifying Alloys Based on Level of Homogenization: A U 10 wt% Mo Alloy Case Study. PNNL-28495. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Quantifying and Qualifying Alloys Based on Level of Homogenization: A U 10 wt% Mo Alloy Case Study

2018

  • Bennett W.D., A.L. Doherty, C.A. Lavender, K.M. McCoy, R.P. Omberg, and M.T. Smith. 2018. Verification of Pilger Mill Performance. PNNL-28042. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Verification of Pilger Mill Performance
  • Cheng G., X. Hu, W.E. Frazier, C.A. Lavender, and V.V. Joshi. 2018. "Effect of Second Phase Particles and Stringers on Microstructures after Rolling and Recrystallization." Materials Science and Engineering. A. Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing 736. PNNL-SA-133390. doi:10.1016/j.msea.2018.08.040
  • Choi K., C. Wang, C.A. Lavender, and V.V. Joshi. 2018. Carbide Particle Redistribution in U10Mo Alloy during Hot Rolling Process. PNNL-28383. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Carbide Particle Redistribution in U10Mo Alloy during Hot Rolling Process
  • Devaraj A., E.J. Kautz, L. Kovarik, S. Jana, N.R. Overman, C.A. Lavender, and V.V. Joshi. 2018. "Phase transformation of metastable discontinuous precipitation products to equilibrium phases in U10Mo alloys." Scripta Materialia 156. PNNL-SA-134393. doi:10.1016/j.scriptamat.2018.07.010
  • Devaraj A., L. Kovarik, E.J. Kautz, B.W. Arey, S. Jana, C.A. Lavender, and V.V. Joshi. 2018. "Grain Boundary Engineering to Control the Discontinuous Precipitation in Multicomponent U10Mo Alloy." Acta Materialia 151. PNNL-SA-129167. doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2018.03.039
  • Frazier W.E., S. Hu, N.R. Overman, C.A. Lavender, and V.V. Joshi. 2018. "Short communication on Kinetics of grain growth and particle pinning in U-10 wt.% Mo." Journal of Nuclear Materials 498. PNNL-SA-128215. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.10.041
  • Hu X., X. Wang, V.V. Joshi, and C.A. Lavender. 2018. "The effect of thermomechanical processing on second phase particle redistribution in U-10wt%Mo." Journal of Nuclear Materials 500. PNNL-SA-127745. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.12.042
  • Jana S., L.E. Sweet, D.L. Neal, A.L. Schemer-Kohrn, C.A. Lavender, and V.V. Joshi. 2018. "The role of ternary alloying elements in eutectoid transformation of U10Mo alloy Part I. Microstructure evolution during arc melting and subsequent homogenization annealing in U9.8Mo0.2X alloy (X = Cr, Ni, Co)." Journal of Nuclear Materials 509. PNNL-SA-132976. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.06.024
  • Wight J.M., V.V. Joshi, and C.A. Lavender. 2018. "USHPRR FUEL FABRICATION PILLAR: FABRICATION STATUS, PROCESS OPTIMIZATIONS, AND FUTURE PLANS." In European Research Reactor Conference RRFM (2018), March 11-15, 2018, Munich, Germany. Brussels:European Nuclear Society. PNNL-SA-132285.

2017

  • Hu S., C.A. Lavender, and V.V. Joshi. 2017. "Effect of Recrystallization on Gas Bubble Swelling in UMo Fuels." Transactions of the American Nuclear Society 116. PNNL-SA-123369.
  • Hu S., V.V. Joshi, and C.A. Lavender. 2017. "A Rate-Theory-Phase-Field Model of Irradiation-Induced Recrystallization in UMo Nuclear Fuels." JOM. The Journal of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society 69, no. 12:2554-2562. PNNL-SA-125571. doi:10.1007/s11837-017-2611-4
  • Hu S., W. Setyawan, V.V. Joshi, and C.A. Lavender. 2017. "Atomistic Simulations of Thermodynamic Properties of Xe Gas Bubbles in U10Mo Fuels." Journal of Nuclear Materials 490. PNNL-SA-121465. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.04.016
  • Jana S., A. Devaraj, L. Kovarik, B.W. Arey, L.E. Sweet, T. Varga, and C.A. Lavender, et al. 2017. "Kinetics of cellular transformation and competing precipitation mechanisms during sub-eutectoid annealing of U10Mo alloys." Journal of Alloys and Compounds 723. PNNL-SA-124502. doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.06.292
  • Jana S., N.R. Overman, T. Varga, C.A. Lavender, and V.V. Joshi. 2017. "Phase Transformation Kinetics in Rolled U-10 wt. % Mo Foil: Effect of Post-rolling Heat Treatment and Prior ?-UMo Grain Size." Journal of Nuclear Materials 496. PNNL-SA-127108. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.09.030
  • Kaspar T.C., C.A. Lavender, and M.W. Dibert. 2017. Evaluation of Uranium-235 Measurement Techniques. PNNL-26490. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Evaluation of Uranium-235 Measurement Techniques
  • Kautz E.J., A. Devaraj, L. Kovarik, C.A. Lavender, and V.V. Joshi. 2017. Effect of Silicon in U-10Mo Alloy. PNNL-26790. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Effect of Silicon in U-10Mo Alloy
  • Kautz E.J., S. Jana, A. Devaraj, C.A. Lavender, L.E. Sweet, and V.V. Joshi. 2017. Detecting the Extent of Cellular Decomposition after Sub-Eutectoid Annealing in Rolled UMo Foils. PNNL-26862. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Detecting the Extent of Cellular Decomposition after Sub-Eutectoid Annealing in Rolled UMo Foils
  • Soulami A., D. Burkes, V.V. Joshi, C.A. Lavender, and D.M. Paxton. 2017. "Finite-Element Model to Predict Roll-Separation Force and Defects During Rolling of U-10Mo Alloys." Journal of Nuclear Materials 494. PNNL-SA-128011. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.07.006
  • Whalen S.A., V.V. Joshi, N.R. Overman, D.D. Caldwell, C.A. Lavender, and T. Skszek. 2017. "Scaled-Up Fabrication of Thin-Walled ZK60 Tubing using Shear Assisted Processing and Extrusion (ShAPE)." In Magnesium Technology Conference 2017, February 26 - March 2, 2017, San Diego, California, edited by KN Solanki, et al, 315-321. Cham:Springer. PNNL-SA-121164. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-52392-7_45

2016

  • Bennett W.D., A.L. Doherty, C.H. Henager, C.A. Lavender, R.O. Montgomery, R.P. Omberg, and M.T. Smith, et al. 2016. FY16 Status Report for the Uranium-Molybdenum Fuel Concept. PNNL-25846. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. FY16 Status Report for the Uranium-Molybdenum Fuel Concept
  • Bennett W.D., A.L. Doherty, C.H. Henager, C.A. Lavender, R.O. Montgomery, R.P. Omberg, and M.T. Smith, et al. 2016. Manufacturing Experience for Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Alloys. PNNL-25817. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Manufacturing Experience for Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Alloys
  • Devaraj A., L. Kovarik, V.V. Joshi, S. Jana, S. Manandhar, B.W. Arey, and C.A. Lavender. 2016. High-Resolution Characterization of UMo Alloy Microstructure. PNNL-26020. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. High-Resolution Characterization of UMo Alloy Microstructure
  • Devaraj A., R. Prabhakaran, V.V. Joshi, S.Y. Hu, E.J. McGarrah, and C.A. Lavender. 2016. Theoretical Model for Volume Fraction of UC, 235U Enrichment, and Effective Density of Final U 10Mo Alloy. PNNL-SA-117284. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Theoretical Model for Volume Fraction of UC, 235U Enrichment, and Effective Density of Final U 10Mo Alloy
  • Devaraj A., S. Jana, C.A. McInnis, N.J. Lombardo, V.V. Joshi, L.E. Sweet, and S. Manandhar, et al. 2016. Detecting the Extent of Eutectoid Transformation in U-10Mo. PNNL-SA-120714. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Detecting the Extent of Eutectoid Transformation in U-10Mo
  • Devaraj A., V.V. Joshi, A. Srivastava, S. Manandhar, V.S. Moxson, V. Duz, and C.A. Lavender. 2016. "A Low-Cost Hierarchical Nanostructured Beta-Titanium Alloy with High Strength." Nature Communications 7. PNNL-SA-116064. doi:10.1038/ncomms11176
  • Hu S., D. Burkes, C.A. Lavender, and V.V. Joshi. 2016. "Effect of Grain Morphology on Gas Bubble Swelling in UMo Fuels - a 3D Microstructure Dependent Booth Model." Journal of Nuclear Materials 480, no. (2016):323-331. PNNL-SA-120484. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.08.038
  • Hu S.Y., D. Burkes, C.A. Lavender, D.J. Senor, W. Setyawan, and Z. Xu. 2016. "Formation mechanism of gas bubble superlattice in UMo metal fuels: Phase-field modeling investigation." Journal of Nuclear Materials 479. PNNL-SA-112981. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.07.012
  • Joshi V.V., D.M. Paxton, C.A. Lavender, and D. Burkes. 2016. The Effect of Rolling As-Cast and Homogenized U-10Mo Samples on the Microstructure Development and Recovery Curves. PNNL-25781. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The Effect of Rolling As-Cast and Homogenized U-10Mo Samples on the Microstructure Development and Recovery Curves
  • Montgomery R.O., W.D. Bennett, C.H. Henager, C.A. Lavender, M.T. Smith, and R.P. Omberg. 2016. "An Innovative Accident Tolerant LWR Fuel Rod Design Based on Uranium-Molybdenum Metal Alloy." In Top Fuel 2016: LWR Fuels with Enhanced Safety and Performance, September 11-15, 2016, Boise, Idaho, Top Fuel 2016, 1375-1387. La Grange Park, Illinois:American Nuclear Society. PNNL-SA-118356.
  • Prabhakaran R., A. Devaraj, V.V. Joshi, and C.A. Lavender. 2016. PProcedure for Uranium-Molybdenum Density Measurements and Porosity Determination. PNNL-25793. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. PProcedure for Uranium-Molybdenum Density Measurements and Porosity Determination
  • Prabhakaran R., J. Choi, E.V. Stephens, D. Catalini, C.A. Lavender, and A. Rohatgi. 2016. "Mechanical Characterization and Corrosion Testing of X608 Al Alloy." In Light Metals 2016, edited by E. Williams. 145-150. Hoboken, New Jersey:John Wiley & Sons, Inc. PNNL-SA-113866.
  • Prabhakaran R., V.V. Joshi, M.A. Rhodes, A.L. Schemer-Kohrn, A.D. Guzman, and C.A. Lavender. 2016. U-10Mo Sample Preparation and Examination using Optical and Scanning Electron Microscopy. PNNL-25308 Rev. 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. U-10Mo Sample Preparation and Examination using Optical and Scanning Electron Microscopy
  • Prabhakaran R., V.V. Joshi, M.A. Rhodes, A.L. Schemer-Kohrn, A.D. Guzman, and C.A. Lavender. 2016. U-10Mo Sample Preparation and Examination using Optical and Scanning Electron Microscopy. PNNL-25308. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. U-10Mo Sample Preparation and Examination using Optical and Scanning Electron Microscopy
  • Soulami A., Z. Xu, V.V. Joshi, D. Burkes, C.A. Lavender, and E.J. McGarrah. 2016. U-10Mo/Zr Interface Modeling using a Microstructure-Based FEM Approach. PNNL-25365. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. U-10Mo/Zr Interface Modeling using a Microstructure-Based FEM Approach
  • Xu Z., V.V. Joshi, S.Y. Hu, D.M. Paxton, C.A. Lavender, and D. Burkes. 2016. "Modeling the Homogenization Kinetics of As-Cast U-10wt% Mo alloys." Journal of Nuclear Materials 471. PNNL-SA-113656. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.11.026

2015

  • Choi J., A. Rohatgi, M.T. Smith, and C.A. Lavender. 2015. "Process Development for Stamping -Pillar Covers with Aluminum." In Light Metals 2015: Proceedings of the symposia sponsored by the TMS Aluminum Committee at the TMS 2015 Annual Meeting & Exhibition, March 15-19, 2015, Orlando, Florida, edited by M Hyland, 197-202. Hoboken, New Jersey:John Wiley and Sons, Inc. PNNL-SA-105374. doi:10.1002/9781119093435.ch35
  • Coffey G.W., K.D. Meinhardt, V.V. Joshi, L.R. Pederson, C.A. Lavender, and D. Burkes. 2015. Concept Feasibility Report for Electroplating Zirconium onto Uranium Foil - Year 2. PNNL-24106. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Concept Feasibility Report for Electroplating Zirconium onto Uranium Foil - Year 2
  • Henager C.H., E.L. Stevens, R.J. Kurtz, T.J. Roosendaal, E.A. Nyberg, C.A. Lavender, and G. Odette, et al. 2015. "RECENT PROGRESS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF DUCTILE-PHASE TOUGHENED TUNGSTEN FOR PLASMA-FACING MATERIALS: W-Ni-Fe COMPOSITES." In Fusion Reactor Materials Program Semiannual Progress Report For the Period Ending June 30, 2015. 130-139. DOE/ER-0313/58. Oak Ridge, Tennessee:Oak Ridge National Laboratory. PNNL-SA-111928.
  • Henager C.H., R.J. Kurtz, T.J. Roosendaal, B.A. Borlaug, E.A. Nyberg, C.A. Lavender, and G. Odette, et al. 2015. "RECENT PROGRESS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF DUCTILE-PHASE TOUGHENED TUNGSTEN FOR PLASMA-FACING MATERIALS: W-Ni-Fe COMPOSITES." In Fusion Materials Semiannual Progress Report for the Period Ending December 31, 2014, edited by PJ Pappano. 93-96. DOE-ER-0313/57. Oak Ridge, Tennessee:Oak Ridge National Laboratory. PNNL-SA-107716.
  • Hu S.Y., A.M. Casella, C.A. Lavender, D.J. Senor, and D. Burkes. 2015. "Assessment of Effective Thermal Conductivity in U-Mo Metallic Fuels with Distributed Gas Bubbles." Journal of Nuclear Materials 462. PNNL-SA-106990. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.03.039
  • Joshi V.V., E.A. Nyberg, C.A. Lavender, D.M. Paxton, and D. Burkes. 2015. "Thermomechanical process optimization of U-10wt% Mo - Part 2: The effect of homogenization on the mechanical properties and microstructure." Journal of Nuclear Materials 465. PNNL-SA-108483. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.07.005
  • Joshi V.V., E.A. Nyberg, C.A. Lavender, D.M. Paxton, H. Garmestani, and D. Burkes. 2015. "Thermomechanical Process Optimization of U-10wt% Mo - Part 1: High-Temperature Compressive Properties and Microstructure." Journal of Nuclear Materials 465. PNNL-SA-96854. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.10.065
  • Li D., and C.A. Lavender. 2015. "Strengthening and Improving Yield Asymmetry of Magnesium Alloys by Second Phase Particle Refinement Under the Guidance of Integrated Computational Materials Engineering." Transactions of the ASME. Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology 137, no. 3:Article No. 031008. PNNL-SA-114912. doi:10.1115/1.4030356
  • Nyberg E.A., V.V. Joshi, D. Burkes, and C.A. Lavender. 2015. The Microstructure of Rolled Plates from Cast Billets of U-10Mo Alloys. PNNL-24160. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The Microstructure of Rolled Plates from Cast Billets of U-10Mo Alloys
  • Soulami A., C.A. Lavender, D.M. Paxton, and D. Burkes. 2015. Rolling Process Modeling Report: Finite-Element Model Validation and Parametric Study on Various Rolling Process Parameters. PNNL-24362. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Rolling Process Modeling Report: Finite-Element Model Validation and Parametric Study on Various Rolling Process Parameters
  • Tabei A., D. Li, C.A. Lavender, and H. Garmestani. 2015. "Investigation of precipitate refinement in Mg alloys by an analytical composite failure model." Mechanics of Materials 89. PNNL-SA-114910. doi:10.1016/j.mechmat.2015.05.007

2014

  • Joshi V.V., S. Jana, D. Li, H. Garmestani, E.A. Nyberg, and C.A. Lavender. 2014. "High Shear Deformation to Produce High Strength and Energy Absorption in Mg Alloys." In Magensium Technology 2014: Proceedings of a Symposium Sponsored by the Magnesium Committee of the Light Metals Division of the Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS) held during TMS2014, 143rd Annual Meeting & Exhibition, February 16-20, 2014, San Diego, CA, edited by M Alderman, et al, 83-88. Hoboken, New Jersey:John Wiley & Sons, Inc. PNNL-SA-98774. doi:10.1002/9781118888179.ch19
  • Li D., S. Ahzi, S.M. M'Guil, W. Wen, C.A. Lavender, and M.A. Khaleel. 2014. "Modeling of deformation behavior and texture evolution in magnesium alloy using the intermediate ?-model." International Journal of Plasticity 52. PNNL-SA-114911. doi:10.1016/j.ijplas.2013.06.005
  • Nyberg E.A., V.V. Joshi, C.A. Lavender, D.M. Paxton, and D. Burkes. 2014. Influence of Homogenization on the Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of the U-10Mo Alloy. PNNL-23348. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Influence of Homogenization on the Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of the U-10Mo Alloy
  • Soulami A., C.A. Lavender, D.M. Paxton, and D. Burkes. 2014. Rolling Process Modeling Report: Finite-Element Prediction of Roll Separating Force and Rolling Defects. PNNL-23313. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Rolling Process Modeling Report: Finite-Element Prediction of Roll Separating Force and Rolling Defects
  • Tabei A., S. Ahzi, D. Li, C.A. Lavender, and H. Garmestani. 2014. "Effects of Morphology and Geometry of Inclusions on Two-Point Correlation Statistics in Two Phase Composites." International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Multiscale Mechanics 3, no. 1:1-17. PNNL-SA-114317. doi:10.1504/IJTAMM.2014.069444

2013

  • Joshi V.V., C.A. Lavender, V.S. Moxson, V.A. Duz, E.A. Nyberg, and K.S. Weil. 2013. "Development of Ti-6Al-4V and Ti-1Al-8V-5Fe Alloys Using Low-Cost TiH2, Powder Feedstock." Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance 22, no. 4:995-1003. PNNL-SA-86352. doi:10.1007/s11665-012-0386-x
  • Lavender C.A., D.M. Paxton, M.T. Smith, A. Soulami, V.V. Joshi, and D. Burkes. 2013. Concept Feasibility Report for Using Co-Extrusion to Bond Metals to Complex Shapes of U-10Mo. PNNL-23045. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Concept Feasibility Report for Using Co-Extrusion to Bond Metals to Complex Shapes of U-10Mo
  • Li D., V.V. Joshi, C.A. Lavender, M.A. Khaleel, and S. Ahzi. 2013. "Yield asymmetry design of magnesium alloys by integrated computational materials engineering." Computational Materials Science 79. PNNL-SA-114310. doi:10.1016/j.commatsci.2013.06.045
  • Li D., V.V. Joshi, C.A. Lavender, M.A. Khaleel, and S. Ahzi. 2013. "Yield Asymmetry Design of Magnesium Alloys by Integrated Computational Materials Engineering." Computational Materials Science 79. PNNL-SA-95671. doi:10.1016/j.commatsci.2013.06.045
  • Nyberg E.A., V.V. Joshi, C.A. Lavender, D.M. Paxton, and D. Burkes. 2013. The Influence of Casting Conditions on the Microstructure of As-Cast U-10Mo Alloys: Characterization of the Casting Process Baseline. PNNL-23049. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The Influence of Casting Conditions on the Microstructure of As-Cast U-10Mo Alloys: Characterization of the Casting Process Baseline

2012

  • Joshi V.V., E.A. Nyberg, A. Soulami, D.J. Edwards, A.Z. Chua, and C.A. Lavender. 2012. "In-Plane Compression and Tensile Testing of AZ31B Sheet and their Deformation Mechanisms." In 9th International Conference on Magnesium Alloys and their Applications, July 8-12, 2012, Vancouver, BC, Canada, edited by WJ Poole and KU Kainer. Warrendale, Pennsylvania:TMS. PNNL-SA-85705.
  • Nyberg E.A., V.V. Joshi, C.A. Lavender, and D. Burkes. 2012. Summary of Compression Testing of U-10Mo. PNNL-21932. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Summary of Compression Testing of U-10Mo

2010

2009

  • Hovanski Y., K.S. Weil, and C.A. Lavender. 2009. "Developments in Die Pressing Strategies for Low-Cost Titanium Powders." In TMS 2009 138th Annual Meeting & Exhibition: Supplemental Proceedings, Volume 1: Materials Processing and Properties, 1, 549-556. Warrendale, Pennsylvania:Minteral, Metals & Materials Society. PNNL-SA-66417.
  • Weil K.S., Y. Hovanski, and C.A. Lavender. 2009. "Effects of TiCl4 Purity on the Sinterability of Armstrong-Processed Ti Powder." Journal of Alloys and Compounds 473, no. 1-2:L39-L43. PNNL-SA-55781.

2008

  • Hong S., Y. Hovanski, C.A. Lavender, and K.S. Weil. 2008. "Investigation of Die Stress Profiles during Powder Compaction using Instrumented Die." Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance 17, no. 3:382-386. PNNL-SA-57241. doi:10.1007/s11665-008-9229-1
  • Hovanski Y., C.A. Lavender, and K.S. Weil. 2008. "Evaluation of the Pressing Characteristics of Commercially Pure Titanium Using an Instrumented Double Acting Die." In Advances in Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials: Proceedings of the 2008 World Congress on Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials, III, 199-208. Princeton, New Jersey:Metal Powder Industries Federation (MPIF). PNNL-SA-60672.
  • Lavender C.A., S. Hong, M.T. Smith, R.T. Johnson, and D. Lahrman. 2008. "THE EFFECT OF LASER SHOCK PEENING ON THE LIFE AND FAILURE MODE OF A COLD PILGER DIE." Journal of Materials Processing Technology 204, no. 1-3:486-491. PNNL-SA-58328.

2007

  • Hong S., and C.A. Lavender. 2007. "Tailoring of mechanical properties of hydroformed aluminum tubes." Journal of Materials Processing Technology 189, no. 1-3:477-482. PNNL-SA-53184. doi:10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2007.02.017

2005

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