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Energy and Environment Directorate

Bruce Napier

Bruce Napier

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 375-3896

Biography

Mr. Bruce Napier works with the development and operation of models concerned with the environmental transport of radiological and chemical contaminants. His professional experience includes mathematical modeling and calculation of effects to individuals and populations from releases of various contaminants to the environment, as well as management of specific projects.

Research Interests

  • Historical radiation dose reconstruction
  • Safety and Risk analysis
  • Radiological pathways assessment
  • Environmental impact assessment
  • Model, parameter, and scenario development

Education and Credentials

  • B.S., Nuclear Engineering, Kansas State University, 1975
  • M.S., Nuclear Engineering, Kansas State University, 1977
  • Ongoing Doctoral Studies, Radiological Health Physics, Oregon State University

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • U.S. Delegation to the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR)
  • National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements: Council member since 2002, Board of Directors 2011-2018, Scientific Vice President since 2017
  • Health Physics Society
  • American Academy of Health Physics
  • Adjunct Faculty, Washington State University, Tri-Cities
  • Chair, US/Belarus and US/Ukraine Bi-National Advisory Committees on Chernobyl studies of the National Cancer Institute; NCI Thyroid Advisory Committee
  • Interagency Nuclear Safety Review Panel/Biomedical and Environmental Effects Subpanel
  • Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board
  • Department of Energy Performance Assessment Task Team
  • Department of Energy Subcommittee on Consequence Assessment and Protective Actions
  • Nevada Risk Assessment/Management Program Peer Review Panel

Awards and Recognitions

  • 2004, Fellow, Health Physics Society
  • 1991, Nominated for "Engineer of the Year" award, Washington Society of Professional Engineers
  • 1987, "Health Physicist of the Year" award, Columbia Chapter, Health Physics Society.
  • 1986, Certified by the American Board of Health Physics, recertified through 2015

PNNL Publications

2018

  • Chen S., and B.A. Napier. 2018. "NCRP Program Area Committee 5: Environmental Radiation and Radioactive Waste Issues." Health Physics 114, no. 2:254-256. PNNL-SA-128594. doi:10.1097/HP.0000000000000748

2017

  • Birchall A., V. Vostrotin, M.L. Puncher, A. Efimov, M. Dorrian, A. Sokolova, and B.A. Napier, et al. 2017. "THE MAYAK WORKER DOSIMETRY SYSTEM (MWDS-2013) FOR INTERNALLY DEPOSITED PLUTONIUM: AN OVERVIEW." Radiation Protection Dosimetry 176, no. 1-2:10-31. PNNL-SA-115988. doi:10.1093/rpd/ncx014
  • Napier B.A., P.W. Eslinger, E.I. Tolstykh, M.I. Vorobiova, E.E. Tokareva, B.N. Akhramenko, and V.A. Krivoschapov, et al. 2017. "Calculations of individual doses for Techa River Cohort members exposed to atmospheric radioiodine from Mayak releases." Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 178-179. PNNL-SA-116142. doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2017.08.013
  • Vostrotin V., A. Birchall, A. Zhdanov, M.L. Puncher, A. Efimov, B.A. Napier, and A. Sokolova, et al. 2017. "THE MAYAK WORKER DOSIMETRY SYSTEM (MWDS-2013): INTERNAL DOSIMETRY RESULTS." Radiation Protection Dosimetry 176, no. 1-2:190-201. PNNL-SA-115989. doi:10.1093/rpd/ncw268

2016

  • Chen S., and B.A. Napier. 2016. "NCRP Program Area Committee 5: Environmental Radiation and Radioactive Waste Issues." Health Physics 110, no. 2:109-112. PNNL-SA-113172. doi:10.1097/HP.0000000000000418

2015

  • Bouville A., R.E. Toohey, J. Boice, H.L. Beck, L.T. Dauer, K.F. Eckerman, and D.A. Hagemeyer, et al. 2015. "Dose Reconstruction for the Million Worker Epidemiologic Study: Status and Guidelines." Health Physics 108, no. 2:206-220. PNNL-SA-104885. doi:10.1097/HP.0000000000000231
  • Degteva M.O., N.B. Shagina, E.A. Shishkina, A. Vozilova, A.Y. Volchkova, M.I. Vorobiova, and A. Wieser, et al. 2015. "ANALYSIS OF EPR AND FISH STUDIES OF RADIATION DOSES IN PERSONS WHO LIVED IN THE UPPER REACHES OF THE TECHA RIVER." Radiation and Environmental Biophysics 54, no. 4:433-444. PNNL-SA-109380. doi:10.1007/s00411-015-0611-8
  • Shagina N.B., E.I. Tolstykh, M.O. Degteva, L.R. Anspaugh, and B.A. Napier. 2015. "Age and gender specific biokinetic model for strontium in humans." Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection 35, no. 1:87-127. PNNL-SA-105651. doi:10.1088/0952-4746/35/1/87
  • Stram D., D.L. Preston, M. Sokolnkov, B.A. Napier, K. Kopecky, J. Boice, and H.L. Beck, et al. 2015. "Shared Dosimetry Error in Epidemiological Dose-Response Analyses." PLoS One 10, no. 3:Article No. e0119418. PNNL-SA-107359. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0119418

2014

  • Eslinger P.W., B.A. Napier, and L.R. Anspaugh. 2014. "Representative Doses to Members of the Public from Atmospheric Releases of 131I at the Mayak Production Association Facilities from 1948 through 1972." Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 135. PNNL-SA-100183. doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2014.04.003
  • Napier B.A. 2014. "Joint US/Russian Studies of Population Exposures Resulting from Nuclear Production Activities in the Southern Urals." Health Physics 106, no. 2:294-304. PNNL-SA-94171. doi:10.1097/HP.0000000000000033
  • Napier B.A., and S.B. Yabusaki. 2014. Methodology for Estimating the Aqueous Radionuclide Inventory from a Severe Reactor Accident. PNNL-23147. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2013

  • Eslinger P.W., and B.A. Napier. 2013. Analysis Approach and Data Package for Mayak Public Doses. PNNL-22704. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Eslinger P.W., and B.A. Napier. 2013. User Instructions for the CiderF Individual Dose Code and Associated Utility Codes. PNNL-22699. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Napier B.A. 2013. "NCRP Forty-Eighth Annual Meeting: Radiation Dose and the Impacts on Exposed Populations." Health Physics Society Newsletter XLI, no. 4:1-6. PNNL-SA-94396.
  • Napier B.A., J.P. Rishel, and K.M. Cook. 2013. Dry Deposition Velocity Estimation for the Savannah River Site: Part 2 -- Parametric and Site-Specific Analysis. PNNL-22736. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Napier B.A., M.O. Degteva, N.B. Shagina, and L.R. Anspaugh. 2013. "UNCERTAINTY ANALYSIS FOR THE TECHA RIVER DOSIMETRY SYSTEM." Meditsinskaya Radiologiya i Radiatsionnaya Bezopasnost 58, no. 1:5-28. PNNL-SA-80770.
  • Napier B.A., R.J. Fellows, and L.D. Minc. 2013. Transfer Factors for Contaminant Uptake by Fruit and Nut Trees. PNNL-22975. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Napier B.A., S.F. Snyder, and C. Arimescu. 2013. Additional Research Needs to Support the GENII Biosphere Models. PNNL-22506. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Tolstykh E.I., M.O. Degteva, L.M. Peremyslova, N.B. Shagina, M.I. Vorobiova, L.R. Anspaugh, and B.A. Napier. 2013. "Reconstruction of Long-Lived Radionuclide Intakes for Techa Riverside Residents: Cesium-137." Health Physics 104, no. 5:481-498. PNNL-SA-92488. doi:10.1097/HP.0b013e318285bb7a

2012

  • Degteva M.O., N.B. Shagina, M.I. Vorobiova, L.R. Anspaugh, and B.A. Napier. 2012. "REEVALUATION OF WATERBORNE RELEASES OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS FROM THE MAYAK PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION INTO THE TECHA RIVER IN 1949-1951." Health Physics 102, no. 1:25 - 38. PNNL-SA-80520. doi:10.1097/HP.0b013e318228159a
  • Napier B.A. 2012. "Estimation of Internal Radiation Dose from both Immediate Releases and Continued Exposures to Contaminated Materials." Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection 32, no. 1:N47 - N50. PNNL-SA-85159. doi:10.1088/0952-4746/32/1/N47
  • Napier B.A. 2012. Dry Deposition Velocity Estimation for the Savannah River Site: Part 1 - Parametric Analysis. PNNL-21144. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Shagina N.B., E.I. Tolstykh, M.O. Degteva, L.R. Anspaugh, and B.A. Napier. 2012. "Cortical bone resorption rate in elderly persons: Estimates from long-term in vivo measurements of 90Sr in the skeleton." Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics 54, no. 3:e411-e418. PNNL-SA-80771. doi:10.1016/j.archger.2011.06.039
  • Shagina N.B., V. Golikov, M.O. Degteva, M.I. Vorobiova, L.R. Anspaugh, and B.A. Napier. 2012. "RECONSTRUCTION OF INDIVIDUAL DOSES DUE TO MEDICAL EXPOSURES FOR MEMBERS OF THE TECHA RIVER COHORT." Meditsinskaya Radiologiya i Radiatsionnaya Bezopasnost 57, no. 3:13-25. PNNL-SA-92247.
  • Snyder S.F., C. Arimescu, B.A. Napier, and T.R. Hay. 2012. Recommended Parameter Values for GENII Modeling of Radionuclides in Routine Air and Water Releases. PNNL-21950. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Tolstykh E.I., N.G. Bougrov, V.A. Krivoshchapov, E.A. Shishkina, N.B. Shagina, M.O. Degteva, and L.R. Anspaugh, et al. 2012. "Results of in vivo measurements of strontium-90 body-burden in Urals residents: analyses of data obtained 2006-2012." Radiation Hygiene 5, no. 3:5-11. PNNL-SA-94129.

2011

  • Droppo J.G., B.A. Napier, J.P. Rishel, and R.W. Bloom. 2011. "Use of Source Term and Air Dispersion Modeling in Planning Demolition of Highly Alpha-Contaminated Buildings." In 14th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management (ICEM2011), September 25-29, 3011, Reims, France, 59-65, Paper No. ICEM2011-59254. New York, New York:ASME. PNNL-SA-80838. doi:10.1115/ICEM2011-59254
  • Napier B.A. 2011. GENII Version 2 Users' Guide. PNNL-14583 Rev. 3. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Napier B.A., D.L. Strenge, J.V. Ramsdell, P.W. Eslinger, and C.J. Fosmire. 2011. GENII Version 2 Software Design Document. PNNL-14584 Rev. 3. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Napier B.A., J.G. Droppo, and J.P. Rishel. 2011. Air Dispersion Modeling of Radioactive Releases During Proposed PFP Complex Demolition Activities. PNNL-20173. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Napier B.A., J.G. Droppo, and J.P. Rishel. 2011. Air Monitoring Modeling of Radioactive Releases During Proposed PFP Complex Demolition Activities. PNNL-20113. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Napier B.A., J.P. Rishel, and N.E. Bixler. 2011. Final Review of Safety Assessment Issues at Savannah River Site, August 2011. PNNL-20990. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Napier B.A., J.P. Rishel, and N.E. Bixler. 2011. Preliminary Review of Safety Assessment Issues at Savannah River Site, August 2011. PNNL-20734. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Tolstykh E.I., M.O. Degteva, L.M. Peremyslova, N.B. Shagina, E.A. Shishkina, V.A. Krivoshchapov, and L.R. Anspaugh, et al. 2011. "RECONSTRUCTION OF LONG-LIVED RADIONUCLIDE INTAKES FOR TECHA RIVERSIDE RESIDENTS: STRONTIUM-90." Health Physics 101, no. 1:28-47. PNNL-SA-79526. doi:10.1097/HP.0b013e318206d0ff
  • Tolstykh E.I., N.B. Shagina, M.O. Degteva, L.R. Anspaugh, and B.A. Napier. 2011. "Does the cortical bone resorption rate change due to 90Sr-radiation exposure? Analysis of data from Techa Riverside residents." Radiation and Environmental Biophysics 50, no. 3:417-430. PNNL-SA-79525.

2010

  • Napier B.A., J.P. Rishel, J.G. Droppo, K.E. Joyce, and D.J. Strom. 2010. Analysis of Radioactive Releases During Proposed Demolition Activities for the 224-U and 224-UA Buildings - Addendum. PNNL-18332 Addendum. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2009

  • Anspaugh L.R., and B.A. Napier. 2009. MINOR PARAMETERS NEEDED FOR INDIVIDUAL-DOSE CALCULATIONS: Final Report for Tasks 7.1, 7.2, 8.1, 8.2, 9.1, 9.2, and 9.3. PNNL-18917. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Degteva M.O., L.R. Anspaugh, and B.A. Napier. 2009. FURTHER STUDIES ON UNCERTAINTY, CONFOUNDING, AND VALIDATION OF THE DOSES IN THE TECHA RIVER DOSIMETRY SYSTEM: Concluding Progress Report on the Second Phase of Project 1.1. PNNL-18914. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Degteva M.O., N.B. Shagina, E.I. Tolstykh, M.I. Vorobiova, L.R. Anspaugh, and B.A. Napier. 2009. Individual Dose Calculations with Use of the Revised Techa River Dosimetry System TRDS-2009D. PNNL-18915. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Mokrov Y., S.I. Rovny, L.R. Anspaugh, and B.A. Napier. 2009. RECONSTRUCTION OF DOSE TO THE RESIDENTS OF OZERSK FROM THE OPERATION OF THE MAYAK PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION: 1948-2002: Progress Report on Project 1.4. PNNL-18911. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Napier B.A., J.P. Rishel, and J.G. Droppo. 2009. Analysis of Radioactive Releases During Proposed Demolition Activities for the 224-U and 224-UA Buildings. PNNL-18332. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Napier B.A., M.O. Degteva, L.R. Anspaugh, and N.B. Shagina. 2009. ASSESSMENT OF UNCERTAINTY IN THE RADIATION DOSES FOR THE TECHA RIVER DOSIMETRY SYSTEM. PNNL-18913. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Rovny S.I., Y. Mokrov, P.M. Stukalov, D.A. Beregich, I.I. Teplyakov, L.R. Anspaugh, and B.A. Napier. 2009. Methods For Calculating Thyroid Doses to The Residents Of Ozersk Due to 131I Releases From The Stacks of The Mayak Production Association. PNNL-18916. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2008

  • Akleyev A.V., L.Y. Krestinina, D.L. Preston, F. Davis, M.O. Degteva, L.R. Anspaugh, and N.V. Startsev, et al. 2008. "Radiogenic Risk of Malignant Neoplasms for Techa Riverside Residents." Meditsinskaia radiologiia i radiatsionnaia bezopasnost 53, no. 6:5-26. PNNL-SA-63185.
  • Droppo J.G., and B.A. Napier. 2008. "Wind Direction Bias in Generating Wind Roses and Conducting Sector-Based Air-Dispersion Modeling." Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association 58, no. 7:913-918. PNNL-SA-54826. doi:10.3155/1047-3289.58.7.913
  • Glagolenko Y.V., E.G. Drozhko, Y. Mokrov, N.P. Pyatin, S.I. Rovny, L.R. Anspaugh, and B.A. Napier. 2008. "METHODS AND RESULTS OF RECONSTRUCTION OF NOBLE GAS RELEASES FROM THE STACKS OF THE MAYAK PA GRAPHITE REACTORS OVER THE WHOLE PERIOD OF THEIR OPERATION." Radiation Safety Problems. PNNL-SA-60987.
  • Glagolenko Y.V., E.G. Drozhko, Y. Mokrov, N.P. Pyatin, S.I. Rovny, L.R. Anspaugh, and B.A. Napier. 2008. "RECONSTRUCTION OF 131I RELEASES FROM STACKS OF THE RADIOCHEMICAL PLANT OF THE MAYAK PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION FOR THE PERIOD FROM 1948 TO 1967." Radiation Safety Problems. PNNL-SA-60989.
  • Glagolenko Y.V., E.G. Drozhko, Y. Mokrov, S.I. Rovny, A.v. Lyzhkov, L.R. Anspaugh, and B.A. Napier. 2008. "METHODS FOR RECONSTRUCTION OF RADIONUCLIDE COMPOSITION AND ACTIVITY OF FISSION PRODUCTS ACCUMULATED IN THE IRRADIATED URANIUM AT THE MOMENT OF ITS RADIOCHEMICAL REPROCESSING AT PLANT “B”, “MAYAK” PA IN THE EARLY 1950s." Radiation Safety Problems. PNNL-SA-60988.
  • Glagolenko Y.V., E.G. Drozhko, Y. Mokrov, S.I. Rovny, D.A. Beregich, P.M. Stukalov, and I.A. Ivanov, et al. 2008. "RECONSTRUCTION OF EXTERNAL DOSES TO OZYORSK RESIDENTS DUE TO ATMOSPHERIC RELEASES OF INERT RADIOACTIVE GASES FROM THE STACKS OF THE “MAYAK” PA REACTOR PLANT FROM 1948 TO 1989." Radiation Safety Problems. PNNL-SA-60990.
  • Mokrov Y., V.Z. Martyushov, P.M. Stukalov, I.A. Ivanov, D.A. Beregich, L.R. Anspaugh, and B.A. Napier. 2008. "FOOD CONSUMPTION PATTERNS OF THE OZYORSK POPULATION IN 1948-1966, IMPORTANT FOR ESTIMATING PERORAL COMPONENT OF INTERNAL EXPOSURE DOSES." Radiation Safety Problems. PNNL-SA-60986.
  • Napier B.A., M.O. Degteva, and L.R. Anspaugh. 2008. ASSESSMENT OF VARIOUS TYPES OF UNCERTAINTY IN THE TECHA RIVER DOSIMETRY SYSTEM. PNNL-17508. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2007

  • Bunn A.L., T.B. Miley, P.W. Eslinger, C.A. Brandt, and B.A. Napier. 2007. Uranium in the Near-shore Aquatic Food Chain: Studies on Periphyton and Asian Clams. PNNL-17169. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Degteva M.O., N.B. Shagina, E.I. Tolstykh, N.G. Bougrov, V.I. Zalyapin, L.R. Anspaugh, and B.A. Napier. 2007. "AN APPROACH TO REDUCTION OF UNCERTAINTIES IN INTERNAL DOSES RECONSTRUCTED FOR THE TECHA RIVER POPULATION." Radiation Protection Dosimetry 127, no. 1-4:480-485. PNNL-SA-52090. doi:10.1093/rpd/ncm410
  • Droppo J.G., B.A. Napier, E.R. Lloyd, D.S. Mantooth, M.J. Minette, and E.M. Mattlin. 2007. "Operational Limitations for Demolition of a Highly Alpha-Contaminated Building - Modeled Versus Measured Air and Surface Activity Concentrations." In 2007 Health Physics Society Midyear Topical Meeting - Decontamination, Decommissioning, and Environmental Cleanup, January 21-24, 2007, Knoxville, Tennessee, 351-357. Mclean, Virginia:Health Physics Society. PNNL-SA-52608.
  • Fritz B.G., R.L. Dirkes, and B.A. Napier. 2007. Soil Sampling to Demonstrate Compliance with Department of Energy Radiological Clearance Requirements for the ALE Unit of the Hanford Reach National Monument. PNNL-14937 Rev. 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Fritz B.G., R.L. Dirkes, and B.A. Napier. 2007. Soil Sampling to Demonstrate Compliance with Department of Energy Radiological Clearance Requirements for the McGee Ranch-Riverlands and North Slope Units of the Hanford Reach National Monument. PNNL-16883. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Miley T.B., A.L. Bunn, B.A. Napier, R.E. Peterson, and J.M. Becker. 2007. Current Conditions Risk Assessment for the 300-FF-5 Groundwater Operable Unit. PNNL-16454 Rev. 0. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Napier B.A. 2007. "Book Review: Radiological Conditions in the Dnieper River Basin: Assessment by an International Expert Team and Recommendations for an Action Plan." Radiation Protection Dosimetry 123, no. 4:554-556. PNNL-SA-53164.
  • Napier B.A., E.A. Schmieman, and O.V. Voitsekhovitch. 2007. "Radioactive Waste Management and Environmental Contamination Issues at the Chernobyl Site." Health Physics 93, no. 5:441-451. PNNL-SA-51017.

2006

  • Anspaugh L.R., M.O. Degteva, M.I. Vorobiova, Y. Mokrov, and B.A. Napier. 2006. "Dosimetry for members of the extended Techa River cohort." Health Physics 91, no. 4:393-394. PNNL-SA-52204.
  • Degteva M.O., M.I. Vorobiova, E.I. Tolstykh, N.B. Shagina, E.A. Shishkina, L.R. Anspaugh, and B.A. Napier, et al. 2006. "DEVELOPMENT OF AN IMPROVED DOSE-RECONSTRUCTION SYSTEM FOR THE TECHA RIVER POPULATION AFFECTED BY THE OPERATION OF THE MAYAK PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION." Radiation Research 166, no. 1:255-270. PNNL-SA-39990.

2005

  • Degteva M.O., L.R. Anspaugh, A.V. Akleyev, P. Jacob, D.V. Ivanov, A. Wieser, and M.I. Vorobiova, et al. 2005. "Electron Paramagnetic Resonance and Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization-Based Investigations of Individual Doses for Persons Living at Metlino in the Upper Reaches of the Techa River." Health Physics 88, no. 2:139 - 153. PNNL-SA-44365.
  • Degteva M.O., L.R. Anspaugh, A.V. Akleyev, P. Jacob, D.V. Ivanov, A. Wieser, and M.I. Vorobiova, et al. 2005. "Electron Paramagnetic Resonance and Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization-Based Investigations of Individual Doses for Persons Living at Metlino in the Upper Reaches of the Techa River." Health Physics 88, no. 2:139-153. PNNL-SA-40434. doi:10.1097/01.HP.0000146612.69488.9c
  • Napier B.A., and J.V. Ramsdell. 2005. Atmospheric Data Package for the Composite Analysis. PNNL-14599 Rev. 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Scott M.J., C.A. Brandt, A.L. Bunn, D.W. Engel, P.W. Eslinger, T.B. Miley, and B.A. Napier, et al. 2005. "Modeling long-term risk to environmental and human systems at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation: Scope and findings from the initial model." Environmental Management 35, no. 1:84-98. PNNL-SA-37678.
  • Thiessen K.M., B.A. Napier, V. Filistovic, T. Homma, B. Kanyar, P. Krajewski, and A.I. Kryshev, et al. 2005. "Model Testing Using Data on 131I Released from Hanford." Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 84, no. 2:211 - 224. PNNL-SA-37108.

2004

  • Hoffman F.O., L.R. Anspaugh, A.I. Apostoaei, H.L. Beck, A. Bouville, B.A. Napier, and S.L. Simon. 2004. "Credibility of Uncertainty Analyses for 131-I Pathway Assessments." Health Physics 86, no. 5:536 - 538. PNNL-SA-42503.
  • Last G.V., V.J. Rohay, F.J. Schelling, A.L. Bunn, M.A. Delamare, R.L. Dirkes, and R.D. Hildebrand, et al. 2004. "A Comprehensive and Systematic Approach to Developing and Documenting Conceptual Models of Contaminant Release and Migration at the Hanford Site." Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment 18, no. 2:109-116. PNNL-SA-36387.
  • Napier B.A. 2004. GENII Version 2 Users' Guide. PNNL-14583. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Napier B.A., and J.V. Ramsdell. 2004. Atmospheric Data Package for the 2004 Composite Analysis. PNNL-14599 Rev. 0. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Napier B.A., and W.M. Glines. 2004. Authorized Limits Request: Radiological Clearance of Select Hanford Reach National Monument Lands. PNNL-14622. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Napier B.A., D.L. Strenge, J.V. Ramsdell, P.W. Eslinger, and C.J. Fosmire. 2004. GENII Version 2 Software Design Document. PNNL-14584. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Napier B.A., K.M. Krupka, R.J. Fellows, D.A. Cataldo, M.M. Valenta, and T.J. Gilmore. 2004. Assessment of Food Chain Pathway Parameters in Biosphere Models: Annual Progress Report for Fiscal Year 2004. PNNL-14955. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Napier B.A., W.E. Kennedy, T.A. Ikenberry, M.M. Hunacek, and A.M. Kennedy. 2004. Technical Basis for the Derivation of Authorized Limits for Units of the Hanford Reach National Monument. PNNL-14531. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Ramsdell J.V., B.A. Napier, and D.C. Timmins. 2004. "Radiation Accident Analysis for the Chernobyl New Safe Confinement." In Proceedings of the 14th Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference, March 21-25, 2004, Honolulu, Hawaii. La Grange Park, Illinois:American Nuclear Society. PNWD-SA-6261.

2003

  • Ansbaugh L.R., M.O. Degteva, V.P. Kozheurov, B.A. Napier, E.I. Tolstykh, and M.I. Vorobiova. 2003. "Environmental Radiation Dose Reconstruction for U.S. and Russian Weapons Production Facilities: Hanford and Mayak." In Risk Methodologies for Technological Legacies, edited by James G. Droppo, Dennis Bley, Vitaly A. Eremenko. 149-179. Dordrecht:Kluwer Academic. PNNL-SA-38043.
  • Anspaugh L.R., E.A. Shishkina, V.A. Shved, M.O. Degteva, E.I. Tolstykh, and B.A. Napier. 2003. "COMMENT ON PAPER BY HAYES, HASKELL, AND KENNER [Letter]." Health Physics 85. PNNL-SA-39991.
  • Robertson D.E., D.A. Cataldo, B.A. Napier, K.M. Krupka, and L.B. Sasser. 2003. Literature Review and Assessment of Plant and Animal Transfer Factors Used in Performance Assessment Modeling. PNNL-14321; NUREG/CR-6825. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Shagina N.B., E.I. Tolstykh, V.I. Zalyapin, M.O. Degteva, V.P. Kozheurov, E.E. Tokareva, and L.R. Anspaugh, et al. 2003. "Evaluation of Age and Gender Dependences of the Rate of Strontium elimination 25-45 Years after Intake: Analysis of Data from Residents Living along the Techa River." Radiation Research 159. PNNL-SA-38272.
  • Staven L.H., B.A. Napier, K. Rhoads, and D.L. Strenge. 2003. A Compendium of Transfer Factors for Agricultural and Animal Products. PNNL-13421. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Tolstykh E.I., E.A. Shishkina, M.O. Degteva, D.V. Ivanov, V.A. Shved, S.N. Bayankin, and L.R. Anspaugh, et al. 2003. "AGE DEPENDENCIES OF 90Sr INCORPORATION IN DENTAL TISSUES: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DIFFERENT KINDS OF MEASUREMENTS OBTAINED FOR RESIDENTS ON THE TECHA RIVER." Health Physics 85, no. 4:409 - 419. PNNL-SA-39989.

2002

  • Degteva M.O., N.B. Shagina, E.I. Tolstykh, M.I. Vorobiova, B.A. Napier, and L.R. Anspaugh. 2002. "Studies on the Techa river populations: dosimetry." Radiation and Environmental Biophysics 41, no. 1:41-44. PNNL-SA-31659.
  • Khokhryakov V.V., E.G. Drozhko, Y.V. Glagolenko, S.I. Rovny, E.K. Vasilenko, A. Suslov, and L.R. Anspaugh, et al. 2002. "Studies on the Ozyorsk population: dosimetry." Radiation and Environmental Biophysics 41, no. 1:33-35. PNNL-SA-31657.
  • Kossenko M.M., D.L. Preston, L.Y. Krestinina, M.O. Degteva, N.V. Startsev, T. Thomas, and O.V. Vyushkova, et al. 2002. "Studies on the extended Techa river cohort: cancer risk estimation." Radiation and Environmental Biophysics 41, no. 4:45-48. PNNL-SA-31661.
  • Kozheurov V.P., V.I. Zalyapin, N.B. Shagina, E.E. Tokareva, M.O. Degteva, E.I. Tolstykh, and L.R. Anspaugh, et al. 2002. "Evaluation of uncertainties in 90Sr-body-burdens obtained by whole-body count: application of Bayes' rule to derive detection limits by analysis of a posteriori data." Applied Radiation and Isotopes 57. PNNL-SA-37106.
  • Napier B.A. 2002. "A Re-Evaluation of the 131I Atmospheric Releases from the Hanford Site." Health Physics 83, no. 2:204 - 226. PNWD-SA-5373.
  • Thiessen K.M., B.A. Napier, V. Filistovic, T. Homma, B. Kanyar, P. Krajewski, and A.I. Kryshev, et al. 2002. "Model Testing Using Data from Accidental Releases of 131I and 137Cs: 1: Model Testing Using Data on 131I Released from Hanford." In Proceedings of the International Conference on Radioactivity in the Environment, Monaco, Sept. 1-5, 2002, edited by P Strand, P Borretzen and T Jolle, 313-320. Amsterdam:Elsevier. PNNL-SA-40789.

2001

  • Degteva M.O., V.P. Kozheurov, E.I. Tolstykh, M.I. Vorobiova, L.R. Anspaugh, and B.A. Napier. 2001. "Evaluation of the Stochastic Effects of Low-Dose Radiation: Dose Reconstruction for the Techa River Cohort in Russia." In Proceedings of the Bioastronautics Investigators Workshop, January 17-19, 2001, 290-291. Houston, Texas:Universities Space Research Association. PNNL-SA-31748.
  • Napier B.A. 2001. "Computer Modeling Codes for Radiological and Chemical Airborne Releases." Health Physics 81 Suppl., no. 4:S15-S17. PNNL-SA-35090.
  • Napier B.A., N.B. Shagina, M.O. Degteva, E.I. Tolstykh, M.I. Vorobiova, and L.R. Anspaugh. 2001. "Preliminary uncertainty analysis for the doses estimated using the Techa River dosimetry system - 2000." Health Physics 81, no. 4:395-405. PNNL-SA-31658.
  • Napier B.A., P.W. Eslinger, W.E. Nichols, and L. Anderlini. 2001. "Improvements in Modeling Sagebrush Concentrations of Radioiodine Released from the Hanford Site." Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 54, no. 3:377-389. PNNL-SA-33571.

2000

  • Degteva M.O., M.I. Vorobiova, E.I. Tolstykh, N.B. Shagina, V.P. Kozheurov, L.P. Anspaugh, and B.A. Napier. 2000. "Dosimetric System for the River Techa: Dose Reconstruction for Long-term Radiation Risk Effects." Voprosi Radiatsionnoy Byezopasnosti. PNNL-SA-31749.
  • Degteva M.O., M.I. Vorobiova, V.P. Kozheurov, E.I. Tolstykh, L.R. Anspaugh, and B.A. Napier. 2000. "Dose reconstruction system for the exposed population living along the Techa River." Health Physics 78, no. 5:542-554. PNNL-SA-31655.
  • Degteva M.O., V.P. Kozheurov, E.I. Tolstykh, M.I. Vorobiova, L.R. Anspaugh, B.A. Napier, and A.N. Kovtun. 2000. "The Techa River Dosimetry System: Methods for the reconstruction of internal dose." Health Physics 79, no. 1:24-35. PNNL-SA-31660.
  • Mokrov Y., Y.V. Glagolenko, and B.A. Napier. 2000. "Reconstruction of Radionuclide Contamination of the Techa River caused by Liquid Waste Discharge from Radiochemical Production at the Mayak Production Association." Health Physics 79, no. 1:15-23. PNNL-SA-31662.

1999

  • Napier B.A. 1999. "Half a Century of Nordic Nuclear Co-operation - An Insider's Recollections." Health Physics 76, no. 4:442. PNNL-SA-31750.
  • Napier B.A. 1999. "Radiological Conditions at the Semipalatinsk Test Site, Kazakhstan: Preliminary Assessment and Recommendations for Further Study." Health Physics 77, no. 1:102. PNNL-SA-31587.
  • Napier B.A. 1999. "Radiological Conditions of the Western Kara Sea: Assessment of the Radiological Impact of the Dumping of Radioactive Waste in the Arctic Seas." Health Physics 77, no. 1:102-103. PNNL-SA-31586.
  • Vorobiova M.I., M.O. Degteva, D.S. Burmistrov, N.G. Safronova, V.P. Kozheurov, L.R. Anspaugh, and B.A. Napier. 1999. "Review of historical monitoring data on Techa River contamination." Health Physics 76, no. 6:605-618. PNNL-SA-31656.

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