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Energy and Environment Directorate

Michael Schweiger

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 375-2466

Biography

Mike Schweiger specializes in the materials science field of glass and ceramics. His expertise is in glass processing and materials development. Mr. Schweiger, who joined the Laboratory in 1984, has worked with glass as a means for disposing of radioactive and hazardous wastes, as a sealing material for high temperature applications, as a means for transmitting light for photonic sensors, and for improving properties for processing commercial glasses.

Education and Credentials

  • B.A., Education, with major in Natural Sciences, Eastern Washington University, 1979

PNNL Patents

PNNL Publications

2018

  • Jin T., J. Chun, D.R. Dixon, D. Kim, J.V. Crum, C.C. Bonham, and B.J. Vanderveer, et al. 2018. "Melter Feed Viscosity during Conversion to Glass: Comparison between Low-Activity Waste and High-Level Waste Feeds." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 101, no. 5:1880-1891. PNNL-SA-127329. doi:10.1111/jace.15352
  • Luksic S.A., D. Kim, W. Um, G. Wang, M.J. Schweiger, C.Z. Soderquist, and W.W. Lukens, et al. 2018. "Effect of Technetium-99 Sources on Its Retention in Low Activity Waste Glass." Journal of Nuclear Materials 503. PNNL-SA-125641. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.02.019
  • Riley B.J., J.V. Crum, W.C. Buchmiller, B.T. Rieck, M.J. Schweiger, and J.D. Vienna. 2018. "Laboratory-scale quartz crucible melter tests for vitrifying a high-MoO3 raffinate waste simulant." Progress in Nuclear Energy 110. PNNL-SA-128158. doi:10.1016/j.pnucene.2018.08.022
  • Riley B.J., P.R. Hrma, J.V. Crum, J.D. Vienna, M.J. Schweiger, C.P. Rodriguez, and J.A. Peterson. 2018. "Liquidus temperature in the spinel primary phase field: A comparison between optical and crystal fraction methods." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 483. PNNL-SA-128799. doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2017.11.033
  • Saslow S.A., W. Um, C.I. Pearce, M.E. Bowden, M.H. Engelhard, W.W. Lukens, and D. Kim, et al. 2018. "Cr(VI) Effect on Tc-99 Removal from Hanford Low-Activity Waste Simulant by Ferrous Hydroxide." Environmental Science & Technology 52, no. 20:11752-11759. PNNL-SA-135971. doi:10.1021/acs.est.8b03314

2017

  • Dixon D.R., D.A. Cutforth, B.J. Vanderveer, M.J. Schweiger, and P.R. Hrma. 2017. "Effect of Silica Particle Size of Nuclear Waste-to-Glass Conversion - 17319." In Proceedings of the 34rd Annual Waste Management Conference (WM 2017): Education & Opportunity in Waste Management, March 5-9, 2017, Phoenix, Arizona, 4, 2734-2745. Tempe, Arizona:Waste Management Symposia, Inc. PNNL-SA-122292.
  • Hujova M., R. Pokorny, J. Klouzek, D.R. Dixon, D.A. Cutforth, S. Lee, and B.P. McCarthy, et al. 2017. "Determination of Heat Conductivity of Waste Glass Feed and its Applicability for Modeling the Batch-to-Glass Conversion." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 100, no. 11:5096-5106. PNNL-SA-127403. doi:10.1111/jace.15052
  • Lee S., P.R. Hrma, R. Pokorny, J. Klouzek, B.J. Vanderveer, D.R. Dixon, and S.A. Luksic, et al. 2017. "Effect of melter feed foaming on heat flux to the cold cap." Journal of Nuclear Materials 496. PNNL-SA-124642. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.09.016
  • Russell R.L., T. Jin, B.P. McCarthy, L.P. Darnell, D.E. Rinehart, C.C. Bonham, and V. Gervasio, et al. 2017. Enhanced Hanford Low-Activity Waste Glass Property Data Development: Phase 1. PNNL-26630 Rev 0. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Saslow S.A., W. Um, C.I. Pearce, M.H. Engelhard, M.E. Bowden, W.W. Lukens, and I.I. Leavy, et al. 2017. "Reduction and Simultaneous Removal of 99Tc and Cr by Fe(OH)2(s) Mineral Transformation." Environmental Science & Technology 51, no. 15:8635-8642. PNNL-SA-125836. doi:10.1021/acs.est.7b02278
  • Um W., S.A. Luksic, G. Wang, S.A. Saslow, D. Kim, M.J. Schweiger, and C.Z. Soderquist, et al. 2017. "Enhanced 99Tc Retention in Glass Waste Form using Tc(IV)-Incorporated." Journal of Nuclear Materials 495, no. C:455-462. PNNL-SA-123344. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.09.007
  • Xu K., P.R. Hrma, N.M. Washton, M.J. Schweiger, and A.A. Kruger. 2017. "Conversion of Nuclear Waste to Molten Glass: Formation of Porous Amorphous Alumina in a High-Al Melter Feed." Journal of Nuclear Materials 483. PNNL-SA-118421. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.11.005

2016

  • Banerjee D., D. Kim, M.J. Schweiger, A.A. Kruger, and P.K. Thallapally. 2016. "Removal of TcO4- ions from Solution: Materials and Future Outlook." Chemical Society Reviews 45, no. 10:2724-2739. PNNL-SA-117349. doi:10.1039/c5cs00330j
  • Banerjee D., S.K. Elsaidi, B.A. Aguila, B. Li, D. Kim, M.J. Schweiger, and A.A. Kruger, et al. 2016. "Removal of Pertechnetate-Related Oxyanion from Solution Using Functionalized Hierarchical Porous Frameworks." Chemistry - A European Journal 22, no. 49:17581-17584. PNNL-SA-122537. doi:10.1002/chem.201603908
  • Banerjee D., W. Xu, Z. Nie, L. Johnson, C. Coghlan, M.L. Sushko, and D. Kim, et al. 2016. "Zirconium-Based Metal-Organic Frameworkds for Removal of Perrhenate from Water." Inorganic Chemistry 55, no. 17:8241-8243. PNNL-SA-116173. doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b01004
  • Dixon D.R., M.J. Schweiger, S. Lee, J.S. Heilman-Moore, and P.R. Hrma. 2016. "Effect of Feed Composition on Cold-Cap Formation in Laboratory-Scale Melter." In Annual Waste Management Symposium (WM2016), March 6-10, 2016, Phoenix, Arizona, 2, 1384-1391; Paper No. 16336. Tempe, Arizona:Waste Management Symposia, Inc. PNNL-SA-114378.
  • Kroll J.O., J.D. Vienna, and M.J. Schweiger. 2016. "Effects of Al2O3, B2O3, Li2O, Na2O, and SiO2 on Nepheline Crystallization in Hanford High Level Waste Glasses." In Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Energy Technologies V: Ceramic Transactions, edited by T Ohji, et al, 260, 159-169. Hoboken, New Jersey:John Wiley & Sons Inc. PNNL-SA-114219. doi:10.1002/9781119323624.ch15
  • Mohd Fadzil S., P.R. Hrma, M.J. Schweiger, and B.J. Riley. 2016. "Component effects on crystallization of RE-containing aluminoborosilicate glass." Journal of Nuclear Materials 478. PNNL-SA-121537. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.06.018
  • Smith F.N., W. Um, C.D. Taylor, D. Kim, M.J. Schweiger, and A.A. Kruger. 2016. "Computational Investigation of Technetium(IV) Incorporation into Inverse Spinels: Magnetite (Fe3O4) and Trevorite (NiFe2O4)." Environmental Science & Technology 50, no. 10:5216-5224. PNNL-SA-115782. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b00200
  • Vienna J.D., M.J. Schweiger, C.C. Bonham, J.B. Lang, B.P. McCarthy, Y.S. Chou, and S.K. Cooley, et al. 2016. "Development of High Alumina Glass Property Data for Hanford High-Level Waste Glass Models - 16231." In Waste Management 2016 (WM 2016): Education & Opportunity in Waste Management, March 6-10, 2016, Phoenix, Arizona, 2, 994-1003. Phoenix, Arizona:WM Symposia. PNNL-SA-115610.
  • Xu K., P.R. Hrma, J.A. Rice, M.J. Schweiger, B.J. Riley, N.R. Overman, and A.A. Kruger. 2016. "Conversion of Nuclear Waste to Molten Glass: Cold-Cap Reactions in Crucible Tests." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 99, no. 9:2964-2970. PNNL-SA-115889. doi:10.1111/jace.14310

2015

  • Dixon D.R., M.J. Schweiger, B.J. Riley, R. Pokorny, and P.R. Hrma. 2015. "Cold-Cap Temperature Profile Comparison between the Laboratory and Mathematical Model." In Annual Waste Management Symposium (WM 2015), March 15-19, 2015, Phoenix, Arizona, 2, 1553-1566. Tucson, Arizona:Waste Management Symposia, Inc. PNNL-SA-106678.
  • Dixon D.R., M.J. Schweiger, B.J. Riley, R. Pokorny, and P.R. Hrma. 2015. "Temperature Distribution within a Cold Cap during Nuclear Waste Vitrification." Environmental Science & Technology 49, no. 14:8856-8863. PNNL-SA-108118. doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b00931
  • Jin T., D. Kim, A.E. Tucker, M.J. Schweiger, and A.A. Kruger. 2015. "Reactions during melting of low-activity waste glasses and their effects on the retention of rhenium as a surrogate for technetium-99." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 425. PNNL-SA-108046. doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2015.05.018
  • Jin T., D. Kim, and M.J. Schweiger. 2015. "Effect of Sulfate on Rhenium Partitioning during Melting of Low-Activity Waste Glass Feeds." In WM Symposia (WM 2014): 40 Years of Meeting Global Radioactive Waste Management Challenges, March 2-6, 2014, Phoenix, Arizona, Paper No. 14116. Tempe, Arizona:WM Symposia. PNNL-SA-99664.
  • Kroll J.O., M.J. Schweiger, and J.D. Vienna. 2015. "SCOPING MELTING STUDIES OF HIGH ALUMINA WASTE GLASS COMPOSITIONS." In Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Energy Technologies IV: Ceramic Transactions, edited by J Matyas, et al, 253. Hoboken, New Jersey:John Wiley & Sons, Inc. PNNL-SA-105987. doi:10.1002/9781119190042.ch4
  • Luksic S.A., B.J. Riley, M.J. Schweiger, and P.R. Hrma. 2015. "Incorporating Technetium in Minerals and Other Solids: A Review." Journal of Nuclear Materials 466. PNNL-SA-110310. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.08.052
  • Mohd Fadzil S., P.R. Hrma, M.J. Schweiger, and B.J. Riley. 2015. "Liquidus temperature and chemical durability of selected glasses to immobilize rare earth oxides waste." Journal of Nuclear Materials 465. PNNL-SA-111234. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.06.050
  • Peeler D.K., D. Kim, J.D. Vienna, M.J. Schweiger, and G.F. Piepel. 2015. Office of River Protection Advanced Low-Activity Waste Glass Research and Development Plan. PNNL-24883; EWG-RPT-008. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Peeler D.K., J.D. Vienna, M.J. Schweiger, K.M. Fox, and K.M. Fox. 2015. Advanced High-Level Waste Glass Research and Development Plan. PNNL-24450. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Um W., S.A. Luksic, G. Wang, D. Kim, M.J. Schweiger, P.R. Hrma, and A.A. Kruger. 2015. "Development of Tc(IV)-Incorporated Fe Minerals to Enhance 99Tc Retention in Glass Waste Form." In Annual Waste Mangement Symposium (WM2015), March 15 - 19, 2015, Phoenix, Arizona, 7, 5451-5457. Tucson, Arizona:Waste Mangement Symposia, Inc. PNNL-SA-106483.
  • Xu K., D.A. Pierce, P.R. Hrma, M.J. Schweiger, and A.A. Kruger. 2015. "Rhenium volatilization in waste glasses." Journal of Nuclear Materials 464. PNNL-SA-107950. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.05.005
  • Xu K., P.R. Hrma, J.A. Rice, B.J. Riley, M.J. Schweiger, and J.V. Crum. 2015. "Melter Feed Reactions at T = 700°C for Nuclear Waste Vitrification." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 98, no. 10:3105-3111. PNNL-SA-102293. doi:10.1111/jace.13766

2014

  • Dixon D.R., M.J. Schweiger, and P.R. Hrma. 2014. "Characterizing a High-Level Waste Cold Cap via Elemental and Structural Configuration." In Waste Management Symposia (WM 2014), March 2-6, 2014, Phoenix, Arizona. Tucson, Arizona:WM Symposia, Inc. PNNL-SA-99526.
  • Gassman P.L., J.S. McCloy, C.Z. Soderquist, and M.J. Schweiger. 2014. "Raman Analysis of Perrhenate and Pertechnetate in Alkali Salts and Borosilicate Glasses." Journal of Raman Spectroscopy 45, no. 1:139-147. PNNL-SA-96638. doi:10.1002/jrs.4427
  • Marcial J., J. Chun, P.R. Hrma, and M.J. Schweiger. 2014. "Effect of Bubbles and Silica Dissolution on Melter Feed Rheology during Conversion to Glass." Environmental Science & Technology 48, no. 20:12173-12180. PNNL-SA-101140. doi:10.1021/es5018625
  • Marcial J., J. Chun, P.R. Hrma, and M.J. Schweiger. 2014. "The Effect of Foaming and Silica Dissolution on Melter Feed Rheology during Conversion to Glass." In Waste Management 2014 (WM2014 Conference): 40 Years of Meeting Global Radioactive Waste Management Challenges, March 2-6, 2014, Phoenix, Arizona, Paper No. 14476. Tempe, Arizona:WM Symposia. PNNL-SA-99519.
  • Rice J.A., R. Pokorny, M.J. Schweiger, and P.R. Hrma. 2014. "Determination of heat conductivity and thermal diffusivity of waste glass melter feed: Extension to high temperatures." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 97, no. 6:1952-1958. PNNL-SA-100594. doi:10.1111/jace.12971
  • Riley B.J., M.J. Schweiger, D. Kim, W.W. Lukens, B.D. Williams, C. Iovin, and C.P. Rodriguez, et al. 2014. "Iodine Solubility in Low-Activity Waste Borosilicate Glass at 1000 °C." Journal of Nuclear Materials 452, no. 1-3:178-188. PNNL-SA-100866. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2014.04.027
  • Rodriguez C.P., J. Chun, M.J. Schweiger, A.A. Kruger, and P.R. Hrma. 2014. "Application of evolved gas analysis to cold-cap reactions of melter feeds for nuclear waste vitrification." Thermochimica Acta 592. PNNL-SA-97707. doi:10.1016/j.tca.2014.06.022
  • Smith G.L., D. Kim, M.J. Schweiger, J.C. Marra, J.B. Lang, J.V. Crum, and C.L. Crawford, et al. 2014. Silicate Based Glass Formulations for Immobilization of U.S. Defense Wastes Using Cold Crucible Induction Melters. PNNL-23288; EMSP-RPT-021. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Soderquist C.Z., M.J. Schweiger, D. Kim, W.W. Lukens, and J.S. Mccloy. 2014. "Redox-Dependent Solubility of Technetium in Low Activity Waste Glass." Journal of Nuclear Materials 449, no. 1-3:173-180. PNNL-SA-96336. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2014.03.008

2013

  • Dixon D.R., M.J. Schweiger, and P.R. Hrma. 2013. "Effect of Feeding Rate on the Cold Cap Configuration in a Laboratory-Scale Melter." In WM Symposia 2013: International Collaboration and Continuous Improvement, February 24-28, 2013, Phoenix Arizona, Paper No. 13362. Tucson, Arizona:WM Symposia. PNNL-SA-91996.
  • Goel A., J.S. McCloy, C.F. Windisch, B.J. Riley, M.J. Schweiger, C.P. Rodriguez, and J.M. Ferreira. 2013. "Structure of rhenium-containing sodium borosilicate glass." International Journal of Applied Glass Science 4, no. 1:42-52. PNNL-SA-89618. doi:10.1111/ijag.12003
  • Kim D., and M.J. Schweiger. 2013. "Incorporation and distribution of rhenium in a borosilicate glass melt heat treated in a sealed ampoule." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 379. PNNL-SA-95889. doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2013.07.031
  • Pokorny R., J.A. Rice, J.V. Crum, M.J. Schweiger, and P.R. Hrma. 2013. "Kinetic model for quartz and spinel dissolution during melting of high-level-waste glass batch." Journal of Nuclear Materials 443, no. 1-3:230-235. PNNL-SA-95930. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.07.039
  • Pokorny R., J.A. Rice, M.J. Schweiger, and P.R. Hrma. 2013. "Determination of temperature-dependent heat conductivity and thermal diffusivity of waste glass melter feed." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 96, no. 6:1891-1898. PNNL-SA-92808. doi:10.1111/jace.12313
  • Riley B.J., J.S. McCloy, A. Goel, M. Liezers, M.J. Schweiger, J. Liu, and C.P. Rodriguez, et al. 2013. "Crystallization of rhenium salts in a simulated low-activity waste borosilicate glass." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 96, no. 4:1150-1157. PNNL-SA-89210. doi:10.1111/jace.12280

2012

  • Crum J.V., T.B. Edwards, R.L. Russell, P.J. Workman, M.J. Schweiger, R.F. Schumacher, and D.E. Smith, et al. 2012. "DWPF STARTUP FRIT VISCOSITY MEASUREMENT ROUND ROBIN RESULTS." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 95, no. 7:2196-2205. PNNL-SA-78315.
  • Goel A., J.S. McCloy, K.M. Fox, K.M. Fox, C.J. Leslie, B.J. Riley, and C.P. Rodriguez, et al. 2012. "Structural analysis of some sodium and alumina rich high-level nuclear waste glasses." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 358, no. 3:674-679. PNNL-SA-82983. doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2011.11.015
  • Kim D., M.J. Schweiger, and R.A. Peterson. 2012. Fire Safety Tests for Cesium-Loaded Spherical Resorcinol Formaldehyde Resin: Data Summary Report. PNNL-21490;WTP-RPT-220 Rev0. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Kim D., M.J. Schweiger, W.C. Buchmiller, and J. Matyas. 2012. Laboratory-Scale Melter for Determination of Melting Rate of Waste Glass Feeds. PNNL-21005; EMSP-RPT-012. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Kim D., R.A. Peterson, and M.J. Schweiger. 2012. Fire Safety Tests for Spherical Resorcinol Formaldehyde Resin: Data Summary Report. PNNL-21321. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • McCloy J.S., B.J. Riley, A. Goel, M. Liezers, M.J. Schweiger, C.P. Rodriguez, and P.R. Hrma, et al. 2012. "Rhenium Solubility in Borosilicate Nuclear Waste Glass: Implications for the Processing and Immobilization of Technetium-99." Environmental Science & Technology 46, no. 22:12616-12622. PNNL-SA-88118.
  • Pierce D.A., P.R. Hrma, J. Marcial, B.J. Riley, and M.J. Schweiger. 2012. "Effect of Alumina Source on the Rate of Melting Demonstrated with Nuclear Waste Glass Batch." International Journal of Applied Glass Science 3, no. 1:59-68. PNNL-SA-76805. doi:10.1111/j.2041-1294.2012.00079.x
  • Riley B.J., P.R. Hrma, J.D. Vienna, M.J. Schweiger, C.P. Rodriguez, J.V. Crum, and J.B. Lang, et al. 2012. "The liquidus temperature of nuclear waste glasses: an international Round-Robin Study." International Journal of Applied Glass Science 2, no. 4:321-333. PNNL-SA-80149. doi:10.1111/j.2041-1294.2011.00063.x

2011

  • Chun J., T. Oh, M.L. Luna, and M.J. Schweiger. 2011. "Effect of Particle Size Distribution on Slurry Rheology: Nuclear Waste Simulant Slurries." Colloids and Surfaces. A, Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 384, no. 1-3:304-310. PNNL-SA-76785.
  • Henager S.H., P.R. Hrma, K.J. Swearingen, M.J. Schweiger, J. Marcial, and N.E. Tegrotenhuis. 2011. "Conversion of batch to molten glass, I: Volume expansion." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 357, no. 3:829-835. PNNL-SA-75195. doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2010.11.102
  • Hrma P.R., J. Marcial, K.J. Swearingen, S.H. Henager, M.J. Schweiger, and N.E. Tegrotenhuis. 2011. "Conversion of batch to molten glass, II: Dissolution of quartz particles." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 357, no. 3:820-828. PNNL-SA-75144. doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2010.11.096
  • Kim D., M.J. Schweiger, J.D. Vienna, F. Johnson, J.C. Marra, D.K. Peeler, and G.L. Smith. 2011. "Glass Formulation for Next Generation Cold Crucible Induction Melter." In WM2011: Proceedings of the 37th Annual Radioactive Waste Management Symposium: Global Achievements and Challenges in Waste Management, February 27-March 3, 2011, Phoenix, Arizona, Paper No. 11561. Tucson, Arizona:Waste Management Symposia Inc. PNNL-SA-76831.
  • McCloy J.S., M.J. Schweiger, C.P. Rodriguez, and J.D. Vienna. 2011. "Nepheline Crystallization in Nuclear Waste Glasses: Progress toward acceptance of high-alumina formulations." International Journal of Applied Glass Science 2, no. 3:201-214. PNNL-SA-77237. doi:10.1111/j.2041-1294.2011.00055.x
  • Schweiger M.J., B.J. Riley, J.V. Crum, P.R. Hrma, C.P. Rodriguez, B.M. Arrigoni, and J.B. Lang, et al. 2011. Expanded High-Level Waste Glass Property Data Development: Phase I. PNNL-17950. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Sevigny G.J., M.L. Kimura, C.M. Fischer, M.J. Schweiger, and D. Kim. 2011. Iron Phosphate Glass-Containing Hanford Waste Simulant. PNNL-20670. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2010

  • Hrma P.R., M.J. Schweiger, C.J. Humrickhouse, J.A. Moody, R.M. Tate, T.T. Rainsdon, and N.E. Tegrotenhuis, et al. 2010. "Effect of glass-batch makeup on the melting process." Ceramics--Silikaty 54, no. 3:193-211. PNNL-SA-71415.
  • Marcial J., P.R. Hrma, M.J. Schweiger, K.J. Swearingen, N.E. Tegrotenhuis, and S.H. Henager. 2010. "Effects of Quartz Particle Size and Sucrose Addition on Melting Behavior of a Melter Feed for High-Level Waste Glass." In Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Institute of Nuclear Materials Management, July 11-15, 2010, Baltimore, Maryland. Deerfield, Illinois:INMM. PNNL-SA-73263.
  • McCloy J.S., B.J. Riley, B.R. Johnson, M.J. Schweiger, H. Qiao, and N. Carlie. 2010. "The Predictive Power of Electronic Polarizability for Tailoring the Refractivity of High Index Glasses Optical Basicity Versus the Single Oscillator Model." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 93, no. 6:1650-1662. PNNL-SA-67214.
  • McCloy J.S., C.P. Rodriguez, C.F. Windisch, C.J. Leslie, M.J. Schweiger, B.J. Riley, and J.D. Vienna. 2010. "ALKALI/ AKALINE-EARTH CONTENT EFFECTS ON PROPERTIES OF HIGH-ALUMINA NUCLEAR WASTE GLASSES." In Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Nuclear Technology: Ceramic Transactions, edited by K Fox, E Hoffman, N Manjooran and G Pickrell, 222, 63-76. Hoboken, New Jersey:Wiley. PNNL-SA-68731.
  • Schweiger M.J., P.R. Hrma, C.J. Humrickhouse, J. Marcial, B.J. Riley, and N.E. TeGrotenhuis. 2010. "Cluster formation of silica particles in glass batches during melting." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 356, no. 25-27:1359-1367. PNNL-SA-68732.
  • Turo L.A., D.C. Skorski, M.J. Schweiger, and J.V. Ryan. 2010. Gleenglass Swarf Research. PNNL-19936. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2009

  • Hrma P.R., B.M. Arrigoni, and M.J. Schweiger. 2009. "Viscosity of many-component glasses." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 355, no. 14-15:891-902. PNNL-SA-63662.
  • Riley B.J., J.V. Crum, W.C. Buchmiller, B.T. Rieck, M.J. Schweiger, and J.D. Vienna. 2009. Initial Laboratory-Scale Melter Test Results for Combined Fission Product Waste. PNNL-18781. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2008

  • Bagaasen L.M., P.R. Hrma, D. Kim, M.J. Schweiger, J. Matyas, C.P. Rodriguez, and K.S. Witwer. 2008. "Method to Reduce Molten Salt Penetration into Bulk Vitrification Refractory Materials." In WM 2008: Phoenix Rising: Moving Forward in Waste Management, Paper No. 8275. Phoenix, Arizona:WM Symposia. PNNL-SA-58723.
  • Wieda K.J., M.J. Schweiger, M. Bliss, S.G. Pitman, and E.A. Eschbach. 2008. Materials Science and Technology Teachers Handbook. PNNL-17764. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Witwer K.S., E.J. Dysland, J.S. Garfield, T.H. Beck, J. Matyas, L.M. Bagaasen, and S.K. Cooley, et al. 2008. "Hanford's Supplemental Treatment Project: Full-Scale Integrated Testing of In-Container-Vitrification and a 10,000-Liter Dryer." In WM 2008: Phoenix Rising: Moving Forward in Waste Management, Paper No.: 8293. Phoenix, Arizona:WM Symposia. PNNL-SA-59350.

2007

  • Hrma P.R., L.M. Bagaasen, M.J. Schweiger, M.B. Evans, B.T. Smith, B.M. Arrigoni, and D. Kim, et al. 2007. Bulk Vitrification Performance Enhancement: Refractory Lining Protection Against Molten Salt Penetration. PNNL-16773. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Witwer K.S., E.J. Dysland, L.M. Bagaasen, S.N. Schlahta, D. Kim, M.J. Schweiger, and P.R. Hrma. 2007. "Hanford Bulk Vitrification Technology Status." In 2007 Waste Management Symposium: Global Accomplishments in Environmental and Radioactive Waste Management: Education and Opportunity for the Next Generation of Waste Management Professionals, February 25 - March 1, 2007, Tucson, Arizona. Tucson, Arizona:WM Symposia. PNNL-16370.

2006

  • Bagaasen L.M., T.M. Brouns, M.L. Elliott, P.R. Hrma, D. Kim, J. Matyas, and E.M. Pierce, et al. 2006. "Transport of Technetium and Rhenium into Refractory Materials during Bulk Vitrification." In Waste Management '06: Global Accomplishments in Environmental and Radioactive Waste Management: Education and Opportunity for the Next Generation of Waste Management Professionals. Tucson, Arizona:WM Symposia. PNNL-SA-48697.
  • Cooley S.K., E.M. Pierce, L.M. Bagaasen, and M.J. Schweiger. 2006. Analysis of Soluble Re Concentrations in Refractory from Bulk Vitrification Full-Scale Test 38B. PNNL-15868. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Kim D., L.M. Bagaasen, J.V. Crum, A. Fluegel, A.B. Gallegos, B. Martinez, and J. Matyas, et al. 2006. Investigation of Tc Migration Mechanism During Bulk Vitrification Process Using Re Surrogate. PNNL-16267. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Russell R.L., M.J. Schweiger, J.H. Westsik, P.R. Hrma, D.E. Smith, A.B. Gallegos, and M.R. Telander, et al. 2006. Low Temperature Waste Immobilization Testing Vol. I. PNNL-16052 Rev. 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2005

  • Hrma P.R., D. Kim, J.D. Vienna, J. Matyas, D.E. Smith, M.J. Schweiger, and J.D. Yeager. 2005. Testing of Large-Scale ICV Glasses with Hanford LAW Simulant. PNNL-15107. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Hrma P.R., L.M. Bagaasen, A.E. Beck, T.M. Brouns, D.D. Caldwell, M.L. Elliott, and J. Matyas, et al. 2005. Bulk Vitrification Castable Refractory Block Protection Study. PNNL-15193. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Johnson B.R., M.J. Schweiger, and S.K. Sundaram. 2005. "Chalcogenide nanowires by evaporation-condensation." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 351, no. 16-17:1410-1416. PNWD-SA-6245. doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2005.02.018
  • Johnson B.R., M.J. Schweiger, and S.K. Sundaram. 2005. "Chalcogenide nanowires by evaporation-condensation." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 351. PNNL-SA-45846.
  • Kim D., C.Z. Soderquist, J.P. Icenhower, B.P. McGrail, R.D. Scheele, B.K. McNamara, and L.M. Bagaasen, et al. 2005. Tc Reductant Chemistry and Crucible Melting Studies with Simulated Hanford Low-Activity Waste. PNNL-15131. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2004

  • Sundaram S.K., B.R. Johnson, M.J. Schweiger, J.E. Martinez, B.J. Riley, L.V. Saraf, and N.C. Anheier, et al. 2004. "Chalcogenide glasses and structures for quantum sensing." In Quantum sensing and nanophotonic devices, PROCEEDINGS- SPIE THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR OPTICAL ENGINEERING, edited by Manijeh Razeghi, Gail J. Brown, 5359, 234-245. Bellingham, Wa, Washington:S.P.I.E. PNWD-SA-6304.
  • Vienna J.D., D. Kim, M.J. Schweiger, P.R. Hrma, J. Matyas, J.V. Crum, and D.E. Smith. 2004. "Preliminary Glass Development and Testing for In-Container Vitrification of Hanford Low-Activity Waste." In Ceramic Transactions, 155, 261-268. Westerville, Ohio:American Ceramic Society. PNNL-SA-40271.

2003

  • Kim D., J.D. Vienna, P.R. Hrma, M.J. Schweiger, J. Matyas, J.V. Crum, and D.E. Smith, et al. 2003. Development and Testing of ICV Glasses for Hanford LAW. PNNL-14351. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Kim D., W.C. Buchmiller, M.J. Schweiger, J.D. Vienna, D.E. Day, C.W. Kim, and D. Zhu, et al. 2003. Iron Phosphate Glass as an Alternative Waste-Form for Hanford LAW. PNNL-14251. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Strachan D.M., H.T. Schaef, M.J. Schweiger, K.L. Simmons, L.J. Woodcock, and M.K. Krouse. 2003. "A versatile and inexpensive XRD sample holder for highly radioactive or hazardous samples." Powder Diffraction 18, no. 1:23-28. PNNL-SA-36294.

2002

  • Smith G.L., H.D. Smith, M.J. Schweiger, and D.J. Bates. 2002. "Vitrification and Testing of Hanford Pretreated HLW Sludge Mixed with Flowsheet Quantities of Secondary Wastes." In Science and Technology in Addressing Environmental Issues in the Ceramic Industry; Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries VII: Ceramic Transactions, edited by GL Smith, SK Sundaram, DR Spearing, 132, 117-128. Westerville, Ohio:American Ceramic Society. PNWD-SA-5380.
  • Smith G.L., H.D. Smith, M.J. Schweiger, and G.F. Piepel. 2002. "Vitrification and Testing of Hanford Pretreated Low Activity Waste." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries VII, proceedings, 103rd Annual Meeting of The American Ceramic Society, held April 22-25, 2001, in Indianapolis, Indiana, USA., edited by Gary L. Smith, S.K. Sundaram, and Dane R. Spearing, 132, 129-140. Westerville, Ohio:The American Ceramic Society. PNWD-SA-5379.
  • Vienna J.D., W.C. Buchmiller, J.V. Crum, D.D. Graham, D. Kim, B.D. Macisaac, and M.J. Schweiger, et al. 2002. Glass Formulation Development for INEEL Sodium-Bearing Waste. PNNL-14050. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2001

  • Izak P., P.R. Hrma, and M.J. Schweiger. 2001. "Kinetics of Conversion of High-level Waste to Glass." In Nuclear Site Remediation, ACS Symposium Series, edited by Heineman, W.R.; Eller, P.G., 778, 314-328. Washington, District Of Columbia:American Chemical Society. PNNL-SA-32514.
  • Schweiger M.J. 2001. "Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Reuses Water to Reduce Waste." ESAVE. Environmental Stewardship & Value Engineering 3, no. 1:2. PNNL-SA-36602.
  • Smith G.L., D.J. Bates, R.W. Goles, L.R. Greenwood, R.C. Lettau, G.F. Piepel, and M.J. Schweiger, et al. 2001. Vitrification and Product Testing of C-104 and AZ-102 Pretreated Sludge Mixed with Flowsheet Quantities of Secondary Wastes. PNNL-13452. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2000

  • Begg B.D., N.J. Hess, W.J. Weber, S.D. Conradson, M.J. Schweiger, and R.C. Ewing. 2000. "XAS and XRD Study of Annealed Pu-238- and Pu-239-Substituted Zircons (Zr0.92Pu0.08SiO4)." Journal of Nuclear Materials 278, no. 2-3:212-224. PNNL-SA-31372.
  • Smith G.L., L.R. Greenwood, G.F. Piepel, M.J. Schweiger, H.D. Smith, M.W. Urie, and J.J. Wagner. 2000. Vitrification and Product Testing of AW-101 and AN-107 Pretreated Waste. PNNL-13372. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

1999

  • Feng X., H. Li, L.L. Davis, L. Li, J.G. Darab, M.J. Schweiger, and J.D. Vienna, et al. 1999. "Distribution and Solubility of Radionuclides in Waste Forms for Disposition of Plutonium and Spent Nuclear Fuels: Preliminary Results." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries IV,Ceramic Transactions, edited by James C. Marra, Gregory T. Chandler, 93, 409-419. Westerville, Ohio:American Ceramic Society. PNNL-SA-33027-A.
  • Li H., J.G. Darab, M.J. Schweiger, J.D. Vienna, and B.C. Bunker. 1999. "Distribution and Solubility of Radionuclides in Waste Forms for Disposition of Plutonium and Spent Nuclear Fuels: Preliminary Results." Journal of the American Ceramic Society IV, no. 93:35-42. PNNL-SA-30100.
  • Riley B.J., J.D. Vienna, M.J. Schweiger, D.K. Peeler, and I.A. Reamer. 1999. "Liquidus Temperature Of Rare Earth-Aluminoborosilicate Glasses For Treatment Of Americium And Curium." In Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXIII. (Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings vol. 608), 23, 677-682. Warrendale, Pennsylvania:Materials Research Society. PNNL-SA-32376.

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