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Energy and Environment Directorate

Jason Zhang

Jason Zhang

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 372-6515


Dr. Zhang is a Laboratory Fellow in the Energy Processes & Materials Division at PNNL. He is the PI on PNNL's efforts on Energy Storage for Transportation supported by the DOE/EERE/OVT office and PNNL's Transformation Materials Science Initiative. He has 24 years of experience in the development of energy storage devices, including lithium-ion batteries; thin-film, solid-state batteries; Li-S batteries; lithium-air batteries, and electrochromic devices.

Prior to joining PNNL in June 2007, he served for seven years as Chief Technology Officer of Excellatron Solid State LLC in Atlanta, Georgia. His responsibilities at Excellatron included strategic planning, identification of R&D direction, review of all internal programs, funding allocation for internal programs, and oversight of all subcontractor programs. He was also responsible for day-to-day performance of the technical team for development of thin-film lithium batteries and other energy related products. From 1998 to 2000, he served as the Director of Product Development at Macro Energy-Tech, Inc. in Redondo Beach, California, where he was responsible for setting up a pilot line for production of polymer lithium-ion batteries. Prior to that, from 1990 to 1998, he was a Postdoctoral Fellow/Staff Scientist/Senior Scientist at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory where he managed several lithium-ion-battery related projects.

Dr. Zhang holds 23 patents (with another 17 patents pending) and has more than 250 papers published in professional journals.

Research Interests

  • Dr. Zhang's research interests are energy storage materials and devices to include lithium batteries, lithium ion batteries and Li-S batteries; energy saving materials and devices to include electrochromics materials and devices and thermochromic materials and devices; solid state electrolyte and solid state batteries to include thin film batteries and solid state Li-S batteries.

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D., in Experimental Condensed Matter Physics, University of Kentucky, 1990.
  • M.S. in Theoretical Physics, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China, 1984.
  • B.S. in Applied Physics, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China, 1982.

PNNL Patents

PNNL Publications


  • Estevez L, D Barpaga, J Zheng, SR Sabale, RL Patel, J Zhang, BP McGrail, and RK Motkuri. 2018. "Hierarchically Porous Carbon Materials for CO2 Capture: The Role of Pore Structure." Industrial Engineering Chemistry Research 57(4):1262-1268.  doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.7b03879
  • Ren X, Y Zhang, MH Engelhard, Q Li, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2018. "Guided Lithium Metal Deposition and Improved Lithium Coulombic Efficiency through Synergistic Effects of LiAsF6 and Cyclic Carbonate Additives." ACS Energy Letters 3(1):14-19.  doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.7b00982
  • Zheng J, S Chen, W Zhao, J Song, MH Engelhard, and J Zhang. 2018. "Extremely Stable Sodium Metal Batteries Enabled by Localized High-Concentration Electrolytes." ACS Energy Letters 3(2):315-321.  doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.7b01213
  • Adams BDG, J Zheng, X Ren, W Xu, and J Zhang. 2018. "Accurate Determination of Coulombic Efficiency for Lithium Metal Anodes and Lithium Metal Batteries." Advanced Energy Materials 8(7):Article No. 1702097.  doi:10.1002/aenm.201702097
  • Crawford AJ, Q Huang, MCW Kintner-Meyer, J Zhang, DM Reed, VL Sprenkle, VV Viswanathan, and D Choi. 2018. "Lifecycle Comparison of Selected Li-ion Battery Chemistries under Grid and Electric Vehicle Duty Cycle Combinations." Journal of Power Sources 380:185-193.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2018.01.080
  • Jiao S, J Zheng, Q Li, X Li, MH Engelhard, R Cao, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2018. "Behavior of Lithium Metal Anodes under Various Capacity Utilization and High Current Density in Lithium Metal Batteries." Joule 2(1):110-124.  doi:10.1016/j.joule.2017.10.007
  • Li X, J Zheng, MH Engelhard, D Mei, Q Li, S Jiao, N Liu, W Zhao, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2018. "Effects of Imide-Orthoborate Dual-Salt Mixtures in Organic Carbonate Electrolytes on the Stability of Lithium Metal Batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 10(3):2469-2479.  doi:10.1021/acsami.7b15117
  • Li X, J Tao, D Hu, MH Engelhard, W Zhao, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2018. "Stability of Polymeric Separators in Lithium Metal Batteries in a Low Voltage Environment." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 6(12):5006-5015.  doi:10.1039/C7TA11259A
  • Liu B, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2018. "Advancing Lithium Metal Batteries." Joule 2(5):833-845.  doi:10.1016/j.joule.2018.03.008
  • Liu B, W Xu, J Tao, P Yan, J Zheng, MH Engelhard, D Lu, C Wang, and J Zhang. 2018. "Enhanced Cyclability of Lithium-Oxygen Batteries with Electrodes Protected by Surface Films Induced via In-Situ Electrochemical Process." Advanced Energy Materials 8(11):1702340.  doi:10.1002/aenm.201702340
  • Mishra K, J Zheng, RL Patel, L Estevez, H Jia, L Luo, PZ El-Khoury, X Li, XD Zhou, and J Zhang. 2018. "High Performance Porous Si@C Anodes Synthesized by Low Temperature Aluminothermic Reaction." Electrochimica Acta 269:509-516.  doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2018.02.166
  • Wang Y, D Lu, ME Bowden, PZ El-Khoury, KS Han, Z Deng, J Xiao, J Zhang, and J Liu. 2018. "Mechanism of Formation of Li7P3S11 Solid Electrolytes through Liquid Phase Synthesis." Chemistry of Materials 30(3):990-997.  doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b04842
  • Wang Y, Q Li, S Cartmell, H Li, SA Mendoza, J Zhang, Z Deng, and J Xiao. 2018. "Fundamental understanding and rational design of high energy structural microbatteries." Nano Energy 43:310-316.  doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.11.046
  • Yu L, NL Canfield, S Chen, H Lee, X Ren, MH Engelhard, Q Li, J Liu, W Xu, and J Zhang. 2018. "Enhanced Stability of Lithium Metal Anode by using a 3D Porous Nickel Substrate." ChemElectroChem 5(5):761-769.  doi:10.1002/celc.201701250


  • Estevez L, V Prabhakaran, AL Garcia, Y Shin, J Tao, AM Schwarz, JT Darsell, P Bhattacharya, V Shutthanandan, and J Zhang. 2017. "Hierarchically Porous Graphitic Carbon with Simultaneously High Surface Area and Colossal Pore Volume Engineered via Ice Templating." ACS Nano 11(11):11047-11066.  doi:10.1021/acsnano.7b05085
  • Lu D, J Tao, P Yan, WA Henderson, Q Li, Y Shao, ML Helm, O Borodin, GL Graff, B Polzin, CM Wang, MH Engelhard, J Zhang, JJ De Yoreo, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2017. "Formation of Reversible Solid Electrolyte Interface on Graphite Surface from Concentrated Electrolytes." Nano Letters 17(3):1602-1609.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b04766
  • Zheng J, MH Engelhard, D Mei, S Jiao, B Polzin, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2017. "Electrolyte additive enabled fast charging and stable cycling lithium metal batteries." Nature Energy 2:17012.  doi:10.1038/nenergy.2017.12
  • Zheng J, P Yan, J Zhang, MH Engelhard, Z Zhu, B Polzin, S Trask, J Xiao, C Wang, and J Zhang. 2017. "Suppressed Oxygen Extraction and Degradation of LiNi x Mn y Co z O2 Cathodes at High Charge Cut-off Voltages." Nano Research 10(12):4221-4231.  doi:10.1007/s12274-017-1761-6
  • Zheng J, S Myeong, W Cho, P Yan, J Xiao, CM Wang, J Cho, and J Zhang. 2017. "Li- and Mn-rich Cathode Materials: Challenges to Commercialization." Advanced Energy Materials 7(6):Article No. 1601284.  doi:10.1002/aenm.201601284
  • Adams BDG, EV Carino, JG Connell, KS Han, R Cao, J Chen, J Zheng, Q Li, KT Mueller, WA Henderson, and J Zhang. 2017. "Long term stability of Li-S batteries using high concentration lithium nitrate electrolytes." Nano Energy 40:607-617.  doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.09.015
  • Chen J, WA Henderson, H Pan, BR Perdue, R Cao, JZ Hu, C Wan, KS Han, KT Mueller, J Zhang, Y Shao, and J Liu. 2017. "Improving Lithium-sulfur Battery Performance under Lean Electrolyte through Nanoscale Confinement in Soft Swellable Gels." Nano Letters 17(5):3061-3067.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b00417
  • Han KS, J Chen, R Cao, NN Rajput, V Murugesan, L Shi, H Pan, J Zhang, J Liu, KA Persson, and KT Mueller. 2017. "Effects of Anion Mobility on Electrochemical Behaviors of Lithium-Sulfur Batteries." Chemistry of Materials 29(21):9023-9029.  doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b02105
  • Lee H, X Ren, C Niu, L Yu, MH Engelhard, I Cho, MH Ryou, HS Jin, HT Kim, J Liu, W Xu, and J Zhang. 2017. "Suppressing Lithium Dendrite Growth by Metallic Coating on Separator." Advanced Functional Materials 27(45):Article No. 1704391.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201704391
  • Li Q, D Lu, J Zheng, S Jiao, L Luo, C Wang, K Xu, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2017. "Li+-Desolvation Dictating Lithium-Ion Battery's Low-Temperature Performances." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9(49):42761-42768.  doi:10.1021/acsami.7b13887
  • Li Q, S Jiao, L Luo, MS Ding, J Zheng, SS Cartmell, C Wang, K Xu, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2017. "Wide temperature electrolytes for lithium-ion batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9(22):18826-18835.  doi:10.1021/acsami.7b04099
  • Liu B, W Xu, P Yan, S Kim, MH Engelhard, X Sun, D Mei, J Cho, C Wang, and J Zhang. 2017. "Stabilization of Li Metal Anode in DMSO-Based Electrolytes via Optimization of Salt-Solvent Coordination for Li-O2 Batteries." Advanced Energy Materials 7(14):Article No. 1602605.  doi:10.1002/aenm.201602605
  • Liu B, W Xu, J Zheng, P Yan, ED Walter, NG Isern, ME Bowden, MH Engelhard, S Kim, J Read, BDG Adams, X Li, J Cho, C Wang, and J Zhang. 2017. "Temperature dependence of the oxygen reduction mechanism in nonaqueous Li-O2 batteries." ACS Energy Letters 2:2525-2530.  doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.7b00845
  • Luo L, B Liu, S Song, W Xu, J Zhang, and C Wang. 2017. "Revealing The Reaction Mechanisms of Li-O2 Batteries Using Environmental Transmission Electron Microscopy." Nature Nanotechnology 12(6):535-540.  doi:10.1038/nnano.2017.27
  • Pan H, J Chen, R Cao, V Murugesan, NN Rajput, KS Han, KA Persson, L Estevez, MH Engelhard, J Zhang, KT Mueller, Y Cui, Y Shao, and J Liu. 2017. "Non Encapsulation Approach for High Performance Li-S Batteries through Controlled Nucleation and Growth." Nature Energy 2:813-820.  doi:10.1038/s41560-017-0005-z
  • Pan H, KS Han, M Vijayakumar, J Xiao, R Cao, J Chen, J Zhang, KT Mueller, Y Shao, and J Liu. 2017. "Ammonium additives to dissolve lithium sulfide through hydrogen binding for high energy lithium-sulfur batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9(5):4290-4295.  doi:10.1021/acsami.6b04158
  • Song S, W Xu, J Zheng, L Luo, MH Engelhard, ME Bowden, B Liu, C Wang, and J Zhang. 2017. "Complete decomposition of Li2CO3 in Li-O2 batteries using Ir/B4C as noncarbon-based oxygen electrode." Nano Letters 17(3):1417-1424.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b04371
  • Song S, W Xu, R Cao, L Luo, MH Engelhard, ME Bowden, B Liu, L Estevez, C Wang, and J Zhang. 2017. "B4C as a stable non-carbon-based oxygen electrode material for lithium-oxygen batteries." Nano Energy 33:195-204.  doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.01.042
  • Wan C, S Xu, MY Hu, R Cao, J Qian, Z Qin, J Liu, KT Mueller, J Zhang, and JZ Hu. 2017. "Multinuclear NMR Study of the Solid Electrolyte Interface Formed in Lithium Metal Batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9(17):14741-14748.  doi:10.1021/acsami.6b15383
  • Wang X, M Zhang, J Alvarado, S Wang, M Sina, B Lu, J Bouwer, W Xu, J Xiao, J Zhang, J Liu, and YS Meng. 2017. "New Insights on the Structure of Electrochemically Deposited Lithium Metal and Its Solid Electrolyte Interphases via Cryogenic TEM." Nano Letters 17(12):7606-7612.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b03606
  • Wang Y, SS Cartmell, Q Li, J Xiao, H Li, Z Deng, and J Zhang. 2017. "A reliable sealing method for microbatteries." Journal of Power Sources 341:443-447.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.12.024
  • Yan P, J Zheng, J Zhang, and C Wang. 2017. "Atomic Resolution Structural and Chemical Imaging Revealing the Sequential Migration of Ni, Co and Mn upon Battery Cycling of Layered Cathode." Nano Letters 17(6):3946-3951.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01546
  • Yan P, J Zheng, M Gu, J Xiao, J Zhang, and C Wang. 2017. "Intragranular Cracking as a Critical Barrier For High-voltage Usage of Layer-structured Cathode for Lithium-ion Batteries." Nature Communications 8:Article No. 14101.  doi:10.1038/ncomms14101
  • Zhang J, W Xu, and WA Henderson. 2017. Li Metal Anodes and Rechargeable Lithium Metal Batteries. Springer Series in Materials Science, vol. 249, Springer International Publishing, Cham, Switzerland.  doi:10.1007/978-3-319-44054-5


  • Bhattacharya P, MI Nandasiri, D Lv, AM Schwarz, JT Darsell, WA Henderson, DA Tomalia, J Liu, J Zhang, and J Xiao. 2016. "Polyamidoamine Dendrimer-Based Binders for High-Loading Lithium-Sulfur Battery Cathodes." Nano Energy 19:176-186.  doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2015.11.012
  • Cao R, J Chen, KS Han, W Xu, D Mei, P Bhattacharya, MH Engelhard, KT Mueller, J Liu, and J Zhang. 2016. "Effect of the Anion Activity on the Stability of Li Metal Anodes in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries." Advanced Functional Materials 26(18):3059-3066.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201505074
  • Cao R, K Mushra, X Li, J Qian, MH Engelhard, ME Bowden, KS Han, KT Mueller, WA Henderson, and J Zhang. 2016. "Enabling room temperature sodium metal batteries." Nano Energy 30:825-830.  doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2016.09.013
  • Liu B, J Zhang, and G Shen. 2016. "Pursuing two-dimensional nanomaterials for flexible lithium-ion batteries." Nano Today 11(1):82-97.  doi:10.1016/j.nantod.2016.02.003
  • Zheng J, J Xiao, and J Zhang. 2016. "The Roles of Oxygen Non-Stoichiometry on the Electrochemical Properties of Oxide-Based Cathode Materials." Nano Today 11(5):678-694.  doi:10.1016/j.nantod.2016.08.011
  • Cheng Y, D Choi, KS Han, KT Mueller, J Zhang, VL Sprenkle, J Liu, and G Li. 2016. "Toward the Design of High Voltage Magnesium-Lithium Hybrid Batteries Using Dual-Salt Electrolytes." Chemical Communications 52(31):5379-5382.  doi:10.1039/C6CC00986G
  • Estevez L, DM Reed, Z Nie, AM Schwarz, MI Nandasiri, JP Kizewski, W Wang, EC Thomsen, J Liu, J Zhang, VL Sprenkle, and B Li. 2016. " Tunable oxygen functional groups as electro-catalysts on graphite felt surfaces for all vanadium flow batteries." ChemSusChem 9(12):1455-1461.  doi:10.1002/cssc.201600198
  • Feng X, H Zou, H Xiang, X Guo, T Zhou, Y Wu, W Xu, P Yan, CM Wang, J Zhang, and Y Yu. 2016. "Ultrathin Li4Ti5O12 nanosheets as anode materials for lithium and sodium storage." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 8(26):16718-16726.  doi:10.1021/acsami.6b04752
  • Hu JZ, Z Zhao, MY Hu, J Feng, X Deng, X Chen, W Xu, J Liu, and J Zhang. 2016. "In situ 7Li and 133Cs Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Investigations on the Role of Cs+ Additive in Lithium-Metal Deposition Process." Journal of Power Sources 304:51-59.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.10.067
  • Jeong S, X Li, J Zheng, P Yan, R Cao, HJ Jung, CM Wang, J Liu, and J Zhang. 2016. "Hard carbon coated nano-Si/graphite composite as a high performance anode for Li-ion batteries." Journal of Power Sources 329:323-329.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.08.089
  • Liu B, W Xu, P Yan, X Sun, ME Bowden, J Read, J Qian, D Mei, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2016. "Enhanced Cycling Stability of Rechargeable Li-O2 Batteries Using High Concentration Electrolytes." Advanced Functional Materials 26(4):605-613.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201503697
  • Liu B, P Yan, W Xu, J Zheng, Y He, L Luo, ME Bowden, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2016. "Electrochemically formed ultrafine metal oxide nanocatalysts for high performance lithium-oxygen batteries ." Nano Letters 16(8):4932-4939.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b01556
  • Mehdi BL, AJ Stevens, J Qian, C Park, W Xu, WA Henderson, J Zhang, KT Mueller, and ND Browning. 2016. "The Impact of Li Grain Size on Coulombic Efficiency in Li Batteries." Scientific Reports 6:34267.  doi:10.1038/srep34267
  • Qian J, BD Adams, J Zheng, W Xu, WA Henderson, J Wang, ME Bowden, S Xu, JZ Hu, and J Zhang. 2016. "Anode-Free Rechargeable Lithium Metal Batteries." Advanced Functional Materials 26(39):7094-7102.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201602353
  • Wan C, MY Hu, O Borodin, J Qian, Z Qin, J Zhang, and JZ Hu. 2016. "Natural Abundance 17O, 6Li NMR and Molecular Modeling Studies of the Solvation Structures of Lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide/1,2-dimethoxyethane Liquid Electrolytes." Journal of Power Sources 307:231-243.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.12.120
  • Wang Y, P Yan, J Xiao, X Lu, J Zhang, and VL Sprenkle. 2016. "Effect of Al2O3 on the Sintering of Garnet-Type Li6.5La3Zr1.5Ta0.5O12." Solid State Ionics 294:108-115.  doi:10.1016/j.ssi.2016.06.013
  • Xiang H, P Shi, P Bhattacharya, X Chen, D Mei, ME Bowden, J Zheng, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2016. "Enhanced charging capability of lithium metal batteries based on lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide-lithium bis(oxalato)borate dual-salt electrolytes ." Journal of Power Sources 318:170-177.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.04.017
  • Yan P, J Zheng, J Zheng, Z Wang, G Teng, S Kuppan, J Xiao, G Chen, J Zhang, CM Wang, and F Pan. 2016. "Ni And Co Segregations On Selective Surface Facets And Rational Design Of Layered Lithium Transition-metal Oxide Cathodes." Advanced Energy Materials 6(9):Article No. 1502455.  doi:10.1002/aenm.201502455
  • Yan P, J Zheng, X Zhang, R Xu, K Amine, J Xiao, J Zhang, and CM Wang. 2016. "Atomic to Nanoscale Investigation of Functionalities of Al2O3 Coating Layer on Cathode for Enhanced Battery Performance." Chemistry of Materials 28(3):857-863.  doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b04301
  • Zheng J, P Yan, R Cao, H Xiang, MH Engelhard, B Polzin, CM Wang, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2016. "Effects of Propylene Carbonate Content in CsPF6-Containing Electrolytes on the Enhanced Performances of Graphite Electrode for Lithium-Ion Batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 8(8):5715-5722.  doi:10.1021/acsami.5b12517
  • Zheng J, P Yan, D Mei, MH Engelhard, SS Cartmell, B Polzin, CM Wang, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2016. "Highly Stable Operation of Lithium Metal Batteries Enabled by the Formation of a Transient High Concentration Electrolyte Layer." Advanced Energy Materials 6(8):Article No. 1502151.  doi:10.1002/aenm.201502151


  • Cao R, J Qian, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2015. "Organic Cathode Materials for Rechargeable Batteries." Chapter 23 in Rechargeable Batteries: Green Energy and Technology, ed. ZC Xhang and SS Zhang, pp. 637-671.  Springer-Verlag, New York, NY. 
  • Cao R, W Xu, D Lu, J Xiao, and J Zhang. 2015. "Anodes for Rechargeable Lithium-Sulfur Batteries." Advanced Energy Materials 5(16):Article No. 1402273.  doi:10.1002/aenm.201402273
  • Lu D, P Yan, Y Shao, Q Li, SA Ferrara, H Pan, GL Graff, B Polzin, CM Wang, J Zhang, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2015. "High Performance Li-ion Sulfur Batteries Enabled by Intercalation Chemistry." Chemical Communications 51(70):13454-13457.  doi:10.1039/C5CC05171A
  • Lu D, Y Shao, TJ Lozano, WD Bennett, GL Graff, B Polzin, J Zhang, MH Engelhard, NT Saenz, WA Henderson, P Bhattacharya, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2015. "Failure Mechanism of Fast-Charged Lithium Metal Batteries in Liquid Electrolyte." Advanced Energy Materials 5(3):Article No. 1400993.  doi:10.1002/AENM.201400993
  • Zheng J, P Xu, M Gu, J Xiao, ND Browning, P Yan, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2015. "Structural and Chemical Evolution of Li- and Mn-rich Layered Cathode Material." Chemistry of Materials 27(4):1381-1390.  doi:10.1021/cm5045978
  • Zheng J, P Yan, M Gu, MJ Wagner, K Hays, J Chen, XS Li, CM Wang, J Zhang, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2015. "Interfacial Reaction Dependent Performance of Hollow Carbon NanoSphere - Sulfur composite as a cathode for Li-S battery." Frontiers in Energy Research 3:Article No. 25.  doi:10.3389/fenrg.2015.00025
  • Bao J, W Xu, P Bhattacharya, ML Stewart, J Zhang, and W Pan. 2015. "Discharge Performance of Li-O2 Batteries Using a Multiscale Modeling Approach ." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 119(27):14851-14860.  doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b01441
  • Devaraj A, M Gu, RJ Colby, P Yan, CM Wang, J Zheng, J Xiao, A Genc, J Zhang, I Belharouak, D Wang, K Amine, and S Thevuthasan. 2015. "Visualizing Nanoscale 3D Compositional Fluctuation of Lithium in Advanced Lithium-Ion Battery Cathodes." Nature Communications 6:Article No. 8014.  doi:10.1038/ncomms9014
  • Gu M, W Shi, J Zheng, P Yan, J Zhang, and CM Wang. 2015. "Probing The Failure Mechanism Of Nanoscale LiFePO4 For Li-ion Batteries." Applied Physics Letters 106(20):Article No. 203902.  doi:10.1063/1.4921628
  • Liu B, W Xu, P Yan, P Bhattacharya, R Cao, ME Bowden, MH Engelhard, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2015. "In Situ-Grown ZnCo2O4 on Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes as Air Electrode Materials for Rechargeable Lithium-Oxygen Batteries." ChemSusChem 8(21):3697-3703.  doi:10.1002/cssc.201500636
  • Lu D, J Zheng, Q Li, X Xie, SA Ferrara, Z Nie, BL Mehdi, ND Browning, J Zhang, GL Graff, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2015. "High Energy Density Lithium-Sulfur Batteries: Challenges of Thick Sulfur Cathodes." Advanced Energy Materials 5(16):Article No. 1402290.  doi:10.1002/aenm.201402290
  • Lu P, P Yan, E Romero, ED Spoerke, J Zhang, and CM Wang. 2015. "Observation Of Electron-beam-induced Phase Evolution Mimicking The Effect Of Charge-discharge Cycle In Li-rich Layered Cathode Materials Used For Li-ion Batteries." Chemistry of Materials 27(4):1375-1380.  doi:10.1021/cm5045573
  • Luo L, H Yang, P Yan, JJ Travis, Y Lee, N Liu, DM Piper, SH Lee, P Zhao, SM George, J Zhang, Y Cui, S Zhang, C Ban, and CM Wang. 2015. "Surface-Coating Regulated Lithiation Kinetics and Degradation in Silicon Nanowires for Lithium Ion Battery." ACS Nano 9(5):5559-5566.  doi:10.1021/acsnano.5b01681
  • Luo L, P Zhao, H Yang, B Liu, J Zhang, Y Cui, G Yu, S Zhang, and CM Wang. 2015. "Surface Coating Constraint Induced Self-Discharging of Silicon Nanoparticles as Anodes for Lithium Ion Batteries ." Nano Letters 15(10):7016-7022.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03047
  • Mehdi BL, J Qian, E Nasybulin, C Park, DA Welch, R Faller, HS Mehta, WA Henderson, W Xu, CM Wang, JE Evans, J Liu, J Zhang, KT Mueller, and ND Browning. 2015. "Observation and Quantification of Nanoscale Processes in Lithium Batteries by Operando Electrochemical (S)TEM." Nano Letters 15(3):2168-2176.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b00175
  • Mehdi BL, J Qian, E Nasybulin, DA Welch, C Park, R Faller, HS Mehta, WA Henderson, W Xu, JE Evans, J Liu, J Zhang, KT Mueller, and ND Browning. 2015. "Quantification of Electrochemical Nanoscale Processes in Lithium Batteries By OperandoEC-(S)TEM." In ECS Conference on Electrochemical Energy Conversion & Storage with SOFC-XIV, July 26-31, 2015, Glasgow, Scotland, vol. MA2015-03, p. Abstract No. 432.  The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ. 
  • Qian J, W Xu, P Bhattacharya, MH Engelhard, WA Henderson, Y Zhang, and J Zhang. 2015. "Dendrite-Free Li Deposition Using Trace-Amounts of Water as an Electrolyte Additive." Nano Energy 15:135-144.  doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2015.04.009
  • Qian J, WA Henderson, W Xu, P Bhattacharya, MH Engelhard, O Borodin, and J Zhang. 2015. "High Rate and Stable Cycling of Lithium Metal Anode." Nature Communications 6:Article No. 6362.  doi:10.1038/ncomms7362
  • Wang Q, J Zheng, ED Walter, H Pan, D Lu, P Zuo, H Chen, Z Deng, BY Liaw, X Yu, X Yang, J Zhang, J Liu, and J Xiao. 2015. "Direct Observation of Sulfur Radicals as Reaction Media in lithium Sulfur Batteries." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 162(3):A474-A478.  doi:10.1149/2.0851503jes
  • Xiang H, D Mei, P Yan, P Bhattacharya, SD Burton, AV Cresce, R Cao, MH Engelhard, ME Bowden, Z Zhu, B Polzin, CM Wang, K Xu, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2015. "The Role of Cesium Cation in Controlling Interphasial Chemistry on Graphite Anode in Propylene Carbonate-Rich Electrolytes." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 7(37):20687-20695.  doi:10.1021/acsami.5b05552
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  • Choi D, J Xiao, YJ Choi, JS Hardy, M Vijayakumar, MS Bhuvaneswari, J Liu, W Xu, W Wang, Z Yang, GL Graff, and J Zhang. 2011. "Thermal Stability and Phase Transformation of Electrochemically Charged/Discharged LiMnPO4 Cathode for Li-Ion Battery." Energy & Environmental Science 4(11):4560-4566.  doi:10.1039/C1EE01501J
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  • Meduri P, H Chen, X Chen, J Xiao, ME Gross, TJ Carlson, J Zhang, and Z Deng. 2011. "Hybrid CFx-Ag2V4O11 as a high-energy, power density cathode for application in an underwater acoustic microtransmitter." Electrochemistry Communications 13(12):1344-1348.  doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2011.08.006
  • Pan A, D Choi, J Zhang, S Liang, G Cao, Z Nie, BW Arey, and J Liu. 2011. "High-Rate Cathodes Based on Li3V2(PO4)3 Nanobelts Prepared via Surfactant-Assisted Fabrication." Journal of Power Sources 196(7):3646-3649.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.12.067
  • Pan A, J Zhang, G Cao, S Liang, CM Wang, Z Nie, BW Arey, W Xu, D Liu, J Xiao, G Li, and J Liu. 2011. "Nanosheet-structured LiV3O8 with high capacity and excellent stability for high energy lithium batteries ." Journal of Materials Chemistry 21(27):10077-10084.  doi:10.1039/C1JM10976F
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  • Wang CM, W Xu, J Liu, J Zhang, LV Saraf, BW Arey, D Choi, Z Yang, J Xiao, S Thevuthasan, and DR Baer. 2011. "In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Observation of Microstructure and Phase Evolution in a SnO2 Nanowire during Lithium Intercalation." Nano Letters 11(5):1874-1880.  doi:10.1021/nl200272n
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  • Xiao J, JZ Hu, D Wang, D Hu, W Xu, GL Graff, Z Nie, J Liu, and J Zhang. 2011. "Investigation of the Rechargeability of Li-O2 Batteries in Non-aqueous Electrolyte." Journal of Power Sources 196(13):5674-5678. 
  • Xiao J, N Chernova, S Upreti, X Chen, Z Li, Z Deng, D Choi, W Xu, Z Nie, GL Graff, J Liu, MS Whittingham, and J Zhang. 2011. "Electrochemical Performances of LiMnPO4 Synthesized from Non-Stoichiometric Li/Mn Ratio." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 13(40):18099-18106.  doi:10.1039/C1CP22658D
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  • Choi D, D Wang, IT Bae, J Xiao, Z Nie, W Wang, VV Viswanathan, YJ Lee, J Zhang, GL Graff, Z Yang, and J Liu. 2010. "LiMnPO4 Nanoplate Grown via Solid-State Reaction in Molten Hydrocarbon for Li-ion Battery Cathode." Nano Letters 10(8):2799-2805.  doi:10.1021/nl1007085
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  • Wang D, R Kou, D Choi, Z Yang, Z Nie, J Li, LV Saraf, D Hu, J Zhang, GL Graff, J Liu, MA Pope, and IA Aksay. 2010. "Ternary Self-Assembly of Ordered Metal Oxide-Graphene Nanocomposites for Electrochemical Energy Storage ." ACS Nano 4(3):1587-1595.  doi:10.1021/nn901819n
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