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Energy and Environment Directorate

Nora Wang

Nora Wang

(703) 682-1669


Dr. Wang specializes in building energy efficiency, sustainability, daylighting, and human behavior. She received her doctorate degree in architecture from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Beginning her career in architecture, Dr. Wang participated in a dozen large-scale international projects and won several design competitions. Since joining PNNL in 2010, Dr. Wang has led a variety of building research projects, such as Building Energy Asset Score, Buildings of the Future vision development, and Connected Buildings.

Research Interests

  • Energy efficiency rating and benchmarking
  • Daylighting technology and design application
  • Human behavior and environmental psychology

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D. (Architecture), University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • M.A. (Architecture), National University of Singapore
  • B.Arch., Tianjin University, China

PNNL Publications


  • Wang N, P Phelan, C Harris, J Langevin, B Nelson, and K Sawyer. 2018. "Past Visions, Current Trends, and Future Context: A Review of Building Energy, Carbon, and Sustainability." Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews 82(Part 1):976-993.  doi:10.1016/j.rser.2017.04.114
  • Wang N, S Goel, A Makhmalbaf, and ND Long. 2018. "Development of Building Energy Asset Rating using Stock Modelling in the USA." Journal of Building Performance Simulation 11(1):4-18.  doi:10.1080/19401493.2015.1134668


  • Wang N, A Makhmalbaf, V Srivastava, and JE Hathaway. 2017. "SIMULATION-BASED COEFFICIENTS FOR ADJUSTING CLIMATE IMPACT ON ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS." Building Simulation 10(3):309-322.  doi:10.1007/s12273-016-0332-1
  • Wang N, and P Phelan. 2017. "Special Issue on Buildings of the Future: Notes From Guest Editors." Journal of Solar Energy Engineering--Transactions of the ASME 139(1):Article No. 010301.  doi:10.1115/1.4035437
  • Wang N, PE Phelan, J Gonzalez, C Harris, G Henze, R Hutchinson, J Langevin, MA Lazarus, B Nelson, C Pyke, K Roth, D Rouse, K Sawyer, and S Selkowitz. 2017. "Ten questions concerning future buildings beyond zero energy and carbon neutrality." Building and Environment 119:169-182.  doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2017.04.006


  • Dong B, N Wang, E Hooks, and J Zhao. 2016. "Quantifying Behavior Driven Energy Savings for Hotels." In ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, August 21-26, 2016, Pacific Grove, California.  American Council for an Energy Efficiency Economy, WASH, DC. 





  • Wang N, A Makhmalbaf, and SW Matsumoto. 2012. Commercial Building Energy Asset Rating Tool User's GuidePNNL-21402, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Wang N, C Taylor, and MJ McCabe. 2012. "DOE Commercial Building Energy Asset Rating: Market Research and Program Direction." In ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings: Fueling our Future with Efficiency, August 12-17, 2012, Pacific Grove, California, pp. 4-403 - 4-413.  American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, WASHINGTON DC. 
  • Wang N, WJ Gorrissen, V Srivastava, and C Taylor. 2012. "DOE Commercial Building Asset Rating: An Application of Centralized Modeling Tools." ASHRAE TRANSACTIONS 118(PART 2):178-188. 
  • McCabe MJ, and N Wang. 2012. Commercial Building Energy Asset Rating Program -- Market ResearchPNNL-21310, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 


Energy and Environment

Core Research Areas