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Karan Kalsi

Karan Kalsi

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 375-5904

Biography

Dr. Kalsi is currently a power systems research engineer at the Pacific Northwest National Lab, Richland, WA, USA. He is the lead investigator on Department of Energy funded research to develop efficient, reliable and secure control strategies for Smart Grid assets. He is the principle investigator on the topic of developing future power grid control paradigms as part of the laboratory’s Future Power Grid Initiative. He is the Co-principle investigator on EED SEED project related to modeling and controls for distributed energy resources in microgrids. Karanjit is also actively involved with IEEE including being the 2011 Chair of the IEEE Richland Section Graduates of the Last Decade (GOLD) Affinity Group and was recently elected as the 2012 Vice-chair of Technical Activities and Outreach of the IEEE Richland Section Power and Energy Society.

Research Interests

  • Power system stability and control
  • Power system dynamic modeling and analysis
  • Integration and control of distributed energy resources Power system market optimization problems

Education and Credentials

  • PhD, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue, University, August 2010
  • M.Eng, Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom, June 2006

PNNL Patents

PNNL Publications

2017

  • Hao H, CD Corbin, K Kalsi, and RG Pratt. 2017. "Transactive Control of Commercial Buildings for Demand Response." IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 32(1):774-783.  doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2016.2559485
  • Widergren SE, DJ Hammerstrom, Q Huang, K Kalsi, J Lian, A Makhmalbaf, TE McDermott, D Sivaraman, Y Tang, A Veeramany, and JC Woodward. 2017. Transactive Systems Simulation and Valuation Platform Trial AnalysisPNNL-26409, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Wu J, T Yang, D Wu, K Kalsi, and K Johansson. 2017. "Distributed optimal dispatch of distributed energy resources over lossy communication networks." IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid 8(6):3125-3137.  doi:10.1109/TSG.2017.2720761

2016

  • Li S, W Zhang, L Zhao, J Lian, and K Kalsi. 2016. "On Social Optima of Non-Cooperative Mean Field Games." In IEEE 55th Conference on Decision and Control (CDC 2016), December 12-14, 2016, Las Vegas, Nevada, pp. 3584-3590.  IEEE, PISCATAWAY, NJ.  doi:10.1109/CDC.2016.7798808
  • Li S, W Zhang, J Lian, and K Kalsi. 2016. "Market-Based Coordination of Thermostatically Controlled Loads-Part I: A Mechanism Design Formulation." IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 31(2):1170-1178.  doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2015.2432057
  • Li S, W Zhang, J Lian, and K Kalsi. 2016. "Market-Based Coordination of Thermostatically Controlled Loads-Part II: Unknown Parameters and Case Studies." IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 31(2):1179-1187.  doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2015.2432060
  • Li S, W Zhang, J Lian, and K Kalsi. 2016. "On Reverse Stackelberg Game and Optimal Mean Field Control for a Large Population of Thermostatically Controlled Loads." In 2016 American Control Conference, July 6-8, 2016, Boston, MA.  IEEE, PISCATAWAY, NJ.  doi:10.1109/ACC.2016.7525463
  • Lian J, J Hansen, LD Marinovici, and K Kalsi. 2016. "Hierarchical Decentralized Control Strategy for Demand-Side Primary Frequency Response." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM 2016), July 17-21, 2016, Boston, MA.  IEEE, PISCATAWAY, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PESGM.2016.7741267
  • Williams TL, K Kalsi, MA Elizondo, LD Marinovici, and RM Pratt. 2016. "Control and Coordination of Frequency Responsive Residential Water Heaters." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM 2016), July 17-21, 2016, Boston, Massachusetts.  IEEE, PISCATAWAY, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PESGM.2016.7741391

2015

  • Hao H, J Lian, K Kalsi, and J Stoustrup. 2015. "Distributed Flexibility Characterization and Resource Allocation Strategies for Multi-zone Commercial Buildings in the Smart Grid." In 54th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, December 15-18, 2015, Osaka, Japan, pp. 3161-3168.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/CDC.2015.7402693
  • Kalsi K, J Hansen, JC Fuller, LD Marinovici, MA Elizondo, TL Williams, J Lian, and Y Sun. 2015. Loads as a Resource: Frequency Responsive DemandPNNL-25397, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Kalsi K, TL Williams, LD Marinovici, MA Elizondo, and J Lian. 2015. Loads as a Resource: Frequency Responsive DemandPNNL-24906, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Lian J, Y Sun, LD Marinovici, and K Kalsi. 2015. "Improved Controller Design of Grid Friendly™ Appliances for Primary Frequency Response." In IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 26-30, 2015, Denver, Colorado, pp. 1-5.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PESGM.2015.7286424

2014

  • Elizondo MA, LD Marinovici, J Lian, K Kalsi, and P Du. 2014. "Mitigation of Remedial Action Schemes by Decentralized Robust Governor Control." In IEEE PES T&D Conference and Exposition, April 14-17, 2014, Chicago Illinois, pp. 1-5.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/TDC.2014.6863364
  • Kalsi K, J Lian, LD Marinovici, MA Elizondo, W Zhang, and C Moya. 2014. Loads as a Resource: Frequency Responsive DemandPNNL-23764, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Li S, W Zhang, J Lian, and K Kalsi. 2014. "On Market-Based Coordination of Thermostatically Controlled Loads With User Preference." In IEEE 53rd Conference on Decision and Control (CDC 2014), December 15-17, 2013, Los Angeles, California, pp. 2474-2480.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/CDC.2014.7039766
  • Moya C, W Zhang, J Lian, and K Kalsi. 2014. "A Hierarchical Framework for Demand-Side Frequency Control." In American Control Conference (ACC 2014), June 4-6, 2014, Portland, Oregon, pp. 52-57.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/ACC.2014.6859304

2013

  • Mayhorn ET, K Kalsi, J Lian, and MA Elizondo. 2013. "Model Predictive Control-based Optimal Coordination of Distributed Energy Resources." In 46th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS 2013), January 7-10, 2013, Wailea, Hawaii, pp. 2237-2244.  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers , Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/HICSS.2013.410
  • Mayhorn ET, K Kalsi, J Lian, and MA Elizondo. 2013. "Model Predictive Control-based Optimal Coordination of Distributed Energy Resources." In 46th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS), January 7-10, 2013, Maui, Hawaii, ed. RH Sprague, Jr., pp. 2237-2244.  IEEE Computer Society, Los Alamitos, CA.  doi:10.1109/HICSS.2013.410
  • Chang CY, W Zhang, J Lian, and K Kalsi. 2013. "Modeling and Control of Aggregated Air Conditioning Loads Under Realistic Conditions." In IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT 2013), February 24-27, 2013, Washington DC.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/ISGT.2013.6497895
  • Kalsi K, JC Fuller, FK Tuffner, J Lian, W Zhang, LD Marinovici, AR Fisher, FS Chassin, and ML Hauer. 2013. Integrated Transmission and Distribution ControlPNNL-22157, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Kalsi K, W Zhang, J Lian, LD Marinovici, C Moya, and JE Dagle. 2013. Distributed Smart Grid Asset Control Strategies for Providing Ancillary Services PNNL-22875, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Marinovici LD, J Lian, K Kalsi, P Du, and MA Elizondo. 2013. "Distributed Hierarchical Control Architecture for Transient Dynamics Improvement in Power Systems." IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 28(3):3065-3074.  doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2012.2236655
  • Subbarao K, JC Fuller, K Kalsi, A Somani, RG Pratt, SE Widergren, and DP Chassin. 2013. Transactive Control and Coordination of Distributed Assets for Ancillary ServicesPNNL-22942, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Zhang W, J Lian, CY Chang, and K Kalsi. 2013. "Aggregated Modeling and Control of Air Conditioning Loads for Demand Response." IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 28(4):4655-4664.  doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2013.2266121

2012

  • Mayhorn ET, K Kalsi, MA Elizondo, W Zhang, S Lu, NA Samaan, and K Butler-Purry. 2012. "Optimal Control of Distributed Energy Resources using Model Predictive Control." In Proceedigns of the IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 22-26, 2012, San Diego, California.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PESGM.2012.6345596
  • Chassin DP, and K Kalsi. 2012. "Effects of Demand Response on Retail and Wholesale Power Markets." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 22-26, 2012, San Diego, California, pp. 1-7.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PESGM.2012.6345602
  • Elbert ST, K Kalsi, M Vlachopoulou, MJ Rice, KR Glaesemann, and N Zhou. 2012. "Advanced Computational Methods for Security Constrained Financial Transmission Rights: Structure and Parallelism." In 8th Power Plant and Power Systems Control Symposium, September 2-5, 2012, Toulouse, France, vol. 8, ed. M Fadel and S Caux, pp. 506-511.  International Federation of Automatic Control (IFAC), Winterthur, Switzerland.  doi:10.3182/20120902-4-FR-2032.00089
  • Kalsi K, MA Elizondo, JC Fuller, S Lu, and DP Chassin. 2012. "Development and Validation of Aggregated Models for Thermostatic Controlled Loads with Demand Response." In 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Science (HICSS 2012), January 4-7, 2012, Maui, Hawaii, pp. 1959-1966.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/HICSS.2012.212
  • Kalsi K, P Du, and Z Huang. 2012. "Model Calibration of Exciter and PSS Using Extended Kalman Filter." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 22-26, 2012, San Diego, California, pp. 1-6.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PESGM.2012.6345560
  • Kalsi K, ST Elbert, M Vlachopoulou, N Zhou, and Z Huang. 2012. "Advanced Computational Methods for Security Constrained Financial Transmission Rights." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 22-26, 2012, San Diego, California, pp. 1-8.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PESGM.2012.6345577
  • Kalsi K, Y Sun, Z Huang, P Du, R Diao, KK Anderson, Y Li, and B Lee. 2012. "Calibrating Multi-machine Power System Parameters with the Extended Kalman Filter." In 2011 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 24-28, 2011, Detroit, Michigan.  IEEE , Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PES.2011.6039224
  • Lian J, LD Marinovici, K Kalsi, P Du, and MA Elizondo. 2012. "Distributed Hierarchical Control of Multi-Area Power Systems with Improved Primary Frequency Regulation." In Proceedings of the IEEE 51st Annual Conference on Decision and Control (CDC), December 10-13, 2012, Maui, Hawaii, pp. 444-449.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/CDC.2012.6426115
  • Vlachopoulou M, G Chin, Jr, JC Fuller, S Lu, and K Kalsi. 2012. "Model for Aggregated Water Heater Load Using Dynamic Bayesian Networks." In Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Data Mining (DMIN 2012). WORLDCOMP '12, July 16-19, 2012, Las Vegas, Nevada, ed. R Stahlbock and GM Weiss, pp. 17-23.  CSREA Press, Athens, GA. 
  • Zhang W, J Lian, CY Chang, K Kalsi, and Y Sun. 2012. "Reduced-Order Modeling of Aggregated Thermostatic Loads With Demand Response." In Proceedings of the IEEE 51st Annual Conference on Decision and Control (CDC), December 10-13, 2012, Maui, Hawaii, pp. 5592-5597.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/CDC.2012.6426010
  • Zhang W, K Kalsi, JC Fuller, MA Elizondo, and DP Chassin. 2012. "Aggregate Model for Heterogeneous Thermostatically Controlled Loads with Demand Response." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 22-26, 2012, San Diego, California, pp. 1-8.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PESGM.2012.6345351

2011

  • Du P, Z Huang, Y Sun, R Diao, K Kalsi, KK Anderson, Y Li, and B Lee. 2011. "Distributed Dynamic State Estimation with Extended Kalman Filter." In 43rd North American Power Symposium (NAPS 2011), August 4-6, 2011, Boston, Massachusetts.  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/NAPS.2011.6024863
  • Kalsi K, S Hui, and S Zak. 2011. "Unknown Input and Sensor Fault Estimation Using Sliding-Mode Observers." In American Control Conference (ACC 2011), June 29-July 1, 2011, San Francisco, California, pp. 1364-1369.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/ACC.2011.5990738
  • Kalsi K, FS Chassin, and DP Chassin. 2011. "Aggregated Modeling of Thermostatic Loads in Demand Response: A Systems and Control Perspective." In 50th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control and European Control Conference (CDC-ECC), December 12-15, 2011, Orlando, Florida, pp. 15-20.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/CDC.2011.6160448
  • Lu S, MA Elizondo, NA Samaan, K Kalsi, ET Mayhorn, R Diao, C Jin, and Y Zhang. 2011. "Control Strategies for Distributed Energy Resources to Maximize the Use of Wind Power in Rural Microgrids." In Proceedings of the IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 24-29, 2011, Detroit, Michigan.  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PES.2011.6039787
  • Sun Y, P Du, Z Huang, K Kalsi, R Diao, KK Anderson, Y Li, and B Lee. 2011. "PMU Placement for Dynamic State Tracking of Power Systems." In 43rd North American Power Symposium (NAPS 2011), August 4-6, 2011 Boston, Massachusetts.  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/NAPS.2011.6024865

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