# Jie Bao

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

PO Box 999

Richland, WA 99352

(509) 375-4459

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## Biography

Dr. Bao joined PNNL in 2010. His previous work includes lattice Boltzmann method (LBM), multi-component multi-phase flow and applications of Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA) in computational fluid dynamics (CFD). In his role as a Research Engineer in PNNL, Dr. Bao is responsible for CFD analyses in fluid flow system, and continues the study in lattice Boltzmann method and related area.

## Education and Credentials

- Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, 2010
- B.S., Mechanical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing, China, 2004

## PNNL Publications

### 2021

- Chen Y., Z. Xu, C. Wang, J. Bao, B.J. Koeppel, L. Yan, and P. Gao, et al. 2021. "Analytical modeling for redox flow battery design."
*Journal of Power Sources*482. PNNL-SA-150736. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2020.228817

### 2020

- Bao J., V. Murugesan, C.J. Kamp, Y. Shao, L. Yan, and W. Wang. 2020. "Machine learning coupled multi-scale modeling for redox flow batteries."
*Advanced Theory and Simulations*3, no. 2:Article No. 1900167. PNNL-SA-148857. doi:10.1002/adts.201900167 - Fang Y., X. Song, H. Ren, W.A. Perkins, P. Shuai, M.C. Richmond, and Z. Hou, et al. 2020. "High-performance simulation of dynamic hydrologic exchange and implications for surrogate flow and reactive transport modeling in a large river corridor."
*Frontiers in Water*2. PNNL-SA-153319. doi:10.3389/frwa.2020.564211 - Fu Y., J. Bao, C. Wang, R.K. Singh, and Z. Xu. 2020.
*CFD Study of Countercurrent Flow in Triply Periodic Minimal Surfaces with CO2BOL Solvent*. PNNL-29590. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. CFD Study of Countercurrent Flow in Triply Periodic Minimal Surfaces with CO2BOL Solvent - Fu Y., J. Bao, C. Wang, R.K. Singh, D. Barpaga, R.F. Zheng, and Z. Xu, et al. 2020.
*Absorber Column CFD model validation against PNNL's device-scale absorber column on the LCFS unit*. PNNL-29828. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Absorber Column CFD model validation against PNNL's device-scale absorber column on the LCFS unit - Fu Y., J. Bao, R.K. Singh, C. Wang, and Z. Xu. 2020. "Investigation of Countercurrent Flow Profile and Liquid Holdup in Random Packed Column with Local CFD Data."
*Chemical Engineering Science*221. PNNL-SA-148356. doi:10.1016/j.ces.2020.115693 - Singh R.K., J. Bao, C. Wang, Y. Fu, and Z. Xu. 2020. "Hydrodynamics of countercurrent flows in a structured packed column: effects of initial wetting and dynamic contact angle."
*Chemical Engineering Journal*398. PNNL-SA-149254. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2020.125548

### 2019

- Bao J., C. Wang, Z. Xu, and B.J. Koeppel. 2019.
*Physics-Informed Machine Learning with Application to Solid Oxide Fuel Cell System Modeling and Optimization*. PNNL-29124. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Physics-Informed Machine Learning with Application to Solid Oxide Fuel Cell System Modeling and Optimization - Xu Z., R.K. Singh, J. Bao, and C. Wang. 2019. "Direct Effect of Solvent Viscosity on the Physical Mass Transfer for Wavy Film Flow in a Packed Column."
*Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research*58, no. 37:17524-17539. PNNL-SA-139101. doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.9b01226

### 2018

- Bao J., T. Zhou, M. Huang, Z. Hou, W.A. Perkins, S.F. Harding, and P. Titzler, et al. 2018. "Modulating factors of hydrologic exchanges in a large-scale river reach: Insights from three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics simulations."
*Hydrological Processes*32, no. 23:3446-3463. PNNL-SA-123673. doi:10.1002/hyp.13266 - Singh R.K., J. Bao, C. Wang, and Z. Xu. 2018.
*Device-scale CFD study for mass transfer coefficient and effective mass transfer area in packed column*. PNNL-28161. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Device-scale CFD study for mass transfer coefficient and effective mass transfer area in packed column - Zhou T., J. Bao, M. Huang, Z. Hou, E.V. Arntzen, X. Song, and S.F. Harding, et al. 2018. "Riverbed Hydrologic Exchange Dynamics in a Large Regulated River Reach."
*Water Resources Research*54, no. 4:2715-2730. PNNL-SA-123666. doi:10.1002/2017WR020508

### 2017

- Ling B., J. Bao, M. Oostrom, I. Battiato, and A.M. Tartakovsky. 2017. "Modeling Variability in Porescale Multiphase Flow Experiments."
*Advances in Water Resources*1005. PNNL-SA-122395. doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2017.04.005 - Pan W., X. Yang, J. Bao, and M. Wang. 2017. "Optimizing Discharge Capacity of Li-O2 Batteries by Design of Air-electrode Porous Structure: Multifidelity Modeling and Optimization."
*Journal of the Electrochemical Society*164, no. 11:E3499-E3511. PNNL-SA-123847. doi:10.1149/2.0511711jes - Ren H., J. Ray, Z. Hou, M. Huang, J. Bao, and L.P. Swiler. 2017. "Bayesian Inversion of Seismic and Electromagnetic Data for Marine Gas Reservoir Characterization Using Multi-chain Markov Chain Monte Carlo Sampling."
*Journal of Applied Geophysics*147. PNNL-SA-121160. doi:10.1016/j.jappgeo.2017.10.004 - Wang C., J. Bao, W. Pan, and X. Sun. 2017. "Modeling Electrokinetics in Ionic Liquids."
*Electrophoresis*38, no. 13-14:1693-1705. PNNL-SA-121684. doi:10.1002/elps.201600455 - Zhou T., M. Huang, J. Bao, Z. Hou, E.V. Arntzen, R.D. Mackley, and A.R. Crump, et al. 2017. "A New Approach to Quantify Shallow Water Hydrologic Exchanges in a Large Regulated River Reach."
*Water*9, no. 9:703. PNNL-SA-123562. doi:10.3390/w9090703

### 2016

- Devaraj A., V. Murugesan, J. Bao, M.F. Guo, M.A. Derewinski, Z. Xu, and M.J. Gray, et al. 2016. "Discerning the Location and Nature of Coke Deposition from Surface to Bulk of Spent Zeolite Catalysts."
*Scientific Reports*6. PNNL-SA-113562. doi:10.1038/srep37586

### 2015

- Bao J., W. Xu, P. Bhattacharya, M.L. Stewart, J. Zhang, and W. Pan. 2015. "Discharge Performance of Li-O2 Batteries Using a Multiscale Modeling Approach."
*Journal of Physical Chemistry C*119, no. 27:14851-14860. PNNL-SA-107643. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b01441 - Bao J., Z. Hou, M. Huang, and Y. Liu. 2015. "On Approaches to Analyze the Sensitivity of Simulated Hydrologic Fluxes to Model Parameters in the Community Land Model."
*Water*7, no. 12:6810-6826. PNNL-SA-115624. doi:10.3390/w7126662 - Bao J., Z. Hou, Y. Fang, H. Ren, and G. Lin. 2015. "Uncertainty quantification for evaluating the impacts of fracture zone on pressure build-up and ground surface uplift during geological CO2 sequestration."
*Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology*5, no. 3:254-267. PNNL-SA-101583. doi:10.1002/ghg.1456 - Bao J., Z. Xu, and Y. Fang. 2015. "A coupled discrete element and finite element model for multiscale simulation of geological carbon sequestration."
*Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology*5, no. 4:474-486. PNNL-SA-96622. doi:10.1002/ghg.1491 - Bao J., Z. Xu, and Y. Fang. 2015. "Uncertainty Quantification for the Reliability of the Analytical Analysis for the Simplified Model of CO2 Geological Sequestration."
*Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology*5, no. 1002:141-151. PNNL-SA-100416. doi:10.1002/ghg.1436 - Gauglitz P.A., J.R. Bontha, R.C. Daniel, L.A. Mahoney, S.D. Rassat, B.E. Wells, and J. Bao, et al. 2015.
*Hydrogen Gas Retention and Release from WTP Vessels: Summary of Preliminary Studies*. PNNL-24255. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Hydrogen Gas Retention and Release from WTP Vessels: Summary of Preliminary Studies - Madaan N., J. Bao, M.I. Nandasiri, Z. Xu, S. Thevuthasan, and A. Devaraj. 2015. "Impact of Dynamic Specimen Shape Evolution on the Atom Probe Tomography Results of Doped Epitaxial Oxide Multilayers: Comparison of Experiment and Simulation."
*Applied Physics Letters*107, no. 9:Article No. 091601. PNNL-SA-109596. doi:10.1063/1.4929705 - Onishi Y., J. Bao, K.A. Glass, L.L. Eyler, and M. Okumura. 2015.
*Environmental, Transient, Three-Dimensional, Hydrothermal, Mass Transport Code - FLESCOT*. PNNL-24190. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Environmental, Transient, Three-Dimensional, Hydrothermal, Mass Transport Code - FLESCOT

### 2014

- Bao J., Y. Chu, Z. Xu, A.M. Tartakovsky, and Y. Fang. 2014. "Uncertainty quantification for the impact of injection rate fluctuation on the geomechanical response of geological carbon sequestration."
*International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control*20. PNNL-SA-93937. doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2013.10.023 - Bao J., Z. Xu, and Y. Fang. 2014. "A Finite-Element Model for Simulation of Carbon Dioxide Sequestration."
*Environmental Geotechnics*1, no. 3:152-160. PNNL-SA-88505. doi:10.1680/envgeo.13.00024 - Lin G., J. Bao, and Z. Xu. 2014. "A three-dimensional phase field model coupled with lattice kinetics solver for modeling crystal growth in furnaces with accelerated crucible rotation and traveling magnetic field."
*Computers & Fluids*103. PNNL-SA-98927. doi:10.1016/j.compfluid.2014.07.027 - Lin G., J. Bao, Z. Xu, A.M. Tartakovsky, and C.H. Henager. 2014. "A phase-field model coupled with lattice kinetics solver for modeling crystal growth in furnaces."
*Communications in Computational Physics*15, no. 1:76-92. PNNL-SA-89043. doi:10.4208/cicp.300612.210313a - Pan W., J. Bao, and A.M. Tartakovsky. 2014. "Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics Continuous Boundary Force method for Navier-Stokes equations subject to Robin boundary condition."
*Journal of Computational Physics*259. PNNL-SA-97729. doi:10.1016/j.jcp.2013.12.014

### 2013

- Bao J., Z. Hou, Y. Fang, H. Ren, and G. Lin. 2013. "Uncertainty quantification for evaluating impacts of caprock and reservoir properties on pressure buildup and ground surface displacement during geological CO2 sequestration."
*Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology*3, no. 5:338-358. PNNL-SA-94881. - Bao J., Z. Hou, Y. Fang, H. Ren, and G. Lin. 2013. "Uncertainty quantification for evaluating impacts of caprock and reservoir properties on pressure buildup and ground surface displacement during geological CO2 sequestration."
*Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology*3, no. 5:338-358. PNNL-SA-95799. doi:10.1002/ghg.1362 - Bao J., Z. Xu, and Y. Fang. 2013. "A Finite Element Model for Simulation of Carbon Dioxide Sequestration."
*Environmental Geotechnics*1, no. 3:152-160. PNNL-SA-97945. doi:10.1680/envgeo.13.00024 - Bao J., Z. Xu, G. Lin, and Y. Fang. 2013. "Evaluating the impact of aquifer layer properties on geomechanical response during CO2 geological sequestration."
*Computers & Geosciences*54. PNNL-SA-92354. doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2013.01.015 - Kim S., E.C. Thomsen, G. Xia, Z. Nie, J. Bao, K.P. Recknagle, and W. Wang, et al. 2013. "1 kW / 1kWh Advanced Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Utilizing Mixed Acid Electrolytes."
*Journal of Power Sources*237. PNNL-SA-92689. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.02.045 - Pan W., J. Bao, C. Lo, C. Lai, K. Agarwal, B.J. Koeppel, and M.A. Khaleel. 2013. "A general approach to develop reduced order models for simulation of solid oxide fuel cell stacks."
*Journal of Power Sources*232. PNNL-SA-90310. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.01.057 - Zhao C., X. Liu, Y. Qian, J. Yoon, Z. Hou, G. Lin, and S.A. McFarlane, et al. 2013. "A Sensitivity Study of Radiative Fluxes at the Top of Atmosphere to Cloud-Microphysics and Aerosol Parameters in the Community Atmosphere Model CAM5."
*Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics*13. PNNL-SA-94914. doi:10.5194/acp-13-10969-2013