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Energy and Environment Directorate

Dan Schreiber

Dan Schreiber

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 372-6920


Dr. Schreiber's research is focused on nanoscale microstructural characterization of materials using a combination of electron microscopy and atom probe tomography. Since joining PNNL in 2011, he has developed correlated high resolution analytical techniques to study corrosion and stress corrosion cracking processes in nuclear materials and environments and also performed fundamental experiments on selective oxidation processes in model alloy systems in high-temperature water environments. This work aims to leverage atomic-level experimental observations to generate novel insights into the roles of grain boundaries and other interfaces, diffusion, selective oxidation, vacancy formation and corrosion on more traditional microscopic to macroscopic observations of oxidation, corrosion and cracking. These unique observations are made possible through the on-going development of site-specific specimen preparation methods to target crack tips, corrosion fronts and other buried interfaces.

PNNL Publications


  • Lee K., B.J. Riley, H. Park, J. Choi, S. Han, J. Hur, and J.A. Peterson, et al. 2019. "Investigation of physical and chemical properties for upgraded SAP (SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5) waste form to immobilize radioactive waste salt." Journal of Nuclear Materials 515, no. 2019:382-391. PNNL-SA-130870. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2019.01.004
  • Wang J., D.K. Schreiber, N.A. Bailey, P. Hosemann, and M.B. Toloczko. 2019. "The Application of the OPTICS Algorithm to Cluster Analysis in Atom Probe Tomography Data." Microscopy and Microanalysis 25, no. 2:338-348. PNNL-SA-133361. doi:10.1017/S1431927618015386


  • Badwe N., X. Chen, D.K. Schreiber, M.J. Olszta, N.R. Overman, E.K. Karasz, and A.Y. Tse, et al. 2018. "Decoupling the role of stress and corrosion in the intergranular cracking of noble-metal alloys." Nature Materials 17, no. 10:887-893. PNNL-SA-138538. doi:10.1038/s41563-018-0162-x
  • Bruemmer S.M., M.J. Olszta, M.B. Toloczko, and D.K. Schreiber. 2018. "Grain Boundary Selective Oxidation and Intergranular Stress Corrosion Crack Growth of High-Purity Nickel Binary Alloys in High-Temperature Hydrogenated Water." Corrosion Science 131. PNNL-SA-129070. doi:10.1016/j.corsci.2017.11.024
  • Exertier F., A. La Fontaine, C. Corcoran, S. Piazolo, E. Belousova, Z. Peng, and B. Gault, et al. 2018. "Atom probe tomography analysis of the reference Zircon GJ-1: An interlaboratory study." Chemical Geology 495. PNNL-SA-130160. doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2018.07.031
  • Jiang W., S.R. Spurgeon, J. Liu, D.K. Schreiber, H. Jung, A. Devaraj, and D.J. Edwards, et al. 2018. "Precipitates and voids in cubic silicon carbide implanted with 25Mg+ ions." Journal of Nuclear Materials 498. PNNL-SA-124406. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.10.046
  • Kruska K., D.K. Schreiber, M.J. Olszta, B.J. Riley, and S.M. Bruemmer. 2018. "Temperature-dependent selective oxidation processes for Ni-5Cr and Ni-4Al." Corrosion Science 139. PNNL-SA-129585. doi:10.1016/j.corsci.2018.04.037
  • Luo L., M. Su, P. Yan, L. Zou, D.K. Schreiber, D.R. Baer, and Z. Zhu, et al. 2018. "Atomic Origins of Water-Vapour-Promoted Alloy Oxidation." Nature Materials 17, no. 6:514-518. PNNL-SA-124752. doi:10.1038/s41563-018-0078-5
  • Medasani B.K., M.L. Sushko, K.M. Rosso, D.K. Schreiber, and S.M. Bruemmer. 2018. "First-principles investigation of native interstitial diffusion in Cr2O3." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 122, no. 24:12984-12993. PNNL-SA-134856. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b04383
  • Schreiber D.K., D.E. Perea, J.V. Ryan, J.E. Evans, and J.D. Vienna. 2018. "A method for site-specific and cryogenic specimen fabrication of liquid/solid interfaces for atom probe tomography." Ultramicroscopy 194. PNNL-SA-133479. doi:10.1016/j.ultramic.2018.07.010
  • Taylor S.D., J. Liu, B.W. Arey, D.K. Schreiber, D.E. Perea, and K.M. Rosso. 2018. "Resolving Iron(II) Sorption and Oxidative Growth on Hematite (001) Using Atom Probe Tomography." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 122, no. 7:3903-3914. PNNL-SA-130858. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b11989


  • Lu X., D.K. Schreiber, J.J. Neeway, J.V. Ryan, J. Du, and J. Du. 2017. "Effects of Optical Dopants and Laser Wavelength on Atom Probe Tomography Analyses of Borosilicate Glasses." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 100, no. 10:4801-4815. PNNL-SA-127099. doi:10.1111/jace.14987
  • Medasani B.K., M.L. Sushko, K.M. Rosso, D.K. Schreiber, and S.M. Bruemmer. 2017. "Vacancies and vacancy-mediated self diffusion in Cr2O3: A first principles study." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 121, no. 3:1817-1831. PNNL-SA-122129. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b00071
  • Riley B.J., J.D. Vienna, S.M. Frank, J.O. Kroll, J.A. Peterson, N.L. Canfield, and Z. Zhu, et al. 2017. "Glass Binder Development for a Glass-Bonded Sodalite Ceramic Waste Form." Journal of Nuclear Materials 489. PNNL-SA-123338. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.03.041
  • Wang J., M.B. Toloczko, K. Kruska, D.K. Schreiber, D.J. Edwards, Z. Zhu, and J. Zhang. 2017. "Carbon Contamination During Ion Irradiation - Accurate Detection and Characterization of its Effect on Microstructure of Ferritic/Martensitic Steels." Scientific Reports 7, no. 1:Article No. 15813. PNNL-SA-129597. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-15669-y
  • Xu K., D.K. Schreiber, Y. Li, B.R. Johnson, and J.S. McCloy. 2017. "Effect of defects, magnetocrystalline anisotropy, and shape anisotropy on magnetic structure of iron thin films by magnetic force microscopy." AIP Advances 7, no. 5:056806. PNNL-SA-123819. doi:10.1063/1.4976580
  • Zhai Z., M.B. Toloczko, K. Kruska, D.K. Schreiber, and S.M. Bruemmer. 2017. "Grain boundary damage evolution and SCC initiation of cold-worked alloy 690 in simulated PWR primary water." In Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems - Water Reactors (EDM 2017), edited by JH Jackson, D Paraventi and M Wright, 457-483. Cham:Springer. PNNL-SA-129136. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-67244-1_29


  • Alexandrov V.Y., M.L. Sushko, D.K. Schreiber, S.M. Bruemmer, and K.M. Rosso. 2016. "Adsorption and diffusion of atomic oxygen and sulfur at pristine and doped Ni surfaces with implications for stress corrosion cracking." Corrosion Science 113. PNNL-SA-123692. doi:10.1016/j.corsci.2016.10.001
  • Gault B., D. Saxey, M.W. Ashton, S.B. Sinnott, A.N. Chiaramonti, M.P. Moody, and D.K. Schreiber. 2016. "Behavior of molecules and molecular ions near a field emitter." New Journal of Physics 18, no. 3:033031. PNNL-SA-119813. doi:10.1088/1367-2630/18/3/033031
  • Gigax J., T. Chen, H. Kim, J. Wang, L. Price, E. Aydogan, and S.A. Maloy, et al. 2016. "Radiation Response of Alloy T91 at Damage Levels up to 1000 Peak DPA." Journal of Nuclear Materials 482. PNNL-SA-122928. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.10.003
  • Jiang W., J. Liu, D.K. Schreiber, D.J. Edwards, C.H. Henager, R.J. Kurtz, and Y. Wang. 2016. "APT AND TEM CHARACTERIZATIONS OF PRECIPITATES IN Mg+ ION IMPLANTED CUBIC SILICON CARBIDE." In Fusion Materials Semiannual Progress Report for the Period Ending December 31, 2015, edited by Clark, D. 79-84. DOE-ER-0313/59. Oak Ridge, Tennessee:OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY. PNNL-SA-116093.
  • Jiang W., S.R. Spurgeon, J. Liu, D.J. Edwards, D.K. Schreiber, C.H. Henager, and R.J. Kurtz, et al. 2016. "CHARACTERIZATION OF PRECIPITATES IN CUBIC SILICON CARBIDE IMPLANTED WITH 25Mg+ IONS." In In Fusion Materials Semianual Report for the Period Ending 06/30/2016, edited by Daniel Clark. 72-77. DOE/ER-0313/60. Oak Ridge, Tennessee:Oak Ridge National Laboratory. PNNL-SA-120391.
  • Kaspar T.C., D.K. Schreiber, S.R. Spurgeon, M.E. McBriarty, G.M. Carroll, D.R. Gamelin, and S.A. Chambers. 2016. "Built-in Potential in Fe2O3-Cr2O3 Superlattices for Improved Photoexcited Carrier Separation." Advanced Materials 28, no. 8:1616-1622. PNNL-SA-112959. doi:10.1002/adma.201504545
  • Liu F., L. Huang, L.M. Porter, R.F. Davis, and D.K. Schreiber. 2016. "Analysis of compositional uniformity in Al(x)Ga(1-x)N thin films using atom probe tomography and electron microscopy." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 34, no. 4:041510. PNNL-SA-118551. doi:10.1116/1.4953410
  • Luo L., L. Zou, D.K. Schreiber, D.R. Baer, S.M. Bruemmer, G. Zhou, and C.M. Wang. 2016. "In-Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Study of Surface Oxidation for Ni-10Cr and Ni-20Cr Alloys." Scripta Materialia 114. PNNL-SA-114164. doi:10.1016/j.scriptamat.2015.11.031
  • Luo L., L. Zou, D.K. Schreiber, M.J. Olszta, D.R. Baer, S.M. Bruemmer, and G. Zhou, et al. 2016. "In Situ Atomic Scale Visualization Of Surface Kinetics Driven Dynamics Of Oxide Growth On A Ni-Cr Surface." Chemical Communications 52, no. 16:3300-3303. PNNL-SA-111555. doi:10.1039/c5cc09165a
  • Wang Z., J. Liu, Y. Zhou, J.J. Neeway, D.K. Schreiber, J.V. Crum, and J.V. Ryan, et al. 2016. "Nanoscale Imaging of Li and B in Nuclear Waste Glass, a Comparison of ToF-SIMS, NanoSIMS and APT." Surface and Interface Analysis 48, no. 13:1392-1401. PNNL-SA-115059. doi:10.1002/sia.6049


  • Alexandrov V.Y., M.L. Sushko, D.K. Schreiber, S.M. Bruemmer, and K.M. Rosso. 2015. "Ab Initio Modeling of Bulk and Intragranular Diffusion in Ni Alloys." Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 6, no. 9:1618-1623. PNNL-SA-110894. doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.5b00177
  • Li Y., K. Xu, S.Y. Hu, J.D. Suter, D.K. Schreiber, P. Ramuhalli, and B.R. Johnson, et al. 2015. "Computational and Experimental Investigations of Magnetic Domain Structures in Patterned Magnetic Thin Films." Journal of Physics D. Applied Physics 48, no. 30:Article No. 305001. PNNL-SA-108524. doi:10.1088/0022-3727/48/30/305001
  • Santhanagopalan D., D.K. Schreiber, D.E. Perea, R. Martens, Y. Janssen, P. Kalifah, and Y.S. Meng. 2015. "Effects of Laser Energy and Wavelength on the Analysis of LiFePO4 Using Laser Assisted Atom Probe Tomography." Ultramicroscopy 148. PNNL-SA-101831. doi:10.1016/j.ultramic.2014.09.004
  • Sushko M.L., V.Y. Alexandrov, D.K. Schreiber, K.M. Rosso, and S.M. Bruemmer. 2015. "Multiscale model of metal alloy oxidation at grain boundaries." Journal of Chemical Physics 142, no. 21:Article No. 214114. PNNL-SA-108809. doi:10.1063/1.4921940
  • Wang C.M., D.K. Schreiber, M.J. Olszta, D.R. Baer, and S.M. Bruemmer. 2015. "Direct In-situ TEM Observation Of Modification Of Oxidation By The Injected Vacancies For Ni-4Al Alloy Using A Microfabricated Nanopost." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 7, no. 31:17272-17277. PNNL-SA-110747. doi:10.1021/acsami.5b04341
  • Xu Z., D. Li, D.K. Schreiber, K.M. Rosso, and S.M. Bruemmer. 2015. "Modeling Selective Intergranular Oxidation of Binary Alloys." Journal of Chemical Physics 142, no. 1:Article No. 014704. PNNL-SA-105917. doi:10.1063/1.4905226


  • Cui J., J. Choi, G. Li, E. Polikarpov, J.T. Darsell, N.R. Overman, and M.J. Olszta, et al. 2014. "Thermal Stability of MnBi Magnetic Materials." Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 26, no. 6:Article No. 064212. PNNL-SA-97263. doi:10.1088/0953-8984/26/6/064212
  • Liu F., L. Huang, R.F. Davis, L.M. Porter, D.K. Schreiber, S. Kuchibhatla, and V. Shutthanandan, et al. 2014. "Composition and Interface Analysis of InGaN/GaN Multiquantum-Wells on GaN Substrates Using Atom Probe Tomography." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B--Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures 32, no. 5:Article No. 051209. PNNL-SA-102741. doi:10.1116/1.4893976
  • Matyas J., J.E. Amonette, R.K. Kukkadapu, D.K. Schreiber, and A.A. Kruger. 2014. "THE EFFECTS OF GLASS DOPING, TEMPERATURE AND TIME ON THE MORPHOLOGY, COMPOSITION, AND IRON REDOX OF SPINEL CRYSTALS." In Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Energy Technologies III, October 27-31, 2013, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Ceramic Transactions, edited by T Ohji, et al, 250, 147-156. Hoboken, New Jersey:John Wiley & Sons, Inc. PNNL-SA-100009. doi:10.1002/9781118996652.ch14
  • Schreiber D.K., A.N. Chiaramonti, L.M. Gordon, and K. Kruska. 2014. "Applicability of post-ionization theory to laser-assisted field evaporation of magnetite." Applied Physics Letters 105, no. 24:Article No. 244106. PNNL-SA-105670. doi:10.1063/1.4904802
  • Schreiber D.K., M.J. Olszta, and S.M. Bruemmer. 2014. "Grain boundary depletion and migration during selective oxidation of Cr in a Ni-5Cr binary alloy exposed to high-temperature hydrogenated water." Scripta Materialia 89. PNNL-SA-102624. doi:10.1016/j.scriptamat.2014.06.022
  • Wang Y., D.K. Schreiber, J.J. Neeway, S. Thevuthasan, J.E. Evans, J.V. Ryan, and Z. Zhu, et al. 2014. "NanoSIMS Imaging Alternation Layers of a Leached SON68 Glass Via A FIB-made Wedged Crater." Surface and Interface Analysis 46, no. S1:233-237. PNNL-SA-98584. doi:10.1002/sia.5585


  • Gamalski A.D., D.E. Perea, J. Yoo, N. Li, M.J. Olszta, R.J. Colby, and D.K. Schreiber, et al. 2013. "Catalyst Composition and Impurity-dependent Kinetics of Nanowire Heteroepitaxy." ACS Nano 7, no. 9:7689-7697. PNNL-SA-95600. doi:10.1021/nn402208p
  • Gin S., J.V. Ryan, D.K. Schreiber, J.J. Neeway, and M. Cabie. 2013. "Contribution of atom-probe tomography to a better understanding of glass alteration mechanisms: application to a nuclear glass specimen altered 25 years in a granitic environment." Chemical Geology 349-350. PNNL-SA-92809.
  • Schreiber D.K., M.J. Olszta, and S.M. Bruemmer. 2013. "Directly correlated transmission electron microscopy and atom probe tomography of grain boundary oxidation in a Ni-Al binary alloy exposed to high-temperature water." Scripta Materialia 69, no. 7:509-512. PNNL-SA-96103. doi:10.1016/j.scriptamat.2013.06.008
  • Schreiber D.K., M.J. Olszta, D.W. Saxey, K. Kruska, K.L. Moore, S. Lozano-Perez, and S.M. Bruemmer. 2013. "Examinations of Oxidation and Sulfidation of Grain Boundaries in Alloy 600 Exposed to Simulated Pressurized Water Reactor Primary Water." Microscopy and Microanalysis 19, no. 3:676-687. PNNL-21595. doi:10.1017/S1431927613000421


  • Olszta M.J., D.K. Schreiber, L.E. Thomas, and S.M. Bruemmer. 2012. "High-Resolution Crack Imaging Reveals Degradation Processes in Nuclear Reactor Structural Materials." Advanced Materials & Processes 170, no. 4:17-21. PNNL-SA-85475.
  • Perea D.E., D.K. Schreiber, A. Devaraj, S. Thevuthasan, J. Yoo, S.A. Dayeh, and S.T. Picraux. 2012. "Controlling Axial p-n Heterojunction Abruptness Through Catalyst Alloying in Vapor-Liquid-Solid Grown Semiconductor Nanowires." Microscopy and Microanalysis 18, no. Suppl. 2:1860-1861. PNNL-SA-91518. doi:10.1017/S1431927612011154
  • Ryan J.V., W.L. Ebert, J.P. Icenhower, D.K. Schreiber, D.M. Strachan, and J.D. Vienna. 2012. "Joint EM-NE-International Study of Glass Behavior over Geologic Time Scales." In Waste Management Symposium (WM 2012): Improving the Future of Waste Management, February 26 - March 1, 2012, Phoenix, Arizona, Paper No. 121303. Tucson, Arizona:Waste Management Symposia, Inc. PNNL-SA-84912.
  • Zhong X.Y., B. Kabius, D.K. Schreiber, J.A. Eastman, D.D. Fong, and A.K. Petford-Long. 2012. "Three-Dimensional Quantitative Chemical Roughness Of Buried ZrO2/In2O3 Interfaces Via Energy-Filtered Electron Tomography." Applied Physics Letters 100, no. 10:Article No. 101604. PNNL-SA-86997. doi:10.1063/1.3690861

Energy and Environment

Core Research Areas