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Energy and Environment Directorate

Huidong Li

Huidong Li

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 371-6185


Dr. Huidong Li is a materials scientist and the Technical Team Lead of the Waterpower Engineering Team at the Hydrology Technical Group of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). He received his Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering from Drexel University (Philadelphia, PA) and bachelor's degree in Chemical Engineering from Tsinghua University (Beijing, China). His expertise is in piezoelectric materials and the design, development and applications of sensors/transducers using piezoelectric materials. Dr. Li joined PNNL in 2011 and was one of the inventors for multiple PNNL patents which either have been successfully commercialized or are in the commercialization process. He was one of the main contributors that invented the JSATS (Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System) injectable tag and juvenile lamprey/eel tag, which are the smallest active fish tags in the world to date. He was also one of the main inventors for the first self-powered fish tag that can harvest energy from fish swimming to power the transmissions. At PNNL, Huidong has authored or co-authored dozens of peer-reviewed journal articles and technical reports. His recent research activities include development of advanced acoustic and radio transmitters to support environmental mitigation of renewable energy (hydro, marine and wind) and autonomous water quality monitoring.

Research Interests

  • Hydro- and marine power engineering
  • Environmental monitoring
  • Acoustic telemetry
  • Fish tracking technologies
  • Piezoelectric devices
  • Energy harvesting
  • Ceramic materials

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D., Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA
  • M.S., Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China
  • B.S., Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • Member of Materials Research Society

Awards and Recognitions

  • 2017 - Publication of the Year, Energy and Environment Directorate, PNNL
  • 2013, 2015, 2017, 2018 - Project Team of the Year, Energy and Environment Directorate, PNNL
  • 2012, 2013 - Outstanding Performance Award, PNNL
  • 2015 - R&D 100 Award Finalist
  • 2012 - Best Poster Award, Annual Postdoctoral Poster Competition, PNNL

PNNL Patents

PNNL Publications


  • Wu B., H. Ouro-Koura, S. Lu, H. Li, X. Wang, J. Xiao, and Z. Deng. 2023. "Functional Materials for Powering and Implementing Next-Generation Miniature Sensors." Materials Today 69. PNNL-SA-186034. doi:10.1016/j.mattod.2023.09.001


  • Deng Z., J. Lu, H. Li, and J.J. Martinez. 2022. "An Acoustic Transmitter with Intelligent ON/OFF Mechanisms and Quasi-location Awareness." In The 15th ACM International Conference on Underwater Networks and Systems (WUWNet 2021), November 23-26, 2021, Vitrual, Online, Art. No. 17. New York, New York:ACM. PNNL-SA-167694. doi:10.1145/3491315.3491358
  • Li H., J. Lu, M.J. Myjak, S.A. Liss, R.S. Brown, C. Tian, and Z. Deng. 2022. "An Implantable Biomechanical Energy Harvester for Animal Monitoring Devices." Nano Energy 98. PNNL-SA-166095. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2022.107290
  • Wu B., G.J. Harvey, H.D. Whitbread, H. Li, Z. Deng, and J. Xiao. 2022. Pushing the Limits of Micro battery Capacity and Energy. PNNL-32631. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Pushing the Limits of Micro battery Capacity and Energy
  • Yang Y., J. Lu, B.D. Pflugrath, H. Li, J.J. Martinez, S. Regmi, and B. Wu, et al. 2022. "Lab-on-a-Fish: Wireless, miniaturized, fully integrated, implantable biotelemetric tag for real-time in vivo monitoring of aquatic animals." IEEE Internet of Things Journal 9, no. 13:10751-10762. PNNL-SA-156950. doi:10.1109/JIOT.2021.3126614


  • Deng Z., H. Li, J. Lu, J. Xiao, M.J. Myjak, J.J. Martinez, and Y. Wang, et al. 2021. "An Acoustic Micro-transmitter Enabling Tracking of Sensitive Aquatic Species in Riverine and Estuarine Environments." Cell Reports Physical Science 2, no. 5:100411. PNNL-SA-138486. doi:10.1016/j.xcrp.2021.100411
  • Li H., Z. Deng, J. Lu, J.J. Martinez, B. Wu, and X. Zang. 2021. "A miniaturized long-life acoustic transmitter for animal tracking in marine environments." In Global Oceans 2020: Singapore - U.S. Gulf Coast, October 5-30, 2020, Biloxi, MS, 1-4. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-155697. doi:10.1109/IEEECONF38699.2020.9389355
  • Lu J., H. Li, C. Tian, M.J. Myjak, J. Xiao, B.J. Bellgraph, and S. Cartmell, et al. 2021. "A Frequency-Programmable Miniaturized Radio Frequency Transmitter for Animal Tracking." Sensors 21, no. 19:Article No.6683. PNNL-SA-131089. doi:10.3390/s21196683
  • Thallapally P.K., J. Liu, H. Li, J. Lu, J.W. Grate, B.P. McGrail, and Z. Deng, et al. 2021. Surface Acoustic Wave Sensors for Refrigerant Leak Detection - CRADA 402 (Final Report). PNNL-32268. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Surface Acoustic Wave Sensors for Refrigerant Leak Detection - CRADA 402 (Final Report)


  • Fischer E.S., S.E. Blackburn, S.A. Liss, J.S. Hughes, H. Li, and Z. Deng. 2019. "How Small Can We Go? Evaluating Survival, Tag Retention, and Growth of Juvenile Chinook Salmon Implanted with a New Acoustic Microtag." North American Journal of Fisheries Management 39, no. 6:1329-1336. PNNL-SA-144456. doi:10.1002/nafm.10367
  • Li H., D. Zhou, J.J. Martinez, Z. Deng, K.I. Johnson, and M.P. Westman. 2019. "Design and Performance of Composite Runner Blades for Ultra Low Head Turbines." Renewable Energy 132. PNNL-SA-131139. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2018.08.110
  • Liss S.A., K.R. Znotinas, S.E. Blackburn, E.S. Fischer, H. Li, J.S. Hughes, and Z. Deng. 2019. Tagging a smaller size class of fish: can it be done?. PNNL-29192. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Tagging a smaller size class of fish: can it be done?


  • Wang Y., Q. Li, S. Cartmell, H. Li, S.A. Mendoza, J. Zhang, and Z. Deng, et al. 2018. "Fundamental understanding and rational design of high energy structural microbatteries." Nano Energy 43. PNNL-SA-129983. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.11.046


  • Deng Z., J.J. Martinez, H. Li, R.A. Harnish, C.M. Woodley, J.S. Hughes, and X. Li, et al. 2017. "Comparing the survival rate of juvenile Chinook salmon migrating through hydropower systems using injectable and surgical acoustic transmitters." Scientific Reports 7. PNNL-SA-113136. doi:10.1038/srep42999
  • Wang Y., S.S. Cartmell, Q. Li, J. Xiao, H. Li, Z. Deng, and J. Zhang. 2017. "A reliable sealing method for microbatteries." Journal of Power Sources 341. PNNL-SA-119837. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.12.024


  • Li H., C. Tian, J. Lu, M.J. Myjak, J.J. Martinez, R.S. Brown, and Z. Deng. 2016. "An Energy Harvesting Underwater Acoustic Transmitter for Aquatic Animals." Scientific Reports 6. PNNL-SA-116757. doi:10.1038/srep33804
  • Lu J., Z. Deng, H. Li, M.J. Myjak, J.J. Martinez, J. Xiao, and R.S. Brown, et al. 2016. "A SMALL LONG-LIFE ACOUSTIC TRANSMITTER FOR STUDYING THE BEHAVIOR OF AQUATIC ANIMALS." Review of Scientific Instruments 87, no. 11:114902. PNNL-SA-110558. doi:10.1063/1.4967941


  • Deng Z., T.J. Carlson, H. Li, J. Xiao, M.J. Myjak, J. Lu, and J.J. Martinez, et al. 2015. "An injectable acoustic transmitter for juvenile salmon." Scientific Reports 5. PNNL-SA-104621. doi:10.1038/srep08111
  • Li H., K. Jung, and Z. Deng. 2015. "Piezoelectric transducer design for a miniaturized injectable acoustic transducer." Smart Materials and Structures 24, no. 11:115010. PNNL-SA-108101. doi:10.1088/0964-1726/24/11/115010


  • Chen H., S.S. Cartmell, Q. Wang, T.J. Lozano, Z. Deng, H. Li, and X. Chen, et al. 2014. "Micro-battery Development for Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System Applications." Scientific Reports 4. PNNL-SA-84994. doi:10.1038/srep03790
  • Cook K.V., R.S. Brown, Z. Deng, R.S. Klett, H. Li, A. Seaburg, and M.B. Eppard. 2014. "A comparison of implantation methods for large PIT tags or injectable acoustic transmitters in juvenile Chinook salmon." Fisheries Research 154. PNNL-SA-98032. doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2013.11.006
  • Li H., C. Tian, and Z. Deng. 2014. "Energy Harvesting From Low Frequency Applications Using Piezoelectric Materials." Applied Physics Reviews 1, no. 4:041301. PNNL-SA-104573. doi:10.1063/1.4900845


  • Brown R.S., Z. Deng, K.V. Cook, B.D. Pflugrath, X. Li, T. Fu, and J.J. Martinez, et al. 2013. "A field evaluation of an external and neutrally buoyant acoustic transmitter for juvenile salmon: implications for estimating hydroturbine passage survival." PLoS One 8, no. 10:e77744. PNWD-SA-10136. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0077744


  • Li H., Z. Deng, and T.J. Carlson. 2012. "Piezoelectric materials used in underwater acoustic transducers." Sensor Letters 10, no. 3/4:679-697. PNNL-SA-84860.
  • Li H., Z. Deng, Y. Yuan, and T.J. Carlson. 2012. "Design Parameters of a Miniaturized Piezoelectric Underwater Acoustic Transmitter." Sensors 12, no. 7:9098-9109. PNNL-SA-82854. doi:10.3390/s120709098

Energy and Environment

Core Research Areas