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Energy and Environment Directorate

Di Wu

Di Wu

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 375-3975

Biography

Di Wu joined Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in 2012. His research interests include distributed control and coordination in power systems, operational planning and optimization of energy storage, distributed control, and water-energy nexus. Before joining PNNL, his research mainly focuses on the impacts of plug-in electric vehicles on power systems and planning of national energy and transportation infrastructure. Dr. Wu is a member of the IEEE Power and Energy Society and Control Systems Society. He also serves as Associate Editor for IEEE Power and Energy Technology Systems Journal.

Research Interests

  • Control and Optimization of Distributed Energy Sources
  • Assessment of Energy Storage for Grid Applications
  • Distributed Control
  • Production Cost Analysis
  • Water-Energy Nexus
  • Power System Dynamic Simulation

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D. Electrical & Computer Engineering, Iowa State University, 2012
  • M.S. Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China, 2006
  • B.S. Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China, 2003

PNNL Publications

2019

  • Balducci P.J., K. Mongird, A. Somani, D. Wu, Y. Yuan, R. Fan, and M.E. Alam, et al. 2019. Shell Energy North America's Hydro Battery System: Final Market Assessment Report. PNNL-27620. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Shell Energy North America's Hydro Battery System: Final Market Assessment Report
  • Balducci P.J., M.E. Alam, T.E. McDermott, V. Fotedar, X. Ma, D. Wu, and B. Bhatti, et al. 2019. Nantucket Island Energy Storage System Assessment. PNNL-28941. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Nantucket Island Energy Storage System Assessment
  • Crawford A.J., V.V. Viswanathan, C.K. Vartanian, M.E. Alam, P.J. Balducci, D. Wu, and T.D. Hardy, et al. 2019. Avista An Assessment of Battery Technical Performance. PNNL-28480. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Avista An Assessment of Battery Technical Performance
  • Crawford A.J., V.V. Viswanathan, M.E. Alam, P.J. Balducci, D. Wu, C.K. Vartanian, and K. Mongird. 2019. Snohomish Public Utility District MESA 2. PNNL-28478. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Snohomish Public Utility District MESA 2
  • Huang S., and D. Wu. 2019. "Validation on Aggregate Flexibility from Residential Air Conditioning Systems for Building-to-Grid Integration." Energy and Buildings 200. PNNL-SA-141726. doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2019.07.043
  • Ke X., D. Wu, and N. Lu. 2019. "A Real-Time Greedy-Index Dispatching Policy for using PEVs to Provide Frequency Regulation Service." IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid 10, no. 1:864-877. PNNL-SA-119165. doi:10.1109/TSG.2017.2754241
  • Reiman A.P., A. Somani, M.E. Alam, P. Wang, D. Wu, and K. Kalsi. 2019. "Power Factor Correction in Feeders with Distributed Photovoltaics Using Residential Appliances as Virtual Batteries." IEEE Access 7. PNNL-SA-142759. doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2928568
  • Wu D., N. Radhakrishnan, and S. Huang. 2019. "A Hierarchical Charging Control of Plug-in Electric Vehicles with Simple Flexibility Model." Applied Energy 253. PNNL-SA-136731. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.113490
  • Wu D., N. Radhakrishnan, X. Ke, S. Huang, A.P. Reiman, and K. Kalsi. 2019. Coordinated PEV Charging for Distribution System Management. PNNL-27710. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Coordinated PEV Charging for Distribution System Management
  • Yang T., D. Wu, H. Fang, W. Ren, H. Wang, Y. Hong, and K. Johansson. 2019. "Distributed Energy Resources Coordination over Time-varying Directed Communication Networks." IEEE Transactions on Control of Network Systems 6, no. 3:1124-1134. PNNL-SA-131101. doi:10.1109/TCNS.2019.2921284
  • Yang T., X. Yi, J. Wu, Y. Yuan, D. Wu, Z. Meng, and Y. Hong, et al. 2019. "A Survey of Distributed Optimization." Annual Reviews in Control 47. PNNL-SA-139833. doi:10.1016/j.arcontrol.2019.05.006

2018

  • Balducci P.J., M.E. Alam, T.D. Hardy, and D. Wu. 2018. "Assigning Value to Energy Storage Systems at Multiple Points in an Electrical Grid." Energy and Environmental Science 11, no. 8:1926-1944. PNNL-SA-130624. doi:10.1039/C8EE00569A
  • Hao H., D. Wu, J. Lian, and T. Yang. 2018. "Optimal Coordination of Building Loads and Energy Storage for Power Grid and End User Services." IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid 9, no. 5:4335-4345. PNNL-SA-118868. doi:10.1109/TSG.2017.2655083
  • Viswanathan V.V., A.J. Crawford, M.E. Alam, P.J. Balducci, D. Wu, T.D. Hardy, and K. Mongird. 2018. Snohomish Public Utility District: An Assessment of Battery Technical Performance. PNNL-27237. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Voisin N., M. Kintner-Meyer, D. Wu, R. Skaggs, T. Fu, T. Zhou, and T.B. Nguyen, et al. 2018. "Opportunities for joint water-energy management: sensitivity of the 2010 Western U.S. electricity grid operations to climate oscillations." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 99, no. 2:299-312. PNNL-SA-121241. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0253.1
  • Wang P., Y. Gao, N. Yu, W. Ren, J. Lian, and D. Wu. 2018. "Communication-efficient Distributed Solutions to a System of Linear Equations with Laplacian Sparse Structure." In 2018 IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC), 3367-3372. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-133154. doi:10.1109/CDC.2018.8619387
  • Wu D., X. Ke, N. Radhakrishnan, and A.P. Reiman. 2018. "Optimization Methods for Evaluating PEV Charging Considering Customer Behavior." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM 2018), August 5-10, 2018, Portland, OR. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-130670. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2018.8586401

2017

  • Alam M.E., P.J. Balducci, V.V. Viswanathan, A.J. Crawford, D. Wu, T.D. Hardy, and K. Mongird. 2017. "CONTROLLING ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS: LESSONS LEARNED FROM THE WASHINGTON CLEAN ENERGY FUND DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS." In Electrical Energy Storage Applications and Technologies (EESAT 2017), October 11-13, 2017, San Diego, CA. Albuquerque, New Mexico:Sandia National Laboratories. PNNL-SA-131851.
  • Balducci P.J., M.E. Alam, V.V. Viswanathan, D. Wu, A.J. Crawford, K. Mongird, and M.R. Weimar, et al. 2017. "An Economic Assessment of Portland General Electric's Salem Smart Power Center Energy Storage System." In Electrical Energy Storage Applications and Technologies (EESAT 2017), October 11-13, 2017, San Diego, CA. Albuquerque, New Mexico:Sandia National Laboratories. PNNL-SA-129062.
  • Balducci P.J., M.E. Alam, V.V. Viswanathan, D. Wu, A.J. Crawford, K. Mongird, and M.R. Weimar, et al. 2017. The Salem Smart Power Center: An Assessment of Battery Performance and Economic Potential. PNNL-26858. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. doi:10.2172/1406263.The Salem Smart Power Center: An Assessment of Battery Performance and Economic Potential
  • Diao R., S. Jin, F. Howell, Z. Huang, L. Wang, D. Wu, and Y. Chen. 2017. "On Parallelizing Single Dynamic Simulation using HPC Techniques and APIs of Commercial Software." IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 32, no. 3:2225-2233. PNNL-SA-112876. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2016.2601024
  • Hansen J., T.W. Edgar, J.A. Daily, and D. Wu. 2017. "Evaluating Transactive Controls of Integrated Transmission and Distribution Systems using the Framework for Network Co-Simulation." In American Control Conference (ACC 2017), May 24-26, 2017, Seattle, Washington, 4010-4017. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-124258. doi:10.23919/ACC.2017.7963570
  • Jin S., Z. Huang, R. Diao, D. Wu, and Y. Chen. 2017. "Comparative Implementation of High Performance Computing for Power System Dynamic Simulations." IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid 8, no. 3:1387-1395. PNNL-SA-113488. doi:10.1109/TSG.2016.2647220
  • Lian J., D. Wu, K. Kalsi, and H. Chen. 2017. "Theoretical Framework for Integrating Distributed Energy Resources into Distribution Systems." In IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 16-20, 2017, Chicago, Illinois, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-122233. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2017.8274331
  • Viswanathan V.V., P.J. Balducci, M.E. Alam, A.J. Crawford, T.D. Hardy, and D. Wu. 2017. Washington Clean Energy Fund: Energy Storage System Performance Test Plans and Data Requirements. PNNL-26492. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Washington Clean Energy Fund: Energy Storage System Performance Test Plans and Data Requirements
  • Wu D., J. Lian, Y. Sun, T. Yang, and J. Hansen. 2017. "Hierarchical Control Framework for Integrated Coordination Between Distributed Energy Resources and Demand Response." Electric Power Systems Research 150. PNNL-SA-116222. doi:10.1016/j.epsr.2017.05.002
  • Wu D., M. Kintner-Meyer, T. Yang, and P.J. Balducci. 2017. "Analytical Sizing Methods for behind-the-meter Battery Storage." Journal of Energy Storage 12. PNNL-SA-122123. doi:10.1016/j.est.2017.04.009
  • Wu D., T. Yang, A. Stoorvogel, and J. Stoustrup. 2017. "Distributed Optimal Coordination for Distributed Energy Resources in Power Systems." IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering 14, no. 2:414-424. PNNL-SA-116492. doi:10.1109/TASE.2016.2627006
  • Wu J., T. Yang, D. Wu, K. Kalsi, and K. Johansson. 2017. "Distributed optimal dispatch of distributed energy resources over lossy communication networks." IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid 8, no. 6:3125-3137. PNNL-SA-122001. doi:10.1109/TSG.2017.2720761
  • Yang T., D. Wu, W. Ren, H. Wang, Y. Hong, and K. Johansson. 2017. "Cooperative Optimal Coordination for Distributed Energy Resources." In IEEE 56th Annual Conference Conference on Decision and Control (CDC 2017), December 12-15, 2017 Melbourne, Australia, 6334-6339. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-124304. doi:10.1109/CDC.2017.8264614
  • Yang T., J. Lu, D. Wu, J. Wu, G. Shi, Z. Meng, and K. Johansson. 2017. "A Distributed Algorithm for Economic Dispatch over Time-Varying Directed Networks with Delays." IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics 64, no. 6:5095-5106. PNNL-SA-114079. doi:10.1109/TIE.2016.2617832

2016

  • Fang H., D. Wu, and T. Yang. 2016. "Cooperative Management of a Lithium-Ion Battery Energy Storage Network: A Distributed MPC Approach." In IEEE 55th Conference on Decision and Control, December 12-14, 2016, Las Vegas, NV, 4226-4232. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-121223. doi:10.1109/CDC.2016.7798911
  • Ke X., D. Wu, J.S. Rice, M.C. Kintner-Meyer, and N. Lu. 2016. "Quantifying impacts of heat waves on power grid operation." Applied Energy 183. PNNL-SA-116806. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.08.188
  • Voisin N., M.C. Kintner-Meyer, R. Skaggs, T.B. Nguyen, D. Wu, J.A. Dirks, and Y. Xie, et al. 2016. "Vulnerability of the US Western Electric Grid to Hydro-Climatological Conditions: How bad can it get?." Energy 115, no. Part 1:1-12. PNNL-SA-112684. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2016.08.059
  • Wu D., M.C. Kintner-Meyer, T. Yang, and P.J. Balducci. 2016. "Economic Analysis and Optimal Sizing for behind-the-meter Battery Storage." In 2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 17-21, 2016, Boston, Massachusetts, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-114067. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2016.7741210
  • Yang T., and D. Wu. 2016. "Distributed Load Shedding over Directed Communication Networks with Time Delays." In IEEE/PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition (T&D 2016), May 2-5, 2016, Dallas, Texas, edited by IEEE, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-109031. doi:10.1109/TDC.2016.7519859
  • Yang T., D. Wu, A.A. Stoorvogel, and J. Stoustrup. 2016. "Distributed Coordination of Energy Storage with Distributed Generators." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM 2016), July 17-21, 2016, Boston, MA. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-114377. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2016.7741778
  • Yang T., D. Wu, Y. Sun, and J. Lian. 2016. "Minimum-Time Consensus-Based Approach for Power System Applications." IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics 63, no. 2:1318-1328. PNNL-SA-107198. doi:10.1109/TIE.2015.2504050

2015

  • Balducci P.J., T.D. Hardy, D. Wu, V.V. Viswanathan, W.J. Hutton, and P.A. Craig. 2015. Washington Clean Energy Fund: Use Case Analysis Project Task 2.1 Preliminary Report Outlining Data Needs for Financial Evaluation. PNNL-24919. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Washington Clean Energy Fund: Use Case Analysis Project Task 2.1 Preliminary Report Outlining Data Needs for Financial Evaluation
  • Jin S., Y. Chen, D. Wu, R. Diao, and Z. Huang. 2015. "Implementation of Parallel Dynamic Simulation on Shared-Memory vs. Distributed-Memory Environments." In 9th IFAC Symposium on Control of Power and Energy Systems (CPES 2015), December 9-11, 2015, New Delhi, India. IFAC-PapersOnLine, edited by S Mishra, 48, 221-226. Amsterdam:Elsevier. PNNL-SA-100015. doi:10.1016/j.ifacol.2015.12.381
  • Ke X., N. Lu, D. Wu, and M.C. Kintner-Meyer. 2015. "A modified priority list-based MILP method for solving large-scale unit commitment problems." In 2015 IEEE Proceedings of Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 26-30, 2015, Denver, Colorado, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-106918. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2015.7286561
  • Makarov Y.V., R. Diao, P.V. Etingov, Z. Hou, Z. Huang, D. Meng, and L.E. Miller, et al. 2015. Stochastic Operations and Planning. PNNL-23680. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Stochastic Operations and Planning
  • Wu D., C. Jin, P.J. Balducci, and M.C. Kintner-Meyer. 2015. "An Energy Storage Assessment: Using Optimal Control Strategies to Capture Multiple Services." In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 26-30, 2015, Denver, Colorado, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-106768. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2015.7285820
  • Yang T., D. Wu, Y. Sun, and J. Lian. 2015. "Impacts of Time Delays on Distributed Algorithms for Economic Dispatch." In IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, July 26-30, 2015, Denver, Colorado, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-106877. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2015.7286216

2014

  • Etingov P.V., Y.V. Makarov, D. Wu, Z. Hou, Y. Sun, S. Maslennikov, and X. Luo, et al. 2014. "Uncertainty-based Estimation of the Secure Range for ISO New England Dynamic Interchange Adjustment." In 2014 IEEE PES Transmission & Distribution Conference & Exposition, April 14-17, 2014, Chicago, Illinois, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-97885. doi:10.1109/TDC.2014.6863202
  • Makarov Y.V., B. Vyakaranam, D. Wu, Z. Hou, S.T. Elbert, and Z. Huang. 2014. "On the Configuration of the US Western Interconnection Voltage Stability Boundary." In IEEE PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition, April 14-17, 2014, Chicago, Illinois, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-97919. doi:10.1109/TDC.2014.6863289
  • Makarov Y.V., B. Vyakaranam, Z. Hou, D. Wu, D. Meng, S. Wang, and S.T. Elbert, et al. 2014. Non-iterative Voltage Stability. PNNL-23736. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Non-iterative Voltage Stability

2013

Energy and Environment

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