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Energy and Environment Directorate

Yuyan Shao

Yuyan Shao

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 371-6228


Dr. Yuyan Shao is an electrochemist and materials scientist with a focus on electrochemical energy storage and conversion for both transportation and stationary applications. He is active in fundamental and applied research of high-performing electrode and electrolyte materials for batteries, fuel cells, etc. His research also includes new electrochemical energy system design and development. He is an author on more than 140 publications and 40 patents/patent applications.

Research Interests

  • Battery technologies (including flow batteries), hydrogen/fuel cell technologies, etc.

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D., Chemical Engineering/Electrochemistry, Harbin Institute of Technology in Harbin, China
  • B.S., Chemical Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology in Harbin, China

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • Member of American Chemical Society
  • Member of the Electrochemical Society
  • Member of Materials Research Society
  • Lead organizer for symposia:
    2017 MRS Spring Meeting - Interfaces and Interphases in Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion
    2016 MRS Spring Meeting — Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies for Transportation: Materials, Systems and Infrastructure
    2016 ACS Fall Meeting — Innovative chemistry and materials for electric energy storage
    2015 ACS Fall Meeting — Innovative chemistry and electrocatalysis for low-carbon energy and fuels: discovery to application;
    2015 ACS Spring Meeting — Materials and interfaces in lithium batteries and beyond
  • Guest Editor for the journal Advanced Materials "Materials Electrochemistry for Chemical Transformation" Theme Issue
  • Guest Editor for Nano Energy Electrocatalysis Theme Issue.
  • Editorial Board Member for Scientific Reports.

Awards and Recognitions

  • Clarivate Analytics/Thomson Reuters Highly Cited Researcher (2014, 2017, 2018)

PNNL Patents

PNNL Publications


  • Yang L., J. Shui, L. Du, Y. Shao, J. Liu, L. Dai, and Z. Hu. 2019. "Carbon-based metal-free ORR electrocatalysts for fuel cells: past, present and future." Advanced Materials 31, no. 13:Article No. 1804799. PNNL-SA-135987. doi:10.1002/adma.201804799


  • Du L., Y. Shao, J. Sun, G. Yin, and Y. Wang. 2018. "Electrocatalytic Valorisation of Biomass Derived Chemicals." Catalysis Science & Technology 8, no. 13:3216-3232. PNNL-SA-129236. doi:10.1039/c8cy00533h
  • Hu J.Z., N. Rajput, C. Wan, Y. Shao, X. Deng, N.R. Jaegers, and M.Y. Hu, et al. 2018. "25Mg NMR and Computational Modeling Studies of the Solvation Structures and Molecular Dynamics in Magnesium Based Liquid Electrolytes." Nano Energy 46. PNNL-SA-130126. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2018.01.051
  • Pan H., K. Han, M.H. Engelhard, R. Cao, J. Chen, J. Zhang, and K.T. Mueller, et al. 2018. "Addressing Passivation in Lithium-Sulfur Battery under Lean-Electrolyte Condition." Advanced Functional Materials 28, no. 38:Article Number 1707234. PNNL-SA-131237. doi:10.1002/adfm.201707234


  • Chen J., W.A. Henderson, H. Pan, B.R. Perdue, R. Cao, J.Z. Hu, and C. Wan, et al. 2017. "Improving Lithium-sulfur Battery Performance under Lean Electrolyte through Nanoscale Confinement in Soft Swellable Gels." Nano Letters 17, no. 5:3061-3067. PNNL-SA-121812. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b00417
  • Du L., L. Luo, Z. Feng, M.H. Engelhard, X. Xie, B. Han, and J. Sun, et al. 2017. "Nitrogen-doped graphitized carbon shell encapsulated NiFe nanoparticles: A highly durable oxygen evolution catalyst." Nano Energy 39. PNNL-SA-124686. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.07.006
  • Lu D., J. Tao, P. Yan, W.A. Henderson, Q. Li, Y. Shao, and M.L. Helm, et al. 2017. "Formation of Reversible Solid Electrolyte Interface on Graphite Surface from Concentrated Electrolytes." Nano Letters 17, no. 3:1602-1609. PNNL-SA-113201. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b04766
  • Luo L., M.H. Engelhard, Y. Shao, and C. Wang. 2017. "Revealing the Dynamics of Platinum Nanoparticle Catalyst on Carbon in Oxygen and Water using Environmental TEM." ACS Catalysis 7, no. 11:7658-7664. PNNL-SA-124749. doi:10.1021/acscatal.7b02861
  • Pan H., B. Li, D. Mei, Z. Nie, Y. Shao, G. Li, and X.S. Li, et al. 2017. "Controlling Solid-Liquid Conversion Reactions for Highly Reversible Aqueous Zinc-Iodine Battery." ACS Energy Letters 2. PNNL-SA-128748. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.7b00851
  • Pan H., J. Chen, R. Cao, V. Murugesan, N. Rajput, K. Han, and K.A. Persson, et al. 2017. "Non Encapsulation Approach for High Performance Li-S Batteries through Controlled Nucleation and Growth." Nature Energy 2. PNNL-SA-123317. doi:10.1038/s41560-017-0005-z
  • Pan H., K. Han, M. Vijayakumar, J. Xiao, R. Cao, J. Chen, and J. Zhang, et al. 2017. "Ammonium additives to dissolve lithium sulfide through hydrogen binding for high energy lithium-sulfur batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9, no. 5:4290-4295. PNNL-SA-116549. doi:10.1021/acsami.6b04158
  • Qiu S., L. Xiao, M.L. Sushko, K. Han, Y. Shao, M. Yan, and X. Liang, et al. 2017. "Manipulating Adsorption-Insertion Mechanisms in Nanostructured Carbon Materials for High-Efficiency Sodium Ion Storage." Advanced Energy Materials 7, no. 17:Article No. 1700403. PNNL-SA-131546. doi:10.1002/aenm.201700403
  • Xie X., M. Wei, L. Du, Y. Nie, X. Qi, Y. Shao, and Z. Wei. 2017. "Enhancement in Kinetics of the Oxygen Reduction on a Silver Catalyst by Introduction of Interlaces and Defect-Rich Facets." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 5, no. 29:15390-15394. PNNL-SA-123249. doi:10.1039/C7TA03287K
  • Zhang F., M. Wei, V.V. Viswanathan, B. Swart, Y. Shao, G. Wu, and C. Zhou. 2017. "3D Printing Technologies for Electrochemical Energy Storage Applications." Nano Energy 40. PNNL-SA-126437. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.08.037
  • Zhang H., S. Hwang, M. Wang, Z. Feng, S.G. Karakalos, L. Luo, and Z. Qiao, et al. 2017. "Single Atomic Iron Catalysts for Oxygen Reduction in Acidic Media: Particle Size Control and Thermal Activation." Journal of the American Chemical Society 139, no. 40:14143-14149. PNNL-SA-126535. doi:10.1021/jacs.7b06514


  • Chen J., K. Han, W.A. Henderson, K. Lau, M. Vijayakumar, T. Dzwiniel, and H. Pan, et al. 2016. "Restricting the Solubility of Polysulfides in Li-S Batteries Via Electrolyte Salt Selection." Advanced Energy Materials 6, no. 11:Article No. 1600160. PNNL-SA-113496. doi:10.1002/aenm.201600160
  • Cheng L., L.A. Curtiss, K.R. Zavadil, A.A. Gewirth, Y. Shao, and K. Gallagher. 2016. "Sparingly Solvating Electrolytes for High Energy Density Lithium-Sulfur Batteries." ACS Energy Letters 1, no. 3:503-509. PNNL-SA-118925. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.6b00194
  • Cheng Y., Y. Shao, V. Raju, X. Ji, B.L. Mehdi, K. Han, and M.H. Engelhard, et al. 2016. "Molecular Storage of Mg Ions with Vanadium Oxide Nanoclusters." Advanced Functional Materials 26, no. 20:3446-3453. PNNL-SA-114521. doi:10.1002/adfm.201505501
  • Du L., Y. Shao, J. Sun, G. Yin, J. Liu, and Y. Wang. 2016. "Advanced catalyst supports for PEM fuel cell cathodes." Nano Energy 29. PNNL-SA-116363. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2016.03.016
  • He Y., M. Gu, H.Y. Xiao, L. Luo, Y. Shao, F. Gao, and Y. Du, et al. 2016. "Atomistic Conversion Reaction Mechanism of WO3 in Secondary Ion Batteries of Li, Na, and Ca." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 55, no. 21:6244-6247. PNNL-SA-114899. doi:10.1002/anie.201601542
  • Pan H., Y. Shao, P. Yan, Y. Cheng, K. Han, Z. Nie, and C.M. Wang, et al. 2016. "Reversible aqueous zinc/manganese oxide energy storage from conversion reactions." Nature Energy 1, no. 5:Article No. 16039. PNNL-SA-111263. doi:10.1038/nenergy.2016.39
  • Park S., Y. Shao, V.V. Viswanathan, J. Liu, and Y. Wang. 2016. "Electrochemical study of highly durable cathode with Pt supported on ITO-CNT composite for proton exchange membrane fuel cells." Journal of Industrial & Engineering Chemistry 42. PNNL-SA-124027. doi:10.1016/j.jiec.2016.07.039
  • Vissers D.R., Z. Chen, Y. Shao, M.H. Engelhard, U. Das, P.C. Redfern, and L.A. Curtiss, et al. 2016. "Role of Manganese Deposition on Graphite in the Capacity Fading of Lithium Ion Batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 8, no. 22:14244-14251. PNNL-SA-117129. doi:10.1021/acsami.6b02061
  • Xiao L., Y. Cao, W.A. Henderson, M.L. Sushko, Y. Shao, J. Xiao, and W. Wang, et al. 2016. "Hard carbon nanoparticles as high-capacity, high-stability anodic materials for Na-ion batteries." Nano Energy 19. PNNL-SA-115004. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2015.10.034


  • Chen J., D. Wu, E.D. Walter, M.H. Engelhard, P. Bhattacharya, H. Pan, and Y. Shao, et al. 2015. "Molecular-Confinement of Polysulfide within Mesoscale Electrodes for the Practical Application of Lithium Sulfur Batteries." Nano Energy 13. PNNL-SA-106980. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2015.01.031
  • Cheng Y., R.M. Stolley, K. Han, Y. Shao, B.W. Arey, N.M. Washton, and K.T. Mueller, et al. 2015. "Highly Active Electrolytes for Rechargeable Mg Batteries Based on [Mg2(µ-Cl)2]2+ Cation Complex in Dimethoxyethane." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 17, no. 20:13307-13314. PNNL-SA-106553. doi:10.1039/C5CP00859J
  • Cheng Y., Y. Shao, L.R. Parent, M.L. Sushko, G. Li, P.V. Sushko, and N.D. Browning, et al. 2015. "Interface Promoted Reversible Mg Insertion in Nanostructured Tin-Antimony Alloys." Advanced Materials 27, no. 42:6598-6605. PNNL-SA-108383. doi:10.1002/adma.201502378
  • Liu T.L., J.T. Cox, D. Hu, X. Deng, J.Z. Hu, M.Y. Hu, and J. Xiao, et al. 2015. "A Fundamental Study on the [(µ-Cl)3Mg2(THF)6]+ Dimer Electrolytes for Rechargeable Mg Batteries." Chemical Communications 51, no. 12:2312-2315. PNNL-SA-104532. doi:10.1039/c4cc07621d
  • Lu D., P. Yan, Y. Shao, Q. Li, S.A. Ferrara, H. Pan, and G.L. Graff, et al. 2015. "High Performance Li-ion Sulfur Batteries Enabled by Intercalation Chemistry." Chemical Communications 51, no. 70:13454-13457. PNNL-SA-108571. doi:10.1039/C5CC05171A
  • Lu D., Y. Shao, T.J. Lozano, W.D. Bennett, G.L. Graff, B. Polzin, and J. Zhang, et al. 2015. "Failure Mechanism of Fast-Charged Lithium Metal Batteries in Liquid Electrolyte." Advanced Energy Materials 5, no. 3:Article No. 1400993. PNNL-SA-101983. doi:10.1002/AENM.201400993
  • Pan H., X. Wei, W.A. Henderson, Y. Shao, J. Chen, P. Bhattacharya, and J. Xiao, et al. 2015. "On the way toward understanding solution chemistry of lithium polysulfides for high energy Li-S redox flow batteries." Advanced Energy Materials 5, no. 16:Article No. 1500113. PNNL-SA-107502. doi:10.1002/aenm.201500113
  • Parent L.R., Y. Cheng, P.V. Sushko, Y. Shao, J. Liu, C.M. Wang, and N.D. Browning. 2015. "Realizing the Full Potential of Insertion Anodes for Mg-ion Batteries Through the Nano-Structuring of Sn." Nano Letters 15, no. 2:1177-1182. PNNL-SA-106031. doi:10.1021/nl5042534
  • Shao Y., Y. Cheng, W. Duan, W. Wang, Y. Lin, Y. Wang, and J. Liu. 2015. "Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for PEM Fuel Cells and Redox Flow Batteries: a Selected Review." ACS Catalysis 5, no. 12:7288-7298. PNNL-SA-112187. doi:10.1021/acscatal.5b01737


  • Cheng Y., L.R. Parent, Y. Shao, C.M. Wang, V.L. Sprenkle, G. Li, and J. Liu. 2014. "Facile Synthesis of Chevrel Phase Nanocubes and their Applications for Multivalent Energy Storage." Chemistry of Materials 26, no. 17:4904-4907. PNNL-SA-101661. doi:10.1021/cm502306c
  • Cheng Y., T.L. Liu, Y. Shao, M.H. Engelhard, J. Liu, and G. Li. 2014. "Electrochemically Stable Cathode Current Collectors for Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2, no. 8:2473 - 2477. PNNL-SA-99589. doi:10.1039/C3TA15113A
  • Cheng Y., Y. Shao, J. Zhang, V.L. Sprenkle, J. Liu, and G. Li. 2014. "High Performance Batteries Based on Hybrid Magnesium and Lithium Chemistry." Chemical Communications 50, no. 68:9644-9646. PNNL-SA-102822. doi:10.1039/C4CC03620D
  • Ding F., W. Xu, X. Chen, J. Zhang, Y. Shao, M.H. Engelhard, and Y. Zhang, et al. 2014. "Effects of Cesium Cations in Lithium Deposition via Self-Healing Electrostatic Shield Mechanism." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 118, no. 8:4043-4049. PNNL-SA-98906. doi:10.1021/jp4127754
  • Huang C., J. Xiao, Y. Shao, J. Zheng, W.D. Bennett, D. Lu, and L.V. Saraf, et al. 2014. "Manipulating the Surface Reactions in Lithium Sulfur Batteries Using Hybrid Anode Structures." Nature Communications 5. PNNL-SA-96417. doi:10.1038/ncomms4015
  • Ji L., M. Gu, Y. Shao, X. Li, M.H. Engelhard, B.W. Arey, and W. Wang, et al. 2014. "Controlling SEI Formation on SnSb-Porous Carbon Nanofibers for Improved Na Ion Storage." Advanced Materials 26, no. 18:2901-2908. PNNL-SA-98915. doi:10.1002/adma.201304962
  • Liu T.L., Y. Shao, G. Li, M. Gu, J.Z. Hu, S. Xu, and Z. Nie, et al. 2014. "A Facile Approach Using MgCl2 to Formulate High Performance Mg2+ Electrolytes for Rechargeable Mg Batteries." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2, no. 10:3430 - 3438. PNNL-SA-98069. doi:10.1039/c3ta14825d
  • Shao Y., M. Gu, X. Li, Z. Nie, P. Zuo, G. Li, and T.L. Liu, et al. 2014. "Highly Reversible Mg Insertion in Nanostructured Bi for Mg Ion Batteries." Nano Letters 14, no. 1:255-260. PNNL-SA-98801. doi:10.1021/nl403874y
  • Shao Y., N. Rajput, J.Z. Hu, M.Y. Hu, T.L. Liu, Z. Wei, and M. Gu, et al. 2014. "Nanocomposite polymer electrolyte for rechargeable magnesium batteries." Nano Energy 2015, no. 12:750-759. PNNL-SA-103424. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2014.12.028


  • Ding F., W. Xu, G.L. Graff, J. Zhang, M.L. Sushko, X. Chen, and Y. Shao, et al. 2013. "Dendrite-Free Lithium Deposition via Self-Healing Electrostatic Shield Mechanism." Journal of the American Chemical Society 135, no. 11:4450-4456. PNNL-SA-88286. doi:10.1021/ja312241y
  • Gu M., A. Kushima, Y. Shao, J. Zhang, J. Liu, N.D. Browning, and J. Li, et al. 2013. "Probing the Failure Mechanism of SnO2 Nanowires for Sodium-ion Batteries." Nano Letters 13, no. 11:5203-5211. PNNL-SA-97876. doi:10.1021/nl402633n
  • Li B., M. Gu, Z. Nie, Y. Shao, Q. Luo, X. Wei, and X. Li, et al. 2013. "Bismuth Nanoparticle Decorating Graphite Felt as a High-Performance Electrode for an All-Vanadium Redox Flow Battery." Nano Letters 13, no. 3:1330-1335. PNNL-SA-92494. doi:10.1021/nl400223v
  • Liu J., J. Zhang, Z. Yang, J.P. Lemmon, C.H. Imhoff, G.L. Graff, and L. Li, et al. 2013. "Materials Science and Materials Chemistry for Large Scale Electrochemical Energy Storage: From Transportation to Electrical Grid." Advanced Functional Materials 23, no. 8:929-946. PNNL-SA-87308. doi:10.1002/adfm.201200690
  • Shao Y., F. Ding, J. Xiao, J. Zhang, W. Xu, S. Park, and J. Zhang, et al. 2013. "Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges." Advanced Functional Materials 23, no. 8:987-1004. PNNL-SA-85805. doi:10.1002/adfm.201200688
  • Shao Y., J. Xiao, W. Wang, M.H. Engelhard, X. Chen, Z. Nie, and M. Gu, et al. 2013. "Surface-Driven Sodium Ion Energy Storage in Nanocellular Carbon Foams." Nano Letters 13, no. 8:3909-3914. PNNL-SA-96088. doi:10.1021/nl401995a
  • Shao Y., T.L. Liu, G. Li, M. Gu, Z. Nie, M.H. Engelhard, and J. Xiao, et al. 2013. "Coordination Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how ligands affect their performance." Scientific Reports 3. PNNL-SA-97112. doi:10.1038/srep03130
  • Xiao J., J. Zheng, X. Li, Y. Shao, and J. Zhang. 2013. "Hierarchically Structured Materials for Lithium Batteries." Nanotechnology 24, no. 42:Article No. 424004. PNNL-SA-95453. doi:10.1088/0957-4484/24/42/424004
  • Zhang S., Y. Shao, G. Yin, and Y. Lin. 2013. "Recent Progress in Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for PEM Fuel Cells." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 1, no. 15:4631-4641. PNNL-SA-93417. doi:10.1039/C3TA01161E


  • Ding F., W. Xu, Y. Shao, X. Chen, Z. Wang, F. Gao, and X. Liu, et al. 2012. "H+ diffusion and electrochemical stability of Li1+x+yAlxTi2-xSiyP3-yO12 glass in aqueous Li/air battery electrolytes." Journal of Power Sources 214. PNNL-SA-85600. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.04.058
  • Park S., Y. Shao, J. Liu, and Y. Wang. 2012. "Oxygen Electrocatalysts for Water Electrolyzers and Reversible Fuel Cells: Status and Perspective." Energy & Environmental Science 5, no. 11:9331-9344. PNNL-SA-88596. doi:10.1039/c2ee22554a
  • Park S., Y. Shao, V.V. Viswanathan, J. Liu, and Y. Wang. 2012. "Non-Kinetic Losses Caused by Electrochemical Carbon Corrosion in PEM Fuel Cells." International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 37, no. 10:8451-8458. PNNL-SA-85028. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.02.097
  • Shao Y., S. Park, J. Xiao, J. Zhang, Y. Wang, and J. Liu. 2012. "Electrocatalysts for Nonaqueous Lithium-Air Batteries: Status, Challenges, and Perspective." ACS Catalysis 2, no. 5:844-857. PNNL-SA-85236. doi:10.1021/cs300036v
  • Wang W., L. Li, Z. Nie, B. Chen, Q. Luo, Y. Shao, and X. Wei, et al. 2012. "A New Hybrid Redox Flow Battery with Multiple Redox Couples." Journal of Power Sources 216. PNNL-SA-84238. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.05.032


  • Du D., L. Wang, Y. Shao, J. Wang, M.H. Engelhard, and Y. Lin. 2011. "Functionalized Graphene Oxide as a Nanocarrier in a Multienzyme Labeling Amplification Strategy for Ultrasensitive Electrochemical Immunoassay of Phosphorylated p53 (S392)." Analytical Chemistry 83, no. 3:746-752. PNNL-SA-75185. doi:10.1021/ac101715s
  • Hou J., Y. Shao, M.A. Ellis, R. Moore, and B. Yi. 2011. "Graphene-based Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage: Fuel cells, Supercapacitors and Lithium Ion Batteries." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 13, no. 34:15384-15402. PNNL-SA-80948. doi:10.1039/C1CP21915D
  • Kou R., Y. Shao, D. Mei, Z. Nie, D. Wang, C.M. Wang, and V.V. Viswanathan, et al. 2011. "Stabilization of Electrocatalytic Metal Nanoparticles at Metal-Metal Oxide-Graphene Triple Junction Points." Journal of the American Chemical Society 133, no. 8:2541-2547. PNNL-SA-74979. doi:10.1021/ja107719u
  • Park S., Y. Shao, H. Wan, V.V. Viswanathan, S.A. Towne, P.C. Rieke, and J. Liu, et al. 2011. "Degradation of Ionic Pathway in PEM Fuel Cell Cathode." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 115, no. 45:22633-22639. PNNL-SA-81432. doi:10.1021/jp2068599
  • Park S.K., Y. Shao, H. Wan, P.C. Rieke, V.V. Viswanathan, S.A. Towne, and L.V. Saraf, et al. 2011. "Design of graphene sheets-supported Pt catalyst layer in PEM fuel cells." Electrochemistry Communications 13, no. 3:258-261. PNNL-SA-77001. doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2010.12.028
  • Park S.K., Y. Shao, R. Kou, V.V. Viswanathan, S.A. Towne, P.C. Rieke, and J. Liu, et al. 2011. "Polarization Losses under Accelerated Stress Test Using Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Supported Pt Catalyst in PEM Fuel Cells." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 158, no. 3:B297-302. PNNL-SA-75123. doi:10.1149/1.3530843
  • Wang Y., S. Zhang, D. Du, Y. Shao, Z. Li, J. Wang, and M.H. Engelhard, et al. 2011. "Self assembly of acetylcholinesterase on a gold nanoparticles-graphene nanosheet hybrid for organophosphate pesticide detection using polyelectrolyte as a linker." Journal of Materials Chemistry 21, no. 14:5319-5325. PNNL-SA-78018. doi:10.1039/C0JM03441J
  • Zhang S., Y. Shao, G. Yin, and Y. Lin. 2011. "Self-assembly of Pt nanoparticles on highly graphitized carbon nanotubes as an excellent oxygen-reduction catalyst." Applied Catalysis. B, Environmental 102, no. 3-4:372-377. PNNL-SA-67963. doi:10.1016/j.apcatb.2010.11.029
  • Zhang S., Y. Shao, H. Liao, J. Liu, I.A. Aksay, G. Yin, and Y. Lin. 2011. "Graphene decorated with PtAu alloy nanoparticles: facile synthesis and promising application for formic acid oxidation." Chemistry of Materials 23, no. 5:1079-1081. PNNL-SA-76972.
  • Zhang S., Y. Shao, H. Liao, M.H. Engelhard, G. Yin, and Y. Lin. 2011. "Polyelectrolyte-Induced Reduction of Exfoliated Graphite Oxide: A Facile Route to Synthesis of Soluble Graphene Nanosheets." ACS Nano 5, no. 3:1785-1791. PNNL-SA-77808. doi:10.1021/nn102467s
  • Zhang S., Y. Shao, J. Liu, I.A. Aksay, and Y. Lin. 2011. "Graphene-Polypyrrole Nanocomposite as a Highly Efficient and Low Cost Electrically Switched Ion Exchanger for Removing ClO4- from Wastewater." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 3, no. 9:3633-3637. PNNL-SA-71708. doi:10.1021/am200839m
  • Zhang S., Y. Shao, Y. Gao, G. Chen, Y. Lin, and G. Yin. 2011. "In situ ion exchange preparation of Pt/carbon nanotubes electrode: Effect of two-step oxidation of carbon nanotubes." Journal of Power Sources 196, no. 23:9955-9960. PNNL-SA-82508. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.08.087


  • Shao Y., J. Wang, H. Wu, J. Liu, I.A. Aksay, and Y. Lin. 2010. "Graphene Based Electrochemical Sensors and Biosensors: A Review." Electroanalysis 22, no. 10:1027-1036. PNNL-SA-69938. doi:10.1002/elan.200900571
  • Shao Y., J. Wang, M.H. Engelhard, C.M. Wang, and Y. Lin. 2010. "Facile and controllable electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide and its applications." Journal of Materials Chemistry 20, no. 4:743-748. PNNL-SA-67720.
  • Shao Y., S. Zhang, C.M. Wang, Z. Nie, J. Liu, Y. Wang, and Y. Lin. 2010. "Highly durable graphene nanoplatelets supported Pt nanocatalysts for oxygen reduction." Journal of Power Sources 195, no. 15:4600-4605. PNNL-SA-69731.
  • Shao Y., S. Zhang, M.H. Engelhard, G. Li, G. Shao, Y. Wang, and J. Liu, et al. 2010. "Nitrogen-doped Graphene and Its Electrochemical Applications." Journal of Materials Chemistry 20, no. 35:7491-7496. PNNL-SA-71682. doi:10.1039/c0jm00782j
  • Shao Y., S. Zhang, R. Kou, X. Wang, C.M. Wang, S. Dai, and S. Dai, et al. 2010. "Noncovalently functionalized graphitic mesoporous carbon as a stable support of Pt nanoparticles for oxygen reduction." Journal of Power Sources 195, no. 7 SP ISS:1805-1811. PNNL-SA-67641.
  • Shao Y., X. Wang, M.H. Engelhard, C.M. Wang, S. Dai, S. Dai, and J. Liu, et al. 2010. "Nitrogen-doped mesoporous carbon for energy storage in vanadium redox flow batteries." Journal of Power Sources 195, no. 13:4375-4379. PNNL-SA-70343.
  • Tang Z., H. Wu, J.R. Cort, G.W. Buchko, Y. Zhang, Y. Shao, and I.A. Aksay, et al. 2010. "Constraint of DNA on Functionalized Graphene Improves Its Biostability and Specificity." Small 6, no. 11:1205-1209. PNNL-SA-67870. doi:10.1002/smll.201000024
  • Wang Y., Y. Shao, D.W. Matson, J. Li, and Y. Lin. 2010. "Nitrogen-Doped Graphene and its Application in Electrochemical Biosensing." ACS Nano 4, no. 4:1790-1798. PNNL-SA-71435.
  • Zhang S., Y. Shao, G. Yin, and Y. Lin. 2010. "Carbon nanotubes decorated with Pt nanoparticles via electrostatic self-assembly: a highly active oxygen reduction electrocatalyst." Journal of Materials Chemistry 20, no. 15:2826-2830. PNNL-SA-67982. doi:10.1039/b919494k
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