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Energy and Environment Directorate

Yuyan Shao

Yuyan Shao

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 371-6228


Dr. Yuyan Shao is an electrochemist and materials scientist with a focus on electrochemical energy storage and conversion for both transportation and stationary applications. He is active in fundamental and applied research of high-performing electrode and electrolyte materials for batteries, fuel cells, etc. His research also includes new electrochemical energy system design and development. He is an author on more than 140 publications and 40 patents/patent applications.

Research Interests

  • Battery technologies (including flow batteries), hydrogen/fuel cell technologies, etc.

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D., Chemical Engineering/Electrochemistry, Harbin Institute of Technology in Harbin, China
  • B.S., Chemical Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology in Harbin, China

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • Member of American Chemical Society
  • Member of the Electrochemical Society
  • Member of Materials Research Society
  • Chair-elect (2021), American Chemical Society, Energy & Fuels Division
  • Program co-chair (2021), American Chemical Society, Energy & Fuels Division
  • Lead organizer for symposia:
    2017 MRS Spring Meeting - Interfaces and Interphases in Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion
    2016 MRS Spring Meeting — Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies for Transportation: Materials, Systems and Infrastructure
    2016 ACS Fall Meeting — Innovative chemistry and materials for electric energy storage
    2015 ACS Fall Meeting — Innovative chemistry and electrocatalysis for low-carbon energy and fuels: discovery to application;
    2015 ACS Spring Meeting — Materials and interfaces in lithium batteries and beyond
  • Guest Editor for the journal Advanced Materials "Materials Electrochemistry for Chemical Transformation" Theme Issue
  • Guest Editor for Nano Energy Electrocatalysis Theme Issue.
  • Editorial Board Member for Scientific Reports.

Awards and Recognitions

  • Web of Science Highly Cited Researcher (2014, 2017-2020)

PNNL Patents

PNNL Publications


  • Cho J., K. Kim, S. Kim, Y. Shao, Y. Kim, and S. Park. 2024. "Substrate -driven catalyst reducibility for oxygen evolution and its effect on the operation of proton exchange membrane water electrolyzers." Small Structures 5, no. 1:Art. No. 2300276. PNNL-SA-194097. doi:10.1002/sstr.202300276


  • Feng R., Y. Chen, X. Zhang, B. Rousseau, P. Gao, P. Chen, and S.T. Mergelsberg, et al. 2023. "Proton-regulated alcohol oxidation for high-capacity ketone-based flow battery anolyte." Joule 7, no. 7:1609-1622. PNNL-SA-174628. doi:10.1016/j.joule.2023.06.013
  • Qiu Y., D. Ray, L. Yan, X.S. Li, M. Song, M.H. Engelhard, and J. Sun, et al. 2023. "Proton Relay for the Rate Enhancement of Electrochemical Hydrogen Reactions at Heterogeneous Interfaces." Journal of the American Chemical Society 145, no. 48:26016-26027. PNNL-SA-177575. doi:10.1021/jacs.3c06398



  • Chu Y., U. Sanyal, X.S. Li, Y. Qiu, M. Song, M.H. Engelhard, and S.D. Davidson, et al. 2021. "Tuning proton transfer and catalytic properties in triple junction nanostructured catalyts." Nano Energy 86. PNNL-SA-156457. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2021.106046
  • Feng R., X. Zhang, V. Murugesan, A.M. Hollas, Y. Chen, Y. Shao, and E.D. Walter, et al. 2021. "Reversible Ketone Hydrogenation and Dehydrogenation for Aqueous Organic Redox Flow Batteries." Science 372, no. 6544:836-840. PNNL-SA-154606. doi:10.1126/science.abd9795
  • Hankins K.S., V. Prabhakaran, S. Wi, V. Shutthanandan, G.E. Johnson, S. Roy, and H. Wang, et al. 2021. "Role of Polysulfide Anions in Solid-Electrolyte Interphase Formation at the Lithium Metal Surface in Li-S Batteries." The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 12, no. 38:9360-9367. PNNL-SA-159986. doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.1c01930
  • Nambukara Wellala N.P., A.M. Hollas, K. Duanmu, V. Murugesan, X. Zhang, R. Feng, and Y. Shao, et al. 2021. "Decomposition pathways and mitigation strategies for highly-stable hydroxyphenazine flow battery anolytes." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 9, no. 38:21918-21928. PNNL-SA-161713. doi:10.1039/D1TA03655F
  • Qiao Y., C. Chen, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, Q. Dong, Y. Yao, and X. Wang, et al. 2021. "Continuous Fly-Through High-Temperature Synthesis of Nanocatalysts." Nano Letters 21, no. 11:4517-4523. PNNL-SA-155816. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c03620
  • Qiu Y., X. Xie, W. Li, and Y. Shao. 2021. "Electrocatalysts Development for Hydrogen Oxidation Reaction in Alkaline Media: from Mechanism Understanding to Materials Design." Chinese Journal of Catalysis 42, no. 12:2094-2104. PNNL-SA-159087. doi:10.1016/S1872-2067(21)64088-3
  • Shao Y., S. Kim, L. Yan, R.F. Zheng, W. Du, Y. Liu, and R. Huang, et al. 2021. Long-duration Energy Storage Technology Analysis and Development. PNNL-32513. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Long-duration Energy Storage Technology Analysis and Development
  • Wang H., J. Ryu, Y. Shao, V. Murugesan, K.A. Persson, K.R. Zavadil, and K.T. Mueller, et al. 2021. "Advancing electrolyte solution chemistry and interfacial electrochemistry of divalent metal batteries." ChemElectroChem 8. PNNL-SA-160255. doi:10.1002/celc.202100484


  • Bao J., V. Murugesan, C.J. Kamp, Y. Shao, L. Yan, and W. Wang. 2020. "Machine learning coupled multi-scale modeling for redox flow batteries." Advanced Theory and Simulations 3, no. 2:Article No. 1900167. PNNL-SA-148857. doi:10.1002/adts.201900167
  • Edgecomb J.M., X. Xie, Y. Shao, P.Z. El-Khoury, G.E. Johnson, and V. Prabhakaran. 2020. "Mapping localized peroxyl radical generation on a PEM fuel cell catalyst using integrated scanning electrochemical cell microspectroscopy." Frontiers in Chemistry 8. PNNL-SA-153799. doi:10.3389/fchem.2020.572563
  • Liu J., R.J. Cavagnaro, Z. Deng, Y. Shao, L. Kuo, M. Nguyen, and V. Glezakou. 2020. "Renewable Ammonia as An Energy Fuel for Ocean Exploration and Transportation." Marine Technology Society Journal 54, no. 6:126-136. PNNL-SA-154458. doi:10.4031/MTSJ.54.6.12
  • Lu K., Y. Liu, F. Lin, I.A. Cordova, S. Gao, B. Li, and B. Peng, et al. 2020. "LixNiO/Ni Heterostructure with Strong Basic Lattice Oxygen Enables Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution with Pt-like Activity." Journal of the American Chemical Society 142, no. 29:12613-12619. PNNL-SA-151006. doi:10.1021/jacs.0c00241
  • Wang H., X. Feng, Y. Chen, Y. Liu, K. Han, M. Zhou, and M.H. Engelhard, et al. 2020. "Reversible electrochemical interface of Mg metal and conventional electrolyte enabled by intermediate adsorption." ACS Energy Letters 5, no. 1:200-206. PNNL-SA-144809. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.9b02211
  • Wang H., Y. Shao, H. Pan, X. Feng, Y. Chen, Y. Liu, and E.D. Walter, et al. 2020. "A lithium-sulfur battery with a solution-mediated pathway operating under lean electrolyte conditions." Nano Energy 76, no. n/a:105041. PNNL-SA-143093. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2020.105041
  • Xie X., C. He, B. Li, Y. He, D.A. Cullen, E.C. Wegener, and A. Kropf, et al. 2020. "Performance enhancement and degradation mechanism identification of a single-atom Co-N-C catalyst for proton exchange membrane fuel cells." Nature Catalysis 3, no. 12:1044-1054. PNNL-SA-151274. doi:10.1038/s41929-020-00546-1


  • Heldebrant D.J., Y. Shao, P.K. Koech, and L. Yan. 2019. Integrated Capture and Electrocatalytic Conversion of Carbon Dioxide to Alcohols. PNNL-29384. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Integrated Capture and Electrocatalytic Conversion of Carbon Dioxide to Alcohols
  • Jin Y., L. Zou, L. Liu, M.H. Engelhard, R.L. Patel, Z. Nie, and K. Han, et al. 2019. "Joint charge storage for high-rate aqueous zinc-manganese dioxide batteries." Advanced Materials 31, no. 29:Article No. 1900567. PNNL-SA-140329. doi:10.1002/adma.201900567
  • Naveed A., H. Yang, Y. Shao, J. Yang, N. Yanna, J. Liu, and S. Shi, et al. 2019. "A Highly Reversible Zn Anode with Intrinsically Safe Organic Electrolyte for Long-Cycle-Life Batteries." Advanced Materials 31, no. 36:Article No. 1900668. PNNL-SA-146185. doi:10.1002/adma.201900668
  • Shao Y., J. Dodelet, G. Wu, and P. Zelenay. 2019. "PGM-free Cathode Catalysts for PEM Fuel Cells: a Mini-Review on Stability Challenges." Advanced Materials 31, no. 31:Article Number 1807615. PNNL-SA-139979. doi:10.1002/adma.201807615
  • Shao Y., X. Feng, L. Dai, and J. Dodelet. 2019. "Advancing Materials Electrochemistry for Chemical Transformation." Advanced Materials 31, no. 31:Article Number 1903622. PNNL-SA-142709. doi:10.1002/adma.201903622
  • Wang X., V. Prabhakaran, Y. He, Y. Shao, and G. Wu. 2019. "Iron-Free Cathode Catalysts for Proton-Exchange-Membrane Fuel Cells: Cobalt Catalysts and the Peroxide Mitigation Approach." Advanced Materials 31, no. 31:Article Number 1805126. PNNL-SA-141392. doi:10.1002/adma.201805126
  • Xie X., M. Song, L. Wang, M.H. Engelhard, L. Luo, A. Miller, and Y. Zhang, et al. 2019. "Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution in Neutral pH Solutions: Dual-Phase Synergy." ACS Catalysis 9, no. 9:8712-8718. PNNL-SA-129625. doi:10.1021/acscatal.9b02609
  • Yang L., J. Shui, L. Du, Y. Shao, J. Liu, L. Dai, and Z. Hu. 2019. "Carbon-based metal-free ORR electrocatalysts for fuel cells: past, present and future." Advanced Materials 31, no. 13:Article No. 1804799. PNNL-SA-135987. doi:10.1002/adma.201804799


  • Dong Q., M. Wu, D. Mei, Y. Shao, Y. Wang, J. Liu, and H. Li, et al. 2018. "Multifunctional Pd-Sn electrocatalysts enabled by in situ formed SnOx and TiC triple junctions." Nano Energy 53. PNNL-SA-139590. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2018.08.060
  • Du L., Y. Shao, J. Sun, G. Yin, and Y. Wang. 2018. "Electrocatalytic Valorisation of Biomass Derived Chemicals." Catalysis Science & Technology 8, no. 13:3216-3232. PNNL-SA-129236. doi:10.1039/c8cy00533h
  • Hu J.Z., N. Rajput, C. Wan, Y. Shao, X. Deng, N.R. Jaegers, and M.Y. Hu, et al. 2018. "25Mg NMR and Computational Modeling Studies of the Solvation Structures and Molecular Dynamics in Magnesium Based Liquid Electrolytes." Nano Energy 46. PNNL-SA-130126. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2018.01.051
  • Liu J., D. Lu, J. Zheng, P. Yan, B. Wang, X. Sun, and Y. Shao, et al. 2018. "Minimizing Polysulfide Shuttle Effect in Lithium-Ion Sulfur Batteries by Anode Surface Passivation." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 10, no. 26:21965-21972. PNNL-SA-129224. doi:10.1021/acsami.8b02381
  • Pan H., K. Han, M.H. Engelhard, R. Cao, J. Chen, J. Zhang, and K.T. Mueller, et al. 2018. "Addressing Passivation in Lithium-Sulfur Battery under Lean-Electrolyte Condition." Advanced Functional Materials 28, no. 38:Article Number 1707234. PNNL-SA-131237. doi:10.1002/adfm.201707234
  • Song X., X. Li, Z. Bai, B. Yan, D. Xiong, L. Lin, and H. Zhao, et al. 2018. "Rationally-Designed Configuration of Directly-Coated Ni3S2/Ni Electrode by RGO Providing Superior Sodium Storage." Carbon 133. PNNL-SA-132759. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2018.02.101
  • Wang X.X., D.A. Cullen, Y. Pan, S. Hwang, M. Wang, Z. Feng, and J. Wang, et al. 2018. "Nitrogen-Coordinated Single Cobalt Atom Catalysts for Oxygen Reduction in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells." Advanced Materials 30, no. 11:Article No. 1706758. PNNL-SA-136269. doi:10.1002/adma.201706758
  • Yan M., P. He, Y. Chen, S. Wang, Q. Wei, K. Zhao, and X. Xu, et al. 2018. "Water-lubricated intercalation in V2O5·nH2O for high-capacity and high-rate aqueous rechargeable zinc batteries." Advanced Materials 30, no. 1:1703725. PNNL-SA-129327. doi:10.1002/adma.201703725


  • Chen J., W.A. Henderson, H. Pan, B.R. Perdue, R. Cao, J.Z. Hu, and C. Wan, et al. 2017. "Improving Lithium-sulfur Battery Performance under Lean Electrolyte through Nanoscale Confinement in Soft Swellable Gels." Nano Letters 17, no. 5:3061-3067. PNNL-SA-121812. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b00417
  • Du L., L. Luo, Z. Feng, M.H. Engelhard, X. Xie, B. Han, and J. Sun, et al. 2017. "Nitrogen-doped graphitized carbon shell encapsulated NiFe nanoparticles: A highly durable oxygen evolution catalyst." Nano Energy 39. PNNL-SA-124686. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.07.006
  • Lei Z., J. Yang, Y. He, Y. Shao, S.X. Mao, C. Wang, and Y. Nuli, et al. 2017. "LiMnPO4·Li3V2(PO4)3 composite cathode material derived from Mn(VO3)2 nanosheet precursor." Journal of Alloys and Compounds 695. PNNL-SA-162248. doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.11.013
  • Lu D., J. Tao, P. Yan, W.A. Henderson, Q. Li, Y. Shao, and M.L. Helm, et al. 2017. "Formation of Reversible Solid Electrolyte Interface on Graphite Surface from Concentrated Electrolytes." Nano Letters 17, no. 3:1602-1609. PNNL-SA-113201. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b04766
  • Luo L., M.H. Engelhard, Y. Shao, and C. Wang. 2017. "Revealing the Dynamics of Platinum Nanoparticle Catalyst on Carbon in Oxygen and Water using Environmental TEM." ACS Catalysis 7, no. 11:7658-7664. PNNL-SA-124749. doi:10.1021/acscatal.7b02861
  • Pan H., B. Li, D. Mei, Z. Nie, Y. Shao, G. Li, and X.S. Li, et al. 2017. "Controlling Solid-Liquid Conversion Reactions for Highly Reversible Aqueous Zinc-Iodine Battery." ACS Energy Letters 2. PNNL-SA-128748. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.7b00851
  • Pan H., J. Chen, R. Cao, V. Murugesan, N. Rajput, K. Han, and K.A. Persson, et al. 2017. "Non Encapsulation Approach for High Performance Li-S Batteries through Controlled Nucleation and Growth." Nature Energy 2. PNNL-SA-123317. doi:10.1038/s41560-017-0005-z
  • Pan H., K. Han, M. Vijayakumar, J. Xiao, R. Cao, J. Chen, and J. Zhang, et al. 2017. "Ammonium additives to dissolve lithium sulfide through hydrogen binding for high energy lithium-sulfur batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9, no. 5:4290-4295. PNNL-SA-116549. doi:10.1021/acsami.6b04158
  • Qiu S., L. Xiao, M.L. Sushko, K. Han, Y. Shao, M. Yan, and X. Liang, et al. 2017. "Manipulating Adsorption-Insertion Mechanisms in Nanostructured Carbon Materials for High-Efficiency Sodium Ion Storage." Advanced Energy Materials 7, no. 17:Article No. 1700403. PNNL-SA-131546. doi:10.1002/aenm.201700403
  • Xie X., M. Wei, L. Du, Y. Nie, X. Qi, Y. Shao, and Z. Wei. 2017. "Enhancement in Kinetics of the Oxygen Reduction on a Silver Catalyst by Introduction of Interlaces and Defect-Rich Facets." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 5, no. 29:15390-15394. PNNL-SA-123249. doi:10.1039/C7TA03287K
  • Zhang F., M. Wei, V.V. Viswanathan, B. Swart, Y. Shao, G. Wu, and C. Zhou. 2017. "3D Printing Technologies for Electrochemical Energy Storage Applications." Nano Energy 40. PNNL-SA-126437. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.08.037
  • Zhang H., H. Osgood, X. Xie, Y. Shao, and G. Wu. 2017. "Engineering nanostructures of PGM-free oxygen-reduction catalysts using metal-organic frameworks." Nano Energy 31. PNNL-SA-120939. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2016.11.033
  • Zhang H., S. Hwang, M. Wang, Z. Feng, S.G. Karakalos, L. Luo, and Z. Qiao, et al. 2017. "Single Atomic Iron Catalysts for Oxygen Reduction in Acidic Media: Particle Size Control and Thermal Activation." Journal of the American Chemical Society 139, no. 40:14143-14149. PNNL-SA-126535. doi:10.1021/jacs.7b06514


  • Cheng L., L.A. Curtiss, K.R. Zavadil, A.A. Gewirth, Y. Shao, and K. Gallagher. 2016. "Sparingly Solvating Electrolytes for High Energy Density Lithium-Sulfur Batteries." ACS Energy Letters 1, no. 3:503-509. PNNL-SA-118925. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.6b00194
  • Cheng Y., Y. Shao, V. Raju, X. Ji, B.L. Mehdi, K. Han, and M.H. Engelhard, et al. 2016. "Molecular Storage of Mg Ions with Vanadium Oxide Nanoclusters." Advanced Functional Materials 26, no. 20:3446-3453. PNNL-SA-114521. doi:10.1002/adfm.201505501
  • Du L., Y. Shao, J. Sun, G. Yin, J. Liu, and Y. Wang. 2016. "Advanced catalyst supports for PEM fuel cell cathodes." Nano Energy 29. PNNL-SA-116363. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2016.03.016
  • He Y., M. Gu, H.Y. Xiao, L. Luo, Y. Shao, F. Gao, and Y. Du, et al. 2016. "Atomistic Conversion Reaction Mechanism of WO3 in Secondary Ion Batteries of Li, Na, and Ca." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 55, no. 21:6244-6247. PNNL-SA-114899. doi:10.1002/anie.201601542
  • Pan H., Y. Shao, P. Yan, Y. Cheng, K. Han, Z. Nie, and C.M. Wang, et al. 2016. "Reversible aqueous zinc/manganese oxide energy storage from conversion reactions." Nature Energy 1, no. 5:Article No. 16039. PNNL-SA-111263. doi:10.1038/nenergy.2016.39
  • Park S., Y. Shao, V.V. Viswanathan, J. Liu, and Y. Wang. 2016. "Electrochemical study of highly durable cathode with Pt supported on ITO-CNT composite for proton exchange membrane fuel cells." Journal of Industrial & Engineering Chemistry 42. PNNL-SA-124027. doi:10.1016/j.jiec.2016.07.039
  • Shao Y., N.M. Markovic, and N.M. Markovic. 2016. "Prelude: The renaissance of electrocatalysis." Nano Energy 29. PNNL-SA-120930. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2016.09.025
  • Vissers D.R., Z. Chen, Y. Shao, M.H. Engelhard, U. Das, P.C. Redfern, and L.A. Curtiss, et al. 2016. "Role of Manganese Deposition on Graphite in the Capacity Fading of Lithium Ion Batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 8, no. 22:14244-14251. PNNL-SA-117129. doi:10.1021/acsami.6b02061
  • Xiao L., Y. Cao, W.A. Henderson, M.L. Sushko, Y. Shao, J. Xiao, and W. Wang, et al. 2016. "Hard carbon nanoparticles as high-capacity, high-stability anodic materials for Na-ion batteries." Nano Energy 19. PNNL-SA-115004. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2015.10.034


  • Chen J., D. Wu, E.D. Walter, M.H. Engelhard, P. Bhattacharya, H. Pan, and Y. Shao, et al. 2015. "Molecular-Confinement of Polysulfide within Mesoscale Electrodes for the Practical Application of Lithium Sulfur Batteries." Nano Energy 13. PNNL-SA-106980. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2015.01.031
  • Cheng Y., R.M. Stolley, K. Han, Y. Shao, B.W. Arey, N.M. Washton, and K.T. Mueller, et al. 2015. "Highly Active Electrolytes for Rechargeable Mg Batteries Based on [Mg2(µ-Cl)2]2+ Cation Complex in Dimethoxyethane." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 17, no. 20:13307-13314. PNNL-SA-106553. doi:10.1039/C5CP00859J
  • Cheng Y., Y. Shao, L.R. Parent, M.L. Sushko, G. Li, P.V. Sushko, and N.D. Browning, et al. 2015. "Interface Promoted Reversible Mg Insertion in Nanostructured Tin-Antimony Alloys." Advanced Materials 27, no. 42:6598-6605. PNNL-SA-108383. doi:10.1002/adma.201502378
  • Liu T.L., J.T. Cox, D. Hu, X. Deng, J.Z. Hu, M.Y. Hu, and J. Xiao, et al. 2015. "A Fundamental Study on the [(µ-Cl)3Mg2(THF)6]+ Dimer Electrolytes for Rechargeable Mg Batteries." Chemical Communications 51, no. 12:2312-2315. PNNL-SA-104532. doi:10.1039/c4cc07621d
  • Lu D., P. Yan, Y. Shao, Q. Li, S.A. Ferrara, H. Pan, and G.L. Graff, et al. 2015. "High Performance Li-ion Sulfur Batteries Enabled by Intercalation Chemistry." Chemical Communications 51, no. 70:13454-13457. PNNL-SA-108571. doi:10.1039/C5CC05171A
  • Lu D., Y. Shao, T.J. Lozano, W.D. Bennett, G.L. Graff, B. Polzin, and J. Zhang, et al. 2015. "Failure Mechanism of Fast-Charged Lithium Metal Batteries in Liquid Electrolyte." Advanced Energy Materials 5, no. 3:Article No. 1400993. PNNL-SA-101983. doi:10.1002/AENM.201400993
  • Pan H., X. Wei, W.A. Henderson, Y. Shao, J. Chen, P. Bhattacharya, and J. Xiao, et al. 2015. "On the way toward understanding solution chemistry of lithium polysulfides for high energy Li-S redox flow batteries." Advanced Energy Materials 5, no. 16:Article No. 1500113. PNNL-SA-107502. doi:10.1002/aenm.201500113
  • Parent L.R., Y. Cheng, P.V. Sushko, Y. Shao, J. Liu, C.M. Wang, and N.D. Browning. 2015. "Realizing the Full Potential of Insertion Anodes for Mg-ion Batteries Through the Nano-Structuring of Sn." Nano Letters 15, no. 2:1177-1182. PNNL-SA-106031. doi:10.1021/nl5042534
  • Shao Y., Y. Cheng, W. Duan, W. Wang, Y. Lin, Y. Wang, and J. Liu. 2015. "Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for PEM Fuel Cells and Redox Flow Batteries: a Selected Review." ACS Catalysis 5, no. 12:7288-7298. PNNL-SA-112187. doi:10.1021/acscatal.5b01737


  • Cheng Y., L.R. Parent, Y. Shao, C.M. Wang, V.L. Sprenkle, G. Li, and J. Liu. 2014. "Facile Synthesis of Chevrel Phase Nanocubes and their Applications for Multivalent Energy Storage." Chemistry of Materials 26, no. 17:4904-4907. PNNL-SA-101661. doi:10.1021/cm502306c
  • Cheng Y., T.L. Liu, Y. Shao, M.H. Engelhard, J. Liu, and G. Li. 2014. "Electrochemically Stable Cathode Current Collectors for Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2, no. 8:2473 - 2477. PNNL-SA-99589. doi:10.1039/C3TA15113A
  • Cheng Y., Y. Shao, J. Zhang, V.L. Sprenkle, J. Liu, and G. Li. 2014. "High Performance Batteries Based on Hybrid Magnesium and Lithium Chemistry." Chemical Communications 50, no. 68:9644-9646. PNNL-SA-102822. doi:10.1039/C4CC03620D
  • Ding F., W. Xu, X. Chen, J. Zhang, Y. Shao, M.H. Engelhard, and Y. Zhang, et al. 2014. "Effects of Cesium Cations in Lithium Deposition via Self-Healing Electrostatic Shield Mechanism." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 118, no. 8:4043-4049. PNNL-SA-98906. doi:10.1021/jp4127754
  • Huang C., J. Xiao, Y. Shao, J. Zheng, W.D. Bennett, D. Lu, and L.V. Saraf, et al. 2014. "Manipulating the Surface Reactions in Lithium Sulfur Batteries Using Hybrid Anode Structures." Nature Communications 5. PNNL-SA-96417. doi:10.1038/ncomms4015
  • Ji L., M. Gu, Y. Shao, X. Li, M.H. Engelhard, B.W. Arey, and W. Wang, et al. 2014. "Controlling SEI Formation on SnSb-Porous Carbon Nanofibers for Improved Na Ion Storage." Advanced Materials 26, no. 18:2901-2908. PNNL-SA-98915. doi:10.1002/adma.201304962
  • Liu T.L., Y. Shao, G. Li, M. Gu, J.Z. Hu, S. Xu, and Z. Nie, et al. 2014. "A Facile Approach Using MgCl2 to Formulate High Performance Mg2+ Electrolytes for Rechargeable Mg Batteries." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2, no. 10:3430 - 3438. PNNL-SA-98069. doi:10.1039/c3ta14825d
  • Shao Y., M. Gu, X. Li, Z. Nie, P. Zuo, G. Li, and T.L. Liu, et al. 2014. "Highly Reversible Mg Insertion in Nanostructured Bi for Mg Ion Batteries." Nano Letters 14, no. 1:255-260. PNNL-SA-98801. doi:10.1021/nl403874y
  • Shao Y., N. Rajput, J.Z. Hu, M.Y. Hu, T.L. Liu, Z. Wei, and M. Gu, et al. 2014. "Nanocomposite polymer electrolyte for rechargeable magnesium batteries." Nano Energy 2015, no. 12:750-759. PNNL-SA-103424. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2014.12.028


  • Ding F., W. Xu, G.L. Graff, J. Zhang, M.L. Sushko, X. Chen, and Y. Shao, et al. 2013. "Dendrite-Free Lithium Deposition via Self-Healing Electrostatic Shield Mechanism." Journal of the American Chemical Society 135, no. 11:4450-4456. PNNL-SA-88286. doi:10.1021/ja312241y
  • Gu M., A. Kushima, Y. Shao, J. Zhang, J. Liu, N.D. Browning, and J. Li, et al. 2013. "Probing the Failure Mechanism of SnO2 Nanowires for Sodium-ion Batteries." Nano Letters 13, no. 11:5203-5211. PNNL-SA-97876. doi:10.1021/nl402633n
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  • Ding F., W. Xu, Y. Shao, X. Chen, Z. Wang, F. Gao, and X. Liu, et al. 2012. "H+ diffusion and electrochemical stability of Li1+x+yAlxTi2-xSiyP3-yO12 glass in aqueous Li/air battery electrolytes." Journal of Power Sources 214. PNNL-SA-85600. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.04.058
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  • Du D., L. Wang, Y. Shao, J. Wang, M.H. Engelhard, and Y. Lin. 2011. "Functionalized Graphene Oxide as a Nanocarrier in a Multienzyme Labeling Amplification Strategy for Ultrasensitive Electrochemical Immunoassay of Phosphorylated p53 (S392)." Analytical Chemistry 83, no. 3:746-752. PNNL-SA-75185. doi:10.1021/ac101715s
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  • Wang Y., S. Zhang, D. Du, Y. Shao, Z. Li, J. Wang, and M.H. Engelhard, et al. 2011. "Self assembly of acetylcholinesterase on a gold nanoparticles-graphene nanosheet hybrid for organophosphate pesticide detection using polyelectrolyte as a linker." Journal of Materials Chemistry 21, no. 14:5319-5325. PNNL-SA-78018. doi:10.1039/C0JM03441J
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  • Zhang S., Y. Shao, H. Liao, M.H. Engelhard, G. Yin, and Y. Lin. 2011. "Polyelectrolyte-Induced Reduction of Exfoliated Graphite Oxide: A Facile Route to Synthesis of Soluble Graphene Nanosheets." ACS Nano 5, no. 3:1785-1791. PNNL-SA-77808. doi:10.1021/nn102467s
  • Zhang S., Y. Shao, J. Liu, I.A. Aksay, and Y. Lin. 2011. "Graphene-Polypyrrole Nanocomposite as a Highly Efficient and Low Cost Electrically Switched Ion Exchanger for Removing ClO4- from Wastewater." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 3, no. 9:3633-3637. PNNL-SA-71708. doi:10.1021/am200839m
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  • Shao Y., J. Wang, H. Wu, J. Liu, I.A. Aksay, and Y. Lin. 2010. "Graphene Based Electrochemical Sensors and Biosensors: A Review." Electroanalysis 22, no. 10:1027-1036. PNNL-SA-69938. doi:10.1002/elan.200900571
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  • Shao Y., S. Zhang, C.M. Wang, Z. Nie, J. Liu, Y. Wang, and Y. Lin. 2010. "Highly durable graphene nanoplatelets supported Pt nanocatalysts for oxygen reduction." Journal of Power Sources 195, no. 15:4600-4605. PNNL-SA-69731.
  • Shao Y., S. Zhang, M.H. Engelhard, G. Li, G. Shao, Y. Wang, and J. Liu, et al. 2010. "Nitrogen-doped Graphene and Its Electrochemical Applications." Journal of Materials Chemistry 20, no. 35:7491-7496. PNNL-SA-71682. doi:10.1039/c0jm00782j
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  • Tang Z., H. Wu, J.R. Cort, G.W. Buchko, Y. Zhang, Y. Shao, and I.A. Aksay, et al. 2010. "Constraint of DNA on Functionalized Graphene Improves Its Biostability and Specificity." Small 6, no. 11:1205-1209. PNNL-SA-67870. doi:10.1002/smll.201000024
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  • Kou R., Y. Shao, D. Wang, M.H. Engelhard, J. Kwak, J. Wang, and V.V. Viswanathan, et al. 2009. "Enhanced Activity and Stability of Pt catalysts on Functionalized Graphene Sheets for Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reduction." Electrochemistry Communications 11, no. 5:954-957. PNNL-SA-64809.
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  • Miao Y., H. Wang, Y. Shao, Z. Tang, J. Wang, and Y. Lin. 2009. "Layer-By-Layer Assembled Hybrid Film of Carbon Nanotubes/Iron Oxide Nanocrystals for Reagentless Electrochemical Detection of H2O2." Sensors and Actuators. B, Chemical 138, no. 1:182-188. PNNL-SA-61106.
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  • Zhang S., Y. Shao, G. Yin, and Y. Lin. 2009. "Stabilization of Platinum Nanoparticle Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Using Poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride)." Journal of Materials Chemistry 19, no. 42:7995 - 8001. PNNL-SA-67934. doi:10.1039/b912104h


  • Shao Y., J. Liu, Y. Wang, and Y. Lin. 2008. "Novel Catalyst Support Materials for PEM Fuel Cells: Current Status and Future Prospects." Journal of Materials Chemistry 19, no. 1:46-59. PNNL-SA-60962. doi:10.1039/b808370c
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