Skip to Main Content U.S. Department of Energy
Energy and Environment Directorate

Sen Huang

Sen Huang

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 375-5395


Sen Huang joined the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory as a scientist in May 2016. Before joining PNNL, he worked as a building services engineer at Arup (2011-2012), a teaching assistant (2013) and a research assistant (2014-2016) both at the University of Miami.

Research Interests

  • Building Control
  • Building-Grid Integration
  • Modeling of Hybrid Systems
  • Whole-building Fault Detection and Diagnosis

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D., Civil Engineering, University of Miami
  • M. Eng., Heating, Gas Supply, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Engineering, Tongji University
  • B. Eng., Architectural Environment and Equipment Engineering, Donghua University

Awards and Recognitions

  • IBPSA-USA Scholarship to attend the ASHRAE & IBPSA-USA SimBuild 2016 Conference
  • ASHRAE/IBPSA-USA 2014 Student Travel Scholarship
  • Travel Scholarship for the National Science Foundation Symposium on Building Uncertainty & Risk Analysis, 2014
  • The Scholarship on Merit, Donghua University (2005, 2007)

PNNL Publications


  • Huang S., Y. Lin, V. Chinde, X. Ma, and J. Lian. 2021. "Simulation-based Performance Evaluation of Model Predictive Control for Building Energy Systems." Applied Energy 281. PNNL-SA-152893. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.116027


  • Balducci P.J., D. Wu, T. Ramachandran, A.M. Campbell, V. Fotedar, K. Mongird, and S. Huang, et al. 2020. Power-to-Gas System Valuation - Final Report. PNNL-ACT-10095. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Power-to-Gas System Valuation - Final Report
  • Bhattacharya S., Y. Chen, S. Huang, and D.L. Vrabie. 2020. "A Learning-based time-efficient framework for building energy performance evaluation." Energy and Buildings 228. PNNL-SA-152322. doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2020.110411
  • Wu D., X. Ma, S. Huang, T. Fu, and P.J. Balducci. 2020. "Stochastic Optimal Sizing of Distributed Energy Resources for a Cost-effective and Resilient Microgrid." Energy 198. PNNL-SA-150028. doi:10.1016/


  • Dong J., T. Ramachandran, P. Im, S. Huang, V. Chandan, D.L. Vrabie, and P.V. Kuruganti. 2019. "Online Learning for Commercial Buildings." In Proceedings of the Tenth ACM International Conference on Future Energy Systems (e-Energy 2019), June 25-28, 2019, Phoenix, AZ, 522-530. New York, New York:ACM. PNNL-SA-138212. doi:10.1145/3307772.3331029
  • Hinkelman K., S. Huang, J. Wang, J. Lian, and W. Zuo. 2019. "Enhancing the Implementation of a First-order Equivalent Thermal Parameter Model to Enable Accurate and Robust Building Thermal Response Prediction." In Proceedings of BS2019: 16th Conference of IBPSA, edited by V. Corrado, E. Fabrizio, A. Gasparella, and F. Patuzzi, 16, 1859-1865. PNNL-SA-140909. doi:10.26868/25222708.2019.210582
  • Huang S., and D. Wu. 2019. "Validation on Aggregate Flexibility from Residential Air Conditioning Systems for Building-to-Grid Integration." Energy and Buildings 200. PNNL-SA-141726. doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2019.07.043
  • Huang S., J. Lian, H. Hao, and S. Katipamula. 2019. "Transactive Control Design for Commercial Buildings to Provide Demand Response." IFAC-PapersOnLine 51, no. 34:151-156. PNNL-SA-134436. doi:10.1016/j.ifacol.2019.01.058
  • Wang J., N. Lu, S. Huang, and D. Wu. 2019. "A Data-driven Control Method for Operating the Commercial HVAC Load as a Virtual Battery." In IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM 2019), August 4-8, 2019, Atlanta, GA, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-139487. doi:10.1109/PESGM40551.2019.8973486
  • Wu D., N. Radhakrishnan, and S. Huang. 2019. "A Hierarchical Charging Control of Plug-in Electric Vehicles with Simple Flexibility Model." Applied Energy 253. PNNL-SA-136731. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.113490
  • Wu D., N. Radhakrishnan, X. Ke, S. Huang, A.P. Reiman, and K. Kalsi. 2019. Coordinated PEV Charging for Distribution System Management. PNNL-27710. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Coordinated PEV Charging for Distribution System Management


  • Follum J.D., Y. Sun, T. Fu, and S. Huang. 2018. "Online Verification of Transactive Control for Commercial Buildings." In IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM 2018), August 5-10, 2018, Portland, OR, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-130289. doi:10.1109/PESGM.2018.8585861
  • Huang S., Y. Chen, P.W. Ehrlich, and D.L. Vrabie. 2018. "A Control-oriented Building Envelope and HVAC System Simulation Model for a Typical Large Office Building." In 2018 Building Performance Analysis Conference and SimBuild co-organized by ASHRAE and IBPSA-USA, September 26-28, 2018, Chicago, IL, 729-736. Atlanta, Georgia:American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers. PNNL-SA-132275.
  • Katipamula S., R.M. Underhill, R.G. Lutes, and S. Huang. 2018. Automatic Identification of Retro-commissioning Measures. PNNL-27338. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.


  • Katipamula S., C.D. Corbin, J.N. Haack, H. Hao, W. Kim, D.J. Hostick, and B.A. Akyol, et al. 2017. Transactive Campus Energy Systems: Final Report. PNNL-26866. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Transactive Campus Energy Systems: Final Report


Selected Publications


  • Dong He, Sen Huang, Wangda Zuo, Raymond Kaiser. A Virtual Testbed for Net Zero Energy Communities. Accepted by ASHRAE and IBPSA-USA SimBuild 2016
  • Sen Huang, Mats Vande Cavey, Raymond Sterling, Wangda Zuo, Lieve Helsen, Alberto Giretti, Marco Bonvini, Zheng O'Neill, Michael Wetter, Andrea Costa, Gesa Boehme, Ralf Klein, Bing Dong, Marcus M. Keane. IEA Annex 60 Activity 2.3: Model Use during Operation, Approach and Case Studies. Accepted by CLIMA 2016
  • Sen Huang, Wangda Zuo, Michael D. Sohn. Amelioration of the Cooling Load based Chiller Sequencing Control. Applied Energy, 168 (2016) 204–215
  • Sen Huang, Wangda Zuo, Michael Sohn. A Bayesian Network Model for Predicting Cooling Loads. Accepted by ASHRAE and IBPSA-USA SimBuild 2016


  • Ana Carolina Laurini Malara, Sen Huang, Wangda Zuo, Michael D. Sohn, Nurcin Celik. Optimal Control of Chiller Plants using Bayesian Network. In Proceedings of the 14th IBPSA Conference, Hyderabad, India, December 7-9, 2015, pp. 449-455
  • Reymundo Miranda, Sen Huang, German Barrios, Dan Li and Wangda Zuo. Energy Efficient Design for Hotels in the Tropical Climate using Modelica. In Proceedings of the 11th International Modelica Conference, Palais, France, September 21-23, 2015, pp. 71-78
  • Sen Huang, Wangda Zuo, Michael Sohn. A New Method for the Optimal Chiller Sequencing Control. In Proceedings of the 14th IBPSA Conference, Hyderabad, India, December 7-9, 2015, pp. 316-323
  • Tiejun Li, Guifang Shao, Sen Huang, Wangda Zuo, Zheng, O'Neill, Weiren Shi. Genetic Algorithm for Building Optimization - State-of-the-art Survey. In Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning and the 3rd International Conference on Building Energy and Environment, Tianjin, China, July 12-15, 2015


  • Sen Huang, Wanda Zuo. Optimization of the Water-Cooled Chiller System Operation. In Proceedings of 2014 ASHRAE/IBPSA-USA Building Simulation Conference, Atlanta, GA, United States, September 10-12, 2014, pp. 300-307

Energy and Environment

Core Research Areas