Skip to Main Content U.S. Department of Energy
Energy and Environment Directorate

Malini Ghosal

Malini Ghosal

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 375-6612


Malini Ghosal came to the PNNL in 2018 and joined Electricity Infrastructure group in 2018. Prior to joining Electricity Infrastructure, she worked in the Texas Tech University as a PhD student. Her research interests include power systems dynamic state estimation, balancing reserve calculation under uncertainty, system theoretic approaches for anomaly detection and grid impacts study for transportation electrification.

For the past one year she has been supporting hardware in the loop implementation of the coordinative real-time sub transmission volt-var control, developing and adapting reserve calculation and day ahead ramping calculation tool for the Central America, analyzing impact of electrification of transportation on the electric grid, and machine learning application for composite load modeling, etc.

Research Interests

  • Power systems data analytics and decision making under uncertainty
  • Systems theoretic approaches for anomaly detection in the power systems
  • Dynamic state estimation
  • Transportation electrification and its impacts on grid

Education and Credentials

  • PhD in Electrical Engineering, Texas Tech University, 2017
  • MS in Electrical Engineering, Texas Tech University, 2015
  • Bachelor of Technology in Electrical Engineering, West Bengal University of Technology, India, 2010

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • IEEE
  • IEEE Power & Energy Society (PES)

PNNL Publications


  • Agrawal U., M.A. Elizondo, M. Ghosal, D. Bhatnagar, S.H. Davis, B.K. McDowell, and J.E. Cabe. 2022. "Coordinated Integration of Renewable Generation and Small Modular Reactors in Puerto Rico - an Initial Study." In IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM 2022), July 17-21, 2022, Denver, CO, 01-05. PNNL-SA-158098. doi:10.1109/PESGM48719.2022.9916966
  • Nguyen Q.H., X. Ke, N.A. Samaan, J.T. Holzer, M.A. Elizondo, H. Zhou, and Z. Hou, et al. 2022. "Transmission-distribution long-term volt-var planning considering reactive power support capability of distributed PV." International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems 138. PNNL-SA-163369. doi:10.1016/j.ijepes.2022.107955


  • Pettet G.A., M. Ghosal, S.M. Mahserejian, S.H. Davis, S. Sridhar, A. Dubey, and M. Kintner-Meyer. 2021. "A Decision Support Framework for Grid-Aware Electric Bus Charge Scheduling." In IEEE Power & Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference (ISGT 2021), February 16-18, 2021, Washington DC, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-156679. doi:10.1109/ISGT49243.2021.9372174


  • Ghosal M., M.R. Vallem, Q.H. Nguyen, X. Ke, B. Vyakaranam, N.A. Samaan, and O.J. Aworo, et al. 2020. "Real-time Simulation of Coordinated Sub-Transmission Volt-Var Control Tool under High Distributed PV Penetration." In Power & Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference (ISGT 2020), February 17-20, 2020, Washington DC, 1 - 5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-147277. doi:10.1109/ISGT45199.2020.9087719


  • Elizondo M.A., R. Fan, H. Kirkham, M. Ghosal, F. Wilches-Bernal, D. Schoenwald, and J. Lian. 2018. "Interarea Oscillation Damping Control Using High-Voltage DC Transmission: A Survey." IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 33, no. 6:6915-6923. PNNL-SA-130052. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2018.2832227

Energy and Environment

Core Research Areas