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Energy and Environment Directorate

Bethany Matthews

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 371-6207

PNNL Publications


  • Yama N., I. Chen, S. Chakravarthi, B. Li, C. Pederson, B.E. Matthews, and S.R. Spurgeon, et al. 2024. "Silicon-latticed-matched boron-doped gallium phosphide: A scalable acousto-optic platform." Advanced Materials 36, no. 5:Art. No. 2305434. PNNL-SA-185419. doi:10.1002/adma.202305434


  • Adiga P.P., L. Wang, C. Wong, B.E. Matthews, M.E. Bowden, S.R. Spurgeon, and G.E. Sterbinsky, et al. 2023. "Correlation between oxygen evolution reaction activity and surface compositional evolution in epitaxial La0.5Sr0.5Ni1-xFexO3-d thin films." Nanoscale 15, no. 3:1119-1127. PNNL-SA-178044. doi:10.1039/D2NR05373J
  • Blanchet M., B.E. Matthews, S.R. Spurgeon, S.M. Heald, T. Isaacs-Smith, and R.B. Comes. 2023. "Jahn-Teller-driven Phase Segregation in MnxCo3-xO4 Spinel Thin Films." Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A: International Journal Devoted to Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films 41, no. 5:Art. No. 052703. PNNL-SA-179218. doi:10.1116/6.0002329
  • Kaspar T.C., S.R. Spurgeon, K.H. Yano, B.E. Matthews, M.E. Bowden, C.L. Ophus, and H. Kim, et al. 2023. "Role of structural defects in mediating disordering processes at irradiated epitaxial Fe3O4/Cr2O3 interfaces." Physical Review Materials 7, no. 9:Art. No. 093604. PNNL-SA-181888. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.7.093604
  • Kautz D.J., X. Cao, P. Gao, B.E. Matthews, Y. Xu, K. Han, and F.O. Omenya, et al. 2023. "Designing Electrolytes With Controlled Solvation Structure for Fast-Charging Lithium-Ion Batteries." Advanced Energy Materials 13, no. 35:Art. No. 2301199. PNNL-SA-184367. doi:10.1002/aenm.202301199
  • Mantilla A.B., B.E. Matthews, Y. Gu, and P.Z. El-Khoury. 2023. "Selective Plasmon-Induced Oxidation of 4-Aminothiophenol on Silver Nanoparticles." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 127, no. 17:8048-8053. PNNL-SA-182188. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.3c01204
  • Matthews B.E., J.J. Neeway, L. Nava-Farias, J. Marcial, B.W. Arey, J.A. Soltis, and L. Kovarik, et al. 2023. "Micro- and Nanoscale Surface Analysis of Late Iron Age Glass from Broborg, a Vitrified Swedish Hillfort." Microscopy and Microanalysis 29, no. 1:50-68. PNNL-SA-163973. doi:10.1093/micmic/ozac032


  • Hubbard L.R., E.S. Fuller, J.R. Allred, G.J. Sevigny, L. Kovarik, B.E. Matthews, and C.C. Cowles, et al. 2022. "Accelerated Beta Radiation Aging of Interlayer Titanium Nitride in Gallium Nitride Contacts." MRS Communications 12, no. 1:24-29. PNNL-SA-163618. doi:10.1557/s43579-021-00092-2
  • Jiang W., L. Kovarik, Z. Zhu, T. Varga, M.E. Bowden, B.E. Matthews, and Z. Hu, et al. 2022. "Microstructural evolution and precipitation in gamma-LiAlO2 during ion irradiation." Journal of Applied Physics 131, no. 21:Art. No. 215902. PNNL-SA-170674. doi:10.1063/5.0089865
  • Kim J., Y. Xu, M.H. Engelhard, J. Hu, H. Lim, H. Jia, and Z. Yang, et al. 2022. "Facile Dual-Protection Layer and Advanced Electrolyte Enhancing Performances of Cobalt-Free/Nickel-Rich Cathodes in Lithium-Ion Batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 14, no. 15:17405-17414. PNNL-SA-168201. doi:10.1021/acsami.2c01694
  • Lewis N., Y. Jin, X. Tang, V. Shah, C.M. Doty, B.E. Matthews, and S.M. Akers, et al. 2022. "Forecasting of In Situ Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy." npj Computational Materials 8. PNNL-SA-175288. doi:10.1038/s41524-022-00940-2
  • Liu F., T. Truttmann, D. Lee, B.E. Matthews, I. Laraib, A. Janotti, and S.R. Spurgeon, et al. 2022. "Hybrid Molecular Beam Epitaxy of Germanium-based Oxides." Communications Materials 3, no. 1:Art. No. 69. PNNL-SA-171432. doi:10.1038/s43246-022-00290-y
  • Thapa S., S. Provence, P.T. Gemperline, B.E. Matthews, S.R. Spurgeon, S. Battles, and S.M. Heald, et al. 2022. "Surface Stability of SrNbO3+d Grown by Hybrid Molecular Beam Epitaxy." APL Materials 10, no. 9:Art. No. 091112. PNNL-SA-177070. doi:10.1063/5.0097699
  • Yoon H., T. Truttmann, F. Liu, B.E. Matthews, S. Choo, Q. Su, and V. Saraswat, et al. 2022. "Freestanding Epitaxial SrTiO3 Nanomembranes via Remote Epitaxy using Hybrid Molecular Beam Epitaxy." Science Advances 8, no. 51:Art. No. eadd5328. PNNL-SA-173465. doi:10.1126/sciadv.add5328
  • Yu X., B.E. Matthews, S.L. Riechers, S.R. Spurgeon, Z. Zhu, G.J. Sevigny, and W.G. Luscher. 2022. "Multimodal Imaging of the Evolving Interface of the Irradiated Aluminide-coated Stainless-steel Cladding." Microscopy and Microanalysis 28, no. Suppl 1:996 - 997. PNNL-SA-170393. doi:10.1017/S1431927622004317


  • Akers S.M., E.J. Kautz, A. Trevino-Gavito, M.J. Olszta, B.E. Matthews, L. Wang, and Y. Du, et al. 2021. "Rapid and Flexible Segmentation of Electron Microscopy Data Using Few-Shot Machine Learning." npj Computational Materials 7. PNNL-SA-160786. doi:10.1038/s41524-021-00652-z
  • Blanchet M., J. Heath, T.C. Kaspar, B.E. Matthews, S.R. Spurgeon, M.E. Bowden, and S.M. Heald, et al. 2021. "Electronic and Structural Properties of Single-crystal Jahn-Teller Active Co1+xMn2-xO4 Thin Films." Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 33, no. 12:124002. PNNL-SA-156954. doi:10.1088/1361-648X/abd573
  • Cao X., L. Zou, B.E. Matthews, L. Zhang, X. He, X. Ren, and M.H. Engelhard, et al. 2021. "Optimization of fluorinated orthoformate based electrolytes for practical high-voltage lithium metal batteries." Energy Storage Materials 34, no. n/a:76-84. PNNL-SA-153014. doi:10.1016/j.ensm.2020.08.035
  • Cao X., P. Gao, X. Ren, L. Zou, M.H. Engelhard, B.E. Matthews, and J. Hu, et al. 2021. "Effects of fluorinated solvents on electrolyte solvation structures and electrode/electrolyte interphases for lithium metal batteries." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). 118, no. 9:e2020357118. PNNL-SA-154541. doi:10.1073/pnas.2020357118
  • Chrysler M., J. Gabel, T. Lee, A. Penn, B.E. Matthews, D.M. Kepaptsoglou, and Q. Ramasse, et al. 2021. "Tuning band alignment at a semiconductor-crystalline oxide heterojunction via electrostatic modulation of the interfacial dipole." Physical Review Materials 5, no. 10:104603. PNNL-SA-163062. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.5.104603
  • Devaraj A., B.E. Matthews, B.W. Arey, L.M. Bagaasen, E.C. Buck, G.J. Sevigny, and D.J. Senor. 2021. "Neutron Irradiation Induced Changes in Isotopic Abundance of 6Li and 3D Nanoscale Distribution of Tritium in LiAlO2 Pellets Analyzed by Atom Probe Tomography." Materials Characterization 176. PNNL-SA-157659. doi:10.1016/j.matchar.2021.111095
  • Jia H., X. Zhang, Y. Xu, L. Zou, J. Kim, P. Gao, and M.H. Engelhard, et al. 2021. "Toward the Practical Use of Cobalt-Free Lithium-Ion Batteries by an Advanced Ether-Based Electrolyte." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 13, no. 37:44339-44347. PNNL-SA-162906. doi:10.1021/acsami.1c12072
  • Jia H., Y. Xu, X. Zhang, S.D. Burton, P. Gao, B.E. Matthews, and M.H. Engelhard, et al. 2021. "Advanced low-flammable electrolytes for stable operation of high-voltage lithium-ion batteries." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 60, no. 23:12999-13006. PNNL-SA-159888. doi:10.1002/anie.202102403
  • Kaspar T.C., S.R. Spurgeon, B.E. Matthews, M.E. Bowden, S.M. Heald, L. Wang, and R. Kelley, et al. 2021. "Incorporation of Ti in epitaxial Fe2TiO4 thin films." Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 33, no. 31:Article No. 314004. PNNL-SA-160885. doi:10.1088/1361-648X/ac0571
  • Matthews B.E., M. Sassi, C.M. Barr, C. Ophus, T.C. Kaspar, W. Jiang, and K. Hattar, et al. 2021. "Percolation of Ion-Irradiation-Induced Disorder in Complex Oxide Interfaces." Nano Letters 21, no. 12:5353-5359. PNNL-SA-161595. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c01651
  • Wang L., P.P. Adiga, J. Zhao, W.S. Samarakoon, K.A. Stoerzinger, S.R. Spurgeon, and B.E. Matthews, et al. 2021. "Understanding the Electronic Structure Evolution of Epitaxial LaNi1-xFexO3 Thin Films for Water Oxidation." Nano Letters 21, no. 19:8324-8331. PNNL-SA-163586. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c02901
  • Yu X., J. Yao, B.E. Matthews, S.R. Spurgeon, S.L. Riechers, G.J. Sevigny, and Z. Zhu, et al. 2021. "Evidence of lithium mobility under neutron irradiation." Journal of Materials Research and Technology 14. PNNL-SA-159010. doi:10.1016/j.jmrt.2021.06.066
  • Zhang X., H. Jia, L. Zou, Y. Xu, L. Mu, Z. Yang, and M.H. Engelhard, et al. 2021. "Electrolyte Regulating toward Stabilization of Cobalt-Free Ultrahigh-Nickel Layered Oxide Cathode in Lithium-Ion Batteries." ACS Energy Letters 6, no. 4:1324-1332. PNNL-SA-158874. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.1c00374


  • Durnev M., M. Glazov, X. Linpeng, M. Viitaniemi, B.E. Matthews, S.R. Spurgeon, and P.V. Sushko, et al. 2020. "Microscopic model for the stacking-fault potential and the exciton wave function in GaAs." Physical Review B 101, no. 12:Article No. 125420. PNNL-SA-148814. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.101.125420
  • Hubbard L.R., C.C. Cowles, A.W. Prichard, G.J. Sevigny, J.M. Johns, D. Calderin Morales, and L. Kovarik, et al. 2020. "GaN Nuclear Batteries: Radiation Modeling for Accelerated Contact Exposure of Betavoltaics." MRS Advances 5, no. 27-28:1483-1489. PNNL-SA-146878. doi:10.1557/adv.2020.6
  • Jia H., Y. Xu, S.D. Burton, P. Gao, X. Zhang, B.E. Matthews, and M.H. Engelhard, et al. 2020. "Enabling Ether-Based Electrolytes for Long Cycle Life of Lithium-Ion Batteries at High Charge Voltage." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 12, no. 49:54893-54903. PNNL-SA-156239. doi:10.1021/acsami.0c18177
  • Jiang W., S.R. Spurgeon, B.E. Matthews, A.K. Battu, S. China, T. Varga, and A. Devaraj, et al. 2020. "Carbonaceous deposits on aluminide coatings in tritium-producing assemblies." Nuclear Materials and Energy 25. PNNL-SA-153196. doi:10.1016/j.nme.2020.100797
  • Jin Y., Y. Xu, P. Le, T.D. Vo, Q. Zhou, X. Qi, and M.H. Engelhard, et al. 2020. "Highly Reversible Sodium Ion Batteries Enabled by Stable Electrolyte-Electrode Interphases." ACS Energy Letters 5, no. 10:3212-3220. PNNL-SA-153228. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.0c01712
  • Popel A., S.R. Spurgeon, B.E. Matthews, M.J. Olszta, B.T. Tan, T. Gouder, and R. Eloiridi, et al. 2020. "An Atomic-Scale Understanding of UO2 Surface Evolution During Anoxic Dissolution." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 12, no. 35:39781-39786. PNNL-SA-152605. doi:10.1021/acsami.0c09611
  • Ren X., P. Gao, L. Zou, S. Jiao, X. Cao, X. Zhang, and H. Jia, et al. 2020. "Role of inner solvation sheath within salt-solvent complexes in tailoring electrode/electrolyte interphases for lithium metal batteries." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) 117, no. 46:28603-28613. PNNL-SA-153382. doi:10.1073/pnas.2010852117
  • Ren X., X. Zhang, Z. Shadike, L. Zou, H. Jia, X. Cao, and M.H. Engelhard, et al. 2020. "Designing Advanced In Situ Electrode/Electrolyte Interphases for Wide Temperature Operation of 4.5 V Li || LiCoO2 Batteries." Advanced Materials 32, no. 49:2004898. PNNL-SA-154434. doi:10.1002/adma.202004898
  • Sassi M., A. Devaraj, S.R. Spurgeon, B.E. Matthews, and D.J. Senor. 2020. First Principles Modeling of Tritium Trapping in gamma-LiAlO2 Nanovoids. PNNL-30529. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. First Principles Modeling of Tritium Trapping in gamma-LiAlO2 Nanovoids
  • Scafetta M., T.C. Kaspar, M.E. Bowden, S.R. Spurgeon, B.E. Matthews, and S.A. Chambers. 2020. "Reversible Oxidation Quantified by Optical Properties in Epitaxial Fe2CrO4+d Films on (001) MgAl2O4." ACS Omega 5, no. 7:3240-3249. PNNL-SA-143728. doi:10.1021/acsomega.9b03299
  • Wang L., Z. Yang, M.E. Bowden, J.W. Freeland, P.V. Sushko, S.R. Spurgeon, and B.E. Matthews, et al. 2020. "Hole-Trapping-Induced Stabilization of Ni4+ in SrNiO3/ LaFeO3 Superlattices." Advanced Materials 32, no. 45:2005003. PNNL-SA-152538. doi:10.1002/adma.202005003
  • Zhang X., H. Jia, Y. Xu, L. Zou, M.H. Engelhard, B.E. Matthews, and C. Wang, et al. 2020. "Unravelling high-temperature stability of lithium-ion battery with lithium-rich oxide cathode in localized high-concentration electrolyte." Journal of Power Sources Advances 5, no. n/a:100024. PNNL-SA-152836. doi:10.1016/j.powera.2020.100024
  • Zhang X., L. Zou, Y. Xu, X. Cao, M.H. Engelhard, B.E. Matthews, and L. Zhong, et al. 2020. "Advanced electrolytes for fast-charging high-voltage lithium-ion batteries in wide-temperature range." Advanced Energy Materials 10, no. 22:2000368. PNNL-SA-150274. doi:10.1002/aenm.202000368


  • Cao X., X. Ren, L. Zou, M.H. Engelhard, W. Huang, H. Wang, and B.E. Matthews, et al. 2019. "Monolithic solid-electrolyte interphases formed in fluorinated orthoformate-based electrolytes minimize Li depletion and pulverization." Nature Energy 4, no. 9:796-805. PNNL-SA-141828. doi:10.1038/s41560-019-0464-5
  • Cao X., Y. Xu, L. Zhang, M.H. Engelhard, L. Zhong, X. Ren, and H. Jia, et al. 2019. "Nonflammable Electrolytes for Lithium Ion Batteries Enabled by Ultraconformal Passivation Interphases." ACS Energy Letters 4, no. 10:2529-2534. PNNL-SA-145269. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.9b01926
  • Ren X., L. Zou, X. Cao, M.H. Engelhard, W. Liu, S.D. Burton, and H. Lee, et al. 2019. "Enabling High-Voltage Lithium-Metal Batteries under Practical Conditions." Joule 3, no. 7:1662-1676. PNNL-SA-140396. doi:10.1016/j.joule.2019.05.006

Energy and Environment

Core Research Areas