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Energy and Environment Directorate

Matt Paiss

Matt Paiss

(509) 371-7770


Matthew Paiss serves as a Technical Advisor in the Battery Materials & Systems group. Prior to joining PNNL, he was the President of Energy Response Solutions, Inc (a Training & Consultation firm). He brings 28 yrs of emergency response experience retiring as a Fire Captain with the San Jose CA Fire Department. His background in renewable energy started in 1982 at ARCO Solar in Camarillo, CA before studying Solar Technology and Fire Science in Santa Cruz, CA and worked in the semiconductor industry as a service engineer prior to transitioning to the fire service. He has 10 years’ experience on renewable energy Codes & Standards committees and currently represents PNNL on NFPA 855, UL 9540, and 1974, and is a national named expert on IEC TC120. He served as a subject matter expert for the National Fire Protection Association on energy storage and has contributed to the model fire code sections on PV & ESS. Mr. Paiss has delivered electrical safety training to over 8000 firefighters nationwide. He has spoken in Europe on fire safety and PV design and holds certificates as Registered CA State Fire Instructor, and Certified State Fire Officer.

He has written for Fire Engineering, Home Power, SolarPro and SFPE magazines.

Research Interests

  • Energy Storage Safety Designs
  • Grid Resiliency & Security
  • Fire & Abuse Testing of ESS
  • Technical Standards for Stationary ESS

Education and Credentials

  • A.S., Degree in Solar Energy Technology, Cabrillo College, Aptos, CA
  • A.S., Degree in Fire Science, Cabrillo College, Aptos, CA
  • CA State Certified Fire Officer
  • CA State Certified Training Instructor

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • International Association of Fire Fighters
  • Associate Member - Institute of Fire Engineers
  • CA Fire Prevention Officers Association

PNNL Publications


  • Omenya F.O., M.D. Paiss, X. Li, and D.M. Reed. 2023. "Energy and Power Evolution Over the Lifetime of a Battery." ACS Energy Letters 8, no. 6:2707-2710. PNNL-SA-183422. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.3c00660
  • Twitchell J.B., D.W. Powell, and M.D. Paiss. 2023. Energy Storage in Local Zoning Ordinances. PNNL-34462. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Energy Storage in Local Zoning Ordinances



  • Choi D., N. Shamim, A.J. Crawford, Q. Huang, C.K. Vartanian, V.V. Viswanathan, and M.D. Paiss, et al. 2021. "LI-ION BATTERY TECHNOLOGY FOR GRID APPLICATION." Journal of Power Sources 511. PNNL-SA-161888. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2021.230419
  • Vartanian C.K., M.D. Paiss, V.V. Viswanathan, J.T. Kolln, and D.M. Reed. 2021. "Review of Codes and Standards for Energy Storage Systems." Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports 8, no. 3:138 - 148. PNNL-SA-157921. doi:10.1007/s40518-021-00182-8

Energy and Environment

Core Research Areas