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Energy and Environment Directorate

Sarah Barrows

Sarah Barrows

(509) 375-2815


Sarah Barrows joined PNNL in September of 2019 after receiving her master’s degree in applied economics. Her graduate work focused primarily on policy analysis, using various econometric tools to investigate the household effects of welfare policies. During her degree, she interned at Emsi, an economic modeling and database company, gaining industry experience conducting economic impact analyses. Her undergraduate degree, prior publications, and previous work experience were in food science, a field which applies chemistry and engineering to food production. Her skillset includes econometric techniques, experimental design, economic impact analyses, policy analysis, and modeling questions related to labor economics.

Sarah contributes to projects at PNNL related to valuation of distributed wind, policy input to improve integration of distributed energy resources, and evaluation of energy resilience. She also supports the Appliance and Commercial Equipment Standards program, contributing to the life-cycle cost and benefit analysis.

Research Interests

  • Policy Analysis
  • Regional Economic Impact Analysis
  • Econometric Modeling
  • Issues related to the energy-water-food nexus

Education and Credentials

  • M.S., Applied Economics, University of Idaho, 2019
  • B.S., Food Science, Minors in Chemistry and Mathematics, Brigham Young University, 2014

PNNL Publications


  • Bhatti B., A.P. Reiman, D.S. Boff, S.E. Barrows, and A.C. Orrell. 2023. "Valuation of Distributed Wind Turbines Providing Multiple Market Services." In IEEE Power & Energy Society Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference (ISGT 2023), January 16-19, 2023, Washington, DC, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-174822. doi:10.1109/ISGT51731.2023.10066377
  • Boff D.S., and S.E. Barrows. 2023. Waiting in Queue: A Historical Evaluation of Interconnection Policy. PNNL-34350. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Waiting in Queue: A Historical Evaluation of Interconnection Policy
  • Parker K.M., A.M. Fensch, K. Kazimierczuk, S.E. Barrows, and B.W. Tarekegne. 2023. Energy Equity Opportunities in Distributed Wind Hybrid Systems for Rural Loads. PNNL-34754. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Energy Equity Opportunities in Distributed Wind Hybrid Systems for Rural Loads
  • Tamaddun K.A., S.E. Barrows, M.U. Usman, J. Meng, N. Woodruff, R.A. Harnish, and D.W. Powell, et al. 2023. "Hydropower Potential at Non-Powered Dams: A Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis Tool based on Grid, Community, Industry, and Environmental Impacts." In World Environmental & Water Resources Congress 2023: Adaptive Planning and Design in an Age of Risk and Uncertainty. May 21-24, 2023, Henderson, NV, edited by S. Ahmad and R. Murray, 23-31. Reston, Virginia:American Society of Civil Engineers. PNNL-SA-180007. doi:10.1061/9780784484852.003


  • Culler M.J., S.E. Barrows, K. Mongird, S. Bukowski, and J. Gentle. 2022. "Case Study: Resilience Benefits of Distributed Wind Against Fuel and Weather Hazards in Alaska." In IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM 2022), July 17-21, 2022, Denver, CO, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-168217. doi:10.1109/PESGM48719.2022.9917084
  • Kazimierczuk K., K. Mongird, and S.E. Barrows. 2022. "Stronger together: the value impacts of hybridizing distributed wind." The Electricity Journal 35, no. 8:Art. No. 107191. PNNL-SA-175418. doi:10.1016/j.tej.2022.107191


  • Barrows S.E., J.S. Homer, and A.C. Orrell. 2021. "Valuing Wind as a Distributed Energy Resource: A Literature Review." Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews 152. PNNL-SA-166330. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2021.111678
  • Barrows S.E., K. Mongird, B. Naughton, and R. Darbali-Zamora. 2021. "Valuation of Distributed Wind in an Isolated System." Energies 14, no. 21:Article No. 6956. PNNL-SA-166260. doi:10.3390/en14216956

Energy and Environment

Core Research Areas