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Energy and Environment Directorate

Joseph Haxel

Battelle Marine Sciences Laboratory
1529 West Sequim Bay Road
Sequim, WA 98382
(360) 582-2526

PNNL Publications


  • Popper A.N., J. Haxel, G.J. Staines, S. Guan, S. Nedelec, L. Roberts, and Z. Deng. 2023. "Marine energy converters: Potential acoustic effects on fishes and aquatic invertebrates." The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 154, no. 1:518-532. PNNL-SA-182149. doi:10.1121/10.0020150


  • Amerson A.M., T.M. Harris, S.R. Michener, C.M. Gunn, and J. Haxel. 2022. "A summary of environmental monitoring recommendations for marine energy development that considers life cycle sustainability." Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 10, no. 5:Art. No. 586. PNNL-SA-171558. doi:10.3390/jmse10050586
  • Haxel J., X. Zang, J.J. Martinez, B. Polagye, G.J. Staines, Z. Deng, and M. Wosnik, et al. 2022. "Underwater noise measurements around a tidal turbine in a busy port setting." Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 10, no. 5:Art. No. 632. PNNL-SA-170999. doi:10.3390/jmse10050632
  • Lemos L.S., J. Haxel, A. Olsen, J.D. Burnett, A. Smith, T.E. Chandler, and S.L. Nieukirk, et al. 2022. "Effects of vessel traffic and ocean noise on gray whale stress hormones." Scientific Reports 12, no. 1:18580. PNNL-SA-161483. doi:10.1038/s41598-022-14510-5
  • Munger J.E., D.P. Herrerra, S.M. Haver, L. Waterhouse, M.F. McKenna, R.P. Dziak, and J. Gedamke, et al. 2022. "Machine learning analysis reveals relationship between pomacentrid calls and environmental cues." Marine Ecology Progress Series 681. PNNL-SA-159507. doi:10.3354/meps13912
  • Reilly C.E., J. Larson, A.M. Amerson, G. Staines, J. Haxel, and M. Pattison. 2022. "Minimizing impacts on ocean ecosystems." Journal of Marine Science and Engineering 10, no. 3:Art. No. 354. PNNL-SA-170246. doi:10.3390/jmse10030354


  • Chang G., G. Harker-Klimes, K. Raghukumar, B. Polagye, J. Haxel, J. Joslin, and F.W. Spada, et al. 2021. "Clearing a path to commercialization of marine renewable energy technologies through public-private collaboration." Frontiers in Marine Science 8. PNNL-SA-159944. doi:10.3389/fmars.2021.669413
  • Haver S.M., J. Adams, L. Hatch, S. Van Parijs, R.P. Dziak, J. Haxel, and S.E. Heppell, et al. 2021. "Large vessel activity and low-frequency underwater sound benchmarks in United States waters." Frontiers in Marine Science 8. PNNL-SA-159948. doi:10.3389/fmars.2021.669528
  • Sather N.K., and J. Haxel. 2021. Drifting Hydrophone Development - Spar2 - CRADA 522. PNNL-31961. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Drifting Hydrophone Development - Spar2 - CRADA 522

Energy and Environment

Core Research Areas