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Energy and Environment Directorate

Christine Holland

Christine Holland

(971) 940-7124


Christine joined the Energy Policy and Economics group at PNNL in 2020. She is currently working on projects involving battery storage benefits analysis to inform rate-making decisions. Prior to joining PNNL, Christine privately consulted on a variety of projects including the creation of an Energy Data Management System for Maui County, socio-economic analysis to support consumer electricity adoption for Peninsula Clean Energy, PHEV and DHP forecasting for energy marketing firms, and an alternative fuel fleet regulatory review for Maui County. Prior to her consulting, she worked in energy efficiency economics and market transformation, IRP development, and energy marketing. Christine has a Ph.D. in Resource and Environmental Economics from the Agricultural Economics Department at Texas A&M.

Research Interests

  • Energy Policy and Regulation
  • Energy Storage Valuation
  • Energy Technology Adoption
  • Energy Market Analysis
  • Integrated Resource Planning

Education and Credentials

  • B.S., Economics, Indiana University of Pennsylvania 1990
  • M.S., Resource and Environmental Economics, Texas A&M 1997
  • Ph.D., Resource and Environmental Economics, Texas A&M 2000

PNNL Publications


  • Bhatnagar D., H.S. Rabinowitz, D.S. Boff, B. Pennell, C. Holland, M.R. Weimar, and B. Huang, et al. 2022. Nontechnical Barriers to Geothermal Development. PNNL-32760. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Nontechnical Barriers to Geothermal Development
  • Kintner-Meyer M., S. Sridhar, C. Holland, A. Singhal, K.E. Wolf, C.J. Larimer, and C.R. McGrath, et al. 2022. Electric Vehicles at Scale - Phase II - Distribution Systems Analysis. PNNL-32460. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Electric Vehicles at Scale - Phase II - Distribution Systems Analysis
  • Ma X., C. Holland, J.B. Twitchell, and D. Wu. 2022. "Optimal Sizing and Operation of a Hybrid Clean Energy Center." In IEEE Electrical Energy Storage Applications and Technologies (EESAT) 2022, Austin, TX., 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-174560. doi:10.1109/EESAT55007.2022.9998017
  • Sridhar S., C. Holland, A. Singhal, M. Kintner-Meyer, K.E. Wolf, A.N. James, and J. Smith, et al. 2022. "Distribution System Planning for Growth in Residential Electric Vehicle Adoption." In IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM 2022), July 17-21, 2022, Denver, CO, 1-5. Piscataway, New Jersey:IEEE. PNNL-SA-168612. doi:10.1109/PESGM48719.2022.9917240

Energy and Environment

Core Research Areas