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Energy and Environment Directorate

Bruce McNamara

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 375-5678

PNNL Patents

PNNL Publications

2020

  • Clark R.A., M.A. Conroy, T.G. Lach, E.C. Buck, K.L. Pellegrini, B.K. McNamara, and J.M. Schwantes. 2020. "Distribution of metallic fission-product particles in the cladding liner of spent nuclear fuel." npj Materials Degradation 4. PNNL-SA-142046. doi:10.1038/s41529-019-0107-0
  • McNamara B.K., M.J. O'Hara, R.A. Clark, S.S. Morrison, C.Z. Soderquist, and R.D. Scheele. 2020. "Gas-phase molybdenum-99 separation from uranium dioxide by fluoride volatility using nitrogen trifluoride." RSC Advances 10, no. 6:3472-3478. PNNL-SA-148868. doi:10.1039/C9RA10270A
  • Schwantes J.M., J. Bair, E.C. Buck, R. Devanathan, S.H. Kessler, T.G. Lach, and J.M. Lonergan, et al. 2020. "A new non-diffusional gas bubble production route in used nuclear fuel: Implications for fission gas release, cladding corrosion, and next generation fuel design." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 22, no. 11:6086-6099. PNNL-SA-144695. doi:10.1039/C9CP05363H
  • Soderquist C.Z., B.K. McNamara, G.J. Lumetta, and D.D. Reilly. 2020. "DISPOSITION PATHWAY FOR USED NUCLEAR FUEL." In International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference and TOP FUEL 2019 - Light Water Reactor Fuel Performance Conference (GLOBAL 2019), September 22-27, 2019,Seattle, WA, 826-837. La Grange Park, Illinois:American Nuclear Society. PNNL-SA-143642.

2019

  • Lach T.G., D.J. Edwards, E.C. Buck, B.K. McNamara, J.M. Schwantes, and R.A. Clark. 2019. "Fission recoil-induced microstructural evolution of the fuel-cladding interface (FCl) in high burnup BWR fuel." Journal of Nuclear Materials 521. PNNL-SA-139875. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2019.04.044
  • Soderquist C.Z., J.L. Weaver, H.M. Cho, B.K. McNamara, S.I. Sinkov, and J.S. McCloy. 2019. "Properties of Pertechnic Acid." Inorganic Chemistry 58, no. 20:14015-14023. PNNL-SA-144963. doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b01999

2017

  • Koeman E.C., B.K. McNamara, F.N. Smith, A. Simonetti, and P.C. Burns. 2017. "Developing methodologies for source attribution: glass phase separation in Trinitite using NF3." Radiochimica Acta 105, no. 5:417-430. PNNL-SA-127491. doi:10.1515/ract-2016-2641
  • McCoy K.M., A.J. Casella, S.I. Sinkov, L.E. Sweet, B.K. McNamara, C.H. Delegard, and T. Jevremovic. 2017. "Radiation damage and annealing in plutonium tetrafluoride." JNMM. Journal of Nuclear Materials Management. PNNL-SA-122738. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.08.005
  • Scheele R.D., A.M. Casella, and B.K. McNamara. 2017. "Use of Nitrogen Trifluoride to Purify Molten Salt Reactor Coolant and Heat Transfer Fluoride Salts." Industrial Engineering Chemistry Research 56, no. 19:5505-5515. PNNL-SA-123463. doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.7b00374
  • Sweet L.E., J.F. Corbey, F. Gendron, J. Autschbach, B.K. McNamara, K.L. Ziegelgruber, and L.M. Arrigo, et al. 2017. "Structure and Bonding Investigation of Plutonium Peroxocarbonate Complexes Using Cerium Surrogates and Electronic Structure Modeling." Inorganic Chemistry 56, no. 2:791-801. PNNL-SA-120719. doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b02235

2016

  • Addleman R.S., B.E. Naes, B.K. McNamara, K.B. Olsen, W. Chouyyok, D.G. Willingham, and A.C. Spigner. 2016. Materials and Methods for Streamlined Laboratory Analysis of Environmental Samples, FY 2016 Report. PNNL-26042. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Materials and Methods for Streamlined Laboratory Analysis of Environmental Samples, FY 2016 Report
  • Clark R.A., C.J. Barinaga, B.K. McNamara, J.M. Schwantes, and N.E. Ballou. 2016. "Selective Fluorination and Separation of Metals with NF3 for Mass Spectrometry." Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 307, no. 3:1587-1590. PNNL-SA-109379. doi:10.1007/s10967-015-4392-y
  • McNamara B.K., M.J. O'Hara, A.M. Casella, J.C. Carter, R.S. Addleman, and P.J. MacFarlan. 2016. "Uniform deposition of uranium hexafluoride (UF6): Standardized mass deposits and controlled isotopic ratios using a thermal fluorination method." Talanta 154. PNNL-SA-109983. doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2016.03.054
  • Pool K.N., M.J. Minette, J.H. Wahl, L.R. Greenwood, D.S. Coffey, B.K. McNamara, and S.A. Bryan, et al. 2016. Compilation of PRF Canyon Floor Pan Sample Analysis Results. PNNL-25254 Rev 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Compilation of PRF Canyon Floor Pan Sample Analysis Results
  • Ward J.D., M.E. Bowden, C.T. Resch, S.C. Smith, B.K. McNamara, E.C. Buck, and G.C. Eiden, et al. 2016. "Identification of Uranyl Minerals Using Oxygen K-Edge X Ray Absorption Spectroscopy." Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research 40, no. 1:135-148. PNNL-SA-105197. doi:10.1111/j.1751-908X.2015.00337.x

2015

  • Clark R.A., B.K. McNamara, C.J. Barinaga, J.M. Peterson, N. Govind, A. Andersen, and D.G. Abrecht, et al. 2015. "Electron Ionization Mass Spectrum of Tellurium Hexafluoride." Inorganic Chemistry 54, no. 10:4821-4826. PNNL-SA-108119. doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b00342
  • Finn E.C., B.K. McNamara, L.R. Greenwood, R.S. Wittman, C.Z. Soderquist, V.T. Woods, and B.A. VanDevender, et al. 2015. "Modeling and production of 240Am by deuteron-induced activation of a 240Pu target." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 349. PNNL-SA-104002. doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2015.02.001
  • Johnson T.J., L.E. Sweet, D.E. Meier, E.J. Mausolf, E. Kim, P.F. Weck, and E.C. Buck, et al. 2015. "Dehydration of Uranyl Nitrate Hexahydrate to Uranyl Nitrate Trihydrate under Ambient Conditions as Observed via Dynamic Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy." In Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Sensing XVI, April 20, 2015, Baltimore, Maryland. Proceedings of the SPIE, edited by AW Fountain, 9455, Article No.945504. Bellingham, Washington:SPIE. PNNL-SA-109717. doi:10.1117/12.2179704
  • Johnson T.J., L.E. Sweet, D.E. Meier, E.J. Mausolf, E. Kim, P.F. Weck, and E.C. Buck, et al. 2015. "Time-Resolved Infrared Reflectance Studies of the Dehydration-Induced Transformation of Uranyl Nitrate Hexahydrate to the Trihydrate Form." Journal of Physical Chemistry A 119, no. 39:9996-10006. PNNL-SA-111133. doi:10.1021/acs.jpca.5b06365

2014

  • Barrett C.A., A. Martinez, B.K. McNamara, B.D. Cannon, and N.C. Anheier. 2014. "Adsorptive Films in Support of In-field UF6 Destructive Assay Sample Collection and Analysis." In 55th Annual Meeting of the Institute of Nuclear Materials Management (INMM 2014), July 20-24, 2014, Atlanta, Georgia, 4, 3303-3312. Deerfield, Illinois:Institute of Nuclear Materials Management. PNNL-SA-103586.
  • McNamara B.K., E.C. Buck, C.Z. Soderquist, F.N. Smith, E.J. Mausolf, and R.D. Scheele. 2014. "Separation of metallic residues from the dissolution of a high-burnup BWR fuel using nitrogen trifluoride." Journal of Fluorine Chemistry 162. PNNL-SA-99567. doi:10.1016/j.jfluchem.2014.02.010
  • Schwantes J.M., L.E. Sweet, L.W. Mcdonald, B.K. McNamara, D.G. Abrecht, D.D. Reilly, and C.J. Barinaga. 2014. Summary of the NTNFC Postdoctoral Fellowship Program PNNL.13.007. PNNL-23235. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Summary of the NTNFC Postdoctoral Fellowship Program PNNL.13.007
  • Wittman R.S., E.C. Buck, E.J. Mausolf, B.K. McNamara, F.N. Smith, and C.Z. Soderquist. 2014. "Conditions for critical effects in the mass action kinetics equations for water radiolysis." Journal of Physical Chemistry A 118, no. 51:12105-12110. PNNL-SA-105888. doi:10.1021/jp509856g
  • Wittman R.S., E.C. Buck, E.J. Mausolf, B.K. McNamara, F.N. Smith, and C.Z. Soderquist. 2014. "Conditions for critical effects in the mass action kinetics equations for water radiolysis." The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 118, no. 51:12105-12110. PNNL-SA-105781. doi:10.1021/jp509856g

2013

  • Johnsen A.M., C.Z. Soderquist, B.K. McNamara, and D.R. Fisher. 2013. "A Non-Aqueous Reduction Process for Purifying 153Gd Produced in Natural Europium Targets." Applied Radiation and Isotopes 82. PNNL-SA-93290. doi:10.1016/j.apradiso.2013.07.025
  • Scheele R.D., B.K. McNamara, A.M. Casella, A.E. Kozelisky, and D. Neiner. 2013. "Thermal NF3 fluorination/oxidation of cobalt, yttrium, zirconium, and selected lanthanide oxides." Journal of Fluorine Chemistry 146. PNNL-SA-89166. doi:10.1016/j.jfluchem.2012.12.013

2012

  • Anheier N.C., B.D. Cannon, H. Qiao, J.C. Carter, B.K. McNamara, M.J. O'Hara, and J.R. Phillips, et al. 2012. "Onsite Gaseous Centrifuge Enrichment Plant UF6 Cylinder Destructive Analysis." In 53rd Annual Meeting of the Institute of Nuclear Materials Management (INMM 53), July 15-19,2012, Orlando, Florida, 1, 764-772. Deerfield, Illinois:INMM -Institute of Nuclear Materials Management. PNNL-SA-89173.
  • Buck E.C., R.S. Wittman, F.N. Skomurski, K.J. Cantrell, B.K. McNamara, and C.Z. Soderquist. 2012. Radiolysis Process Model. PNNL-21554. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Radiolysis Process Model
  • Scheele R.D., B.K. McNamara, A.M. Casella, and A.E. Kozelisky. 2012. "On the Use of Thermal NF3 as the Fluorination and Oxidation Agent in Treatment of Used Nuclear Fuels." Journal of Nuclear Materials 424, no. 1-3:224-236. PNNL-SA-80882. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2012.03.004
  • Soderquist C.Z., B.K. McNamara, and D.R. Fisher. 2012. "Production of High-purity Radium-223 from Legacy Actinium-beryllium Neutron Sources." Current Radiopharmaceuticals 5, no. 3:244-252. PNNL-SA-87151. doi:10.2174/1874471011205030244

2011

  • Casella A.M., R.D. Scheele, and B.K. McNamara. 2011. "Kinetics of Separations of Volatile Fluorides from Used Fuel Using NF3." Transactions of the American Nuclear Society 105, no. 1:215-216. PNNL-SA-80445.
  • McNamara B.K., R.D. Scheele, A.M. Casella, and A.E. Kozelisky. 2011. Nitrogen Trifluoride-Based Fluoride- Volatility Separations Process: Initial Studies. PNNL-20775. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Nitrogen Trifluoride-Based Fluoride- Volatility Separations Process: Initial Studies
  • Soderquist C.Z., A.M. Johnsen, B.K. McNamara, B.D. Hanson, J.W. Chenault, K.J. Carson, and S.M. Peper. 2011. "Dissolution of Irradiated Commercial UO2 Fuels in Ammonium Carbonate and Hydrogen Peroxide." Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 50, no. 4:1813-1818. PNNL-SA-72386. doi:10.1021/ie101386n

2010

  • Gerlach D.C., B.D. Reid, C.J. Gesh, M.R. Mitchell, S.C. Szechenyi, M. Douglas, and B.K. McNamara, et al. 2010. "Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Materials to Develop In-core Safeguards Reactor Monitoring Devices." In Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Institute of Nuclear Materials Management, July 11-15, 2010, Baltimore, Maryland. Deerfield, Illinois:Institute of Nuclear Materials Management. PNNL-SA-73249.

2009

  • Gorman-Lewis D., T. Shareva, K. kubatko, P. burns, D.M. Wellman, B.K. McNamara, and j. szymanowski, et al. 2009. "Thermodynamic properties of autunite, uranyl hydrogen phosphate, and uranyl orthophosphate from solubility and calorimetric measurements." Environmental Science & Technology 43, no. 19:7416-7422. PNNL-SA-65939.
  • Lumetta G.J., B.K. McNamara, E.C. Buck, S.K. Fiskum, and L.A. Snow. 2009. "CHARACTERIZATION OF HIGH PHOSPHATE RADIOACTIVE TANK WASTE AND SIMULANT DEVELOPMENT." Environmental Science & Technology 43, no. 20:7843-7848. PNNL-SA-66227.
  • McNamara B.K., R.D. Scheele, A.E. Kozelisky, and M.K. Edwards. 2009. "Thermal Reactions of Uranium Metal, UO2, U3O8, UF4, and UO2F2 with NF3 to Produce UF6." Journal of Nuclear Materials 394, no. 2-3:166-173. PNNL-SA-63162.
  • Wellman D.M., B.K. McNamara, D.H. Bacon, E.A. Cordova, R.M. Ermi, and L.M. Top. 2009. "Dissolution Kinetics of Meta-Torbernite under Circum-neutral to Alkaline Conditions." Environmental Chemistry 6, no. 6:551-560. PNNL-SA-65825.

2008

  • Fiskum S.K., E.C. Buck, R.C. Daniel, K.E. Draper, M.K. Edwards, T.L. Hubler, and L.K. Jagoda, et al. 2008. Characterization and Leach Testing for REDOX Sludge and S-Saltcake Actual Waste Sample Composites. PNNL-17368. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Characterization and Leach Testing for REDOX Sludge and S-Saltcake Actual Waste Sample Composites
  • Peper S.M., B.K. McNamara, M.J. O'Hara, and M. Douglas. 2008. "A Green Approach to SNF Reprocessing: Are Common Household Reagents the Answer?." In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Facility Operations-Safeguards Interface, March 30-April 4, 2008, Portland, Oregon, Paper No. 84. La Grange Park, Illinois:American Nuclear Society. PNNL-SA-59835.
  • Scheele R.D., B.K. McNamara, and L.M. Bagaasen. 2008. Thermal Flammable Gas Production from Bulk Vitrification Feed. PNNL-17491. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Thermal Flammable Gas Production from Bulk Vitrification Feed
  • Soderquist C.Z., B.M. Oliver, and B.K. McNamara. 2008. "Dissolution of Uranium Metal Without Hydride Formation or Hydrogen Gas Generation." Journal of Nuclear Materials 378, no. 3:299-304. PNNL-SA-51515. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2008.05.014

2007

2006

  • Lumetta G.J., B.K. McNamara, T.L. Hubler, D.W. Wester, J. Li, and S.L. Latesky. 2006. "Potential Application of Kläui Ligands in Actinide Separations." In Separations for the Nuclear Fuel Cycle in the 21st Century, ACS Symposium Series, edited by Gregg J Lumetta, et al. 201-218. Washington, Dc:American Chemical Society. PNNL-SA-43257.
  • McNamara B.K., L.A. Snow, C.Z. Soderquist, S.I. Sinkov, H.M. Cho, and J.I. Friese. 2006. "The radiation induced chemistry of uranyl cation in aqueous carbonate -bicarbonate solutions as followed by NMR spectroscopy." In 2nd Symposium on Actinides - Basic Scienc, Applications and Technology held at the Materials Science Research Society Fall Meeting in Boston, Nov. 28-Dec. 1, 2005, Published in Actinides 2005, edited by Lynda Soderholm, 369-374. Warrendale, Pennsylvania:Materials Research Society. PNNL-SA-47948.
  • Scheele R.D., B.K. McNamara, B.M. Rapko, M.K. Edwards, A.E. Kozelisky, R.C. Daniel, and T.I. McSweeney, et al. 2006. "Development of NF3 Deposit Removal Technology for the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant." In Waste Management Symposium 2006: Global Accomplishments in Environmental and Radioactive Waste Management: Education and Opportunity for the Next Generation of Waste Management Professionals. Tucson, Arizona:Arizona Board of Regents. PNWD-SA-7217.
  • Snow L.A., B.K. McNamara, S.I. Sinkov, H.M. Cho, and J.I. Friese. 2006. "Observation of Radiolytic Field Alteration of the Uranyl Cation in Bicarbonate Solution." In Actinides 2006-Basic Science, Applications and Technology. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, edited by K.J.M. Blobaum, E. Chandler, L. Havela, M.B. Maple, M.Neu, 986, 177-182. Warrendale, Pennsylvania:Materials Research Society. PNNL-SA-53494.

2005

  • Hanson B.D., B.K. McNamara, E.C. Buck, J.I. Friese, E.D. Jenson, K.M. Krupka, and B.W. Arey. 2005. "Corrosion of commercial spent nuclear fuel. 1. Formation of studtite and metastudtite." Radiochimica Acta 93. PNNL-SA-45228.
  • Kim D., C.Z. Soderquist, J.P. Icenhower, B.P. McGrail, R.D. Scheele, B.K. McNamara, and L.M. Bagaasen, et al. 2005. Tc Reductant Chemistry and Crucible Melting Studies with Simulated Hanford Low-Activity Waste. PNNL-15131. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Tc Reductant Chemistry and Crucible Melting Studies with Simulated Hanford Low-Activity Waste
  • McNamara B.K., B.D. Hanson, E.C. Buck, and C.Z. Soderquist. 2005. "Corrosion of Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel. 2. A Radiochemical Analyses of Metastudtite and Leachates." Radiochimica Acta 93, no. 3:169-175. PNNL-SA-43013.
  • Wellman D.M., J.P. Icenhower, E.M. Pierce, B.K. McNamara, S.D. Burton, K.N. Geiszler, and S.R. Baum, et al. 2005. "Polyphosphate Amendments for In-Situ Immobilization of Uranium Plumes." In Third International Conference on Remediation of Contaminated Sediments, edited by R.F. Olfenbuttel and P.J. White, 3. Columbus, Ohio:Battelle Press. PNNL-SA-43638.

2004

  • Buck E.C., and B.K. McNamara. 2004. "Precipitation of Nitrate-Cancrinite in Hanford Tank Sludge." Environmental Science & Technology 38, no. 16:4432-4438. PNWD-SA-6242.
  • Buck E.C., B.D. Hanson, and B.K. McNamara. 2004. "The Geochemical Behaviour of Tc, Np, and Pu in Spent Nuclear Fuel in an Oxidizing Environment." In Energy, Waste, and the Environment: A Geochemical Perspective, edited by R. Giere and P. Stille. 65-88. London:Geological Society. PNNL-SA-42972.
  • Buck E.C., B.D. Hanson, J.I. Friese, M. Douglas, and B.K. McNamara. 2004. "Evidence for Neptunium Incorporation into Uranium (VI) Phases." In Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXVIII. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, 824, 133-138. Warrendale, Pennsylvania:Materials Research Society. PNNL-SA-41685.
  • Buck E.C., B.K. McNamara, and B.D. Hanson. 2004. Alternative Conceptual Model for Colloid Generation from Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel. PNNL-14306. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Alternative Conceptual Model for Colloid Generation from Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel
  • Cho H.M., W.A. De Jong, B.K. McNamara, B.M. Rapko, and I.E. Burgeson. 2004. "Temperature and Isotope Substitute Effects on the Structure and NMR Properties of the Pertechnetate Ion in Water." Journal of the American Chemical Society 126, no. 37:11583-11588. PNNL-SA-41266.
  • Friese J.I., M. Douglas, B.K. McNamara, S.B. Clark, and B.D. Hanson. 2004. Np Behavior in Synthesized Uranyl Phases: Results of Initial Tests. PNNL-14856. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Np Behavior in Synthesized Uranyl Phases: Results of Initial Tests
  • Lumetta G.J., D.W. Wester, B.K. McNamara, T.L. Hubler, S.L. Latesky, C.C. Martyr, and K.N. Richards. 2004. "A NEW EXTRACTION CHROMATOGRAPHY RESIN CONTAINING KLÄUI LIGANDS FOR APPLICATION IN ACTINIDE SEPARATIONS." Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange 22, no. 6:947-960. PNNL-SA-41584. doi:10.1081/SEI-200037442
  • McNamara B.K., B.D. Hanson, E.C. Buck, and C.Z. Soderquist. 2004. "A radiochemical analyses of metastudtite and leachates from spent fuel." In Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXVII. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, 824, 139-144. Warrendale, Pennsylvania:Materials Research Society. PNNL-SA-44133.

2003

  • Buck E.C., B.K. McNamara, M. Douglas, and B.D. Hanson. 2003. Possible Incorporation of Neptunium in Uranyl (VI) Alteration Phases. PNNL-14277. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Possible Incorporation of Neptunium in Uranyl (VI) Alteration Phases
  • Friese J.I., E.C. Buck, B.K. McNamara, B.D. Hanson, and S.C. Marschman. 2003. Existing Evidence for the Fate of Neptunium in the Yucca Mountain Repository. PNNL-14307. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Existing Evidence for the Fate of Neptunium in the Yucca Mountain Repository
  • McNamara B.K., E.C. Buck, and B.D. Hanson. 2003. "Observation of Studtite and Metastudtite on Spent Fuel." In Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXVI. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, 757, 401-406. Warrendale, Pennsylvania:Materials Research Society. PNNL-SA-43566.

2002

2000

  • Lumetta G.J., B.K. McNamara, B.M. Rapko, R.L. Sell, R.D. Rogers, G. Broker, and J.E. Hutchison. 2000. "Synthesis and Characterization of mono- and bis-(tetraalkylmalonamide)Uranium(VI) Complexes." Inorganica Chimica Acta 309, no. 1-2:103-108. PNNL-SA-32736.
  • Rapko B.M., B.K. McNamara, R.D. Rogers, G.A. Broker, G.J. Lumetta, and B.P. Hay. 2000. "Coordination of Lanthanide Triflates and Perchlorates with N,N,N',N'-Tetramethylsuccinamide." Inorganic Chemistry 39, no. 21:4858-4867. PNNL-SA-32652.

1999

  • Lumetta G.J., B.K. McNamara, and B.M. Rapko. 1999. The SX Solver: A New Computer Program for Analyzing Solvent- Extraction Equilibria. PNNL-12085. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The SX Solver: A New Computer Program for Analyzing Solvent- Extraction Equilibria.
  • Lumetta G.J., B.K. McNamara, B.M. Rapko, and J.E. Hutchison. 1999. "Complexation of Uranyl Ion By Tetrahexylmalonamides: An Equilibrium Modeling and Infrared Spectroscopic Study." Inorganica Chimica Acta 293, no. 2:195-205. PNNL-SA-30895.
  • McNamara B.K., G.J. Lumetta, and B.M. Rapko. 1999. "Extraction of Europium(III) Ion with Tetrahexylmalomamides." Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange 17, no. 6:1403-1421. PNNL-SA-30678.
  • Rapko B.M., B.K. McNamara, R.D. Rogers, G.J. Lumetta, and B.P. Hay. 1999. "Ordination of Lanthanide Nitrates with N,N,N',N'- Tetramethylsuccinamide." Inorganic Chemistry 38, no. 20:4585-4592. PNNL-SA-30046.

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