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Energy and Environment Directorate

Marshall Richmond

Marshall Richmond

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 372-6241

Biography

Dr. Richmond is a Chief Engineer in the Hydrology Group. He has over 35 years of professional experience that includes basic and applied research, university teaching, and project management. His principal areas of expertise are in the development and application of computational models of hydrodynamics, sediment transport, and radionuclide/chemical transport in environmental systems, computational fluid dynamics (CFD), experimental fluid dynamics, physical modeling of hydraulic structures, fisheries engineering, and turbulence modeling in CFD. Dr. Richmond is the co-developer of several PNNL CFD codes to simulate hydrodynamics and mass transport in engineered and environmental systems: the MASS1 (Modular Aquatic Simulation System) one-dimensional; MASS2 two-dimensional; 3D TETHYS parallel CFD code; Lagrangian particle tracking codes.

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D., Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Iowa, 1987
  • M.S., Civil and Environmental Engineering, Washington State University, 1983
  • B.S., Civil and Environmental Engineering, Washington State University, 1982

Awards and Recognitions

  • Exxon Fellow in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Iowa, 1983-1986
  • National Merit Corporate Sponsored Scholarship, Washington State University, 1978-1982
  • Waller Civil Engineering Scholarship, Washington State University, 1981

PNNL Publications

2018

  • Chen X., L. Leung, Y. Gao, Y. Liu, M.S. Wigmosta, and M.C. Richmond. 2018. "Predictability of Extreme Precipitation in Western U.S. Watersheds Based on Atmospheric River Occurrence, Intensity, and Duration." Geophysical Research Letters 45, no. 21:11693-11701. PNNL-SA-136740. doi:10.1029/2018GL079831

2017

  • Colotelo A.H., A.E. Goldman, K.A. Wagner, R.S. Brown, Z. Deng, and M.C. Richmond. 2017. "A Comparison of Metrics to Evaluate the Effects of Hydro-facility Passage Stressors on Fish." Environmental Reviews 25, no. 1:1-11. PNNL-SA-115486. doi:10.1139/er-2016-0006
  • Harding S.F., and M.C. Richmond. 2017. Experimental Pressure Measurements on Hydropower Turbine Runners. PNNL-26061. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Experimental Pressure Measurements on Hydropower Turbine Runners
  • Miller B.L., E.V. Arntzen, A.E. Goldman, and M.C. Richmond. 2017. "Methane Ebullition in Temperate Hydropower Reservoirs and Implications for US Policy on Greenhouse Gas Emissions." Environmental Management 60, no. 4:615-629. PNNL-SA-115464. doi:10.1007/s00267-017-0909-1
  • Romero Gomez P., and M.C. Richmond. 2017. "Movement and Collision of Lagrangian Particles in Hydro-turbine Intakes: A Case Study." Journal of Hydraulic Research 55, no. 5:706-720. PNNL-SA-113576. doi:10.1080/00221686.2017.1289258
  • Romero Gomez P., S.F. Harding, and M.C. Richmond. 2017. "The Effects of Sampling Location and Turbulence on Discharge Estimates in Short Converging Turbine Intakes." Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Dynamics 11, no. 1:513-525. PNNL-SA-122068. doi:10.1080/19942060.2017.1313176
  • Waichler S.R., J.A. Serkowski, W.A. Perkins, and M.C. Richmond. 2017. Simulation of Columbia River Floods in the Hanford Reach. PNNL-26204. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Simulation of Columbia River Floods in the Hanford Reach

2016

  • Bellgraph B.J., W.A. Perkins, M.C. Richmond, J.A. Serkowski, S.F. Harding, and R.A. Harnish. 2016. Lake Roosevelt White Sturgeon Modeling Support. PNNL-26056. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Lake Roosevelt White Sturgeon Modeling Support
  • Harding S.F., B. Sellar, and M.C. Richmond. 2016. "Field testing of a convergent array of acoustic Doppler profilers for high-resolution velocimetry in energetic tidal currents." In Proceedings of the 4th Marine Energy Technology Symposium (METS2016), April 25-27, 2016, Washington DC. Washington, Dc:National Hydropower Association. PNNL-SA-115118.
  • Harding S.F., M.C. Richmond, P. Romero Gomez, and J.A. Serkowski. 2016. "Effects of non-homogenous flow on ADCP data processing in a hydroturbine forebay." Flow Measurement and Instrumentation 52. PNNL-SA-107602. doi:10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2015.12.010
  • Harding S.F., P. Romero Gomez, and M.C. Richmond. 2016. Performance of Virtual Current Meters in Hydroelectric Turbine Intakes. PNNL-25319. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Performance of Virtual Current Meters in Hydroelectric Turbine Intakes
  • Oostrom M., Y. Mehmani, P. Romero Gomez, Y. Tang, H. Liu, H. Yoon, and Q. Kang, et al. 2016. "Pore-scale and Continuum Simulations of Solute Transport Micromodel Benchmark Experiments." Computational Geosciences 20, no. 4:857-879. PNNL-SA-100394. doi:10.1007/s10596-014-9424-0
  • Richmond M.C., P. Romero Gomez, J.A. Serkowski, C.L. Rakowski, and M.J. Graf. 2016. Comparative Study of Barotrauma Risk during Fish Passage through Kaplan Turbines. PNNL-SA-113640. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Comparative Study of Barotrauma Risk during Fish Passage through Kaplan Turbines
  • Romero Gomez P., and M.C. Richmond. 2016. "Numerical Simulation of Circular Cylinders in Free-Fall." Journal of Fluids and Structures 61. PNNL-SA-110794. doi:10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2015.11.010
  • Yang X., Y. Mehmani, W.A. Perkins, A. Pasquali, M. Schoenherr, K. Kim, and M. Perego, et al. 2016. "Intercomparison of 3D Pore-scale Flow and Solute Transport Simulation Methods." Advances in Water Resources 95. PNNL-SA-109346. doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2015.09.015

2015

  • DeBolt D., M.C. Richmond, R.K. Donelson, B. Strickler, and M. Weisbeck. 2015. "DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRIEST RAPIDS TURBINE UPGRADE PROJECT." In HydroVision 2015, July 14-17, 2015, Portland, Oregon. Tulsa, Oklahoma:HydroWorld. PNNL-SA-109851.
  • Mueller R.P., C.L. Rakowski, W.A. Perkins, and M.C. Richmond. 2015. Assessment of Fluctuating Reservoir Elevations Using Hydraulic Models and Impacts to Larval Pacific Lamprey Rearing Habitat in the Bonneville Pool. PNNL-23876. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Assessment of Fluctuating Reservoir Elevations Using Hydraulic Models and Impacts to Larval Pacific Lamprey Rearing Habitat in the Bonneville Pool
  • Richmond M.C., S.F. Harding, and P. Romero Gomez. 2015. "Numerical performance analysis of acoustic Doppler velocity profilers in the wake of an axial-flow marine hydrokinetic turbine." International Journal of Marine Energy 11. PNNL-SA-105604. doi:10.1016/j.ijome.2015.05.004
  • Scheibe T.D., W.A. Perkins, M.C. Richmond, M.I. McKinley, P. Romero Gomez, M. Oostrom, and T.W. Wietsma, et al. 2015. "Pore-Scale and Multiscale Numerical Simulation of Flow and Transport in a Laboratory-Scale Column." Water Resources Research 51, no. 2:1023-1035. PNNL-SA-103382. doi:10.1002/2014WR015959
  • Sellar B., S.F. Harding, and M.C. Richmond. 2015. "High-resolution velocimetry in energetic tidal currents using a convergent-beam acoustic Doppler profiler." Measurement Science & Technology 26. PNNL-SA-107204. doi:10.1088/0957-0233/26/8/085801

2014

  • Durgesh V., J. Thomson, M.C. Richmond, and B. Polagye. 2014. "Noise correction of turbulent spectra obtained from Acoustic Doppler Velocimeters." Flow Measurement and Instrumentation 37. PNNL-SA-79811. doi:10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2014.03.001
  • Richmond M.C., and P. Romero Gomez. 2014. "Fish Passage though Hydropower Turbines: Simulating Blade Strike using the Discrete Element Method." In Proceedings of the 27th Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems (IAHR 2014), September 22-26, 2014, Montreal, Canada. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 22, Paper No. 062010. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania:IOP Publishing, Inc. PNNL-SA-102698. doi:10.1088/1755-1315/22/6/062010
  • Richmond M.C., and P. Romero Gomez. 2014. "Turbulent Flow Effects on the Biological Performance of Hydro-Turbines." In HydroVision 2014:Energizing Innovation, July 22-24, 2014, Nashville, TN. Tulsa, Oklahoma:HydroVision International. PNNL-SA-104873.
  • Richmond M.C., J.A. Serkowski, C.L. Rakowski, B. Strickler, M. Weisbeck, and C.L. Dotson. 2014. "Computational Tools to Assess Turbine Biological Performance." Hydro Review 33, no. 6. PNNL-SA-102518.
  • Richmond M.C., J.A. Serkowski, L.L. Ebner, M. Sick, R.S. Brown, and T.J. Carlson. 2014. "Quantifying Barotrauma Risk to Juvenile Fish during Hydro-turbine Passage." Fisheries Research 154, no. 2014:152-164. PNNL-SA-94154. doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2014.01.007
  • Romero Gomez P., and M.C. Richmond. 2014. "DISCRETE ELEMENT MODELING OF BLADE-STRIKE FREQUENCY AND SURVIVAL OF FISH PASSING THROUGH HYDROKINETIC TURBINES." In Proceedings of the 2nd Marine Energy Technology Symposium (METS), April 15-18, 2014, Seattle, Washington. Blacksburg, Virginia:Virginia Tech University Libraries. PNNL-SA-100695.
  • Romero Gomez P., and M.C. Richmond. 2014. "Simulating Blade-Strike on Fish passing through Marine Hydrokinetic Turbines." Renewable Energy 71. PNNL-SA-99559. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2014.05.051
  • Yang X., M.C. Richmond, T.D. Scheibe, W.A. Perkins, and H. Resat. 2014. "Flow Partitioning in Fully Saturated Soil Aggregates." Transport in Porous Media 103, no. 2:295-314. PNNL-SA-92858. doi:10.1007/s11242-014-0302-y

2013

  • Arntzen E.V., B.L. Miller, A.C. O'Toole, S.E. Niehus, and M.C. Richmond. 2013. Evaluating greenhouse gas emissions from hydropower complexes on large rivers in Eastern Washington. PNNL-22297. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Evaluating greenhouse gas emissions from hydropower complexes on large rivers in Eastern Washington
  • Richmond M.C., C.L. Rakowski, J.A. Serkowski, B. Strickler, M. Weisbeck, and C.L. Dotson. 2013. "Design Tools to Assess Hydro-Turbine Biological Performance: Priest Rapids Dam Turbine Replacement Project." In HydroVision 2013: Proceedings of the HydroVision International Conference, July 23-26, 2013, Denver, Colorado. Forest Hills, New York:HCI Publications. PNNL-SA-96594.
  • Richmond M.C., P. Romero Gomez, and C.L. Rakowski. 2013. Simulating Collisions for Hydrokinetic Turbines. PNNL-22580. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Simulating Collisions for Hydrokinetic Turbines
  • Richmond M.C., W.A. Perkins, T.D. Scheibe, A. Lambert, and B.D. Wood. 2013. "Flow and axial dispersion in a sinusoidal-walled tube: Effects of inertial and unsteady flows." Advances in Water Resources 62, no. Part B:215-226. PNNL-SA-91772. doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2013.06.014
  • Thomson J., L. Kilcher, M.C. Richmond, J. Talbert, A. deKlerk, B. Polagye, and M. Guerra, et al. 2013. "TIDAL TURBULENCE SPECTRA FROM A COMPLIANT MOORING." In Proceedings of the 1st Marine Energy Technology Symposium, METS2013, April 10-11, 2013, Washington DC. Gaithersburg, Maryland:Foundation for Ocean Renewables. PNNL-SA-94836.
  • Vernon C.R., E.V. Arntzen, M.C. Richmond, R.A. McManamay, T.P. Hanrahan, and C.L. Rakowski. 2013. GIS Framework for Large River Geomorphic Classification to Aid in the Evaluation of Flow-Ecology Relationships. PNNL-22296. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. GIS Framework for Large River Geomorphic Classification to Aid in the Evaluation of Flow-Ecology Relationships
  • Yang X., T.D. Scheibe, M.C. Richmond, W.A. Perkins, S.J. Vogt, S.L. Codd, and J.D. Seymour, et al. 2013. "Direct Numerical Simulation of Pore-Scale Flow in a Bead Pack: Comparison with Magnetic Resonance Imaging Observations." Advances in Water Resources 54. PNNL-SA-90263. doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2013.01.009

2012

  • Rakowski C.L., J.A. Serkowski, and M.C. Richmond. 2012. Bonneville Powerhouse 2 Fish Guidance Efficiency Studies: CFD Model of the Forebay. PNNL-21420. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Bonneville Powerhouse 2 Fish Guidance Efficiency Studies: CFD Model of the Forebay
  • Rakowski C.L., J.A. Serkowski, M.C. Richmond, and P. Romero Gomez. 2012. Bonneville Project: CFD of the Spillway Tailrace. PNNL-21842. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Bonneville Project: CFD of the Spillway Tailrace
  • Thomson J., B. Polagye, V. Durgesh, and M.C. Richmond. 2012. "Measurements of Turbulence at Two Tidal Energy Sites in Puget Sound, WA." IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering 37, no. 3:363-374. PNNL-SA-82496. doi:10.1109/JOE.2012.2191656

2011

  • Cada G.F., and M.C. Richmond. 2011. "Can Fish Morphological Characteristics be Used to Re-design Hydroelectric Turbines?." In HydroVision Brazil: Nature's Power Source, September 20-22, 2011, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil. Tulsa, Oklahoma:PennWell Publishing. PNNL-SA-81384.
  • Carlson T.J., and M.C. Richmond. 2011. "Strategies for Assessment of the Biological Performance and Design of Hydroturbines." In EPRI-DOE Conference on Environmentally-Enhanced Hydro Turbines, May 19-20, 2011, Washington DC. Palo Alto, California:Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). PNNL-SA-79786.
  • Harding S., J. Thomson, B. Polagye, M.C. Richmond, V. Durgesh, and I. Bryden. 2011. "Extreme Value Analysis of Tidal Stream Velocity Perturbations." In Proceedings of the 9th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC 2011), September 5-9, 2011, Southampton, United Kingdom. Southampton:Sustainable Energy Research Group, University of Southampton. PNNL-SA-79508.
  • Hess N.J., M. Oostrom, M.A. Celia, M. Hilpert, Q. Kang, L.J. Pyrak-Nolte, and T.D. Scheibe, et al. 2011. EMSL Pore Scale Modeling Challenge/Workshop. PNNL-21086. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. EMSL Pore Scale Modeling Challenge/Workshop
  • Richmond M.C., J.A. Serkowski, T.J. Carlson, L.L. Ebner, M. Sick, and G.F. Cada. 2011. "Computational Fluid Dynamics Framework for Turbine Biological Performance Assessment." In EPRI-DOE Conference on Environmentally-Enhanced Hydro Turbines, May 19-20, 2011, Washington DC. Palo Alto, California:Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). PNNL-SA-79735.
  • Richmond M.C., V. Durgesh, J. Thomson, and B. Polagye. 2011. Inflow Characterization for Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Devices. FY-2010 Annual Progress Report. PNNL-19859. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Inflow Characterization for Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Devices. FY-2010 Annual Progress Report
  • Richmond M.C., V. Durgesh, J. Thomson, and B. Polagye. 2011. Inflow Characterization for Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Devices. FY-2011: Annual Progress Report. PNNL-20463. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Inflow Characterization for Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Devices. FY-2011: Annual Progress Report

2010

2009

  • Deng Z., R.P. Mueller, and M.C. Richmond. 2009. "Measuring water velocity using DIDSON and image cross-correlation techniques." In Waterpower XVI: New Roles for Hydro in a Changing World, July 27-30, 2009, Spokane, Washington, Paper No. 130. Washington Dc:US Army Corps of Engineers. PNNL-SA-64821.
  • Johnson G.E., M.C. Richmond, J.B. Hedgepeth, G.R. Ploskey, M.G. Anderson, Z. Deng, and F. Khan, et al. 2009. Smolt Responses to Hydrodynamic Conditions in Forebay Flow Nets of Surface Flow Outlets, 2007. PNNL-17387. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Smolt Responses to Hydrodynamic Conditions in Forebay Flow Nets of Surface Flow Outlets, 2007
  • Perkins W.A., and M.C. Richmond. 2009. Technical Review of the UNET2D Hydraulic Model. PNNL-18416. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Technical Review of the UNET2D Hydraulic Model
  • Richmond M.C., and W.A. Perkins. 2009. "Efficient Calculation of Dewatered and Entrapped Areas Using Hydrodynamic Modeling and GIS." Environmental Modelling & Software 24, no. 12:1447-1456. PNNL-SA-62690. doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2009.06.001
  • Richmond M.C., C.L. Rakowski, W.A. Perkins, J.A. Serkowski, L.L. Ebner, and S.J. Schlenker. 2009. "Modeling Juvenile Salmon Egress Conditions in The Dalles Dam Tailrace using Computational Fluid Dynamics." In Waterpower XVI: New Roles for Hydro in a Changing World, July 27-30, 2009, Spokane, Washington, Paper No. 173. Washington Dc:US Army Corps of Engineers. PNNL-SA-64768.
  • Richmond M.C., Z. Deng, C.A. McKinstry, R.P. Mueller, T.J. Carlson, and D.D. Dauble. 2009. "Response Relationship Between Juvenile Salmon and an Autonomous Sensor in Turbulent Flows." Fisheries Research 97, no. 1-2:134-139. PNNL-SA-51955. doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2009.01.011

2008

  • Johnson G.E., G.R. Ploskey, J. Hedgepeth, F. Khan, R.P. Mueller, W.T. Nagy, and M.C. Richmond, et al. 2008. "Reducing the Impacts of Hydroelectric Dams on Juvenile Anadromous Fishes: Bioengineering Evaluations Using Acoustic Imaging in the Columbia River, USA." In Dams: Impacts, Stability and Design, edited by WP Hayes & MC Barnes. 1-48. Hauppauge, New York:Nova Science Publishers. PNNL-SA-61525.
  • Rakowski C.L., W.A. Perkins, M.C. Richmond, and J.A. Serkowski. 2008. Simulations of The Dalles Dam Proposed Full Length Spillwall. PNNL-17322. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Simulations of The Dalles Dam Proposed Full Length Spillwall

2007

  • Cook C.B., M.C. Richmond, and J.A. Serkowski. 2007. "Observations of Velocity Conditions near a Hydroelectric Turbine Draft Tube Exit using ADCP Measurements." Flow Measurement and Instrumentation 18. PNNL-SA-52539. doi:10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2007.04.002
  • Dauble D.D., Z. Deng, M.C. Richmond, R.A. Moursund, T.J. Carlson, C.L. Rakowski, and J.P. Duncan. 2007. Biological Assessment of the Advanced Turbine Design at Wanapum Dam, 2005. PNNL-16682. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Biological Assessment of the Advanced Turbine Design at Wanapum Dam, 2005
  • Deng Z., G.R. Guensch, M.C. Richmond, M.A. Weiland, and T.J. Carlson. 2007. "Prototype Measurements of Pressure Fluctuations in The Dalles Dam Stilling Basin." Journal of Hydraulic Research 45, no. 5:674-678. PNNL-SA-42071.
  • Deng Z., J.A. Serkowski, T. Fu, T.J. Carlson, and M.C. Richmond. 2007. Synthesis of Sensor Fish Data for Assessment of Fish Passage Conditions at Turbines, Spillways, and Bypass Facilities - Phase 1: The Dalles Dam Spillway Case Study. PNNL-17148. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Synthesis of Sensor Fish Data for Assessment of Fish Passage Conditions at Turbines, Spillways, and Bypass Facilities - Phase 1: The Dalles Dam Spillway Case Study
  • Deng Z., T.J. Carlson, G.R. Ploskey, M.C. Richmond, and D.D. Dauble. 2007. "Evaluation of Blade-Strike Models for Estimating the Biological Performance of Kaplan Turbines." Ecological Modelling 208, no. 2-4:165-176. PNNL-SA-48765. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2007.05.019
  • Deng Z., T.J. Carlson, J.P. Duncan, and M.C. Richmond. 2007. "Applications of the Sensor Fish Technology." Hydro Review 26, no. 5:10-14. PNNL-SA-48821.
  • Deng Z., T.J. Carlson, J.P. Duncan, and M.C. Richmond. 2007. "Six-degree-of-freedom Sensor Fish design and instrumentation." Sensors 7, no. 12:3399-3415. PNNL-SA-57777.
  • Dresser T.J., C.L. Dotson, R.K. Fisher, M.J. Graf, M.C. Richmond, C.L. Rakowski, and T.J. Carlson, et al. 2007. "Wanapum Dam Advanced Hydro Turbine Upgrade Project: Part 2 - Evaluation of Fish Passage Test Results Using Computational Fluid Dynamics." In HydroVision 2006, July 31-August 4, 2006 Portland, Oregon, USA, 14 pages. Kansas City, Missouri:HCI Publications. PNNL-SA-48822.
  • Johnson E.L., T.S. Clabough, C.A. Peery, D.H. Bennett, T.C. bjornn, C.C. Caudill, and M.C. Richmond. 2007. "Estimating Adult Chinook Salmon Exposure to Dissolved Gas Supersaturation Downstream of Hydroelectric Dams Using Telemetry and Hydrodynamic Models." River Research and Applications 23, no. 9:963-978. PNNL-SA-47579.
  • Johnson G.E., F. Khan, J.R. Skalski, C.L. Rakowski, M.C. Richmond, and J.A. Serkowski. 2007. Hydroacoustic Evaluation of Juvenile Salmonid Passage at The Dalles Dam Spillway, 2006. PNNL-16458. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Hydroacoustic Evaluation of Juvenile Salmonid Passage at The Dalles Dam Spillway, 2006
  • Perkins W.A., and M.C. Richmond. 2007. MASS2, Modular Aquatic Simulation System in Two Dimensions, Theory and Numerical Methods. PNNL-14820-1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. MASS2, Modular Aquatic Simulation System in Two Dimensions, Theory and Numerical Methods
  • Perkins W.A., and M.C. Richmond. 2007. MASS2, Modular Aquatic Simulation System in Two Dimensions, User Guide and Reference. PNNL-14820-2. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. MASS2, Modular Aquatic Simulation System in Two Dimensions, User Guide and Reference
  • Perkins W.A., M.C. Richmond, and G.A. McMichael. 2007. "Two-Dimensional Modeling of Time-Varying Hydrodynamics and Juvenile Chinook Salmon Habitat in the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River." In World Water and Environmental Resources Congress 2004, June 27 - July 1, 2004, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, edited by Gerald Sehlke, Donald F. Hayes, David K. Stevens, 180. Reston, Virginia:American Society of Civil Engineers. PNWD-SA-6333. doi:10.1061/40737(2004)180
  • Rakowski C.L., L.L. Ebner, and M.C. Richmond. 2007. "Fast-Track Design Efforts Using CFD: Bonneville Second Powerhouse." In Proceedings of the 2004 World Water and Environmental Resources Congress June 27-July 1, 2004, Salt Lake City, UT, edited by G. Sehlke, D. F. Hayes and D. K. Stevens, 9 pages. Reston, Virginia:American Society of Civil Engineers. PNNL-SA-40685. doi:10.1061/40737(2004)233
  • Richmond M.C., T.J. Carlson, J.A. Serkowski, C.B. Cook, J.P. Duncan, and W.A. Perkins. 2007. Characterizing the Fish Passage Environment at The Dalles Dam Spillway: 2001-2004. PNNL-16521. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Characterizing the Fish Passage Environment at The Dalles Dam Spillway: 2001-2004
  • Richmond M.C., Z. Deng, G.R. Guensch, H. Tritico, and W.H. Pearson. 2007. "Mean Flow and Turbulence Characteristics of a Full-Scale Spiral Corrugated Culvert with Implications to Fish Passage." Ecological Engineering 30, no. 4:333-340. PNWD-SA-7227. doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2007.04.011

2006

2005

  • Deng Z., G.R. Guensch, C.A. McKinstry, R.P. Mueller, D.D. Dauble, and M.C. Richmond. 2005. "Evaluation of Fish-Injury Mechanisms During Exposure to Turbulent Shear Flow." Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62, no. 7:1513-1522. PNNL-SA-42142.
  • Deng Z., M.C. Richmond, R.P. Mueller, J.P. Duncan, and T.J. Carlson. 2005. "Laboratory study of biological response of juvenile salmon subjected to turbulent shear flows." In Proceedings of Waterpower XIV, Advancing Technology for Sustainable Energy, Austin, Texas, July 18-22, 2005, 15 pp. Kansas City, Missouri:HCI Publications. PNNL-SA-44206.
  • Deng Z., T.J. Carlson, G.R. Ploskey, and M.C. Richmond. 2005. Evaluation of Blade-Strike Models for Estimating the Biological Performance of Large Kaplan Hydro Turbines. PNNL-15370. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Evaluation of Blade-Strike Models for Estimating the Biological Performance of Large Kaplan Hydro Turbines
  • Johnson G.E., M.E. Hanks, F. Khan, C.B. Cook, J. Hedgepeth, R.P. Mueller, and C.L. Rakowski, et al. 2005. Hydroacoustic Evaluation of Juvenile Salmonid Passage at The Dalles Dam in 2004. PNNL-15180. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Hydroacoustic Evaluation of Juvenile Salmonid Passage at The Dalles Dam in 2004
  • Rakowski C.L., L.L. Ebner, and M.C. Richmond. 2005. "Juvenile Salmon Bypass and CFD Tools for Bonneville Dam on the Columbia River." Hydro Review XXIV, no. 1:56 - 65. PNNL-SA-42075.
  • Rakowski C.L., M.C. Richmond, J.A. Serkowski, and G.E. Johnson. 2005. Forebay Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling for The Dalles Dam to Support Behavior Guidance System Siting Studies. PNNL-15689. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Forebay Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling for The Dalles Dam to Support Behavior Guidance System Siting Studies
  • Waichler S.R., W.A. Perkins, and M.C. Richmond. 2005. Hydrodynamic Simulation of the Columbia River, Hanford Reach, 1940--2004. PNNL-15226. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Hydrodynamic Simulation of the Columbia River, Hanford Reach, 1940--2004

2004

  • Cook C.B., and M.C. Richmond. 2004. "Monitoring and Simulating the 3-D Density Currents at the Confluence of the Snake and Clearwater Rivers." In World Water Congress 2004. Critical Transitions in Water and Environmental Resources Management. World Water and Environmental Resources Congress 2004, June 27 - July 1, 2004, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, edited by Gerald Sehlke, Donald F. Hayes, David K. Stevens. Reston, Virginia:American Society of Civil Engineering Press. PNNL-SA-40686. doi:10.1061/40737(2004)186
  • Cook C.B., and M.C. Richmond. 2004. Simulating the Flow Field Upstream of the Dworshak Dam Regulating Outlets. PNNL-14591. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Simulating the Flow Field Upstream of the Dworshak Dam Regulating Outlets
  • Deng Z., M.C. Richmond, C.S. Simmons, and T.J. Carlson. 2004. Six-Degree-of-Freedom Sensor Fish Design: Governing Equations and Motion Modeling. PNNL-14779. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Six-Degree-of-Freedom Sensor Fish Design: Governing Equations and Motion Modeling
  • Deng Z., M.C. Richmond, G.R. Guensch, and R.P. Mueller. 2004. Study of Fish Response Using Particle Image Velocimetry and High-Speed, High-Resolution Imaging. PNNL-14819. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Study of Fish Response Using Particle Image Velocimetry and High-Speed, High-Resolution Imaging
  • Guensch G.R., M.C. Richmond, H. Tritico, and W.H. Pearson. 2004. "Characterization of Turbulent Open Channel Flow in a Full-Scale Spiral Corrugated Culvert." In Critical Transitions In Water And Environmental Resources Management: Proceedings of the World Water and Environmental Resources Congress, edited by G Sehlke, DF Hayes and DK Stevens. Reston, Virginia:American Society of Civil Engineers. PNNL-SA-40895. doi:10.1061/40737(2004)183
  • Neitzel D.A., D.D. Dauble, G.F. Cada, M.C. Richmond, G.R. Guensch, R.P. Mueller, and C.S. Abernethy, et al. 2004. "Survival Estimates for Juvenile Fish Subjected to a Laboratory-Generated Shear Environment." Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 133. PNNL-SA-35935.

2003

2002

  • Cook C.B., M.C. Richmond, J.A. Serkowski, and L.L. Ebner. 2002. "Free-Surface Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling of a Spillway and Tailrace: Case Study of The Dalles Project." In Hydrovision 2002, paper no. 120. Kansas City, Missouri:HCI Publications. PNNL-SA-35957.
  • Pearson W.H., M.C. Richmond, and J. Schafer. 2002. "Culvert Testing Program for Juvenile Salmonid Passage." In Proceedings of the International Conference on Ecology and Transportation, Keystone, CO, September 24-28, 2001., 92-97. Raleigh, North Carolina:NC State University, Center for Transportation and the Environment. PNNL-SA-37260.
  • Rakowski C.L., M.C. Richmond, J.A. Serkowski, and L.L. Ebner. 2002. "Three-Dimensional Simulation of Forebay and Turbine Intakes Flows for the Bonneville Project." In HydroVision 2002: Issues Solutions New approaches, paper No. 137. Kansas City, Missouri:HCI Publications. PNNL-SA-35954.
  • Scheibe T.D., and M.C. Richmond. 2002. "Fish Individual-based Numerical Simulator (FINS): A particle-based model of juvenile salmonid movement and dissolved gas exposure history in the Columbia River Basin." Ecological Modelling 147, no. 3:233-252. PNNL-SA-33102.
  • Scheibe T.D., M.C. Richmond, and L.E. Fidler. 2002. "Impacts of individual fish movement patterns on estimates of mortality due to dissolved gas supersaturation in the Columbia River Basin." In HydroVision 2002: Issues Solutioins New Approaches, no. 155. Kansas City, Missouri:HCI Publications. PNNL-SA-35955.

2001

2000

  • Neitzel D.A., M.C. Richmond, D.D. Dauble, R.P. Mueller, R.A. Moursund, C.S. Abernethy, and G.R. Guensch. 2000. Laboratory Studies on the Effects of Shear on Fish. PNNL-13323. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Laboratory Studies on the Effects of Shear on Fish

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