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Energy and Environment Directorate

Vince Vermeul

Vince Vermeul

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 371-7170

Biography

Mr. Vermeul, an environmental engineer in the Subsurface Science and Technology Group of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, has 29 years of professional experience in hydrologic and geochemical characterization, environmental monitoring, developing/demonstrating environmental remediation technologies, and sustainable energy-related technology development applications. His education includes a bachelor’s degree in Agricultural Engineering and a master’s degree in Civil (Environmental) Engineering, with an emphasis in groundwater hydrology and numerical modeling of groundwater systems. Over the years, he has been involved in numerous remedial investigations and the development/deployment of groundwater remediation technologies at Department of Energy, Department of Defense, and Environmental Protection Agency sites located across the country. Projects related to energy resources have included environmental monitoring of oil shale development, process and monitoring methodologies for engineered geothermal systems, the use of engineered tracers for improved geophysical imaging of natural and stimulated fracture networks, and environmental monitoring of carbon capture and sequestration in deep geologic formations.

Research Interests

  • Water resources
  • Groundwater flow and transport modeling
  • Groundwater remediation technology development
  • Hydrogeologic Characterization

Education and Credentials

  • M.S., Civil Engineering, Oregon State University, 1990
  • B.S., Agricultural Engineering, Oregon State University, 1988

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • Certified Engineer–in–Training; Oregon State Board of Engineering Examiners

Awards and Recognitions

  • Excellence in Hazardous Materials Management Award, 2009
  • R&D Magazine 100 Award, 1998, “In Situ Redox Manipulation”
  • U.S. Patent 6,348,501; Flow Through Electrode with Automated Calibration, Issued August 20, 2002.
  • EED Outstanding Performance Awards
  • Bechtel Hanford, Inc., Gold Award

PNNL Publications

2018

2017

2016

  • Gilmore T.J., A.H. Bonneville, E.C. Sullivan, M.E. Kelley, D. Appriou, V.R. Vermeul, and S.K. White, et al. 2016. "Characterization and Design of the FutureGen 2.0 Carbon Storage Site." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 53. PNNL-SA-116762. doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2016.07.022
  • Szecsody J.E., R.C. Moore, M.J. Rigali, V.R. Vermeul, and J. Luellen. 2016. Use of a Ca-Citrate-Phosphate Solution to Form Hydroxyapatite for Uranium Stabilization of Rifle Sediments: Laboratory Proof of Principle Studies. PNNL-25303. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Use of a Ca-Citrate-Phosphate Solution to Form Hydroxyapatite for Uranium Stabilization of Rifle Sediments: Laboratory Proof of Principle Studies
  • Vermeul V.R., J.E. Amonette, C.E. Strickland, M.D. Williams, and A. Bonneville. 2016. "An Overview of the Monitoring Program Design for the FutureGen 2.0 CO2 Storage Site." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 51. PNWD-SA-10503. doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2016.05.023

2015

  • Truex M.J., V.R. Vermeul, D. Adamson, M. Oostrom, L. Zhong, R.D. Mackley, and B.G. Fritz, et al. 2015. "Field Test of Enhanced Remedial Amendment Delivery Using a Shear-Thinning Fluid." Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 35, no. 3:34-45. PNNL-SA-101736.

2014

  • Amonette J.E., T.A. Johnson, C.F. Spencer, L. Zhong, J.E. Szecsody, and V.R. Vermeul. 2014. "Geochemical Monitoring Considerations for the FutureGen 2.0 Project." Energy Procedia 63. PNWD-SA-10397. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.441
  • Gilmore T.J., A. Bonneville, V.R. Vermeul, F.A. Spane, M.E. Kelley, E.C. Sullivan, and J. Hoffman. 2014. "Overview of the CO2 Geological Storage Site for the FutureGen Project in Morgan County Illinois, USA." Energy Procedia 63. PNWD-SA-10401. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.671
  • Oostrom M., M.J. Truex, V.R. Vermeul, L. Zhong, G.D. Tartakovsky, and T.W. Wietsma. 2014. "Remedial Amendment Delivery near the Water Table Using Shear Thinning Fluids: Experiments and Numerical Simulations." Environmental Processes 1, no. 4:331-351. PNNL-SA-103590. doi:10.1007/s40710-014-0031-9
  • Strickland C.E., V.R. Vermeul, A. Bonneville, E.C. Sullivan, T.C. Johnson, F.A. Spane, and T.J. Gilmore. 2014. "Geophysical Monitoring Methods Evaluation for the FutureGen 2.0 project." Energy Procedia 63. PNWD-SA-10400. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.474
  • Szecsody J.E., L. Zhong, J.N. Thomle, V.R. Vermeul, C.E. Strickland, M.D. Williams, and J. Liu, et al. 2014. "Influence of scCO2 Injection on Precipitation and Metals Migration, and Changes in Electrical Resistivity." Energy Procedia 63. PNWD-SA-10402. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.356
  • Szecsody J.E., V.R. Vermeul, M.D. Williams, and M.J. Truex. 2014. Hanford Apatite Treatability Test Report Errata: Apatite Mass Loading Calculation. PNNL-23367. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Hanford Apatite Treatability Test Report Errata: Apatite Mass Loading Calculation
  • Truex M.J., V.R. Vermeul, N. Qafoku, and B.D. Lee. 2014. Sampling Instruction: 100-D-100 and 100-D-30/104 Excavation Sites. PNNL-23542. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Sampling Instruction: 100-D-100 and 100-D-30/104 Excavation Sites
  • Vermeul V.R., C.E. Strickland, P.D. Thorne, B.N. Bjornstad, R.D. Mackley, M.E. Kelley, and E.C. Sullivan, et al. 2014. "FutureGen 2.0 Monitoring Program: An Overview of the Monitoring Approach and Technologies Selected for Implementation." Energy Procedia 63. PNWD-SA-10395. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.438
  • Vermeul V.R., J.E. Szecsody, B.G. Fritz, M.D. Williams, R.C. Moore, and J.S. Fruchter. 2014. "An Injectable Apatite Permeable Reactive Barrier for In Situ 90Sr Immobilization." Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 34, no. 2:28-41. PNNL-SA-96257.
  • Williams M.D., V.R. Vermeul, M. Oostrom, S.L. Porse, P.D. Thorne, J.E. Szecsody, and J.A. Horner, et al. 2014. "Design Support of an above Cap-rock Early Detection Monitoring System using Simulated Leakage Scenarios at the FutureGen2.0 Site." Energy Procedia 63. PNWD-SA-10398. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.439

2013

  • Bonneville A., T.J. Gilmore, E.C. Sullivan, V.R. Vermeul, M.E. Kelley, S.K. White, and D. Appriou, et al. 2013. "Evaluating the Suitability for CO2 Storage at the FutureGen 2.0 Site, Morgan County, Illinois, USA." Energy Procedia 37. PNNL-SA-91308. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.541
  • Chen X., G.E. Hammond, C.J. Murray, M.L. Rockhold, V.R. Vermeul, and J.M. Zachara. 2013. "Applications of Ensemble-based Data Assimilation Techniques for Aquifer Characterization using Tracer Data at Hanford 300 Area." Water Resources Research 49. PNNL-SA-91954. doi:10.1002/2012WR013285
  • Williams M.D., P. Reimus, V.R. Vermeul, P. Rose, C.A. Dean, T.B. Watson, and D. Newell, et al. 2013. Development of Models to Simulate Tracer Tests for Characterization of Enhanced Geothermal Systems. PNNL-22486. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Development of Models to Simulate Tracer Tests for Characterization of Enhanced Geothermal Systems
  • Zhong L., M. Oostrom, M.J. Truex, V.R. Vermeul, and J.E. Szecsody. 2013. "Rheological Behavior of Xanthan Gum Solution Related to Shear Thinning Fluid Delivery for Subsurface Remediation." Journal of Hazardous Materials 244-245. PNNL-SA-87185. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.11.028

2012

2011

  • Fritz B.G., V.R. Vermeul, J.S. Fruchter, J.E. Szecsody, and M.D. Williams. 2011. 100-NR-2 Apatite Treatability Test: An update on Barrier Performance. PNNL-20252. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. 100-NR-2 Apatite Treatability Test: An update on Barrier Performance
  • Truex M.J., T. Macbeth, V.R. Vermeul, B.G. Fritz, D.P. Mendoza, R.D. Mackley, and T.W. Wietsma, et al. 2011. "Demonstration of Combined Zero-Valent Iron and Electrical Resistance Heating for In Situ Trichloroethene Remediation." Environmental Science & Technology 45, no. 12:5346-5351. PNNL-SA-76701. doi:10.1021/es104266a
  • Truex M.J., V.R. Vermeul, D.P. Mendoza, B.G. Fritz, R.D. Mackley, M. Oostrom, and T.W. Wietsma, et al. 2011. "Injection of Zero Valent Iron into an Unconfined Aquifer Using Shear-Thinning Fluids." Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 31, no. 1:50-58. PNNL-SA-70324.
  • Vermeul V.R., B.G. Fritz, J.S. Fruchter, W.J. Greenwood, T.C. Johnson, J.A. Horner, and C.E. Strickland, et al. 2011. 100-NR-2 Apatite Treatability Test: Fall 2010 Tracer Infiltration Test (White Paper). PNNL-20322. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. 100-NR-2 Apatite Treatability Test: Fall 2010 Tracer Infiltration Test (White Paper)
  • Wellman D.M., J.S. Fruchter, V.R. Vermeul, E.L. Richards, D.P. Jansik, and E. Edge. 2011. "Evaluation of the efficacy of polyphosphate remediation technology: Direct and indirect remediation of uranium under alkaline conditions." Technology and Innovation 13, no. 2:151-164. PNNL-SA-60306. doi:10.3727/194982411X13085939956544
  • Zachara J.M., B.N. Bjornstad, J.N. Christensen, M.S. Conrad, J.K. Fredrickson, M.D. Freshley, and R. Haggerty, et al. 2011. Multi-Scale Mass Transfer Processes Controlling Natural Attenuation and Engineered Remediation: An IFRC Focused on Hanford's 300 Area Uranium Plume January 2010 to January 2011. PNNL-20257. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Multi-Scale Mass Transfer Processes Controlling Natural Attenuation and Engineered Remediation: An IFRC Focused on Hanford's 300 Area Uranium Plume January 2010 to January 2011

2010

  • Murakami H., H. Murakami, X. Chen, M.S. Hahn, Y. Liu, M.L. Rockhold, and V.R. Vermeul, et al. 2010. "Bayesian approach for three-dimensional aquifer characterization at the Hanford 300 Area." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 14. PNNL-SA-75939. doi:10.5194/hess-14-1989-2010
  • Newcomer D.R., B.N. Bjornstad, and V.R. Vermeul. 2010. "Vertical Wellbore Flow Monitoring for Assessing Spatial and Temporal Flow Relationships with a Dynamic River Boundary." Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 30, no. 4:123-135. PNNL-SA-71859.
  • Szecsody J.E., J.S. Fruchter, V.R. Vermeul, M.D. Williams, B.G. Fritz, D.P. Mendoza, and J.P. McKinley. 2010. "Infiltration and Injection of a Ca-Citrate-PO4 Solution to Form Apatite In Situ for Sr-90 Remediation at the Hanford 100N Area - An Update." In 36th Annual Radioactive Waste Management Symposia, WM 2010, March 7-11, Phoenix, AZ, 4, 3441-3452. Tucson, Arizona:Waste Management Symposia, Inc. PNNL-SA-69768.
  • Szecsody J.E., V.R. Vermeul, J.S. Fruchter, M.D. Williams, M.L. Rockhold, N. Qafoku, and J.L. Phillips. 2010. Hanford 100-N Area In Situ Apatite and Phosphate Emplacement by Groundwater and Jet Injection: Geochemical and Physical Core Analysis. PNNL-19524. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Hanford 100-N Area In Situ Apatite and Phosphate Emplacement by Groundwater and Jet Injection: Geochemical and Physical Core Analysis
  • Vermeul V.R., B.G. Fritz, J.S. Fruchter, J.E. Szecsody, and M.D. Williams. 2010. 100-NR-2 Apatite Treatability Test: High-Concentration Calcium-Citrate-Phosphate Solution Injection for In Situ Strontium-90 Immobilization. PNNL-19572. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. 100-NR-2 Apatite Treatability Test: High-Concentration Calcium-Citrate-Phosphate Solution Injection for In Situ Strontium-90 Immobilization
  • Vermeul V.R., J.P. McKinley, D.R. Newcomer, R.D. Mackley, and J.M. Zachara. 2010. "River-Induced Flow Dynamics in Long-Screen Wells and Impact on Aqueous Samples." Ground Water 49, no. 4:515-524. PNNL-SA-71263. doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2010.00769.x
  • Williams M.D., V.R. Vermeul, P.W. Reimus, D. Newell, and T.B. Watson. 2010. Development of Models to Simulate Tracer Behavior in Enhanced Geothermal Systems. PNNL-19523. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Development of Models to Simulate Tracer Behavior in Enhanced Geothermal Systems
  • Zachara J.M., B.N. Bjornstad, J.N. Christensen, M.E. Conrad, J.K. Fredrickson, M.D. Freshley, and R. Haggerty, et al. 2010. Multi-Scale Mass Transfer Processes Controlling Natural Attenuation and Engineered Remediation: An IFRC Focused on Hanford's 300 Area Uranium Plume. PNNL-19209. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Multi-Scale Mass Transfer Processes Controlling Natural Attenuation and Engineered Remediation: An IFRC Focused on Hanford's 300 Area Uranium Plume

2009

  • Bjornstad B.N., J.A. Horner, V.R. Vermeul, D.C. Lanigan, and P.D. Thorne. 2009. Borehole Completion and Conceptual Hydrogeologic Model for the IFRC Well Field, 300 Area, Hanford Site. PNNL-18340. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Borehole Completion and Conceptual Hydrogeologic Model for the IFRC Well Field, 300 Area, Hanford Site
  • Szecsody J.E., M.L. Rockhold, M. Oostrom, R.C. Moore, C.A. Burns, M.D. Williams, and L. Zhong, et al. 2009. Sequestration of Sr-90 Subsurface Contamination in the Hanford 100-N Area by Surface Infiltration of a Ca-Citrate-Phosphate Solution. PNNL-18303. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Sequestration of Sr-90 Subsurface Contamination in the Hanford 100-N Area by Surface Infiltration of a Ca-Citrate-Phosphate Solution
  • Truex M.J., V.R. Vermeul, B.G. Fritz, R.D. Mackley, D.P. Mendoza, R.P. Elmore, and A.V. Mitroshkov, et al. 2009. Hanford 100-D Area Biostimulation Treatability Test Results. PNNL-18784. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Hanford 100-D Area Biostimulation Treatability Test Results
  • Vermeul V.R., B.G. Fritz, J.S. Fruchter, J.E. Szecsody, and M.D. Williams. 2009. 100-NR-2 Apatite Treatability Test FY09 Status: High Concentration Calcium-Citrate-Phosphate Solution Injection for In Situ Strontium-90 Immobilization. PNNL-SA-70033. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. 100-NR-2 Apatite Treatability Test FY09 Status: High Concentration Calcium-Citrate-Phosphate Solution Injection for In Situ Strontium-90 Immobilization
  • Vermeul V.R., B.N. Bjornstad, B.G. Fritz, J.S. Fruchter, R.D. Mackley, D.R. Newcomer, and D.P. Mendoza, et al. 2009. 300 Area Uranium Stabilization Through Polyphosphate Injection: Final Report. PNNL-18529. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. 300 Area Uranium Stabilization Through Polyphosphate Injection: Final Report
  • Wellman D.M., E.M. Pierce, C.C. Bovaird, J.R. Bargar, J.R. Bargar, S.M. Webb, and V.R. Vermeul, et al. 2009. "Polyphosphate Amendments for In-Situ Remediation of Uranium." In Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management (ICEM '09/DECOM '09), October 11-15, 2009, Liverpool, United Kingdom, Paper No. 16026. New York, New York:American Society of Mechanical Engineers. PNNL-SA-65123.
  • Wellman D.M., E.M. Pierce, D.H. Bacon, J.S. Fruchter, V.R. Vermeul, and S.M. Webb. 2009. "Polyphosphate Remediation Technology for In-Situ Stabilization of Uranium." In Waste Management 2009: Waste Management for the Nuclear Renaissance, March 1-5, 2009, Phoenix, Arizona, Paper No. 9093. Tucson, Arizona:WM Symposia. PNNL-SA-63321.

2008

  • Bjornstad B.N., and V.R. Vermeul. 2008. Drilling Specifications: Well Installations in the 300 Area to Support PNNL's Integrated Field-Scale Subsurface Research Challenge (IFC) Project. PNNL-17199 Rev. 3. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Drilling Specifications: Well Installations in the 300 Area to Support PNNL's Integrated Field-Scale Subsurface Research Challenge (IFC) Project
  • Szecsody J.E., J.S. Fruchter, C.A. Burns, M.L. Rockhold, M. Oostrom, M.D. Williams, and V.R. Vermeul. 2008. "Sr-90 Immobilization by Infiltration of a Ca-Citrate-PO4 Solution into the Hanford 100-N Area Vadose Zone." In Waste Management 2008: HLW, TRU, LLW/ILW, Mixed, Hazardous Wastes & Environmental Management, Art. # 8141. Tucson, Arizona:Arizona Board of Regents. PNNL-SA-58607.
  • Thompson K.M., R.J. Fabre, V.R. Vermeul, J.E. Szecsody, R.J. Fellows, M.D. Williams, and J.S. Fruchter. 2008. "An Innovative Approach for Constructing an In-Situ Barrier for Strontium-90 at the Hanford Site, Washington - 9325." In Waste Management '09: Waste Management for the Nuclear Renaissance, Paper No. 9325. Tucson, Arizona:WM Symposia, Inc. PNNL-SA-63765.
  • Truex M.J., V.R. Vermeul, and J.S. Fruchter. 2008. "Treatability Testing of an In Situ Biostimulation Barrier for Nitrate and Chromium Treatment - 9126." In Waste Management Symposium 2009: Waste Management for the Nuclear Renaissance. Tucson, Arizona:Arizona Board of Regents. PNNL-SA-63416.
  • Truex M.J., V.R. Vermeul, R.D. Mackley, B.G. Fritz, D.P. Mendoza, C.D. Johnson, and R.P. Elmore, et al. 2008. Hanford 100-D Area Biostimulation Soluble Substrate Field Test: Interim Data Summary for the Substrate Injection and Process Monitoring Phases of the Field Test. PNNL-17619. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Hanford 100-D Area Biostimulation Soluble Substrate Field Test: Interim Data Summary for the Substrate Injection and Process Monitoring Phases of the Field Test
  • Vermeul V.R., J.S. Fruchter, B.G. Fritz, R.D. Mackley, D.M. Wellman, and M.D. Williams. 2008. "In-Situ Uranium Stabilization Through Polyphosphate Injection: Pilot-Scale Treatability Test at the 300 Area, Hanford Site - 8187." In Waste Management 2008: HLW, TRU, LLW/ILW, Mixed, Hazardous Wastes & Environmental Management, 1-13. Tucson, Arizona:Arizona Board of Regent. PNNL-SA-58147.
  • Wellman D.M., E.M. Pierce, D.H. Bacon, M. Oostrom, K.M. Gunderson, S.M. Webb, and C.C. Bovaird, et al. 2008. 300 Area Treatability Test: Laboratory Development of Polyphosphate Remediation Technology for In Situ Treatment of Uranium Contamination in the Vadose Zone and Capillary Fringe. PNNL-17818. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. 300 Area Treatability Test: Laboratory Development of Polyphosphate Remediation Technology for In Situ Treatment of Uranium Contamination in the Vadose Zone and Capillary Fringe
  • Wellman D.M., E.M. Pierce, E.L. Richards, J.S. Fruchter, and V.R. Vermeul. 2008. "Uranium Plume Treatability Demonstration at the Hanford Site 300 Area: Development of Polyphosphate Remediation Technology for In-Situ Stabilization of Uranium - 8070." In Waste Management 2008: HLW, TRU, LLW/ILW, Mixed, Hazardous Wastes & Environmental Management, 1-15. Tucson, Arizona:Arizona Board of Regents. PNNL-SA-58059.
  • Wellman D.M., E.M. Pierce, V.R. Vermeul, S.V. Mattigod, E.L. Richards, M.D. Williams, and J.S. Fruchter, et al. 2008. "In Situ Uranium Stabilization through Polyphosphate Remediation: Development and Demonstration at the Hanford Site 300 Area, Washington State." In Waste Management Research Trends, edited by Toma Golush. 25-103. New York, New York:Nova Science Publishers, Inc. PNNL-SA-57789.
  • Wellman D.M., J.S. Fruchter, V.R. Vermeul, and M.D. Williams. 2008. Challenges Associated with Apatite Remediation of Uranium in the 300 Area Aquifer. PNNL-17480. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Challenges Associated with Apatite Remediation of Uranium in the 300 Area Aquifer
  • Williams M.D., B.G. Fritz, D.P. Mendoza, M.L. Rockhold, P.D. Thorne, Y. Xie, and B.N. Bjornstad, et al. 2008. Interim Report: 100-NR-2 Apatite Treatability Test: Low Concentration Calcium Citrate-Phosphate Solution Injection for In Situ Strontium-90 Immobilization. PNNL-17429. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Interim Report: 100-NR-2 Apatite Treatability Test: Low Concentration Calcium Citrate-Phosphate Solution Injection for In Situ Strontium-90 Immobilization

2007

  • Oostrom M., T.W. Wietsma, M.A. Covert, and V.R. Vermeul. 2007. "Zero-valent Iron Emplacement in Permeable Porous Media Using Polymer Additions." Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 27, no. 1:122-130. PNNL-SA-52567.
  • Szecsody J.E., C.A. Burns, R.C. Moore, J.S. Fruchter, V.R. Vermeul, M.D. Williams, and D.C. Girvin, et al. 2007. Hanford 100N Area Apatite Emplacement: Laboratory Results of Ca-Citrate-PO4 Solution Injection and Sr-90 Immobilization in 100N Sediments. PNNL-16891. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Hanford 100N Area Apatite Emplacement: Laboratory Results of Ca-Citrate-PO4 Solution Injection and Sr-90 Immobilization in 100N Sediments
  • Thompson K.M., S.W. Petersen, J.S. Fruchter, C.C. Ainsworth, V.R. Vermeul, D.M. Wellman, and J.E. Szecsody, et al. 2007. "Supplemental Groundwater Remediation Technologies to Protect the Columbia River at Hanford, WA." In Waste management symposium 2007 : Global Accomplishments in Environmental and Radioactive Waste Management - Education and Opportunity for the Next Generation of Waste Management Professionals : February 25 March 1, 2007, Tucson, Arizona. Tucson, Arizona:Waste Management Symposia. PNNL-SA-53193.
  • Truex M.J., V.R. Vermeul, P.E. Long, F.J. Brockman, M. Oostrom, S. Hubbard, and R.C. Borden, et al. 2007. Treatability Test Plan for an In Situ Biostimulation Reducing Barrier. PNNL-16424 Rev. 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Treatability Test Plan for an In Situ Biostimulation Reducing Barrier
  • Truex M.J., V.R. Vermeul, P.E. Long, F.J. Brockman, M. Oostrom, S. Hubbard, and R.C. Borden, et al. 2007. Treatability Test Plan for an In Situ Biostimulation Reducing Barrier. PNNL-16424. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Treatability Test Plan for an In Situ Biostimulation Reducing Barrier
  • Vermeul V.R., M.D. Williams, B.G. Fritz, R.D. Mackley, D.P. Mendoza, D.R. Newcomer, and M.L. Rockhold, et al. 2007. Treatability Test Plan for 300 Area Uranium Stabilization through Polyphosphate Injection. PNNL-16571. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Treatability Test Plan for 300 Area Uranium Stabilization through Polyphosphate Injection

2006

2005

2004

  • Fruchter J.S., V.R. Vermeul, M.D. Williams, and J.E. Szecsody. 2004. "In Situ Redox Manipulation for Treatment of Chromium-Contaminated Groundwater." In Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds: The Fourth International Conference Proceedings, 4C-12. Columbus, Ohio:Battelle Memorial Institute. PNNL-SA-41152.
  • Szecsody J.E., J.S. Fruchter, M.D. Williams, V.R. Vermeul, and D.S. Sklarew. 2004. "In Situ Chemical Reduction of Aquifer Sediments: Enhancement of Reactive Iron Phases and TCE Dechlorination." Environmental Science & Technology 38, no. 17:4656-4663. PNNL-SA-39253.

2003

  • Scheibe T.D., C.J. Murray, Y. Xie, M.D. Williams, C.R. Cole, V.R. Vermeul, and M.P. Bergeron. 2003. "Temporal and Spatial Weighting of Head and Concentration Observations for a Large-Scale Transient Inverse Model." In Proceedings of Modflow and More 2003: Understanding through Modeling, 610-614. Golden, Colorado:Colorado School of Mines, International Ground Water Modeling Center. PNNL-SA-39048.
  • Vermeul V.R., M.P. Bergeron, C.R. Cole, C.J. Murray, W.E. Nichols, T.D. Scheibe, and P.D. Thorne, et al. 2003. Transient Inverse Calibration of the Site-Wide Groundwater Flow Model (ACM-2): FY03 Progress Report. PNNL-14398. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Transient Inverse Calibration of the Site-Wide Groundwater Flow Model (ACM-2): FY03 Progress Report

2002

  • Vermeul V.R., M.D. Williams, J.E. Szecsody, J.S. Fruchter, C.R. Cole, and J.E. Amonette. 2002. "Creation of a Subsurface Permeable Reactive Barrier Using In Situ Redox Manipulation." In Handbook of Groundwater Remediation using Permeable Reactive Barriers: Applications to Radionuclides, Trace Metals, and Nutrients, edited by David L. Naftz, et al. 163-192. San Diego, California:Academic Press. PNNL-SA-35122.

2001

2000

  • Fruchter J.S., C.R. Cole, M.D. Williams, V.R. Vermeul, J.E. Amonette, J.E. Szecsody, and J.D. Istok, et al. 2000. "Creation of a Subsurface Permeable Treatment Zone for Aqueous Chromate Contaminatioin Using In Situ Redox Manipulation." Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 20, no. 2:66-77. PNNL-SA-32701.
  • Szecsody J.E., M.D. Williams, J.S. Fruchter, V.R. Vermeul, J.C. Evans, and D.S. Sklarew. 2000. "Influence of sediment reduction on TCE degradation." In Chemical Oxidation and Reactive Barriers; Remediation of Chlorinated and Racalcitrant Compounds, edited by GD Wickramanayake, AR Gavaskar & ASC Chen, 369-376. Columbus, Ohio:Battelle Press. PNNL-SA-31692.
  • Vermeul V.R., M.D. Williams, J.C. Evans, J.E. Szecsody, B.N. Bjornstad, and T.L. Liikala. 2000. In Situ Redox Manipulation Proof-of-Principle Test at the Fort Lewis Logistics Center: Final Report. PNNL-13357. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. In Situ Redox Manipulation Proof-of-Principle Test at the Fort Lewis Logistics Center: Final Report
  • Williams M.D., V.R. Vermeul, J.E. Szecsody, and J.S. Fruchter. 2000. 100-D Area In Situ Redox Treatability Test for Chromate-Contaminated Groundwater. PNNL-13349. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. 100-D Area In Situ Redox Treatability Test for Chromate-Contaminated Groundwater

1999

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