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Energy and Environment Directorate

Vince Vermeul

Vince Vermeul

(509) 371-7170

Biography

Mr. Vermeul, an environmental engineer in the Subsurface Science and Technology Group of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, has 29 years of professional experience in hydrologic and geochemical characterization, environmental monitoring, developing/demonstrating environmental remediation technologies, and sustainable energy-related technology development applications. His education includes a bachelor’s degree in Agricultural Engineering and a master’s degree in Civil (Environmental) Engineering, with an emphasis in groundwater hydrology and numerical modeling of groundwater systems. Over the years, he has been involved in numerous remedial investigations and the development/deployment of groundwater remediation technologies at Department of Energy, Department of Defense, and Environmental Protection Agency sites located across the country. Projects related to energy resources have included environmental monitoring of oil shale development, process and monitoring methodologies for engineered geothermal systems, the use of engineered tracers for improved geophysical imaging of natural and stimulated fracture networks, and environmental monitoring of carbon capture and sequestration in deep geologic formations.

Research Interests

  • Water resources
  • Groundwater flow and transport modeling
  • Groundwater remediation technology development
  • Hydrogeologic Characterization

Education and Credentials

  • M.S., Civil Engineering, Oregon State University, 1990
  • B.S., Agricultural Engineering, Oregon State University, 1988

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • Certified Engineer–in–Training; Oregon State Board of Engineering Examiners

Awards and Recognitions

  • Excellence in Hazardous Materials Management Award, 2009
  • R&D Magazine 100 Award, 1998, “In Situ Redox Manipulation”
  • U.S. Patent 6,348,501; Flow Through Electrode with Automated Calibration, Issued August 20, 2002.
  • EED Outstanding Performance Awards
  • Bechtel Hanford, Inc., Gold Award

PNNL Publications

2023

  • Guglielmi Y., M. McClure, J.A. Burghardt, J. Morris, T. Doe, p. fu, and H.A. Knox, et al. 2023. "Using In-Situ Strain Measurements to Evaluate the Accuracy of Stress Estimation Procedures from Fracture Injection/Shut-in Tests." International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences 170. PNNL-SA-187500. doi:10.1016/j.ijrmms.2023.105521

2022

  • Kneafsey T.J., P. Dobson, C. Ulrich, C. Hopp, V. Rodriguez Tribaldos, Y. Guglielmi, and D.A. Blankenship, et al. 2022. "The EGS Collab Project - Stimulations at Two Depths." In 56th US Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium, June 26-29, 2022, Santa Fe, NM, ARMA-2022-2261. Alexandria, Virginia:American Rock Mechanics Association. PNNL-SA-177261. doi:10.56952/ARMA-2022-2261

2021

  • Fu P., M. Schoenball, J. Ajo-Franklin, C. Chai, M. Maceira, J. Morris, and H. Wu, et al. 2021. "Close Observation of Hydraulic Fracturing at EGS Collab Experiment 1: Fracture Trajectory, Microseismic Interpretations, and the Role of Natural Fractures." Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 126, no. 7:Article No. e2020JB020840. PNNL-SA-163986. doi:10.1029/2020JB020840
  • Johnson T.C., J.A. Burghardt, C.E. Strickland, H.A. Knox, V.R. Vermeul, M.D. White, and P.C. Schwering, et al. 2021. "4D Proxy Imaging of Fracture Dilation and Stress Shadowing Using Electrical Resistivity Tomography During High Pressure Injections into a Dense Rock Formation." Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 126, no. 11:Art. No. e2021JB022298. PNNL-SA-161624. doi:10.1029/2021JB022298
  • Wu H., P. Fu, Z.S. Frone, M.D. White, J. Ajo-Franklin, J. Morris, and H.A. Knox, et al. 2021. "Modeling heat transport processes in enhanced geothermal systems: Validation study from EGS Collab Experiment 1." Geothermics 97. PNNL-SA-162770. doi:10.1016/j.geothermics.2021.102254

2020

  • Chen X., J.M. Zachara, V.R. Vermeul, G. Hammond, M.D. Freshley, and Y. Fang. 2020. "Understanding Contaminant Migration within a Dynamic River Corridor through Field Experiments and Reactive Transport Modeling." Frontiers in Water 2. PNNL-SA-151389. doi:10.3389/frwa.2020.533796

2019

  • Johnson T.C., C.E. Strickland, H. Knox, J. Thomle, V.R. Vermeul, C. Ulrich, and T.J. Kneafsey, et al. 2019. "EGS Collab Project Electrical Resistivity Tomography Characterization and Monitoring." In Proceedings of the 44th Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford University, February 11-13, 2019, Stanford California, SGP-TR-214. Stanford, California:Stanford Geothermal Program. PNNL-SA-138913.

2017

  • Knox H., P. Fu, J. Morris, Y. Guglielmi, V.R. Vermeul, J. Ajo-Franklin, and C.E. Strickland, et al. 2017. "Fracture and Flow Designs for the Collab/SIGMA-V Project." Geothermal Resources Council. Transactions. 41. PNNL-SA-128292.
  • Strickland C.E., C.D. Johnson, B.D. Lee, N. Qafoku, J.E. Szecsody, M.J. Truex, and V.R. Vermeul. 2017. Identification of Promising Remediation Technologies for Iodine in the UP-1 Operable Unit. PNNL-26934. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. doi:10.2172/1418096.Identification of Promising Remediation Technologies for Iodine in the UP-1 Operable Unit

2016

  • Gilmore T.J., A.H. Bonneville, E.C. Sullivan, M.E. Kelley, D. Appriou, V.R. Vermeul, and S.K. White, et al. 2016. "Characterization and Design of the FutureGen 2.0 Carbon Storage Site." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 53. PNNL-SA-116762. doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2016.07.022
  • Szecsody J.E., R.C. Moore, M.J. Rigali, V.R. Vermeul, and J. Luellen. 2016. Use of a Ca-Citrate-Phosphate Solution to Form Hydroxyapatite for Uranium Stabilization of Rifle Sediments: Laboratory Proof of Principle Studies. PNNL-25303. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Use of a Ca-Citrate-Phosphate Solution to Form Hydroxyapatite for Uranium Stabilization of Rifle Sediments: Laboratory Proof of Principle Studies
  • Vermeul V.R., J.E. Amonette, C.E. Strickland, M.D. Williams, and A. Bonneville. 2016. "An Overview of the Monitoring Program Design for the FutureGen 2.0 CO2 Storage Site." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 51. PNWD-SA-10503. doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2016.05.023

2015

  • Truex M.J., V.R. Vermeul, D. Adamson, M. Oostrom, L. Zhong, R.D. Mackley, and B.G. Fritz, et al. 2015. "Field Test of Enhanced Remedial Amendment Delivery Using a Shear-Thinning Fluid." Groundwater Monitoring and Remediation 35, no. 3:34-45. PNNL-SA-101736. doi:10.1111/gwmr.12101

2014

  • Amonette J.E., T.A. Johnson, C.F. Spencer, L. Zhong, J.E. Szecsody, and V.R. Vermeul. 2014. "Geochemical Monitoring Considerations for the FutureGen 2.0 Project." Energy Procedia 63. PNWD-SA-10397. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.441
  • Gilmore T.J., A. Bonneville, V.R. Vermeul, F.A. Spane, M.E. Kelley, E.C. Sullivan, and J. Hoffman. 2014. "Overview of the CO2 Geological Storage Site for the FutureGen Project in Morgan County Illinois, USA." Energy Procedia 63. PNWD-SA-10401. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.671
  • Oostrom M., M.J. Truex, V.R. Vermeul, L. Zhong, G.D. Tartakovsky, and T.W. Wietsma. 2014. "Remedial Amendment Delivery near the Water Table Using Shear Thinning Fluids: Experiments and Numerical Simulations." Environmental Processes 1, no. 4:331-351. PNNL-SA-103590. doi:10.1007/s40710-014-0031-9
  • Strickland C.E., V.R. Vermeul, A. Bonneville, E.C. Sullivan, T.C. Johnson, F.A. Spane, and T.J. Gilmore. 2014. "Geophysical Monitoring Methods Evaluation for the FutureGen 2.0 project." Energy Procedia 63. PNWD-SA-10400. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.474
  • Szecsody J.E., L. Zhong, J.N. Thomle, V.R. Vermeul, C.E. Strickland, M.D. Williams, and J. Liu, et al. 2014. "Influence of scCO2 Injection on Precipitation and Metals Migration, and Changes in Electrical Resistivity." Energy Procedia 63. PNWD-SA-10402. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.356
  • Vermeul V.R., C.E. Strickland, P.D. Thorne, B.N. Bjornstad, R.D. Mackley, M.E. Kelley, and E.C. Sullivan, et al. 2014. "FutureGen 2.0 Monitoring Program: An Overview of the Monitoring Approach and Technologies Selected for Implementation." Energy Procedia 63. PNWD-SA-10395. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.438
  • Vermeul V.R., J.E. Amonette, C.E. Strickland, J.E. Szecsody, M.D. Williams, A. Bonneville, and T.A. Johnson, et al. 2014. FutureGen 2.0 Monitoring Systems Design Basis and Technology Selection: Geohydrologic, Geochemical and Geophysical Considerations. PNWD-4435. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. FutureGen 2.0 Monitoring Systems Design Basis and Technology Selection: Geohydrologic, Geochemical and Geophysical Considerations
  • Vermeul V.R., J.E. Szecsody, B.G. Fritz, M.D. Williams, R.C. Moore, and J.S. Fruchter. 2014. "An Injectable Apatite Permeable Reactive Barrier for In Situ 90Sr Immobilization." Groundwater Monitoring and Remediation 34, no. 2:28-41. PNNL-SA-96257.
  • Williams M.D., V.R. Vermeul, M. Oostrom, S.L. Porse, P.D. Thorne, J.E. Szecsody, and J.A. Horner, et al. 2014. "Design Support of an above Cap-rock Early Detection Monitoring System using Simulated Leakage Scenarios at the FutureGen2.0 Site." Energy Procedia 63. PNWD-SA-10398. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.439

2013

  • Bonneville A., T.J. Gilmore, E.C. Sullivan, V.R. Vermeul, M.E. Kelley, S.K. White, and D. Appriou, et al. 2013. "Evaluating the Suitability for CO2 Storage at the FutureGen 2.0 Site, Morgan County, Illinois, USA." Energy Procedia 37. PNNL-SA-91308. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.541
  • Chen X., G.E. Hammond, C.J. Murray, M.L. Rockhold, V.R. Vermeul, and J.M. Zachara. 2013. "Applications of Ensemble-based Data Assimilation Techniques for Aquifer Characterization using Tracer Data at Hanford 300 Area." Water Resources Research 49. PNNL-SA-91954. doi:10.1002/2012WR013285
  • Zhong L., M. Oostrom, M.J. Truex, V.R. Vermeul, and J.E. Szecsody. 2013. "Rheological Behavior of Xanthan Gum Solution Related to Shear Thinning Fluid Delivery for Subsurface Remediation." Journal of Hazardous Materials 244-245. PNNL-SA-87185. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.11.028

2011

  • Truex M.J., T. Macbeth, V.R. Vermeul, B.G. Fritz, D.P. Mendoza, R.D. Mackley, and T.W. Wietsma, et al. 2011. "Demonstration of Combined Zero-Valent Iron and Electrical Resistance Heating for In Situ Trichloroethene Remediation." Environmental Science & Technology 45, no. 12:5346-5351. PNNL-SA-76701. doi:10.1021/es104266a
  • Truex M.J., V.R. Vermeul, D.P. Mendoza, B.G. Fritz, R.D. Mackley, M. Oostrom, and T.W. Wietsma, et al. 2011. "Injection of Zero Valent Iron into an Unconfined Aquifer Using Shear-Thinning Fluids." Groundwater Monitoring and Remediation 31, no. 1:50-58. PNNL-SA-70324.
  • Wellman D.M., J.S. Fruchter, V.R. Vermeul, E.L. Richards, D.P. Jansik, and E. Edge. 2011. "Evaluation of the efficacy of polyphosphate remediation technology: Direct and indirect remediation of uranium under alkaline conditions." Technology and Innovation 13, no. 2:151-164. PNNL-SA-60306. doi:10.3727/194982411X13085939956544

2010

  • Murakami H., H. Murakami, X. Chen, M.S. Hahn, Y. Liu, M.L. Rockhold, and V.R. Vermeul, et al. 2010. "Bayesian approach for three-dimensional aquifer characterization at the Hanford 300 Area." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 14. PNNL-SA-75939. doi:10.5194/hess-14-1989-2010
  • Newcomer D.R., B.N. Bjornstad, and V.R. Vermeul. 2010. "Vertical Wellbore Flow Monitoring for Assessing Spatial and Temporal Flow Relationships with a Dynamic River Boundary." Groundwater Monitoring and Remediation 30, no. 4:123-135. PNNL-SA-71859.
  • Szecsody J.E., J.S. Fruchter, V.R. Vermeul, M.D. Williams, B.G. Fritz, D.P. Mendoza, and J.P. McKinley. 2010. "Infiltration and Injection of a Ca-Citrate-PO4 Solution to Form Apatite In Situ for Sr-90 Remediation at the Hanford 100N Area - An Update." In 36th Annual Radioactive Waste Management Symposia, WM 2010, March 7-11, Phoenix, AZ, 4, 3441-3452. Tucson, Arizona:Waste Management Symposia, Inc. PNNL-SA-69768.
  • Vermeul V.R., J.P. McKinley, D.R. Newcomer, R.D. Mackley, and J.M. Zachara. 2010. "River-Induced Flow Dynamics in Long-Screen Wells and Impact on Aqueous Samples." Groundwater 49, no. 4:515-524. PNNL-SA-71263. doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2010.00769.x

2009

  • Wellman D.M., E.M. Pierce, C.C. Bovaird, J.R. Bargar, J.R. Bargar, S.M. Webb, and V.R. Vermeul, et al. 2009. "Polyphosphate Amendments for In-Situ Remediation of Uranium." In Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management (ICEM '09/DECOM '09), October 11-15, 2009, Liverpool, United Kingdom, Paper No. 16026. New York, New York:American Society of Mechanical Engineers. PNNL-SA-65123.
  • Wellman D.M., E.M. Pierce, D.H. Bacon, J.S. Fruchter, V.R. Vermeul, and S.M. Webb. 2009. "Polyphosphate Remediation Technology for In-Situ Stabilization of Uranium." In Waste Management 2009: Waste Management for the Nuclear Renaissance, March 1-5, 2009, Phoenix, Arizona, Paper No. 9093. Tucson, Arizona:WM Symposia. PNNL-SA-63321.

2008

  • Szecsody J.E., J.S. Fruchter, C.A. Burns, M.L. Rockhold, M. Oostrom, M.D. Williams, and V.R. Vermeul. 2008. "Sr-90 Immobilization by Infiltration of a Ca-Citrate-PO4 Solution into the Hanford 100-N Area Vadose Zone." In Waste Management 2008: HLW, TRU, LLW/ILW, Mixed, Hazardous Wastes & Environmental Management, Art. # 8141. Tucson, Arizona:Arizona Board of Regents. PNNL-SA-58607.
  • Thompson K.M., R.J. Fabre, V.R. Vermeul, J.E. Szecsody, R.J. Fellows, M.D. Williams, and J.S. Fruchter. 2008. "An Innovative Approach for Constructing an In-Situ Barrier for Strontium-90 at the Hanford Site, Washington - 9325." In Waste Management '09: Waste Management for the Nuclear Renaissance, Paper No. 9325. Tucson, Arizona:WM Symposia, Inc. PNNL-SA-63765.
  • Truex M.J., V.R. Vermeul, and J.S. Fruchter. 2008. "Treatability Testing of an In Situ Biostimulation Barrier for Nitrate and Chromium Treatment - 9126." In Waste Management Symposium 2009: Waste Management for the Nuclear Renaissance. Tucson, Arizona:Arizona Board of Regents. PNNL-SA-63416.
  • Vermeul V.R., J.S. Fruchter, B.G. Fritz, R.D. Mackley, D.M. Wellman, and M.D. Williams. 2008. "In-Situ Uranium Stabilization Through Polyphosphate Injection: Pilot-Scale Treatability Test at the 300 Area, Hanford Site - 8187." In Waste Management 2008: HLW, TRU, LLW/ILW, Mixed, Hazardous Wastes & Environmental Management, 1-13. Tucson, Arizona:Arizona Board of Regent. PNNL-SA-58147.
  • Wellman D.M., E.M. Pierce, E.L. Richards, J.S. Fruchter, and V.R. Vermeul. 2008. "Uranium Plume Treatability Demonstration at the Hanford Site 300 Area: Development of Polyphosphate Remediation Technology for In-Situ Stabilization of Uranium - 8070." In Waste Management 2008: HLW, TRU, LLW/ILW, Mixed, Hazardous Wastes & Environmental Management, 1-15. Tucson, Arizona:Arizona Board of Regents. PNNL-SA-58059.
  • Wellman D.M., E.M. Pierce, V.R. Vermeul, S.V. Mattigod, E.L. Richards, M.D. Williams, and J.S. Fruchter, et al. 2008. "In Situ Uranium Stabilization through Polyphosphate Remediation: Development and Demonstration at the Hanford Site 300 Area, Washington State." In Waste Management Research Trends, edited by Toma Golush. 25-103. New York, New York:Nova Science Publishers, Inc. PNNL-SA-57789.

2007

  • Oostrom M., T.W. Wietsma, M.A. Covert, and V.R. Vermeul. 2007. "Zero-valent Iron Emplacement in Permeable Porous Media Using Polymer Additions." Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 27, no. 1:122-130. PNNL-SA-52567.
  • Thompson K.M., S.W. Petersen, J.S. Fruchter, C.C. Ainsworth, V.R. Vermeul, D.M. Wellman, and J.E. Szecsody, et al. 2007. "Supplemental Groundwater Remediation Technologies to Protect the Columbia River at Hanford, WA." In Waste management symposium 2007 : Global Accomplishments in Environmental and Radioactive Waste Management - Education and Opportunity for the Next Generation of Waste Management Professionals : February 25 March 1, 2007, Tucson, Arizona. Tucson, Arizona:Waste Management Symposia. PNNL-SA-53193.

2006

2005

  • Freedman V.L., S.R. Waichler, C.R. Cole, V.R. Vermeul, and M.P. Bergeron. 2005. "Identifying the Potential Loss of Monitoring Wells Using an Uncertainty Analysis." Ground Water 43, no. 6:916-925. PNNL-SA-41218. doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2005.00047.x
  • Szecsody J.E., J.S. Fruchter, V.R. Vermeul, M.D. Williams, and B.J. Devary. 2005. "In Situ Reduction of Aquifer Sediments to Create a Permeable Reactive Barrier to Remediate Chromate (CrO4 2-): BenchScale Tests to Determine Barrier Longevity." In Chromium(VI) Handbook. Boca Raton Fl:CRC Press. PNNL-SA-41928.

2004

  • Fruchter J.S., V.R. Vermeul, M.D. Williams, and J.E. Szecsody. 2004. "In Situ Redox Manipulation for Treatment of Chromium-Contaminated Groundwater." In Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds: The Fourth International Conference Proceedings, 4C-12. Columbus, Ohio:Battelle Memorial Institute. PNNL-SA-41152.
  • Szecsody J.E., J.S. Fruchter, M.D. Williams, V.R. Vermeul, and D.S. Sklarew. 2004. "In Situ Chemical Reduction of Aquifer Sediments: Enhancement of Reactive Iron Phases and TCE Dechlorination." Environmental Science & Technology 38, no. 17:4656-4663. PNNL-SA-39253.

2003

  • Scheibe T.D., C.J. Murray, Y. Xie, M.D. Williams, C.R. Cole, V.R. Vermeul, and M.P. Bergeron. 2003. "Temporal and Spatial Weighting of Head and Concentration Observations for a Large-Scale Transient Inverse Model." In Proceedings of Modflow and More 2003: Understanding through Modeling, 610-614. Golden, Colorado:Colorado School of Mines, International Ground Water Modeling Center. PNNL-SA-39048.

2002

  • Vermeul V.R., M.D. Williams, J.E. Szecsody, J.S. Fruchter, C.R. Cole, and J.E. Amonette. 2002. "Creation of a Subsurface Permeable Reactive Barrier Using In Situ Redox Manipulation." In Handbook of Groundwater Remediation using Permeable Reactive Barriers: Applications to Radionuclides, Trace Metals, and Nutrients, edited by David L. Naftz, et al. 163-192. San Diego, California:Academic Press. PNNL-SA-35122.

2000

  • Fruchter J.S., C.R. Cole, M.D. Williams, V.R. Vermeul, J.E. Amonette, J.E. Szecsody, and J.D. Istok, et al. 2000. "Creation of a Subsurface Permeable Treatment Zone for Aqueous Chromate Contaminatioin Using In Situ Redox Manipulation." Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 20, no. 2:66-77. PNNL-SA-32701.
  • Szecsody J.E., M.D. Williams, J.S. Fruchter, V.R. Vermeul, J.C. Evans, and D.S. Sklarew. 2000. "Influence of sediment reduction on TCE degradation." In Chemical Oxidation and Reactive Barriers; Remediation of Chlorinated and Racalcitrant Compounds, edited by GD Wickramanayake, AR Gavaskar & ASC Chen, 369-376. Columbus, Ohio:Battelle Press. PNNL-SA-31692.
  • Vermeul V.R., M.D. Williams, J.C. Evans, J.E. Szecsody, B.N. Bjornstad, and T.L. Liikala. 2000. In Situ Redox Manipulation Proof-of-Principle Test at the Fort Lewis Logistics Center: Final Report. PNNL-13357. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. In Situ Redox Manipulation Proof-of-Principle Test at the Fort Lewis Logistics Center: Final Report
  • Williams M.D., V.R. Vermeul, J.E. Szecsody, and J.S. Fruchter. 2000. 100-D Area In Situ Redox Treatability Test for Chromate-Contaminated Groundwater. PNNL-13349. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. 100-D Area In Situ Redox Treatability Test for Chromate-Contaminated Groundwater

1999

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