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Energy and Environment Directorate

Brian Riley

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 372-4651

Biography

Brian Riley’s work focuses on glass development, including non-oxide glass work for infrared sensing applications, phosphate glass work for laser glasses, and oxide glass work for simulated bulk vitrification studies. His recent research has been primarily focused in the chalcogenide family of glasses. He has worked on production and characterization of these glasses in the bulk form, as well as growing them on a micro- and nanometer scale. His current research project is the purification of chalcogenide glasses via pyrolysis and distillation of the raw elemental components in an environmentally-controlled glove-box.

Education and Credentials

  • PhD, Materials Science and Engineering, Washington State University
  • BS, Chemistry, Eastern Washington University
  • BS, Biology, Eastern Washington University

PNNL Patents

PNNL Publications

2018

  • Chong S, JA Peterson, BJ Riley, D Tabada, DE Wall, CL Corkhill, and JS McCloy. 2018. "Glass-bonded iodosodalite waste form for immobilization of 129I." Journal of Nuclear Materials 504:109-121.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.03.033
  • Gauglitz PA, SD Rassat, DT Linn, CLH Bottenus, GK Boeringa, CM Stewart, BJ Riley, and PP Schonewill. 2018. Gas Retention, Gas Release, and Fluidization of Spherical Resorcinol-Formaldehyde (sRF) Ion Exchange ResinPNNL-27460, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Nam J, S Chong, BJ Riley, and JS McCloy. 2018. "Iodosodalite Waste Forms from Low-Temperature Aqueous Process." MRS Advances 3(20):1093-1103.  doi:10.1557/adv.2018.225
  • Riley BJ, JA Peterson, JO Kroll, and SM Frank. 2018. "Immobilization of LiCl-Li2O pyroprocessing salt wastes in chlorosodalite using glass-bonded hydrothermal and salt-occlusion methods." Journal of Nuclear Materials 502:236-246.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.02.005
  • Riley BJ, DA Pierce, JV Crum, BD Williams, MMV Snyder, and JA Peterson. 2018. "Waste form evaluation for RECl3 and REOx fission products separated from used electrochemical salt." Progress in Nuclear Energy 104:102-108.  doi:10.1016/j.pnucene.2017.09.005
  • Riley BJ, PR Hrma, JV Crum, JD Vienna, MJ Schweiger, CP Rodriguez, and JA Peterson. 2018. "Liquidus temperature in the spinel primary phase field: A comparison between optical and crystal fraction methods." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 483:1-9.  doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2017.11.033

2017

  • Riley BJ, and JD Vienna. 2017. Glass Transition Temperature- and Specific Volume- Composition Models for Tellurite GlassesPNNL-26760, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Chong S, JA Peterson, J Nam, BJ Riley, and JS McCloy. 2017. "Synthesis and Characterization of Iodosodalite." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 100(5):2273-2284.  doi:10.1111/jace.14772
  • Riley BJ, JD Vienna, SM Frank, JO Kroll, JA Peterson, NL Canfield, Z Zhu, J Zhang, K Kruska, DK Schreiber, and JV Crum. 2017. "Glass Binder Development for a Glass-Bonded Sodalite Ceramic Waste Form." Journal of Nuclear Materials 489:42-63.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.03.041
  • Riley BJ, JO Kroll, JA Peterson, J Matyas, MJ Olszta, XS Li, and JD Vienna. 2017. "Silver-loaded aluminosilicate aerogels as iodine sorbents." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9(38):32907-32919.  doi:10.1021/acsami.7b10290
  • Riley BJ, JO Kroll, JA Peterson, DA Pierce, WL Ebert, BD Williams, MMV Snyder, SM Frank, JL George, and K Kruska. 2017. "Assessment of lead tellurite glass for immobilizing electrochemical salt wastes from used nuclear fuel reprocessing." Journal of Nuclear Materials 495:405-420.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.08.037
  • Saslow SA, W Um, CI Pearce, MH Engelhard, ME Bowden, WW Lukens, II Leavy, BJ Riley, DS Kim, MJ Schweiger, and AA Kruger. 2017. "Reduction and Simultaneous Removal of 99Tc and Cr by Fe(OH)2(s) Mineral Transformation." Environmental Science & Technology 51(15):8635-8642.  doi:10.1021/acs.est.7b02278
  • Subrahmanyam KS, I Spanopoulos, J Chun, BJ Riley, PK Thallapally, PN Trikalitis, and MG Kanatzidis. 2017. "Chalcogenide Aerogels as Sorbents for Noble Gases (Xe, Kr)." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9(39):33389-33394.  doi:10.1021/acsami.6b15896

2016

  • Riley BJ, JD Vienna, DM Strachan, JS McCloy, and JL Jerden. 2016. "Materials and Processes for the Effective Capture and Immobilization of Radioiodine: A Review." Journal of Nuclear Materials 470:307-326.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.11.038
  • Luksic SA, BJ Riley, KE Parker, and PR Hrma. 2016. "Sodalite as a vehicle to increase Re retention in waste glass simulant during vitrification." Journal of Nuclear Materials 479:331-337.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.07.002
  • Mohd Fadzil SB, PR Hrma, MJ Schweiger, and BJ Riley. 2016. "Component effects on crystallization of RE-containing aluminoborosilicate glass." Journal of Nuclear Materials 478:261-267.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.06.018
  • Neeway JJ, RM Asmussen, AR Lawter, ME Bowden, WW Lukens, D Sarma, BJ Riley, MG Kanatzidis, and N Qafoku. 2016. "Removal of TcO4- from Representative Nuclear Waste Streams with Layered Potassium Metal Sulfide Materials." Chemistry of Materials 28(11):3976-3983.  doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b01296
  • Neeway JJ, SN Kerisit, J Liu, J Zhang, Z Zhu, BJ Riley, and JV Ryan. 2016. "Ion-Exchange Interdiffusion Model with Potential Application to Long-Term Nuclear Waste Glass Performance." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 120(17):9374-9384.  doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b03681
  • Riley BJ, WC Lepry, and JV Crum. 2016. "Solution-Derived Sodalite Made with Si- and Ge-Ethoxide Precursors for Immobilizing electrorefiner salt." Journal of Nuclear Materials 468:140-146.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.11.011
  • Serne RJ, JV Crum, BJ Riley, and TG Levitskaia. 2016. Options for the Separation and Immobilization of TechnetiumPNNL-25834;EMSP-RPT-029Rev0, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.  doi:10.2172/1333455
  • Xu K, PR Hrma, JA Rice, MJ Schweiger, BJ Riley, NR Overman, and AA Kruger. 2016. "Conversion of Nuclear Waste to Molten Glass: Cold-Cap Reactions in Crucible Tests." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 99(9):2964-2970.  doi:10.1111/jace.14310

2015

  • Dixon DR, MJ Schweiger, BJ Riley, R Pokorny, and PR Hrma. 2015. "Cold-Cap Temperature Profile Comparison between the Laboratory and Mathematical Model." In Annual Waste Management Symposium (WM 2015), March 15-19, 2015, Phoenix, Arizona, vol. 2, pp. 1553-1566.  Waste Management Symposia, Inc., TUCSON, AZ. 
  • Dixon DR, MJ Schweiger, BJ Riley, R Pokorny, and PR Hrma. 2015. "Temperature Distribution within a Cold Cap during Nuclear Waste Vitrification." Environmental Science & Technology 49(14):8856-8863.  doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b00931
  • Henager CH, Jr, KJ Alvine, M Bliss, BJ Riley, and JA Stave. 2015. "The Influence of Constitutional Supercooling on the Distribution of Te-particles in Melt-Grown CZT." Journal of Electronic Materials 44(11):4604-4621.  doi:10.1007/s11664-015-3995-y
  • Luksic SA, BJ Riley, MJ Schweiger, and PR Hrma. 2015. "Incorporating Technetium in Minerals and Other Solids: A Review." Journal of Nuclear Materials 466:526-538.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.08.052
  • McCloy JS, BJ Riley, and DA Pierce. 2015. "Infrared-Transparent Glass Ceramics: an Exploratory Study." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 410:160-173.  doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2014.11.040
  • Mohd Fadzil SB, PR Hrma, MJ Schweiger, and BJ Riley. 2015. "Liquidus temperature and chemical durability of selected glasses to immobilize rare earth oxides waste." Journal of Nuclear Materials 465:657-663.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.06.050
  • Riley BJ, DA Pierce, SM Frank, J Matyas, and CA Burns. 2015. "Efficacy of a Solution-Based Approach for Making Sodalite Waste Forms for an Oxide Reduction Salt Utilized in the Reprocessing of Used Uranium Oxide Fuel." Journal of Nuclear Materials 459:313-322.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2014.09.042
  • Riley BJ, DA Pierce, WC Lepry, JO Kroll, J Chun, KS Subrahmanyam, MG Kanatzidis, FK Alblouwy, A Bulbule, and E Sabolsky. 2015. "Consolidation of tin sulfide chalcogels and xerogels with and without adsorbed iodine." Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 54(45):11259-11267.  doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.5b02697
  • Subrahmanyam KS, D Sarma, C Malliakas, K Polychronopoulou, BJ Riley, DA Pierce, J Chun, and MG Kanatzidis. 2015. "Chalcogenide aerogels as sorbents for radioactive iodine." Chemistry of Materials 27(7):2619-2696.  doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b00413
  • Xu K, PR Hrma, JA Rice, BJ Riley, MJ Schweiger, and JV Crum. 2015. "Melter Feed Reactions at T = 700°C for Nuclear Waste Vitrification." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 98(10):3105-3111.  doi:10.1111/jace.13766

2014

  • Casella AM, EC Buck, RO Gates, and BJ Riley. 2014. Pseudo-Glassification Material for G-DemptionPNNL-23706, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Crum JV, V Maio, JS McCloy, C Scott, BJ Riley, B Benefiel, JD Vienna, K Archibald, CP Rodriguez, V Rutledge, Z Zhu, JV Ryan, and MJ Olszta. 2014. "Cold Crucible Induction Melter Studies for Making Glass Ceramic Waste Forms: A Feasibility Assessment." Journal of Nuclear Materials 444(1-3):481-492.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.10.029
  • Henager CH, Jr, KJ Alvine, M Bliss, BJ Riley, and JA Stave. 2014. Final Report: Property Improvement in CZT via Modeling and Processing Innovations - Te-particles in vertical gradient freeze CZT: Size and Spatial Distributions and Constitutional SupercoolingPNNL-23831, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Hrma PR, BJ Riley, JV Crum, and J Matyas. 2014. "The effect of high-level waste glass composition on spinel liquidus temperature." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 384:32-40.  doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2013.02.014
  • Riley BJ, DA Pierce, J Chun, J Matyas, WC Lepry, T Garn, J Law, and MG Kanatzidis. 2014. "Polyacrylonitrile-Chalcogel Hybrid Sorbents for Radioiodine Capture." Environmental Science & Technology 48(10):5832-5839.  doi:10.1021/es405807w
  • Riley BJ, JS Mccloy, JV Crum, WC Lepry, CP Rodriguez, CF Windisch, Jr, J Matyas, MP Westman, BT Rieck, JB Lang, MJ Olszta, and DA Pierce. 2014. Alternative Electrochemical Salt Waste Forms, Summary of FY11-FY12 ResultsPNNL-22034 Rev. 1, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Riley BJ, MJ Schweiger, DS Kim, WW Lukens, BD Williams, C Iovin, CP Rodriguez, NR Overman, ME Bowden, DR Dixon, JV Crum, JS Mccloy, and AA Kruger. 2014. "Iodine Solubility in Low-Activity Waste Borosilicate Glass at 1000 °C." Journal of Nuclear Materials 452(1-3):178-188.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2014.04.027
  • Shpotyuk M, O Shpotyuk, R Golovchak, JS McCloy, and BJ Riley. 2014. "Compositional trends of ?-induced optical changes observed in chalcogenide glasses of binary As-S system." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 386:95-99.  doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2013.12.001
  • Tang M, A Kossoy, GD Jarvinen, JV Crum, LA Turo, BJ Riley, K Brinkman, KM Fox, J Amoroso, and JC Marra. 2014. "Radiation stability test on multiphase glass ceramic and crystalline ceramic waste forms." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 326:293-297.  doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2013.10.092

2013

  • Goel A, JS McCloy, CF Windisch, Jr, BJ Riley, MJ Schweiger, CP Rodriguez, and JM Ferreira. 2013. "Structure of rhenium-containing sodium borosilicate glass." International Journal of Applied Glass Science 4(1):42-52.  doi:10.1111/ijag.12003
  • Henager CH, Jr, W Setyawan, F Gao, SY Hu, M Bliss, BJ Riley, KJ Alvine, and JA Stave. 2013. Annual Report: Property Improvement in CZT via Modeling and Processing Innovations PNNL-22869, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Lepry WC, BJ Riley, JV Crum, CP Rodriguez, and DA Pierce. 2013. "Solution-based approaches for making high-density sodalite waste forms to immobilize spent electrochemical salts." Journal of Nuclear Materials 442(1-3):350-359.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.08.033
  • McCloy JS, BJ Riley, DA Pierce, BR Johnson, and HA Qiao. 2013. "Infrared-Transmitting Glass-Ceramics: A Review." In Window and Dome Technologies and Materials XIII, April 29, 2013, Baltimore, Maryland. Proceedings of the SPIE, vol. 8708, ed. RW Tustison and BJ Zelinski, p. Article No. 87080N.  SPIE, Bellingham, WA.  doi:10.1117/12.2019142
  • McCloy JS, BJ Riley, AS Lipton, CF Windisch, Jr, NM Washton, MJ Olszta, and CP Rodriguez. 2013. "Structure and Chemistry in Halide Lead-Tellurite Glasses." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 117(7):3456-3466.  doi:10.1021/jp310820t
  • Riley BJ, BR Johnson, HT Schaef, and SK Sundaram. 2013. "Sublimation-Condensation of Multiscale Tellurium Structures." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 117(19):10128-10134.  doi:10.1021/jp400363a
  • Riley BJ, DA Pierce, and J Chun. 2013. Efforts to Consolidate Chalcogels with Adsorbed Iodine PNNL-22678, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Riley BJ, J Chun, W Um, WC Lepry, J Matyas, MJ Olszta, X Li, K Polychronopoulou, and MG Kanatzidis. 2013. "Chalcogen-Based Aerogels as Sorbents for Radionuclide Remediation." Environmental Science & Technology 47(13):7540-7547.  doi:10.1021/es400595z
  • Riley BJ, J Chun, DA Pierce, WC Lepry, and J Matyas. 2013. "Chalcogels for Iodine Adsorption and Immobilization." In Separations and Waste Forms Research and Development FY 2013 Accomplishments Report, vol. INL/EXT-13-30961, ed. J Schulthess and D Hamelin, pp. 74-75.  Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID. 
  • Riley BJ, JS McCloy, A Goel, M Liezers, MJ Schweiger, J Liu, CP Rodriguez, and DS Kim. 2013. "Crystallization of rhenium salts in a simulated low-activity waste borosilicate glass." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 96(4):1150-1157.  doi:10.1111/jace.12280
  • Sundaram SK, CA Sacksteder, TJ Weber, BJ Riley, RS Addleman, BJ Harrer, and JW Peterman. 2013. "Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy for rapid screening and live-cell monitoring: application to nanotoxicology." Nanomedicine 8(1):145-156.  doi:10.2217/nnm.12.186

2012

  • Pierce DA, PR Hrma, J Marcial, BJ Riley, and MJ Schweiger. 2012. "Effect of Alumina Source on the Rate of Melting Demonstrated with Nuclear Waste Glass Batch." International Journal of Applied Glass Science 3(1):59-68.  doi:10.1111/j.2041-1294.2012.00079.x
  • Blanchard J, DC Gerlach, RD Scheele, ML Stewart, BD Reid, PA Gauglitz, LM Bagaasen, CC Brown, C Iovin, CH Delegard, A Zelenyuk, EC Buck, BJ Riley, and CA Burns. 2012. Uranium Oxide Aerosol Transport in Porous GraphitePNNL-21014, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Crum JV, LA Turo, BJ Riley, M Tang, and A Kossoy. 2012. "Multi-phase glass-ceramics as a waste form for combined fission products: alkalis, alkaline earths, lanthanides, and transition metals." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 95(4):1297-1303.  doi:10.1111/j.1551-2916.2012.05089.x
  • Goel A, JS McCloy, KM Fox, CJ Leslie, BJ Riley, CP Rodriguez, and MJ Schweiger. 2012. "Structural analysis of some sodium and alumina rich high-level nuclear waste glasses." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 358(3):674-679.  doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2011.11.015
  • McCloy JS, BJ Riley, A Goel, M Liezers, MJ Schweiger, CP Rodriguez, PR Hrma, DS Kim, WW Lukens, and AA Kruger. 2012. "Rhenium Solubility in Borosilicate Nuclear Waste Glass: Implications for the Processing and Immobilization of Technetium-99." Environmental Science & Technology 46(22):12616-12622. 
  • Riley BJ, BR Johnson, JV Crum, and MR Thompson. 2012. "Tricadmium Digermanium Tetraarsenide: a New Crystalline Phase Made with a Double-Containment Ampoule Method." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 95(7):2161-2168. 
  • Riley BJ, and WC Lepry. 2012. Initial Assessment of the Consolidation of Chalcogels into a Viable Waste FormPNNL-21655, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Riley BJ, BT Rieck, JS McCloy, JV Crum, SK Sundaram, and JD Vienna. 2012. "Tellurite glass as a waste form for a simulated mixed chloride waste stream: Candidate materials selection and initial testing." Journal of Nuclear Materials 424(1-3):29-37.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2012.01.024
  • Riley BJ, JV Crum, J Matyas, JS McCloy, and WC Lepry. 2012. "Solution-Derived, Chloride-Containing Minerals as a Waste Form for Alkali Chlorides." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 95(10):3115-3123.  doi:10.1111/j.1551-2916.2012.05363.x
  • Riley BJ, PR Hrma, JD Vienna, MJ Schweiger, CP Rodriguez, JV Crum, JB Lang, JC Marra, F Johnson, DK Peeler, C Leonelli, AM Ferrari, I Lancellotti, JLA Dussossoy, RJ Hand, JM Schofield, AJ Connelly, R Short, and MT Harrison. 2012. "The liquidus temperature of nuclear waste glasses: an international Round-Robin Study." International Journal of Applied Glass Science 2(4):321-333.  doi:10.1111/j.2041-1294.2011.00063.x
  • Riley BJ, WC Lepry, J Chun, and DM Strachan. 2012. Initial Assessment of Alternate Metals in ChalcogelsPNNL-21488, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Sevigny GJ, ML Kimura, CM Fischer, MJ Schweiger, CP Rodriguez, DS Kim, and BJ Riley. 2012. Iron Phosphate Glass-Containing Hanford Waste SimulantPNNL-20670 Rev. 1, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Sundaram SK, JS McCloy, BJ Riley, MK Murphy, HA Qiao, CF Windisch, Jr, ED Walter, JV Crum, R Golovchak, and O Shpotyuk. 2012. "Gamma Radiation Effects on Physical, Optical, and Structural Properties of Binary As-S glasses." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 95(3):1048-1055.  doi:10.1111/j.1551-2916.2011.04938.x

2011

  • Crum JV, BJ Riley, LA Turo, M Tang, and A Kossoy. 2011. Summary Report: Glass-Ceramic Waste Forms for Combined Fission ProductsPNNL-20749, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Golovchak R, O Shpotyuk, A Kozdras, BJ Riley, SK Sundaram, and JS McCloy. 2011. "RADIATION EFFECTS IN PHYSICAL AGING OF BINARY As-S AND As-Se GLASSES." Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry 103(1):213-218.  doi:10.1007/s10973-010-0876-8
  • Josephson GB, RG Tonkyn, JG Frye, BJ Riley, and KG Rappe. 2011. Hybrid Plasma Reactor/Filter for Transportable Collective Protection Systems PNNL-20270, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Lucas P, EA King, RG Erdmann, BJ Riley, SK Sundaram, and JS McCloy. 2011. "Thermal and Gamma-ray induced relaxation in As-S glasses: modeling and experiment." Journal of Physics D. Applied Physics 44(39):Article No. 395402.  doi:10.1088/0022-3727/44/39/395402
  • Riley BJ, J Chun, JV Ryan, J Matyas, XS Li, DW Matson, SK Sundaram, DM Strachan, and JD Vienna. 2011. "Chalcogen-based aerogels as a multifunctional platform for remediation of radioactive iodine." RSC Advances 1(9):1704-1715.  doi:10.1039/C1RA00351H
  • Riley BJ, JS McCloy, JV Crum, CP Rodriguez, CF Windisch, Jr, WC Lepry, J Matyas, MP Westman, BT Rieck, JB Lang, and DA Pierce. 2011. Alternative Electrochemical Salt Waste Forms, Summary of FY/CY2011 ResultsPNNL-21016, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Riley BJ, JV Crum, JS McCloy, and J Matyas. 2011. "Advanced Electrochemical Waste Forms." Chapter 10.2.3 in Separations and Waste Forms FY 2011 Accomplishments Report: Separations and Waste Forms Research and Development, vol. INL/EXT-11-24155, pp. 120-122.  Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID. 
  • Schweiger MJ, BJ Riley, JV Crum, PR Hrma, CP Rodriguez, BM Arrigoni, JB Lang, DS Kim, JD Vienna, FC Raszewski, DK Peeler, TB Edwards, DR Best, IA Reamer, WT Riley, PT Simmons, and RJ Workman. 2011. Expanded High-Level Waste Glass Property Data Development: Phase IPNNL-17950, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Strachan DM, J Chun, J Matyas, WC Lepry, BJ Riley, JV Ryan, and PK Thallapally. 2011. Summary Report on the Volatile Radionuclide and Immobilization Research for FY2011 at PNNLPNNL-20807, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Strachan DM, JV Crum, MR Zumhoff, CC Bovaird, CF Windisch, Jr, and BJ Riley. 2011. Epsilon Metal Summary Report FY 2011PNNL-20975, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Sundaram SK, CH Henager, DJ Edwards, AL Schemer-Kohrn, M Bliss, BJ Riley, MB Toloczko, and KG Lynn. 2011. "Hierarchical Microstructures in CZT." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 652(1):174-177.  doi:10.1016/j.nima.2010.09.128
  • Sundaram SK, CH Henager, Jr, DJ Edwards, AL Schemer-Kohrn, M Bliss, and BJ Riley. 2011. "Electron Backscatter Diffraction Analysis of a CZT Growth Tip from a Vertical Gradient Freeze Furnace." Journal of Crystal Growth 329(1):12-19.  doi:10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2011.02.008

2010

  • Crum JV, LA Turo, BJ Riley, M Tang, A Kossoy, and KE Sickafus. 2010. Glass Ceramic Waste Forms for Combined CS+LN+TM Fission Products Waste StreamsPNNL-19780, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Golovchak R, O Shpotyuk, JS McCloy, BJ Riley, CF Windisch, Jr, SK Sundaram, AP Kovalskiy, and H Jain. 2010. "Structural model of homogeneous As-S glasses derived from Raman spectroscopy and high-resolution XPS." Philosophical Magazine. Structure and Properties of Condensed Matter 90(34):4489-4501.  doi:10.1080/14786435.2010.510455
  • McCloy JS, CP Rodriguez, CF Windisch, Jr, CJ Leslie, MJ Schweiger, BJ Riley, and JD Vienna. 2010. "ALKALI/ AKALINE-EARTH CONTENT EFFECTS ON PROPERTIES OF HIGH-ALUMINA NUCLEAR WASTE GLASSES." In Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Nuclear Technology: Ceramic Transactions, vol. 222, ed. K Fox, E Hoffman, N Manjooran and G Pickrell, pp. 63-76.  Wiley, Hoboken, NJ. 
  • McCloy JS, BJ Riley, BR Johnson, MJ Schweiger, HA Qiao, and N Carlie. 2010. "The Predictive Power of Electronic Polarizability for Tailoring the Refractivity of High Index Glasses Optical Basicity Versus the Single Oscillator Model ." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 93(6):1650-1662. 
  • McCloy JS, BJ Riley, SK Sundaram, HA Qiao, JV Crum, and BR Johnson. 2010. "Structure-Optical Property Correlations of Arsenic Sulfide Glasses in Visible, Infrared, and Sub-millimeter Regions ." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 356(25-27):1288-1293. 
  • Riley BJ, BT Rieck, JV Crum, J Matyas, JS McCloy, SK Sundaram, and JD Vienna. 2010. Alternative Electrochemical Salt Waste Forms, Summary of FY2010 ResultsPNNL-19690, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Schweiger MJ, PR Hrma, CJ Humrickhouse, J Marcial, BJ Riley, and NE TeGrotenhuis. 2010. "Cluster formation of silica particles in glass batches during melting." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 356(25-27):1359-1367. 
  • Strachan DM, J Chun, CH Henager, Jr, J Matyas, BJ Riley, JV Ryan, and PK Thallapally. 2010. Summary Report for the Development of Materials for Volatile RadionuclidesPNNL-20007, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Strachan DM, JV Crum, EC Buck, BJ Riley, and MR Zumhoff. 2010. Fiscal Year 2010 Summary Report on the Epsilon-Metal Phase as a Waste Form for 99 TcPNNL-19828, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 

2009

  • Johnson BR, BJ Riley, SK Sundaram, JV Crum, CH Henager, Jr, Y Zhang, V Shutthanandan, CE Seifert, RM Van Ginhoven, CE Chamberlin, A Rockett, D Hebert, and A Aquino. 2009. "Synthesis and Characterization of Bulk Vitreous Cadmium Germanium Arsenide." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 92(6):1236-1243.  doi:10.1111/j.1551-2916.2009.03001.x
  • Riley BJ, JV Crum, WC Buchmiller, BT Rieck, MJ Schweiger, and JD Vienna. 2009. Initial Laboratory-Scale Melter Test Results for Combined Fission Product WastePNNL-18781, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Crum JV, BJ Riley, and JD Vienna. 2009. "Binary Phase Diagram of the Manganese Oxide-Iron Oxide System." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 92(10):2378-2384.  doi:10.1111/j.1551-2916.2009.03230.x
  • Crum JV, SK Sundaram, BJ Riley, J Matyas, SA Arreguin, and JD Vienna. 2009. Alternative Waste Forms for Electro-Chemical Salt WastePNNL-18930, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Johnson BR, BJ Riley, JV Crum, JV Ryan, SK Sundaram, JS McCloy, and A Rockett. 2009. FY08 Annual Report: Amorphous Semiconductors for Gamma Radiation Detection (ASGRAD)PNNL-22277, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Johnson BR, JV Crum, SK Sundaram, RM Van Ginhoven, CE Seifert, BJ Riley, and JV Ryan. 2009. "DC Ionization Conductivity of Amorphous Semiconductors for Radiation Detection Applications." IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science 56(3, PT. 2):863-868. 

2008

  • Johnson BR, BJ Riley, JV Crum, SK Sundaram, CH Henager, Jr, CE Seifert, RM Van Ginhoven, A Rockett, and A Aquino. 2008. ASGRAD FY07 Annual ReportPNNL-17514, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Henager CH, Jr, DJ Edwards, AL Schemer-Kohrn, SK Sundaram, BJ Riley, and M Bliss. 2008. "Electron Backscatter Diffraction of a Ge Growth Tip from a Vertical Gradient Freeze Furnace." Journal of Crystal Growth 311(1):10-14. 

2007

  • Johnson BR, BJ Riley, JV Crum, SK Sundaram, CH Henager, Jr, Y Zhang, and V Shutthanandan. 2007. FY06 Annual Report: Amorphous Semiconductors for Gamma Radiation Detection (ASGRAD)PNNL-16429, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Dutta D, SK Sundaram, JG Teeguarden, BJ Riley, LS Fifield, JM Jacobs, RS Addleman, GA Kaysen, BM Moudgil, and TJ Weber. 2007. "Adsorbed Proteins Influence the Biological Activity and Molecular Targeting of Nanomaterials." Toxicological Sciences 100(1):303-315.  doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfm217
  • Riley BJ, SK Sundaram, BR Johnson, and LV Saraf. 2007. "Differential etching of chalcogenides for infrared photonic waveguide structures." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 354(10-11):813-816.  doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2007.08.061

2006

  • Crum JV, and BJ Riley. 2006. Phase Identification of Seismic Borehole SamplesPNNL-16297 Rev.0, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Ho N, MC Phillips, HA Qiao, PJ Allen, K Krishnaswami, BJ Riley, TL Myers, and NC Anheier, Jr. 2006. "Single-mode low-loss chalcogenide glass waveguides for the mid-infrared." Optics Letters 31(12):1860 - 1862. 
  • Kim DS, LM Bagaasen, JV Crum, A Fluegel, AB Gallegos, B Martinez, J Matyas, PA Meyer, D Paulsen, BJ Riley, MJ Schweiger, CW Stewart, RG Swoboda, and JD Yeager. 2006. Investigation of Tc Migration Mechanism During Bulk Vitrification Process Using Re SurrogatePNNL-16267, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Riley BJ, BR Johnson, SK Sundaram, MH Engelhard, RE Williford, and JD Olmstead. 2006. "Pressure-temperature dependence of nanowire formation in the arsenic-sulfur system ." Physics and Chemistry of Glasses 47(6):675-680. 
  • Riley BJ, SK Sundaram, BR Johnson, and LV Saraf. 2006. Summary of Chalcogenide Glass Processing: Wet-Etching and PhotolithographyPNNL-16639, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 

2005

  • Allen PJ, BR Johnson, and BJ Riley. 2005. "Photo-oxidation of Thermally Evaporated As2S3 Thin Films." Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials 7(4):1759-1764. 
  • Anheier NC, Jr, BE Bernacki, BR Johnson, BJ Riley, and WA Sliger. 2005. FY 2005 Miniature Spherical Retroreflectors Final Report PNNL-15577, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 

2004

  • Anheier NC, Jr, PJ Allen, PE Keller, WD Bennett, PM Martin, BR Johnson, SK Sundaram, BJ Riley, JE Martinez, HA Qiao, and JF Schultz. 2004. FY 2004 Infrared Photonics Final ReportPNNL-15209, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Sundaram SK, BR Johnson, MJ Schweiger, JE Martinez, BJ Riley, LV Saraf, NC Anheier, Jr, PJ Allen, and JF Schultz. 2004. "Chalcogenide glasses and structures for quantum sensing." In Quantum sensing and nanophotonic devices, PROCEEDINGS- SPIE THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR OPTICAL ENGINEERING , vol. 5359, ed. Manijeh Razeghi, Gail J. Brown, pp. 234-245.  S.P.I.E., Bellingham, WA, WA. 

2002

  • Riley BJ, JA Rosario, and PR Hrma. 2002. Impact of HLW Glass Crystallinity on the PCT ResponsePNNL-13491, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Hrma PR, BJ Riley, and JD Vienna. 2002. "Corrosion of Partially Crystallized Glasses." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries VIII: Proceedings of the symposium held at the 104th Annual Meeting of The American Ceramic Society, Ceramic Transactions, vol. 143, ed. SK Sundaram, DR Spearing, JD Vienna, pp. 291-300.  American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 

2000

  • Peeler DK, TB Edwards, IA Reamer, JD Vienna, DE Smith, MJ Schweiger, BJ Riley, and JV Crum. 2000. "Composition/Property Relationships for the Phase I Am/Cm Glass Variability Study." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries V, Americam Ceramic Society Conf., Ceramic Transactions, vol. 107, pp. 427-439.  Americam Ceramic Society , Westerville, OH. 

1999

  • Riley BJ, JD Vienna, MJ Schweiger, DK Peeler, and IA Reamer. 1999. "Liquidus Temperature Of Rare Earth-Aluminoborosilicate Glasses For Treatment Of Americium And Curium." In Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXIII. (Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings vol. 608), vol. 23, pp. 677-682.  Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA. 

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