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Brian Riley

Brian Riley

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 372-4651

Biography

Brian Riley is a Senior Materials Scientist in the Nuclear Science Division at PNNL. Dr. Riley’s work focuses on the development of waste forms (e.g., glass, glass-ceramics) for a variety of nuclear waste streams (e.g., DOE legacy wastes, UNF reprocessing wastes), off-gas management (e.g., iodine, noble gases), and materials exploration (e.g., non-oxide materials). His passions are materials development for a variety of applications.

Research Interests

  • Non-oxide materials synthesis and characterization (e.g., chalcogenides, zinc blende, chalcopyrites)
  • Glass waste form development (e.g., tellurite, phosphate, lanthanide borosilicate, high-level waste)
  • Glass-ceramic waste form development (e.g., mixed MoO3 and lanthanide waste stream)
  • Aerogel development for gaseous radionuclide capture (e.g., non-oxide chalcogels, metal-exchanged aluminosilicates)
  • Metal-exchanged zeolites for gaseous radionuclide capture
  • Molten salt reactor waste and effluent management
  • Liquidus temperature measurements of waste and simulated nuclear waste glasses

Education and Credentials

  • PhD, Materials Science and Engineering, Washington State University
  • BS, Chemistry, Eastern Washington University
  • BS, Biology, Eastern Washington University

Awards and Recognitions

  • 2016 OTY Award for EED Publication of the Year (12/2016)
  • Outstanding Performance Award in recognition of outstanding contributions and collaboration to the National Security Directorate (8/2016)
  • Outstanding Performance Award in recognitions of 5 lead author publications in FY2013 (11/2013)
  • Outstanding Performance Award in recognition for my outstanding efforts for infrared glass ceramics (03/2013)
  • Federal Laboratory Consortium Award for licensing the IncubATRTM technology to Simplex Scientific (02/2011)
  • R&D100 Award for IncubATRTM, The live cell monitor (07/2010)
  • Certificate of Appreciation in recognition of my support on the cyber security roll-out in FY09 (01/2009)
  • Outstanding Performance Award in recognition of my support of the successes on the ASGRAD project (12/2008)
  • Outstanding Performance Award in recognition of my excellent work ethic and support to the EM-21 glass matrix test work (09/2008)
  • R&D100 Award for Multi-Scale Materials Integrated Processing Method (07/2008)
  • Outstanding Performance Award in recognition of my contribution to education during the 2008 Bring Your Kids To Work Day (05/2008)
  • Outstanding Performance Award in support of the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant's Anti-Foam testing (02/2008)
  • Outstanding Performance Award in recognition of my discovery of a new metastable crystalline phase in the Cd-Ge-As system (12/2007) which ended up on the cover of the February 2008 J. Am. Ceram. Soc.
  • Outstanding Performance Award in recognition of my contribution and dedication to the completion of the Large Scale Test Evaluation (38D Test) for AMEC's Bulk Vitrification Process (10/2007)
  • 1st Place Award at the American Ceramics Society MS&T 2007 Ceramographic Competition for New Cd-Ge-As Phase Found (09/2007)
  • Outstanding Performance Award in appreciation for support to the AMEC Bulk Vitrification Project (05/2007)
  • Nominated for a Stretch Assignment Award at the PS&E FY 2004 Awards Ceremony (10/2004)
  • Nominated for a Mentoring Award at the PS&E FY 2004 Awards Ceremony (10/2004)
  • "Shining Star Award for Going Above and Beyond" (09/2004)
  • Nuclear and Environmental Technology Division Best Paper Award at the American Ceramics Society MS&T 2000 Conference (07/2001)
  • Outstanding Performance Award in recognition of support to the Americium/Curium Support Project (01/1999)

PNNL Patents

PNNL Publications

2018

  • Gauglitz P.A., S.D. Rassat, D.T. Linn, C. Bottenus, G.K. Boeringa, C.M. Stewart, and B.J. Riley, et al. 2018. Gas Retention, Gas Release, and Fluidization of Spherical Resorcinol-Formaldehyde (sRF) Ion Exchange Resin. PNNL-27460. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Kruska K., D.K. Schreiber, M.J. Olszta, B.J. Riley, and S.M. Bruemmer. 2018. "Temperature-dependent selective oxidation processes for Ni-5Cr and Ni-4Al." Corrosion Science 139. PNNL-SA-129585. doi:10.1016/j.corsci.2018.04.037
  • Nam J., S. Chong, B.J. Riley, and J.S. McCloy. 2018. "Iodosodalite Waste Forms from Low-Temperature Aqueous Process." MRS Advances 3, no. 20:1093-1103. PNNL-SA-131095. doi:10.1557/adv.2018.225
  • Peterson J.A., J.V. Crum, B.J. Riley, R.M. Asmussen, and J.J. Neeway. 2018. "Synthesis and characterization of oxyapatite [Ca2Nd8(SiO4)6O2] and mixed-alkaline-earth powellite [(Ca,Sr,Ba)MoO4] for a glass-ceramic waste form." Journal of Nuclear Materials 510. PNNL-SA-133874. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.08.048
  • Riley B.J., C.H. Henager, D.W. Matson, N.R. Overman, and D.A. Pierce. 2018. Flux-assisted CdTe and CdSe growth using an in-situ dynamic flux removal process. PNNL-SA-124478. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Riley B.J., D.A. Pierce, J.V. Crum, B.D. Williams, M. Snyder, and J.A. Peterson. 2018. "Waste form evaluation for RECl3 and REOx fission products separated from used electrochemical salt." Progress in Nuclear Energy 104. PNNL-SA-124232. doi:10.1016/j.pnucene.2017.09.005
  • Riley B.J., J.V. Crum, W.C. Buchmiller, B.T. Rieck, M.J. Schweiger, and J.D. Vienna. 2018. "Laboratory-scale quartz crucible melter tests for vitrifying a high-MoO3 raffinate waste simulant." Progress in Nuclear Energy 110. PNNL-SA-128158. doi:10.1016/j.pnucene.2018.08.022
  • Riley B.J., P.R. Hrma, J.V. Crum, J.D. Vienna, M.J. Schweiger, C.P. Rodriguez, and J.A. Peterson. 2018. "Liquidus temperature in the spinel primary phase field: A comparison between optical and crystal fraction methods." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 483. PNNL-SA-128799. doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2017.11.033
  • Saslow S.A., W. Um, R.L. Russell, B.D. Williams, R.M. Asmussen, T. Varga, and O. Qafoku, et al. 2018. Effluent Management Facility Evaporator Bottoms: Waste Streams Formulation and Waste Form Qualification Testing. PNNL-26570 Rev. 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2017

  • Chong S., J.A. Peterson, J. Nam, B.J. Riley, and J.S. McCloy. 2017. "Synthesis and Characterization of Iodosodalite." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 100, no. 5:2273-2284. PNNL-SA-119593. doi:10.1111/jace.14772
  • Riley B.J., and J.D. Vienna. 2017. Glass Transition Temperature- and Specific Volume- Composition Models for Tellurite Glasses. PNNL-26760. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Riley B.J., J.D. Vienna, S.M. Frank, J.O. Kroll, J.A. Peterson, N.L. Canfield, and Z. Zhu, et al. 2017. "Glass Binder Development for a Glass-Bonded Sodalite Ceramic Waste Form." Journal of Nuclear Materials 489. PNNL-SA-123338. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.03.041
  • Riley B.J., J.O. Kroll, J.A. Peterson, D.A. Pierce, W.L. Ebert, B.D. Williams, and M. Snyder, et al. 2017. "Assessment of lead tellurite glass for immobilizing electrochemical salt wastes from used nuclear fuel reprocessing." Journal of Nuclear Materials 495. PNNL-SA-125402. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.08.037
  • Riley B.J., J.O. Kroll, J.A. Peterson, J. Matyas, M.J. Olszta, X.S. Li, and J.D. Vienna. 2017. "Silver-loaded aluminosilicate aerogels as iodine sorbents." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9, no. 38:32907-32919. PNNL-SA-126525. doi:10.1021/acsami.7b10290
  • Saslow S.A., W. Um, C.I. Pearce, M.H. Engelhard, M.E. Bowden, W.W. Lukens, and I.I. Leavy, et al. 2017. "Reduction and Simultaneous Removal of 99Tc and Cr by Fe(OH)2(s) Mineral Transformation." Environmental Science & Technology 51, no. 15:8635-8642. PNNL-SA-125836. doi:10.1021/acs.est.7b02278
  • Subrahmanyam K.S., I. Spanopoulos, J. Chun, B.J. Riley, P.K. Thallapally, P.N. Trikalitis, and M.G. Kanatzidis. 2017. "Chalcogenide Aerogels as Sorbents for Noble Gases (Xe, Kr)." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9, no. 39:33389-33394. PNNL-SA-121769. doi:10.1021/acsami.6b15896

2016

  • Luksic S.A., B.J. Riley, K.E. Parker, and P.R. Hrma. 2016. "Sodalite as a vehicle to increase Re retention in waste glass simulant during vitrification." Journal of Nuclear Materials 479. PNNL-SA-111510. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.07.002
  • Mohd Fadzil S., P.R. Hrma, M.J. Schweiger, and B.J. Riley. 2016. "Component effects on crystallization of RE-containing aluminoborosilicate glass." Journal of Nuclear Materials 478. PNNL-SA-121537. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.06.018
  • Neeway J.J., R.M. Asmussen, A.R. Lawter, M.E. Bowden, W.W. Lukens, D. Sarma, and B.J. Riley, et al. 2016. "Removal of TcO4- from Representative Nuclear Waste Streams with Layered Potassium Metal Sulfide Materials." Chemistry of Materials 28, no. 11:3976-3983. PNNL-SA-116928. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b01296
  • Neeway J.J., S.N. Kerisit, J. Liu, J. Zhang, Z. Zhu, B.J. Riley, and J.V. Ryan. 2016. "Ion-Exchange Interdiffusion Model with Potential Application to Long-Term Nuclear Waste Glass Performance." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 120, no. 17:9374-9384. PNNL-SA-116172. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b03681
  • Riley B.J., J.D. Vienna, D.M. Strachan, J.S. McCloy, and J.L. Jerden. 2016. "Materials and Processes for the Effective Capture and Immobilization of Radioiodine: A Review." Journal of Nuclear Materials 470. PNNL-SA-111665. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.11.038
  • Riley B.J., W.C. Lepry, and J.V. Crum. 2016. "Solution-Derived Sodalite Made with Si- and Ge-Ethoxide Precursors for Immobilizing electrorefiner salt." Journal of Nuclear Materials 468. PNNL-SA-112411. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.11.011
  • Serne R., J.V. Crum, B.J. Riley, and T.G. Levitskaia. 2016. Options for the Separation and Immobilization of Technetium. PNNL-25834;EMSP-RPT-029Rev0. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. doi:10.2172/1333455.
  • Xu K., P.R. Hrma, J.A. Rice, M.J. Schweiger, B.J. Riley, N.R. Overman, and A.A. Kruger. 2016. "Conversion of Nuclear Waste to Molten Glass: Cold-Cap Reactions in Crucible Tests." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 99, no. 9:2964-2970. PNNL-SA-115889. doi:10.1111/jace.14310

2015

  • Dixon D.R., M.J. Schweiger, B.J. Riley, R. Pokorny, and P.R. Hrma. 2015. "Cold-Cap Temperature Profile Comparison between the Laboratory and Mathematical Model." In Annual Waste Management Symposium (WM 2015), March 15-19, 2015, Phoenix, Arizona, 2, 1553-1566. Tucson, Arizona:Waste Management Symposia, Inc. PNNL-SA-106678.
  • Dixon D.R., M.J. Schweiger, B.J. Riley, R. Pokorny, and P.R. Hrma. 2015. "Temperature Distribution within a Cold Cap during Nuclear Waste Vitrification." Environmental Science & Technology 49, no. 14:8856-8863. PNNL-SA-108118. doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b00931
  • Henager C.H., K.J. Alvine, M. Bliss, B.J. Riley, and J.A. Stave. 2015. "The Influence of Constitutional Supercooling on the Distribution of Te-particles in Melt-Grown CZT." Journal of Electronic Materials 44, no. 11:4604-4621. PNNL-SA-107729. doi:10.1007/s11664-015-3995-y
  • Luksic S.A., B.J. Riley, M.J. Schweiger, and P.R. Hrma. 2015. "Incorporating Technetium in Minerals and Other Solids: A Review." Journal of Nuclear Materials 466. PNNL-SA-110310. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.08.052
  • McCloy J.S., B.J. Riley, and D.A. Pierce. 2015. "Infrared-Transparent Glass Ceramics: an Exploratory Study." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 410. PNNL-SA-104269. doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2014.11.040
  • Mohd Fadzil S., P.R. Hrma, M.J. Schweiger, and B.J. Riley. 2015. "Liquidus temperature and chemical durability of selected glasses to immobilize rare earth oxides waste." Journal of Nuclear Materials 465. PNNL-SA-111234. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.06.050
  • Riley B.J., D.A. Pierce, S.M. Frank, J. Matyas, and C.A. Burns. 2015. "Efficacy of a Solution-Based Approach for Making Sodalite Waste Forms for an Oxide Reduction Salt Utilized in the Reprocessing of Used Uranium Oxide Fuel." Journal of Nuclear Materials 459. PNNL-SA-103835. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2014.09.042
  • Riley B.J., D.A. Pierce, W.C. Lepry, J.O. Kroll, J. Chun, K.S. Subrahmanyam, and M.G. Kanatzidis, et al. 2015. "Consolidation of tin sulfide chalcogels and xerogels with and without adsorbed iodine." Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 54, no. 45:11259-11267. PNNL-SA-111578. doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.5b02697
  • Subrahmanyam K.S., D. Sarma, C. Malliakas, K. Polychronopoulou, B.J. Riley, D.A. Pierce, and J. Chun, et al. 2015. "Chalcogenide aerogels as sorbents for radioactive iodine." Chemistry of Materials 27, no. 7:2619-2696. PNNL-SA-106676. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b00413
  • Xu K., P.R. Hrma, J.A. Rice, B.J. Riley, M.J. Schweiger, and J.V. Crum. 2015. "Melter Feed Reactions at T = 700°C for Nuclear Waste Vitrification." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 98, no. 10:3105-3111. PNNL-SA-102293. doi:10.1111/jace.13766

2014

  • Casella A.M., E.C. Buck, R.O. Gates, and B.J. Riley. 2014. Pseudo-Glassification Material for G-Demption. PNNL-23706. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Crum J.V., V. Maio, J.S. McCloy, C. Scott, B.J. Riley, B. Benefiel, and J.D. Vienna, et al. 2014. "Cold Crucible Induction Melter Studies for Making Glass Ceramic Waste Forms: A Feasibility Assessment." Journal of Nuclear Materials 444, no. 1-3:481-492. PNNL-SA-95078. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.10.029
  • Henager C.H., K.J. Alvine, M. Bliss, B.J. Riley, and J.A. Stave. 2014. Final Report: Property Improvement in CZT via Modeling and Processing Innovations - Te-particles in vertical gradient freeze CZT: Size and Spatial Distributions and Constitutional Supercooling. PNNL-23831. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Hrma P.R., B.J. Riley, J.V. Crum, and J. Matyas. 2014. "The effect of high-level waste glass composition on spinel liquidus temperature." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 384. PNNL-SA-91584. doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2013.02.014
  • Riley B.J., D.A. Pierce, J. Chun, J. Matyas, W.C. Lepry, T. Garn, and J. Law, et al. 2014. "Polyacrylonitrile-Chalcogel Hybrid Sorbents for Radioiodine Capture." Environmental Science & Technology 48, no. 10:5832-5839. PNNL-SA-99817. doi:10.1021/es405807w
  • Riley B.J., J.S. Mccloy, J.V. Crum, W.C. Lepry, C.P. Rodriguez, C.F. Windisch, and J. Matyas, et al. 2014. Alternative Electrochemical Salt Waste Forms, Summary of FY11-FY12 Results. PNNL-22034 Rev. 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Riley B.J., M.J. Schweiger, D. Kim, W.W. Lukens, B.D. Williams, C. Iovin, and C.P. Rodriguez, et al. 2014. "Iodine Solubility in Low-Activity Waste Borosilicate Glass at 1000 °C." Journal of Nuclear Materials 452, no. 1-3:178-188. PNNL-SA-100866. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2014.04.027
  • Shpotyuk M., O. Shpotyuk, R. Golovchak, J.S. McCloy, and B.J. Riley. 2014. "Compositional trends of ?-induced optical changes observed in chalcogenide glasses of binary As-S system." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 386. PNNL-SA-100236. doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2013.12.001
  • Tang M., A. Kossoy, G.D. Jarvinen, J.V. Crum, L.A. Turo, B.J. Riley, and K. Brinkman, et al. 2014. "Radiation stability test on multiphase glass ceramic and crystalline ceramic waste forms." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 326. PNNL-SA-103808. doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2013.10.092

2013

  • Goel A., J.S. McCloy, C.F. Windisch, B.J. Riley, M.J. Schweiger, C.P. Rodriguez, and J.M. Ferreira. 2013. "Structure of rhenium-containing sodium borosilicate glass." International Journal of Applied Glass Science 4, no. 1:42-52. PNNL-SA-89618. doi:10.1111/ijag.12003
  • Henager C.H., W. Setyawan, F. Gao, S.Y. Hu, M. Bliss, B.J. Riley, and K.J. Alvine, et al. 2013. Annual Report: Property Improvement in CZT via Modeling and Processing Innovations. PNNL-22869. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Lepry W.C., B.J. Riley, J.V. Crum, C.P. Rodriguez, and D.A. Pierce. 2013. "Solution-based approaches for making high-density sodalite waste forms to immobilize spent electrochemical salts." Journal of Nuclear Materials 442, no. 1-3:350-359. PNNL-SA-94213. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.08.033
  • McCloy J.S., B.J. Riley, A.S. Lipton, C.F. Windisch, N.M. Washton, M.J. Olszta, and C.P. Rodriguez. 2013. "Structure and Chemistry in Halide Lead-Tellurite Glasses." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 117, no. 7:3456-3466. PNNL-SA-91103. doi:10.1021/jp310820t
  • McCloy J.S., B.J. Riley, D.A. Pierce, B.R. Johnson, and H. Qiao. 2013. "Infrared-Transmitting Glass-Ceramics: A Review." In Window and Dome Technologies and Materials XIII, April 29, 2013, Baltimore, Maryland. Proceedings of the SPIE, edited by RW Tustison and BJ Zelinski, 8708, Article No. 87080N. Bellingham, Washington:SPIE. PNWD-SA-10109. doi:10.1117/12.2019142
  • Riley B.J., B.R. Johnson, H.T. Schaef, and S.K. Sundaram. 2013. "Sublimation-Condensation of Multiscale Tellurium Structures." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 117, no. 19:10128-10134. PNNL-SA-92535. doi:10.1021/jp400363a
  • Riley B.J., D.A. Pierce, and J. Chun. 2013. Efforts to Consolidate Chalcogels with Adsorbed Iodine. PNNL-22678. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Riley B.J., J. Chun, D.A. Pierce, W.C. Lepry, and J. Matyas. 2013. "Chalcogels for Iodine Adsorption and Immobilization." In Separations and Waste Forms Research and Development FY 2013 Accomplishments Report, edited by J Schulthess and D Hamelin. 74-75. Idaho Falls, Idaho:Idaho National Laboratory. PNNL-SA-99079.
  • Riley B.J., J. Chun, W. Um, W.C. Lepry, J. Matyas, M.J. Olszta, and X. Li, et al. 2013. "Chalcogen-Based Aerogels as Sorbents for Radionuclide Remediation." Environmental Science & Technology 47, no. 13:7540-7547. PNNL-SA-93370. doi:10.1021/es400595z
  • Riley B.J., J.S. McCloy, A. Goel, M. Liezers, M.J. Schweiger, J. Liu, and C.P. Rodriguez, et al. 2013. "Crystallization of rhenium salts in a simulated low-activity waste borosilicate glass." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 96, no. 4:1150-1157. PNNL-SA-89210. doi:10.1111/jace.12280
  • Sundaram S.K., C.A. Sacksteder, T.J. Weber, B.J. Riley, R.S. Addleman, B.J. Harrer, and J.W. Peterman. 2013. "Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy for rapid screening and live-cell monitoring: application to nanotoxicology." Nanomedicine 8, no. 1:145-156. PNNL-SA-92373. doi:10.2217/nnm.12.186

2012

  • Blanchard J., D.C. Gerlach, R.D. Scheele, M.L. Stewart, B.D. Reid, P.A. Gauglitz, and L.M. Bagaasen, et al. 2012. Uranium Oxide Aerosol Transport in Porous Graphite. PNNL-21014. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Crum J.V., L.A. Turo, B.J. Riley, M. Tang, and A. Kossoy. 2012. "Multi-phase glass-ceramics as a waste form for combined fission products: alkalis, alkaline earths, lanthanides, and transition metals." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 95, no. 4:1297-1303. PNNL-SA-82525. doi:10.1111/j.1551-2916.2012.05089.x
  • Goel A., J.S. McCloy, K.M. Fox, K.M. Fox, C.J. Leslie, B.J. Riley, and C.P. Rodriguez, et al. 2012. "Structural analysis of some sodium and alumina rich high-level nuclear waste glasses." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 358, no. 3:674-679. PNNL-SA-82983. doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2011.11.015
  • McCloy J.S., B.J. Riley, A. Goel, M. Liezers, M.J. Schweiger, C.P. Rodriguez, and P.R. Hrma, et al. 2012. "Rhenium Solubility in Borosilicate Nuclear Waste Glass: Implications for the Processing and Immobilization of Technetium-99." Environmental Science & Technology 46, no. 22:12616-12622. PNNL-SA-88118.
  • Pierce D.A., P.R. Hrma, J. Marcial, B.J. Riley, and M.J. Schweiger. 2012. "Effect of Alumina Source on the Rate of Melting Demonstrated with Nuclear Waste Glass Batch." International Journal of Applied Glass Science 3, no. 1:59-68. PNNL-SA-76805. doi:10.1111/j.2041-1294.2012.00079.x
  • Riley B.J., and W.C. Lepry. 2012. Initial Assessment of the Consolidation of Chalcogels into a Viable Waste Form. PNNL-21655. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Riley B.J., B.R. Johnson, J.V. Crum, and M.R. Thompson. 2012. "Tricadmium Digermanium Tetraarsenide: a New Crystalline Phase Made with a Double-Containment Ampoule Method." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 95, no. 7:2161-2168. PNNL-SA-82633.
  • Riley B.J., B.T. Rieck, J.S. McCloy, J.V. Crum, S.K. Sundaram, and J.D. Vienna. 2012. "Tellurite glass as a waste form for a simulated mixed chloride waste stream: Candidate materials selection and initial testing." Journal of Nuclear Materials 424, no. 1-3:29-37. PNNL-SA-77804. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2012.01.024
  • Riley B.J., J.V. Crum, J. Matyas, J.S. McCloy, and W.C. Lepry. 2012. "Solution-Derived, Chloride-Containing Minerals as a Waste Form for Alkali Chlorides." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 95, no. 10:3115-3123. PNNL-SA-86321. doi:10.1111/j.1551-2916.2012.05363.x
  • Riley B.J., P.R. Hrma, J.D. Vienna, M.J. Schweiger, C.P. Rodriguez, J.V. Crum, and J.B. Lang, et al. 2012. "The liquidus temperature of nuclear waste glasses: an international Round-Robin Study." International Journal of Applied Glass Science 2, no. 4:321-333. PNNL-SA-80149. doi:10.1111/j.2041-1294.2011.00063.x
  • Riley B.J., W.C. Lepry, J. Chun, and D.M. Strachan. 2012. Initial Assessment of Alternate Metals in Chalcogels. PNNL-21488. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Sevigny G.J., M.L. Kimura, C.M. Fischer, M.J. Schweiger, C.P. Rodriguez, D. Kim, and B.J. Riley. 2012. Iron Phosphate Glass-Containing Hanford Waste Simulant. PNNL-20670 Rev. 1. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Sundaram S.K., J.S. McCloy, B.J. Riley, M.K. Murphy, H. Qiao, C.F. Windisch, and E.D. Walter, et al. 2012. "Gamma Radiation Effects on Physical, Optical, and Structural Properties of Binary As-S glasses." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 95, no. 3:1048-1055. PNNL-SA-78558. doi:10.1111/j.1551-2916.2011.04938.x

2011

  • Crum J.V., B.J. Riley, L.A. Turo, M. Tang, and A. Kossoy. 2011. Summary Report: Glass-Ceramic Waste Forms for Combined Fission Products. PNNL-20749. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Golovchak R., O. Shpotyuk, A. Kozdras, B.J. Riley, S.K. Sundaram, and J.S. McCloy. 2011. "RADIATION EFFECTS IN PHYSICAL AGING OF BINARY As-S AND As-Se GLASSES." Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry 103, no. 1:213-218. PNNL-SA-72887. doi:10.1007/s10973-010-0876-8
  • Josephson G.B., R.G. Tonkyn, J.G. Frye, B.J. Riley, and K.G. Rappe. 2011. Hybrid Plasma Reactor/Filter for Transportable Collective Protection Systems. PNNL-20270. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Lucas P., E.A. King, R.G. Erdmann, B.J. Riley, S.K. Sundaram, and J.S. McCloy. 2011. "Thermal and Gamma-ray induced relaxation in As-S glasses: modeling and experiment." Journal of Physics D. Applied Physics 44, no. 39:Article No. 395402. PNNL-SA-81291. doi:10.1088/0022-3727/44/39/395402
  • Riley B.J., J. Chun, J.V. Ryan, J. Matyas, X.S. Li, D.W. Matson, and S.K. Sundaram, et al. 2011. "Chalcogen-based aerogels as a multifunctional platform for remediation of radioactive iodine." RSC Advances 1, no. 9:1704-1715. PNNL-SA-80633. doi:10.1039/C1RA00351H
  • Riley B.J., J.S. McCloy, J.V. Crum, C.P. Rodriguez, C.F. Windisch, W.C. Lepry, and J. Matyas, et al. 2011. Alternative Electrochemical Salt Waste Forms, Summary of FY/CY2011 Results. PNNL-21016. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Riley B.J., J.V. Crum, J.S. McCloy, and J. Matyas. 2011. "Advanced Electrochemical Waste Forms." In Separations and Waste Forms FY 2011 Accomplishments Report: Separations and Waste Forms Research and Development. 120-122. Idaho Falls, Idaho:Idaho National Laboratory. PNNL-20834; INL/EXT-11-24155 Rev 0.
  • Schweiger M.J., B.J. Riley, J.V. Crum, P.R. Hrma, C.P. Rodriguez, B.M. Arrigoni, and J.B. Lang, et al. 2011. Expanded High-Level Waste Glass Property Data Development: Phase I. PNNL-17950. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Strachan D.M., J. Chun, J. Matyas, W.C. Lepry, B.J. Riley, J.V. Ryan, and P.K. Thallapally. 2011. Summary Report on the Volatile Radionuclide and Immobilization Research for FY2011 at PNNL. PNNL-20807. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Strachan D.M., J.V. Crum, M.R. Zumhoff, C.C. Bovaird, C.F. Windisch, and B.J. Riley. 2011. Epsilon Metal Summary Report FY 2011. PNNL-20975. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Sundaram S.K., C.H. Henager, D.J. Edwards, A.L. Schemer-Kohrn, M. Bliss, and B.J. Riley. 2011. "Electron Backscatter Diffraction Analysis of a CZT Growth Tip from a Vertical Gradient Freeze Furnace." Journal of Crystal Growth 329, no. 1:12-19. PNNL-SA-73552. doi:10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2011.02.008
  • Sundaram S.K., C.H. Henager, D.J. Edwards, A.L. Schemer-Kohrn, M. Bliss, B.J. Riley, and M.B. Toloczko, et al. 2011. "Hierarchical Microstructures in CZT." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 652, no. 1:174-177. PNNL-SA-73553. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2010.09.128

2010

  • Crum J.V., L.A. Turo, B.J. Riley, M. Tang, A. Kossoy, and K.E. Sickafus. 2010. Glass Ceramic Waste Forms for Combined CS+LN+TM Fission Products Waste Streams. PNNL-19780. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Golovchak R., O. Shpotyuk, J.S. McCloy, B.J. Riley, C.F. Windisch, S.K. Sundaram, and A.P. Kovalskiy, et al. 2010. "Structural model of homogeneous As-S glasses derived from Raman spectroscopy and high-resolution XPS." Philosophical Magazine. Structure and Properties of Condensed Matter 90, no. 34:4489-4501. PNNL-SA-72362. doi:10.1080/14786435.2010.510455
  • McCloy J.S., B.J. Riley, B.R. Johnson, M.J. Schweiger, H. Qiao, and N. Carlie. 2010. "The Predictive Power of Electronic Polarizability for Tailoring the Refractivity of High Index Glasses Optical Basicity Versus the Single Oscillator Model." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 93, no. 6:1650-1662. PNNL-SA-67214.
  • McCloy J.S., B.J. Riley, S.K. Sundaram, H. Qiao, J.V. Crum, and B.R. Johnson. 2010. "Structure-Optical Property Correlations of Arsenic Sulfide Glasses in Visible, Infrared, and Sub-millimeter Regions." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 356, no. 25-27:1288-1293. PNNL-SA-68840.
  • McCloy J.S., C.P. Rodriguez, C.F. Windisch, C.J. Leslie, M.J. Schweiger, B.J. Riley, and J.D. Vienna. 2010. "ALKALI/ AKALINE-EARTH CONTENT EFFECTS ON PROPERTIES OF HIGH-ALUMINA NUCLEAR WASTE GLASSES." In Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Nuclear Technology: Ceramic Transactions, edited by K Fox, E Hoffman, N Manjooran and G Pickrell, 222, 63-76. Hoboken, New Jersey:Wiley. PNNL-SA-68731.
  • Riley B.J., B.T. Rieck, J.V. Crum, J. Matyas, J.S. McCloy, S.K. Sundaram, and J.D. Vienna. 2010. Alternative Electrochemical Salt Waste Forms, Summary of FY2010 Results. PNNL-19690. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Schweiger M.J., P.R. Hrma, C.J. Humrickhouse, J. Marcial, B.J. Riley, and N.E. TeGrotenhuis. 2010. "Cluster formation of silica particles in glass batches during melting." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 356, no. 25-27:1359-1367. PNNL-SA-68732.
  • Strachan D.M., J. Chun, C.H. Henager, J. Matyas, B.J. Riley, J.V. Ryan, and P.K. Thallapally. 2010. Summary Report for the Development of Materials for Volatile Radionuclides. PNNL-20007. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Strachan D.M., J.V. Crum, E.C. Buck, B.J. Riley, and M.R. Zumhoff. 2010. Fiscal Year 2010 Summary Report on the Epsilon-Metal Phase as a Waste Form for 99 Tc. PNNL-19828. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2009

  • Crum J.V., B.J. Riley, and J.D. Vienna. 2009. "Binary Phase Diagram of the Manganese Oxide-Iron Oxide System." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 92, no. 10:2378-2384. PNNL-SA-50830. doi:10.1111/j.1551-2916.2009.03230.x
  • Crum J.V., S.K. Sundaram, B.J. Riley, J. Matyas, S.A. Arreguin, and J.D. Vienna. 2009. Alternative Waste Forms for Electro-Chemical Salt Waste. PNNL-18930. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Johnson B.R., B.J. Riley, J.V. Crum, J.V. Ryan, S.K. Sundaram, J.S. McCloy, and A. Rockett. 2009. FY08 Annual Report: Amorphous Semiconductors for Gamma Radiation Detection (ASGRAD). PNNL-22277. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Johnson B.R., B.J. Riley, S.K. Sundaram, J.V. Crum, C.H. Henager, Y. Zhang, and V. Shutthanandan, et al. 2009. "Synthesis and Characterization of Bulk Vitreous Cadmium Germanium Arsenide." Journal of the American Ceramic Society 92, no. 6:1236-1243. PNNL-SA-60889. doi:10.1111/j.1551-2916.2009.03001.x
  • Johnson B.R., J.V. Crum, S.K. Sundaram, R.M. Van Ginhoven, C.E. Seifert, B.J. Riley, and J.V. Ryan. 2009. "DC Ionization Conductivity of Amorphous Semiconductors for Radiation Detection Applications." IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science 56, no. 3, PT. 2:863-868. PNNL-SA-61380.
  • Riley B.J., J.V. Crum, W.C. Buchmiller, B.T. Rieck, M.J. Schweiger, and J.D. Vienna. 2009. Initial Laboratory-Scale Melter Test Results for Combined Fission Product Waste. PNNL-18781. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2008

  • Henager C.H., D.J. Edwards, A.L. Schemer-Kohrn, S.K. Sundaram, B.J. Riley, and M. Bliss. 2008. "Electron Backscatter Diffraction of a Ge Growth Tip from a Vertical Gradient Freeze Furnace." Journal of Crystal Growth 311, no. 1:10-14. PNNL-SA-61619.
  • Johnson B.R., B.J. Riley, J.V. Crum, S.K. Sundaram, C.H. Henager, C.E. Seifert, and R.M. Van Ginhoven, et al. 2008. ASGRAD FY07 Annual Report. PNNL-17514. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2007

  • Dutta D., S.K. Sundaram, J.G. Teeguarden, B.J. Riley, L.S. Fifield, J.M. Jacobs, and R.S. Addleman, et al. 2007. "Adsorbed Proteins Influence the Biological Activity and Molecular Targeting of Nanomaterials." Toxicological Sciences 100, no. 1:303-315. PNNL-SA-55139. doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfm217
  • Johnson B.R., B.J. Riley, J.V. Crum, S.K. Sundaram, C.H. Henager, Y. Zhang, and V. Shutthanandan. 2007. FY06 Annual Report: Amorphous Semiconductors for Gamma Radiation Detection (ASGRAD). PNNL-16429. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Riley B.J., S.K. Sundaram, B.R. Johnson, and L.V. Saraf. 2007. "Differential etching of chalcogenides for infrared photonic waveguide structures." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 354, no. 10-11:813-816. PNNL-SA-54554. doi:10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2007.08.061

2006

  • Crum J.V., and B.J. Riley. 2006. Phase Identification of Seismic Borehole Samples. PNNL-16297 Rev.0. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Ho N., M.C. Phillips, H. Qiao, P.J. Allen, K. Krishnaswami, B.J. Riley, and T.L. Myers, et al. 2006. "Single-mode low-loss chalcogenide glass waveguides for the mid-infrared." Optics Letters 31, no. 12:1860 - 1862. PNNL-SA-48379.
  • Kim D., L.M. Bagaasen, J.V. Crum, A. Fluegel, A.B. Gallegos, B. Martinez, and J. Matyas, et al. 2006. Investigation of Tc Migration Mechanism During Bulk Vitrification Process Using Re Surrogate. PNNL-16267. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Riley B.J., B.R. Johnson, S.K. Sundaram, M.H. Engelhard, R.E. Williford, and J.D. Olmstead. 2006. "Pressure-temperature dependence of nanowire formation in the arsenic-sulfur system." Physics and Chemistry of Glasses 47, no. 6:675-680. PNNL-SA-41762.
  • Riley B.J., S.K. Sundaram, B.R. Johnson, and L.V. Saraf. 2006. Summary of Chalcogenide Glass Processing: Wet-Etching and Photolithography. PNNL-16639. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2005

  • Allen P.J., B.R. Johnson, and B.J. Riley. 2005. "Photo-oxidation of Thermally Evaporated As2S3 Thin Films." Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials 7, no. 4:1759-1764. PNNL-SA-46332.
  • Anheier N.C., B.E. Bernacki, B.R. Johnson, B.J. Riley, and W.A. Sliger. 2005. FY 2005 Miniature Spherical Retroreflectors Final Report. PNNL-15577. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2004

  • Anheier N.C., P.J. Allen, P.E. Keller, W.D. Bennett, P.M. Martin, B.R. Johnson, and S.K. Sundaram, et al. 2004. FY 2004 Infrared Photonics Final Report. PNNL-15209. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Sundaram S.K., B.R. Johnson, M.J. Schweiger, J.E. Martinez, B.J. Riley, L.V. Saraf, and N.C. Anheier, et al. 2004. "Chalcogenide glasses and structures for quantum sensing." In Quantum sensing and nanophotonic devices, PROCEEDINGS- SPIE THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR OPTICAL ENGINEERING, edited by Manijeh Razeghi, Gail J. Brown, 5359, 234-245. Bellingham, Wa, Washington:S.P.I.E. PNWD-SA-6304.

2002

  • Hrma P.R., B.J. Riley, and J.D. Vienna. 2002. "Corrosion of Partially Crystallized Glasses." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries VIII: Proceedings of the symposium held at the 104th Annual Meeting of The American Ceramic Society, Ceramic Transactions, edited by SK Sundaram, DR Spearing, JD Vienna, 143, 291-300. Westerville, Ohio:American Ceramic Society. PNNL-SA-36493.
  • Riley B.J., J.A. Rosario, and P.R. Hrma. 2002. Impact of HLW Glass Crystallinity on the PCT Response. PNNL-13491. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

2000

  • Peeler D.K., T.B. Edwards, I.A. Reamer, J.D. Vienna, D.E. Smith, M.J. Schweiger, and B.J. Riley, et al. 2000. "Composition/Property Relationships for the Phase I Am/Cm Glass Variability Study." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries V, Americam Ceramic Society Conf., Ceramic Transactions, 107, 427-439. Westerville, Ohio:Americam Ceramic Society. PNWD-SA-4651.

1999

  • Riley B.J., J.D. Vienna, M.J. Schweiger, D.K. Peeler, and I.A. Reamer. 1999. "Liquidus Temperature Of Rare Earth-Aluminoborosilicate Glasses For Treatment Of Americium And Curium." In Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXIII. (Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings vol. 608), 23, 677-682. Warrendale, Pennsylvania:Materials Research Society. PNNL-SA-32376.

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2017

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